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... 31.

1 Lot, Num. 21.

church, Fleet-street. The adventurers One royal Bible with Chorographical sculps, may also repair, for their better conveval.

51: nience, to pay in their monies, to Mr. And a Homer's Odysses, val.

4. Peter Cleyton, over against the Dutch

In all 9 Pound. church, in Austin-friars, and to Mr. Baker, I Lot, Num. 22. One royal Bible with Chorographical sculps; of the Exchange, and to Mr. Roycroft, in

near Broad-street, entering the South-door val.

51. And a Description of China, val..



In all 9 Pound. The certain day of drawing, the author 1 Lot, Num. 23.

promiseth (though but half full) to be the One royal Bible with Chorographical sculps, twenty-third of May next. Therefore all val.

51. persons that are willing to adventure, are And Æsop complete, val.....

6. desired to bring or send in their monies In all 11 Pound. with their names, or what other inscrip1 Lot, Num. 24.

tion or motto they will, by which to know A royal Bible with Chorographical sculps, their own, by the ninth of May next, it val.


being Whitson-eve, that the author may And Æsop the first volume, val. 31. have time to put up the lots and inscrip

In all 8 Pound. tions into their respective boxes.
I Lot, Num. 25.
A royal Bible with Chorographical sculps,


D.H., one of Mr. Urban's contributors, And Æsop the second volume, val..

mentions that he had seen an undated In all 8 Pound.

“ Address to the Learned : or, an advan1 Lot, Num. 26. A royal Bible, ruled, with Chorographical tageous lottery for Books in quires; sculp3, val.

61. wherein each adventurer of a guinea is 1 Lot, Num. 27.

sure of a prize of two pound value; and A royal Bible with Chorographical sculps, it is but four to one that he has a prize of ruled, val..

61. three, six, eight, twelve, or fifty pounds, 1 Lot, Num. 28.

as appears by the following proposals :" One royal Bible with Chorographical sculps, one thousand five hundred lots, at 11. 16. val.

51. each, to be drawn with the lots out of two 10 Lot, Num. 29.

glasses, superintended by John Lilly and Each a Homer complete, val.

91. Edward Darrel, esqrs., Mr.Deputy Collins, 10 Lot, Num. 30. Each a double Æsop complete, val........61. lots of 501., ten of 121., twenty of 8h,

and Mr. William Proctor, stationer, two 520 Lot, Num. 31. Each a Homer's Iliads, val...

51. sixty-eight of 61., two hundred of 31., one 520 Lot, Num. 32.

thousand two hundred of 31. The underEach a Homer's Odysses, val.

takers were : Thomas Leigh, and D. Mid570 Lot, Num. 33.

winter, at the Rose and Crown, in St. Each a Virgil complete, val..

51. Paul's Church-yard; Mr. Aylmer, at 570 Lot, Num. 34.

the Three Pigeons, and Mr. Richard Each a China Book, val...

41. Parker, under the Piazza of the Royal 570 Lot, Num. 35. Each the first volume of Æsop, val.......

Exchange; Mr. Nicholson, in Little 31. Britain

; Mr. Took, at the Middle Temple 570 Lot, Num. 36.

gate, Fleet-street; Mr. Brown, at the Each the second volume of Æsop, val. 31.

Black Swan, without Temple-bar; Mr. The whole number of the lots three Sare, at Gray's-inn gate; Mr. Lownds, thousand, three hundred, and sixty-eight.

at the Savoy gate; Mr. Castle, near The number of the blanks as above or

Scotland-yard gate ; and Mr. Gillyflower, dered; so that the total received is but in Westminster-halí, booksellers. four thousand, one hundred, and ten pounds.

Letters patent in behalf of the loyalists The office where their movies are to be were from time to time renewed, and, paid in, and they receive their tickets, and from the Gazette of October 11, 1675, it where the several volumes or prizes may appears by those dated June 19, and be daily seen, (by which visual speculation December 17, 1674, there were granted understanding their real worth better then for thirteen years to come, “all lotteries by the ear or a printed paper,) is kept at whatsoever, invented or to be invented, the Black Boy, over against St. Dunstan's to several truly loyal and indigent officers,


in consideration of their many faithful Whimsey-board, and the Wyreboard lotservices and sufferings, with prohibition teries."* to all others to use or set up the said lotteries," unless deputations were obtained from those officers.

These patents of the Restoration seem

to have occasioned considerable strife beA Penny LOTTERY.

tween the parties who worked under The most po alar of all the schemes them. The following verses from “ The was that dra' n at the Dorset-garden Post Boy, January 3, 1698,” afford some theatre, neai Salisbury-square, Fleet- insight to their estimation among sensible street, with the capital prize of a thousand people :pound for a penny. The drawing began A DIALOGUE betwixt the New LotteOctober 19, 1698; and, in the Protestant

RIES and the Royal Oak. Mercury of the following day, “ its fairness (was said) to give universal content New Lott. To you, the mother of our to all that were concerned.” In the next schools, paper is found an inconsistent and fri- Where knaves by licence manage fools, volous story, as to the possessor of the To pick the pockets of the nation ;

Finding fit juncture and occasion, prize : “ Some time since, a boy near

We come to know how we must treat'em, Branford, going to school one morning, And to their heart's content may cheat 'em. met an old woman, who asked his cha

Oak. It cheers my aged heart to see rity; the boy replied, he had nothing to So numerous a progeny; give her but a piece of bread and butter, I find by you, that 'tis heaven's will which she accepted. Some time after, That knavery should flourish still. she met the boy again, and told him she You have docility and wit, had good luck after his bread and butter, And fools were never wanting yet. and therefore would give him a penny; His art to sell waste

Observe the crafty auctioneer,


dear; which, after some years' keeping, would produce many pounds: he accordingly That cormorant of offal books,

When he for salmon baits his hooks, kept it a great while ; and at last, with who bites, as sure as maggots breed, some friend's advice, put it into the penny Or carrion crows on horse-flesh feed; lottery, and we are informed that on

Fair specious titles him deceive, Tuesday last the said lot came up with To sweep what Sl— and T—n leave. 1000l. prize.” However absurd this rela

It greedy gulls you wou'd ensnare, tion appears, it must be recollected those Make 'em proposals wondrous fair ; to whom it was principally addressed Tell him strange golden show'rs shall fall, had given proof of having sufficient cre- And promise mountains to 'em all. (dulity for such a tale, in believing that New Lott. That 'craft we've already two hundred and forty thousand shares

taught, could be disposed of and appropriated to

And by that trick bave millions caught ; a single number, independent of other Books, bawbles, toys, all sorts of stuff,

Have gone off this way well enough. prizes. The scheme of the “ Penny Lot

Nay, music, too, invades our art, tery” was assailed in a tract, intituled

And to some tune wou'd play her part. “ The Wheel of Fortune, or Nothing for I'll show you now what we are doing, a Penny; being remarks on the drawing for we have divers wheels agoing. of the Penny Lottery at the Theatre Royal, We now have found out richer lands in Dorset-Garden," 1698, 4to. After Than Asia's hills, or Afric's sands, wards at this theatre there was a short And to vast treasures must give birth, exhibition of prize-fighters; and the Deep hid in bowels of the earth ; building was totally deserted in 1703. In fertile Wales, and God knows where,

In 1698-9, schemes were started, called Rich mines of gold and silver are, « The Lucky Adventure; or, Fortunate Of silver coin'd, tho' none in ore,

From whence we drain prodigious store Chance, being 20001. for a groat, or

Which down our throats rich coxcombs pour, 30001. for a shilling :” and “ Fortunatus, in hopes to make us vomit more. or another adventure of 10001. for a

Oak. This project șurely must be good, penny :" but purchasers were more wary, Because not eas'ly understood : and the money returned in both cases. - Besides, it gives a mighty scope The patentees also advertised against the To the fool's argument—vain hope. « Marble-board, alias the Woollich-board lotteries; the Figure-board, alias the

Gentleman's Magacinc.

No eagle's eye the cheat can see,

The Jurors' Names. Thro' hope thus back'd by mystery. New Lott. We have, besides, a thousand Mr. Positive, a Draper in Covent Garden.

Mr. Squander, an Oilman in Fleet-street. more, For great and small, for rich and poor,

Mr. Pert, a Tobacconist, ditto. From him that can his thousands spare,

Mr. Captious, a Milliner in PaternosterDown to the penny customer.

Row. Oak. The silly inob in crowds will run, Mr. Feeble, a Coffeeman near the Change. To be at easy rates undone.

Mr. Altrick, a Merchant in GracechurchA gimcrack-show draws in the rout,

street. Thousands their all by pence lay out. Mr. Haughty, a Vintner by Grays-Inn, New Lott. We, by experience, find it true,

Holborn. But we have methods wholiy new,

Mr. Jenlous, a Cutler at Charing-Cross. Strange late-invented ways to thrive,

Mr. Peevish, a Bookseller in St. Paul's To make men pay for what they give,

To get the rents into our hands
Of their hereditary lands,

Mr. Spilbook, near Fleet-bridge.
And out of what does thence arise,

Mr. Noysie, a Silkman upon Ludgate-hill. To make 'em buy annuities.

Mr. Finical, a Barber in Cheapside.
We've mathematic combination,
To cheat folks by plain demonstration,

Cl. of Ma. Squire Lottery, alias RoyalWhich shall be fairly manag'd too,

Oak Lottery, you stand Indicted by the The undertaker knows not how.

Name of Squire Lottery, alias Royal-Oak Besides

Lottery, for that you the said Squire Oak. Pray, hold a little, here's enough, Lottery, not having the Fear of God in To beggar Europe of this stuff.

your Heart; nor weighing the Regard Go on, and prosper, and be great,

and Duty you owe, and of right ought to I am to you a puny cheat. *

pay to the Interest, Safety, and Satisfac

tion of your Fellow-Subjects; have from The “ Royal-Oak Lottery,” as the rival time to time, and at several times, and in if not the parent of the various other de- several places, contrary to the known moralizing schemes, obtained the largest Laws of this Kingdom, under the shadow share of public odium. The evils it had and coverture of a Royal Oak, propagated, created are popularly set forth in a re- continued, and carried on a most unequal, markable traci, entitled “ The Arraign- intricate, and insinuating Game, to the ment, Trial, and Condemnation of Squire utter ruin and destruction of many thouLottery, alias Royal-Oak Lottery, London, sand Families : And that you the said 1699," 8vo. The charges against the of- Squire Lottery, alias Royal-Oak Lottery, fender are arrayed under the forms im- as a common Enemy to all young People, ported by the title-page. The following and an inveterate Hater of all good conextracts are in some respects curious, as

versation and Diversion, have, for many exemplifying the manners of the times : years last past, and do still continue, by Die Lunæ vicesimo die Martii 169$. insidiously, falsely, and impiously, to

certain cunning Tricks and Stratagems, Anno Regni, &c.

trepan, deceive, cheat, decoy, and entice At the Time and Place appointed, came divers Ladies, Gentlemen, Citizens, Apon the Trial of Squire Lottery, alias Royal- prentices, and others, to play away their Oak Lottery, for abundance of intolerable Money at manifest Odds and DisadvanTricks, Cheats, and high Misdemeanours, tage. And that you the said Squire upon an Indictment lately found against Lottery, alias Royal Oak Lottery, the him, in order to a National Delivery. more secretly and effectually to carry on

About ten of the Clock, the day and and propagate your base, malicious, and year abovesaid, the Managers came into covetous Designs and Practices, did, and the Court, where, in the presence of a do still

encourage several lewd and disorvast confluence of People of all Ranks, derly Persons, to meet, propose, treat, the Prisoner was ordered to the Bar. consult, consent, and agree upon several

Proclamation being made, and a Jury unjust and illegal Methods, how to enof good Cits which were to try the Pri- snare and entangle People into your

desoner being sworn, the Indictment against lusive Game; by which means you have, Squire Lottery, alias Royal-Oak Lottery, for many years last past, utterly, intirely, was read.

and irrecoverably, contrary to all manner • Malcolm's Mannen.

cf Justice, Humanity, or good Nature,


despoiled, depraved, and defrauded, an bring with him to recommend him with incredible number of Persons of every so much advantage ? Rank, Age, Sex, and Condition, of all Pasthope. Why, he cunningly took their Lands, Goods, and Effects; and upon him the Character of a Royal Oak from the Ruins of multitudes built fiue Lottery, and pretended a mighty FriendHouses, and purchased large Estates, to ship to antiquated Loyalists : but for all the great scandal and reflection on the that, there were those at Court that knew Wisdom of the Nation, for suffering such he had been banishid out of several Counan intolerable Impostor to pass so long tries for disorderly Practices, till at last unpunished. What say'st thou, Squire he pitch'd upon poor easy credulous Lottery, art thou guilty of the aforesaid England for his Refuge. Crimes, Cheats, Tricks, and Misde- Man. You say then, he was a Fomeanours thou standest Indicted of, or reigner, that he came in with the Restonot Guilty ?

ration, usurp'd the Title of a Royal Oak, Lottery. Not Guilty. But, before I was establish'd in Friendship to the Caproceed to make my Defence, I beg I valiers, and that for disorderly Practices may be permitted the assistance of three he had been banish'd out of several Counor four learned Sharpers to plead for me, tries; till at last he was forc'd to fix in case any Matter of Law arise.

upon England as the fittest Asylum. But This being assented to, the Managers of pray, Sir, how came you so intimately the Prosecution made their speeches in acquainted with him at first? support of the Charge, and called Captain Pasthope. I was about to tell you. In Pasthope.

order to manage his Affairs, it was 1st Man. Sir, Do you know Squire thought requisite he should be provided Lottery, the Prisoner at the Bar ? with several Coadjutors, which were to be

Pasthope. Yes, I have known him inti- dignify'd with the Character of Patentees ; mately for near forty years; ever since amongst which number, by the help of a the Restoration of King Charles.

friendly Courtier, I was admitted for 1st Man. Pray will you give the Bench one. and Jury an Account what you know of Man. Oh! then I find you was a Pahim ; how he came into England, and tentee. Pray, how long did you continue in how he has behaved himself ever since. your Patentee's Post ? and what were the

Pasthope. In order to make my Evi- Reasons that urg'd you to quit it at dence more plain, I hope it will not be last? judg'd much out of form, to premise two Pasthope. I kept my Patentee's Station or three things.

nine years, in which time I had clear'd 1st Man. Mr. Pasthope, Take your own 40001., and then, upon some Uneasiness method to explain yourself; we must not and Dislike, I sold it for 7001. abridge or direct you in any respect. Man. Pray, Captain, tell the Court

Pasthope. In the years 60 and 61, more fully what was the Reason that among a great many poor Cavaliers, prevail'd with you to relinquish such a 'twas my hard fate to be driven to Court profitable place. for a Subsistence, where I continued in a Pasthope. I had two very strong Reaneglected state, pain fully waiting the sons for quitting my Post ; viz. Remorse moving of the Waters or several months; of Conscience, and Apprehension of conwhen at last a Rumour was spread, that a sequent Danger. To tell you the truth, I certain Stranger was landed in England, saw so many bad Practices encourag'd that in all probability, is we could get him and supported, and so many persons of the Sanction of a Patent, would be a both Sexes ruin'd; I saw so much Vile good friend to us all.

lany perfected and projected, and so many Man. You seem to intimate as if he other intolerable Mischiefs within the was a Stranger; pray, do you know what compass of every day's Proceeding, that Countryman he was

partly through the stings of my Mind, Pasthope. The report of his Country and the apprehensions I was under of the was very different; some would have hiin Mob, with a great deal of Reluctancy I a Walloon, some a Dutchman, some a quitted my Post. Venetian, and others a Frenchman: in- Man. Captain, I find you're nicely deed by his Policy, cunning Design, qualify'd for an Evidence, pray, therefore, Forethought, 8c. I am very well satis- give the Court an Account what Methods fied he could be no Englishman.

the Prisoner us'd to take to advance his Man. What kind of Credentials did he business.

Pasthope. The way in my time, and I ment he's to keep a good House : pray, suppose 'tis the same still, was to send out after all, what sort of House is it he does Sharpers and Setters into all parts of the keep? Town, and to give 'em direction to mag- Past. Why, he dines at the Tavern, nify the Advantage, Equality, and Justice where any body that has 40 or 501. to of his Game, in order to decoy Women play away with him the Afternoon, may and Fools to come and play away their be admitted into his Company, Money.

Man. What, does he entertain none Man. Well, but sure he had no Wo. but those that have 40 or 501. to lose ? men or Fools of Quality, Rank, or Repu- Past. He never converses with any tation, that came to him? According to Person that has no inoney: if they have the common Report that passes upon no money, their Company's burdensom him, there's none but the very Scoundrels and ungrateful, and the Waiters have and Rabble, the very Dregs and Refuse Directions to keep 'em out. of Fools, will think him worth their Con. Man. Does he do this to the very Perversation.

sons he has ruin'd, and won all they Pasthope. Truly, he had 'em of all sorts, have? That, methinks, is a pitch of Bar, as well Lord-fools and Lady-fools, Knight- barity beyond the common degree: I fools and Esquire-fools, or any other hardly ever read or heard of any thing so sort of Fools: and, indeed, he made no exaltedly cruel and brutish, in all the Acdifference between 'em neither; a Coblere counts of my life. fool had as much respect as a Lord-fool, Past. I have seen abundance of Exin proportion to the money he had in his amples of this nature, one, in particular, Pocket; and pro hac vice had as exten- which I shall never forget; a poor Lady, șive a Qualification to command, domineer, that had lost 350l. per annum to him, beand hector, as the best Fool of 'em all, side two or three thousand pounds in

Man. Did you never observe any of ready money, basely and inhumanly halid these Fools to get any money of him? out of doors, but for asking for a glass of I can't imagine what it could be that Sack. could influence 'em to embark with him, Man. You were mentioning his Charity if there was nothing to be got.

to the Poor too; is there any thing of Pasthope. There was never any body reality in that? that ever got any thing of him in the Past. For my part, I never heard of main: now and then one by chance might one good Act he has done in the whole carry off a small matter; and so 'twas course of his Life : secret Charity is the necessary they should, for otherwise his most meritorious, 'tis true; and perhaps Constitution must dissolve in course, it

may be that way he may communicate Man. 'Tis a great mystery to me, that his, for indeed I never heard of any he did so many People should pursue a Game in publick. where every body's a Loser at last ; but Man. You were mentioning too an anpray, Captain, then, what are the odds the nual Pension to the Crown; what is it he Prisoner is reputed to have against those pays to the Crown? that play with him?

Past. Indeed I cannot be positive in Pasthope. No body can tell you their that: to the best of my remembrance 'tis Advantage; 'tis a cunning intricate Con- four thousand pounds per annum : in comtexture, and truly I very much question pensation for which, beside the general whether the original Projector himself had liberty he has to cheat and abuse the a perfeot Idea of the Odds: at a full Table World, he has the sole Privilege of Licensand deep Play, I have seen him clear ing all other Cheats and Impostors, com6001. in less than an hour.

monly known by the Name of Lotteries. Man. What are the Odds he owns him- 2d Man. You were speaking someself?

thing, Captain Pusthope, just now, as if Pasthope. Only 32 Figures against 27, the Prisoner was intrusted with these Adwhich indeed is Odds enough to insure vantages for the benefit of some poor all the money at length. But this, it Cavaliers, which were to be the Patentees, seems, was an Advantage that was allow'd as you call 'em. Pray tell the Jury what him, that he might be able to keep a good kind of Cavaliers these Patentees were. House, relieve the Poor, and pay an an- Past. That was all but a Blind, a pure nual Pension to the Crown or the Cour. Trick to deceive the World : the Patendiers.

tees, in the main, were either Sharpers or Man. You say, hy his original Agree- broken Tradesman, or some such sort of


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