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guilty: 1. Of receiving subscriptions be- He who, intent oh shadowy schemes,
fore the day and hour advertised ; 2. By them is deeply bubbled,
Of permitting the subscribers to use dif- Deserves to wake from golden dreams,
ferent names to cover an excess of twenty

With disappointment doubled. tickets; and 3. Of disposing of the tickets

Uomoved by Fortune's fickle wheel, which had been bespoke and not claimed, The wise man chance despises ; or were double charged, instead of re- And Prudence courts with fervent real turning them to the managers. In Trinity She gives the highest prizes. term, Leheup was brought up for judgment, and fined 10001., which he paid in

LARGE DIVISION OF TICKETS. court. As he had amassed forty times that sum by his frauds, the lenity of the In some of the old lotteries tickets sentence was the subject of severe re- were divided into a much greater number mark.*

of shares than of late years. There is an

example of this in the following LOTTERY INSANITY.

Advertisement, November, 1766.

DAME FORTUNE presents ber respects November 5, 1757, Mr. Keys, late clerk to the public, and assures them that she to Cotton and Co., who had absented has fixed her residence for the present at himself ever since the 7th of October, the CORBETT's, State Lottery-office, opposite day the 10,0001. was drawn in the lottery; St. Dunstan's-church, Fleet-street; and, (supposed to be his property,) was found to enable many families

to partake of her in the streets raving mad, having been favours, she has ordered not only the ticrobbed of his pocket-book and ticket.t

kets to be sold at the lowest prices, but

also that they be divided into shares at The subjoined verses appeared in the following low rates, viz:1761:1

£ 8. d.

A sixty-fourth . 0 4 0
A few Thoughts on Lotteries.

Thirty-second 0 7 6
A Lottery, like a magic spell,


O 15 0 All ranks of men bewitches,

An eighth

1 10 0 Whose beating bosoms vainly swell

A Fourth

3 0 0 With hopes of sudden riches :

A half

6 0 0 With hope to gain Ten Thousand Pound

By which may be gained froin apwards How many post to ruin,

of one hundred and fifty to upwards of And for an empty, airy sound

five thousand guineas, at her said office Contrive their own undoing !

No. 30.

Those on whom wealta her stores had shed,

May firmly bear their crosses ; But they who earn their daily bread,

Oft sink beneath their losses.

'Tis strange, so many fools we find,

By tickets thus deluded,
And, by a trifling turn of mind,

From life's blest bliss excluded.
For life's best blessing, calm content,

Atloods no more his slumbers, Who dreams of profit, cent. per cent.

And sets his heart on numbers.

A NUMBER TWICE SOLD. The lottery of 1766 was unfortunate to a keeper. The ticket No. 20,99 was purchased in the alley for Pagen Hale, esq. of Hertfordshire; and the same number was also divided into shares at a lottery-office' near Charing-cross, and some of the shares actually sold. The number purchased in the alley was the real number, but that divided by the officekeeper was done by mistake, for which he paid a proportionable sum.

Thro' all life's various stages, care

Our peace will oft disquiet ; Like a free-gift it comes, we ne'er

Need be iu haste to buy it.

During the lottery of 1767, the stockbrokers fell among thieves. Mr. Hugnes, a stock-broker, had his pocket picked in Jonathan's coffee-house of fifty lottery tickets, the value of which (at the price then sold) was 800. The same evening three other brokers had their pockets many following ones, he carried this very picked of their purses, one containing ticket back to the office, and changed it sixty-two guineas, another seven, and the for another. third five. One of the pick-pockets was afterwards apprehended, on whom thirtyfive of the tickets were found, and recover

* Smollett. Gentleman's Magazine. + Gentleman's Magazine. * In the Universal Magazine for December.

A LITTLE Go. ed; the other fifteen he said were carried October 14, 1770, a case was deterto Holland by his accomplices.

mined at the general quarter session of the peace for the county of Wilts, held

at Marlborough. The preceding anecdotes are in the been convicted before Thomas Johnson,

A quack doctor had newspapers of the time, together with the following, which strongly marks the per- for disposing of plate, &c. by means of a

esq. of Bradford, in the penalty of 2001. version of a weak mind. “A gentlewoman device or lottery; and by a second inforin Holborn, whose husband had pre- mation convicted of the same offence sented her with a ticket, put up prayers before Joseph Mortimer, esq. of Trowin the church, the day before drawing, in

bridge. To both these convictions he the following manner: The prayers of the appealed to the justices at the general congregation are desired for the success : quarter session of the peace, when, after a person engaged in a new undertaking."

a trial of near ten hours, the bench una

nimously confirmed the conviction on both A FRAUDULENT INSURER.

informations, by which the appellant was In January, 1768, an insurer of tickets subjected to the penalties of 2001. on each,

and costs.* was summoned before a magistrate, for refusing to pay thirty guineas to an adventurer, upon the coming up of a certain

INSURANCE CAUSE. number a blank, for which he had paid

On the 1st of March, 1773, a cause of a premium of three guineas. The insurer guineas, which he was obliged to comply wherein the lord mayor was plaintiff

, and was ordered immediately to pay thirty great public concern came on to be tried

before lord Mansfield, at Guildhall, with to prevent worse consequences.* In Messrs. Barnes and Golightly were de. other words, the magistrate was too weak to exert the power he was armed with, fendants, in order to determine the legality by law, against both the insurer and the of insuring lottery tickets; but on account insured.

of an error in the declaration the plaintiff was nonsuited.

On the 17th of the same month, “ Mr. Love TICKETS.

Sheriff Lewes presented a petition from Mr. Charles Holland, the actor, who the city of London, against the frequent died on the 7th of December, 1769, re- toleration of lotteries in the time of

peace; ceived many letters of passionate admira- but the petition was ordered to lie upon tion from a lady who fell in love with the table.--No government can long subhim from his appearance on the stage; sist, that is reduced to the necessity of and she accompanied one of her declara. supporting itself by fraudulent gaming.”+ tions of attachment by four lottery tickets as a present.t


June 26, 1775, a cause came on in

the court of common pleas, Guildhall, In the lottery of 1770, the holder of the between a gentleman, plaintiff, and a ticket entitled to the capital prize of lottery-office keeper of this city, defend20,000l. was captain Towry of Isleworth. ant; the cause of this action was as A very remarkable circumstance put it follows: the gentleman, passing by the in his possession: Mr. Barnes, a grocer lottery-ntfice, observed a woman and boy in Cheapside, purchased four following crying, on which he asked the reason of numbers, one of which this was; but their tears ; they informed him, that they thinking the chance not so great in so had insured a number in the lottery on

Universal Magazine. + Memoir

of Holland in Universal Magazine.

• Gentleman s Magazine,

1 Ibid

the over night, and, upon inquiry at an- but not being the person who seduced other office, found it to have been drawn the boy to secrete the ticket, and no evifive days before, and therefore wanted dence appearing to


his connection their money returned; the gentleman, with the person who did, the prisoner taking their part, was assaulted and beat was discharged, though it was ascertained 2 by the office-keeper, for which the jury that he had insured the number already gave a verdict in favour of the gentleman mentioned ninety-one times in one day.* with five pounds damages.*

In consequence of the circumstances

discovered by this examination, the lords PROCEEDINGS RESPECTING A BLUE-COAT deliberated on the means of preventing

of the treasury inquired further, and Boy.

similar practices; the result of their conIn 1775, some of the boys of Christ's ferences was the following “ Orders," Hospital, appointed to draw numbers and which are extracted from the original michances from the wheel, were tampered nutes of the proceedings, and are now for with, for the purpose of inducing them to the first time published. commit a fraud. These attempts were

COPY, No. I. successful in one instance, and led to certain regulations, which will pres tly

ORDER of December 12, 1775. be stated,

A DISCOVERY having been made, that On the 1st of June, a man was carried William TRAMPLET, one of the boys embefore the lord mayor for attempting to ployed in drawing the lottery, had, at the bribe the two blue-coat boys who drew instigation of one CHARLES LOWNDES, the Museum Lottery at Guildhall to (since sonded,) at different times, in conceal a ticket, and to bring it to him, former rolls taken out of the number wheel promising that he would next day return THREE numbered tickets, which were at it to them. His intention was to insure THREE several times returned by him into 'it in all the offices, with a view to defraud the said wheel, and drawn without his the office-keepers. The boys were honest, parting with them, so as to give them the gave notice of the intended fraud, and appearance of being fairly drawn, to pointed out the delinquent, who, however, answer the purpose of defrauding by was discharged, as there existed no law

insurance : to punish the offence.

IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED, for prevent. On the 5th of December, one of the ing the like wicked practices in future, blue-coat boys who drew the numbers in that every boy before he is suffered to put the State Lottery at Guildhall was exa- his hand into either wheel, be brought by mined before sir Charles Asgill, relative the proclaimer to the managers on duty, to a number that had been drawn out the for them to see that the bosoms and sleeves Friday before, on which an insurance had of his coat be closely buttoned, his pockets been made in almost every office in Lon- sewed up, and his hands examined ; and don. The boy confessed, that he was that during the time of his being on duty, prevailed upon to conceal the ticket No. he shall keep his left hand in his girdle be21,481, by a man who gave him money hind him, ond his right hand open, with for so doing; that the man copied the his fingers extended ; and the proclaimer number; and that the next day he followed is not to suffer him at any time to leave the nau's instructions, and put his hand the wheel without being first examined into the wheel as usual, with the ticket by the manager nearest him. in it, and then pretended to draw it out. The observance of the foregoing order The instigator of the offer.ce had actually is recommended by the managers on this received 4001. of the insurance-office roll to those on the succeeding rolls, lill keepers ; had all of them paid him, the the matter shall be more fully discussed at whole sum would have amounted to 3000l. a general meeting. but some of them suspected a fraud had been committed, and caused the inquiry,

COPY, No. II. which obtained the boy's confession.

ORDER at GENERAL MEETING. On the following day, the person who A Plan of RULES AND REGULATIONS insured the ticket was examined. He was

to be observed, in order to prevent clerk to a hop-factor in Goodmau's-fields,

the boys commit:ing frauds, &c., in

• l'asversal Magazine.

• Gentkman's Magazine.





the drawing of the lottery, agreeable unfortunate holders against the disturto directions received by Mr. JOHN- bance of their chances. The concealment son, on Tuesday the 16th of January, of three might have congregated the un1776, from the LORDS

successful adventurers of the three kingdoms into an uproar,

one and indivisi. That ten managers be always on the ble,” which, with the law on their side, roll at Guildhall, iwo of whom are to be would have exceedingly puzzled the then conveniently placed opposite the two hoys lords of the treasury to subdue, without at the wheels, in order to observe that they ordering the lottery to have been drawn strictly conform themselves to the rules over again, and raising a fresh clamour and orders directed by the committee, at among the holders of tickets that had been Guildhall

, on Tuesday, December 12, declared prizes. 1775. That it be requested of the TREASURER

LOTTERY SUICIDE. of Christ's HOSPITAL not to make known

On the 10th of January, 1777, who are the twelve boys nominated for drawing the lottery till the morning the young man, clerk to a merchant in the drawing begins ; which said boys are all drowned : he had been dabbling in the

city, was found in the river below bridge. to attend every day, and the two who are lottery with his master's money, and chose to go on duty at the wheels are to be taken this way of settling his accounts."* promiscuously from amongst the whole number by either of the secretaries, without observing any regular course or order ;

A BLANK MADE A PRIZE. so that no boy shall know when it will be

In January, 1777, Joseph Arones and his turn to go to either wheel.

Samuel Noah, two jews, were examined This METHOD, though attended with at Guildhall before the lord mayor, charged considerable additional expense, by the with counterfeiting the lottery ticket No. extra attendance of two managers and 25,590, a prize of 20001., with intent to six boys, will, it is presumed, effectually defraud Mr. Keyser, an office-keeper, prevent any attempt being made to cor- knowing the same to have been false and rupt or bribe any of the boys to commit counterfeit. Mr. Keyser had examined the fraud practised in the last lottery. the ticket carefully, and had taken it into

the Stock-exchange to sell, when Mr.

Shewell came into the same box, and da. It is imagined, that to future inquirers sired to look at the ticket, having, as he concerning lotteries, with a view to its recollected, purchased one of the same history, the publication of the preceding number a day or two before. This fordocuments may be acceptable. So long a tunate discovery laid open the fraud, and time has elapsed since the fraud they re

the two jews were committed to take late to was perpetrated, that any motive their trial for their ingenuity. It was so which existed for keeping them private artfully altered from 23,590, that not the has ceased. The blue-coat boy who se- least erasure could be discerned. Arones cretly abstracted the tickets from the

was but just come to England, and Noah wheel, and afterwards appeared to draw was thought to be a man of property. them fairly and openly, will be regarded

: In February following, Arones and as having been pitiably exposed to seduc. Noah were tried at the Old Bailey for the tions, which might have been prevented if forgery and fraud. Their defence was, these regulations had been adopted on the that the prisoner Arones found it, and percomplaint of the lad who was tampered sons were brought to swear it; on which with in June. Perhaps it was prudent, they were acquitted. The figure altered though not “ quite correct," to conceal

was so totally obliterated by a certain that three tickets had been improperly liquid, that not the least trace of it could taken from the wheel : until now, it bas be perceived. not been publicly made known that there

At the same sessions, Daniel Denny was more than one ; and though, if the

was tried for forging, counterfeiting, and point had been tried, that one might have altering a lottery ticket, with intent to debeen sufficient to have vitiated the legality fraud; and, being found guilty, was conof the drawing of the lottery of 1775 al- demned.t together, it was not enough, in a popular view, to raise a hue-and-cry among the + Gentleman's Magazine.


The ac


proposals were issued by the cunning, In July, 1778, came on to be tried at and greedily accepted by the credulous. Guildhali, before lord Mansfield, a cause,

I. wherein a merchant was plaintiff and a

November 7, 1781. Tottery-office keeper defendant.

MODE OF INSURANCE, tion was brought for suffering a young

Which continues the whole time of man, the plaintiff's apprentice, to insure with the defendant during the drawing of drawing the lottery, at Carrick's STATE the last lottery, contrary to the statute; Threadneedle-street. At one guinea each

LOTTERY OFFICE, King's Arms, 72, whereby the youth lost a considerable

NUMBERS are taken, to return three twenty sum, the property of the merchant. The jury without going out of court gave a

pound prizes, value sixty pounds, for verdict for the plaintiff

, thereby subject every given number that shall be drawn ing the defendant to pay 5001. penalty, any prize whatever above twenty pounds and to three months' imprisonment.*

during the whole drawing. During the same year, parliament hav

** Numbers at half a guinea to receive ing discussed the evil of insuring, and the half the above. "mischievous subdivision of the shares of

II. tickets, passed an aet" for the regulation J. Cook respectfully solicits the public of Lottery offices,” in which the principal will favour the following incomparably clauses were as follows

advantageous plan with attention, by “ To oblige every lottery-office keeper which upwards of thirty-two thousand to take out a licence, at the expense of chances for obtaining a prize (out of the 501., and give security not to infringe any forty-eight thousand tickets) are given in part of the act.

one policy. “ That no person shall dispose of any POLICIES OF FIVE GUINEAS with three part of a ticket in any smaller share or numbers, with the first number will gain proportion than a sixteenth, on 501. 20000 if a prize of £20000 penalty.


£10000 “ That any person selling goods, wares,


.. £ 5000 or other merchandise, or who shall offer with the second number will gain any sum or sums of money, upon any

6000 guineas if 20000 chance or event whatsoever, relating to


10000 the drawing of any ticket, shall be liable


5000 to a penalty of 201.

with the third number will gain “ To enable the commissioners of his

3000 guineas if 20000 majesty's treasury to establish an office;


10000 all shares to be stamped at that office ;


5000 the original tickets from which such shares are to be taken, to be kept at that office till a certain time after drawing ;-books clause designed to prevent the insurance

In the lottery act of 1782 there was a of entry to be regularly kept ;-persons of tickets by any method. The lotterycarrying shares to be stamped to pay a office keepers persisted in their devices, small sum specified in the act ;- penalties and the magistrates enforced the law. for persons selling shares not stamped ; and a clause for punishing persons who several lottery-office keepers were con

About the beginning of January 1785 shall forge the stamp of any ticket.'

In 1779, the drawing of the lottery and victed, before the lord mayor and alderthe conduct of lottery-office keepers was

men, in penalties of fifty pounds each for further regulated by act of parliament.t

insuring numbers contrary to law; and in Trinity term the following cause

tried at Westminster, before lord LoughEVASIONS OF THE INSURERS. borough. The provisions of parliament against A lottery-office keeper near Charingthe ruinous practice of insurance were cross was plaintiff, and the sheriff of Midevaded by the dexterity of the lottery- dlesex defendant. The action was to office keepers. In 1781, the following recover one thousand five hundred and

sixty-six pounds, levied by the sheriff, • Gentleman's Magazine,

about a year past, on the plaintiff's goods, by virtue of three writs of fieri facias,


† Anderson).

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