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After having wished my correspondent short, it is this foolish sanguine temper, good luck, and thanked him for his in- this depending upon contingent futurities, tended kindness, I shall for this time dis- that occasions romantic generosity, chimiss the subject of the lottery, and only merical grandeur, senseless ostentation, observe, that the greatest part of mankind and generally ends in beggary and ruin. are in some degree guilty of my friend The man who will live above his present Gosling's extravagance. We are apt to circumstances is in great danger of living rely upon future prospects, and become in a little time much beneath them, or, as really expensive while we are only rich the Italian proverb runs, the man who in possibility. We live up to our expec- lives by hope will die by hunger. tations, not to our possessions, and make It should be an indispensable rule in a figure proportionable to what we may life, to contract our desires to our present be, not what we are. We outrun our condition, and whatever may be our expresent income, as not doubting to dis- pectations, to live within the compass of burse ourselves out of the profits of some what we actually possess. It will be future place, project, or reversion that we time enough to enjoy an estate when it have in view. It is through this temper comes into our hands; but if we anticiof mind, which is so common among us, pate our good fortune, we shall lose the that we see tradesmen break, who have pleasure of it when it arrives, and may met with no misfortunes in their business; possibly never possess what we have so and men of estates reduced to poverty, foolishly counted upon.* who have never suffered from losses or repairs, tenants, taxes, or law-suits. In
• Spectator, No. 191.
This engraving is slipped on here for of it will occur in the ensuing sheet,, the sake of readers who are fond of cuts, with several amusing prints relating to raiher ihan as an illusiration of any thing the present subject. immediately preceding. An explanation
la “ The Examiner"* there is an arti. original print, designed by J. Marchant, cle on Lotteries by Mr. George Smeeton, drawn by H. Gravelot, and engraved by of Bermondsey : wherein he says, “ I am Parr,was published by E. Ryland, in Ave glad to see that Mr. Hone has taken up Mary-lane," in the year 17- hundred the subject in his Every Day Book, by odd; the scissars having snipped away from giving us a view of the drawing of the this copy of the engraving the two figures lottery, 1751; and this month (October) which particularized the year, it cannot be I hope he will treat us with a continuation specified, though from the costume it apof it. The print by N. Parr, in six com- pears to have been in the reign of partments, entitled Les Divertissements de George II. la Loterie, is worthy of his attention : it Parr's print is in six compartments : is a lively and true picture of the folly, the four corner ones represent, 1.“Good infatuation, and roguery of the times. If Luck-£1000 prize;" a scene of rejoicing he has not the print (which is rather at the news. 2. “ Bad Luck-what, all scarce) I can furnish him with it out blanks ?" a scene of social disturbance. of my portfolio." Mr. Smeeton has 3. “Ob_let Fortune be kind;" the desires obligingly communicated the loan of his of a female party in conference with an engraving, from whence the representa- old woman, who divines by coffeetion on this page has been selected. The grounds. 4. “ Dear Doctor I consult the
stars ;" another female party waiting on a view of “ Exchange-alley," with its fre- it is on their part; I trust to my own quenters, in high business. The middle senses." compartment, above it, is the drawing of The Lord Mayor observed, that there
fortune-teller for a cast of his office. The • Sunday, October 22, 1826
middle compartment at the bottom has a Vol. II.-98.
the lottery in the view now placed before was scarcely any trusting even to the • the reader, wherein it may be perceived senses on such occasions; and asked
that the female visitants are pewed off on her, whether she did not almost feel the one side and the men on the other; and money in her pockets at the very time that the pickpockets dextrously exercise she fancied she heard her number antheir vocation among the promiscuous nounced ? crowd at the moment when the drawing The Complainant assured his lordship, of a thousand pound prize excites à that she heard the announcement as strong interest, and a female attracts atten- calmly as could be expected, and that she tion by proclaiming herself the holder of by no means fainted away. She certainly the lucky“ No. 765."
made sure of having the property; she sat To this eager display of the ticket by in the hall, and went out when the other the fortunate lady, a representation of a expectants came away; scene at the drawing of "the very last Mr. Cope, the marshal, who stated that lottery that will ever be drawn in Eng, he was in attendance officially at the land" might be a collateral illustration. drawing, to keep the peace, declared that
he heard all the fortunate numbers an
nounced, and he was sorry to be comTHE UNFORTUNATE LADY. pelled to state his conviction that this be
longing to the lady was not one of thein. On the 2d of November, 1826, a lady The Lord Mayor said, he was afraid named Free, who had come up from the the complainant had deceived herself. He country to try her fortune in the lottery, dismissed the application, recommending complained to the Lord Mayor, at the her to go to the stamp-office, and apply Mansion-house, that she had been de- to the commissioners, who would do any prived of her property, the sixteenth share thing except pay the money to satisfy of a 30,000l. prize, by the misconduct of her. those engaged in conducting the drawing. In allusion to the lady's name, and his She stated, that she chose the ticket No. decision on her case, his lordship is said 17,092.
to have observed on her departure, The Lord Mayor.—You had some par- “ not Free and Easy." ticular reason, then, for selecting that number? The Complainant replied, it'was true,
Reverting to a former period, for the she had ; she wished to have a ticket with sake of including some remarkable notices the number of the year in which she was of lotteries adduced by Mr. Smeeton, we born, and finding that she could not get find him saying, on the authority of the that precise number, she took one of
London Gazette," May 17, 1698, that, 17,000, instead of 1700, as the most for. besides the lottery at the Vere-street tunate approach. So indeed it turned theatre, “ Ogilby, the better to carry on out to be ; for she was sitting in the hall his Britannia, had a lottery of books at where the lottery was drawn, and heard Garraway's Coffee-house, in 'Changeher number distinctly cried out as one of alley." the 30,000l. prizes, and with her own eyes
Mr. Smeeton has the following three she distinctly saw the officer stamp it. paragraphs : Nevertheless, another ticket had been re
Lotteries of various kinds seem to have turned as the prize.
been very general about this period ; inThe Lord' Mayor doubted, from the deed so much so, that government issued manner in which the tickets were well a notice in the London Gazette, Sept. 27, known to be drawn, whether the com- 1683, to prevent the drawing of any plainant's anxiety had not made her mise lotteries (and especially a newly-invented take a similar number for her own. lottery, under the name of the riffling, or
The Complainant.-" Oh no, my lord; rafiling lottery) except those under his it is impossible that I can be mistaken, majesty's letters patent for thirteen years, though other people say I am. I shall granted to persons for their sufferings, and not give up my claim, on the word of lottery-office clerks. If there's any mistake,
• The Times, November 2, 1826.
have their seal of office with this inseripe that they may not exceed their numbet ; tionMeliora Designuvi.'
and that the papers on which the prizes · In 1688, prince Rupert dying rather are to be written shall be rolled up in his poor, a plan was devised to raise the presence; and that a child, appointed wind” by disposing of all his jewels; either by his majesty or the adventurers, but as the public were not satisfied with shall draw the prizes."—What would be the mode of drawing the lotteries, on ac- said now, if his present majesty were to be count of the many cheats practised on employed in sorting, folding, and count: them, they would not listen to any pro- ing the blanks and prizes in the present posals, until the king himself guaranteed lottery? to see that all was fair, and also, that Mr. About 1709, there was the Greenwich Francis Child, the goldsmith, at Temple Hospital Adventure, sanctioned by an act bar, London, would be answerable for of parliament, which the managers de their several adventures; as appears by scribe as “ liable to none of the objections the London Gazette, Oct. 1, 1683 - made against other lotteries, as to the fair“ These are to give notice, that the jewels ness of the drawing, it not being possible of his late royal highness prince Rupert there should be any deceit in it, as it has have been particularly valued and ap- been suspected in others."--Likewise there praised by Mr. Isaac Legouch, Mr. Chris- was Mr. Sydenham's Land Lottery, who topher Resse, and Mr. Richard Beauvoir, declared it was “ found very difficult and.. jewellers, the whole amounting to twenty troublesome for the adventurers for tør tbousand pounds, and will be sold by search and find out what prizes they have way of lottery, each lot to be five come up in their number-liekets, from the pounds. The biggest prize will be a badness of the print, the many errors in great pearl necklace, valued at 8,0001., them, and the great quantity of prizes." and none less than 1001. A printed parți- The Twelve-penny, or Nonsuch, and cular of the said appraisement, with their the Fortunatus lotteries, also flourished at divisions into lots, will be delivered gratis, the commencement of the eighteenth cen. by Mr. Francis Child, at Temple-bar, tury. London, into whose hands such as are willing to be adventurers are desired to
LOTTERY OF DEER. pay their money, on or before the first day of November next. As soon as the gardens advertised the following singular
"In May, 1715, the proprietors of Sion whole sum is paid in, a short day will be method of selling deer from their park. appointed (which, it is hoped, will be be. They appointed the afternoons of Monfore Christmas) and notified in the Gao days, Thursdays, and Saturdays, for zette, for the drawing thereof, which will killing those animals; when the pubbe done in his majesty's presence, who is lie were admitted at one shilling each pleased to declare, that he himself will see
to see the operation, or they might all the prizes put in amongst the blanks, purchase tickets from four to ten shillings, and that the whole will be managed which entitled them, it is supposed, by with equity and fairness, nothing being way of lottery, to different parts of the intended but the sale of the said jewels beast, as they say the quantity killed was at a moderate value. And it is further to be divided into sixteen lois, and the notified, for the satisfaction of all as first choice to be governed by the numshall be adventurers, that the said Mr. bers on the tickets: a ten shilling ticket Child shall and will stand obliged to each was entitled to a fillet ; eight, a shoulder; of them for their several adventures. And seven, a loin, &e. If the full price of the that each adventurer shall receive their deer was not received on a given day, the money back if the said lottery be not keeper held the money till that sum was drawn and finished before the first day of obtained. They offered to sell whole deer, February next:" —Mr. Child was the first and to purchase as many as might be regular banker : he began business soon offered. after the Restoration, and received the honour of knighthood. He lived in
HARBURGH LOTTERY. Fleet-street, where the shop still continues in a state of the highest respectability, A
In 1723, the resentment of the house subsequent notice says, " that the king of commons was directed against the will probably, tomorrow, in the Banqueta
Mr. Smeeton in the Eraminer, ting-house, see all the blariks told over,
scheme of a lottery to be drawn at Har- ing blanks, after a few melancholy days, burgh, a town of Hanover on the Elbe, he put an end to his life. In his box was opposite Hamburgh, in the king's Gerinan found the following plan of the manner dominions. A committee inquired into in which he should spend the five thousand this and other lotteries at that time on pound prize, which his mistress preserved foot in London. The scheme pretended as a curiosity :to raise a subscription for maintaining a
“ As soon
as I have received the trade between Great Britain and the money, I will marry Grace Towers; but, king's territories on the Elbe.
It was a
as she has been cross and coy, I will use mysterious scene of iniquity, which the her as a servant. Every morning she committee, with all their penetration, shall get me a mug of strong beer, with a could not fully discover; but they re- toast, nutmeg, and sugar in it; then I ported, that it was an infamous, fraudu- will sleep till ten, after which I will have lent undertaking, whereby many unwary a large sack posset. My dinner shall be persons had been drawn in, to their great on table by one, and never without a good foss : that the manner of carrying it on pudding. I will have a stock of wine had been a manifest violation of the laws and brandy laid in. About five in the of the kingdom : that the managers and afternoon I will have tarts and jellies, and agents of this lottery had, without any a gallon bowl of punch; at ten, a hot supauthority, made use of his majesty's royal per of two dishes. If I am in a good. name to countenance the infamous pro- humour, and Grace behaves herself, she ject, and induce his majesty's subjects to shall sit down with me. To bed about engage or be concerned therein. A bili twelve."* was brought in to suppress this lottery, and to oblige its managers to make resti
FIELDING'S FARCE. tution of the money they had received In 1731, Henry Fielding wrote a farce from the contributors. At the same time for Drury-lane Theatre, called “ The the house resolved, That John lord vis- Lottery," to which, in 1732, he added a count Barrington had been notoriously new scene. This pleasant representation guilty of promoting, abetting, and carry- of characters usually influenced to specuing on the fraudulent undertaking; for late in such schemes, was acted with conwhich offence he should be expelled the siderable success, especially about the house.
time when the lottery was drawn at
Guildhall, and may well be conceived as BANK CLERKS' FINESSE.
calculated to abate the popular furor. It On the 31st of August, 1731, a scene opens with a lottery-office keeperwas presented which strongly marks the
Mr. Stocks, alone, infatuation and ignorance of lottery adven
AIR turers. The tickets for the State Lottery
A Lottery is a Taxation, were delivered out to the subscribers at the
Upon all the Fools in Creation ; Bank of England; when the crowd be
And, Heaven be prais'd, coming so great as to obstruct the clerks,
It is easily rais'd, they told them, “ We deliver blanks to. Credulity's always in Fashion : day, but to-morrow we shall deliver For Folly's á Fund prizes ;" upon which many, who were by
Will never lose Ground, no means for blanks, retired, and by this
While Fools are so rife in the Nation. bold stratagem the clerks obtained room
(Knocking without. to proceed in their business. In this lot
Enter 1 Buyer. tery “ her majesty presented his, royal buy Lottery Tickets?
1 Buy. Is not this a House where People highness the duke with ten tickets." +
Stoc. Yes, Sir--I believe I can furnish you
with as good Tickets as any one. Love, DEATH, AND THE LOTTERY. 1 Buy. I suppose, Sir, 'tis all one to you,
what Number a Man fixes on. Early in the reign of George II., the
Stoc. Any of my Numbers. footman of a lady of quality, under the 1 Buy. Because I would be glad to have absurd infatuation of a dream, disposed it, Sir, the Number of my own Years, or my of the savings of the last twenty years of Wife's; or, if I could not have either of his life in two lottery tickets, which prove' those, I wou'd be glad to have it the Number
of my Mother's. Gentleman's Magazine,
• Lounger's Common Place Book.