« IndietroContinua »
And hark! with lessening cadence now they fall,
And now, along the white and level tide,
They fling their melancholy music wide;
When by my native streams, in life's fair prime,
The mournful magic of their mingling cbime
CONSECRATION OF BELLS.
« The Times" has a literary corres- a parish bell,” it has occurred to me that pondent, who communicates information the following description of the practice that it may be useful to record.
of baptizing bells, used by the Roman Catholics, may not be unacceptable to
your readers. This account is a true To the Editor of the Times. translation from a book entitled “ PontiMR. EDITOR,--Having read in your ficale Romanum, Autoritate Pontificia, paper of to-day, that the king of France impressum Venetiis, 1698. Lib. ii. Cap.
has been pleased to grant to the parish de Benedictione Signi vel Campana." I of Notre-Dame, at Nismes, two unser- have run parallel with their method or viceable pieces of cannon from the arsenal baptizing children and bells, in twelve of Montpellier, for the purpose of forming particulars, as follows :
Of the Baptism of a Child.
Of the Baptism of a Bell.
I. The child must be first baptized, before The bell must be first baptized, before it can be accounted one of the church. it may be hung in the steeple.
II. The child must be baptized by a priest The bell must be baptized by a bishop or a minister.
or his deputy.
III. In baptizing a child there is used holy In the baptism of a bell, there is used water, cream, salt, oil, spittle, &c. &c. holy water, oil, salt, cream, tapers for
IV, In baptism, the child receiveth a name. And so it is in the baptism of bells.
V. The child must have godfathers, &c., The bell must have godfathers, and they &c.
must be persons of great rank.
VI. The child must be washed in water, The bell must be washed in water by
the hands of the bishop and priests.
VII. The child must be crossed in baptism. The bell is solemnly crossed by the
VIII. The child must be anointed.
The bell is anointed by the bishop
IX. The child must be baptized in the name The bell is washed and anointed, in of the Holy Trinity,
the name of the Trinity, by the bishop.
X. At baptism iney pray for the child. At the baptism of the bell they pray
literally for the bell.
# Sept. 17, 1816.
XI. At the child's baptism the scriptures, There are more psalms read at the bapare read.
tism of a bell than at the baptism of a
child; and a gospel also.
XII. At child-baptism there are public At the baptism of a bell there are more prayers made.
prayers used, and (excepting salvation)
greater things are prayed for, and more blessings on the bell, than on the child. But for the better proof of this point, I shall here give part of one of the very curious prayers put up for the bell at its baptism :
Lord grant that wheresoever this holy bell, thus washed (or baptized) and blessed, shall sound, all deceits of Satan, all danger of whirlwind, thunders, lightnings, and tempests, may be driven away, and that devotion may increase in Christian men when they hear it. O Lord, sanctify it by thy Holy Spirit ; that when it sounds in thy people's ears they may adore Thee! May their faith and devotion increase, the devil be afraid, and tremble and fly at the sound of it. O Lord, pour upon it thy heavenly blessing ! that the fiery darts of the devil may be made to fly backwards at the sound thereof; that it may deliver from danger of wind and thunder, &e., &c. And grant, Lord, that all that come to the church at the sound of it, may be free from all temptations of the devil. O Lord, infuse into it the heavenly dew of thy Holy Ghost, that the devil may always fly away before the sound of it, &c., &c.
The doctrine of the church of Rome Partridge staked 1001., and won them of . concerning bells is, first, that they have Henry VIII. at a cast of dice. merit, and pray God for the living and I conclude with remarking, that the the dead ; secondly, that they produce Abbé Cancellieri, of Rome, lately pubdevotion in the hearts of believers; thirdly, lished a work relative to bells, wherein he that they drive away storms and tempests; has inserted a long letter, written by and, fourthly, that they drive away devils. Father Ponyard to M. de Saint Vincens,
The dislike of evil spirits to the sound on the history of bells and steeples. The of bells, is extremely well expressed by Abbé wrote this dissertation on the occaWynkin de Worde, in the Golden Legend : sion of two bells having been christened, “ It is said, the evil spirytes that ben in which were to be placed within the tower the region of th’ayre, doubte moche when of the capitol. they here the belles rongen : and this is
I am, sir, the cause why the belles ringen whan it
Your obedient servant, thondreth, and whan grete tempeste and
R. H. E. to rages of wether happen, to the ende that the feinds and wycked spirytes should R. H. E. “wise and good" as he was, ten abashed and flee, and cease of the and he was both—he is now no moremovynge of tempeste.'
would not willingly have misrepresented As to the names given to bells, I beg the doctrines of the Romish church, leave to add, that the bells of Little though he abhorred that hierarchy. It Dunmow Priory, in Essex, new cast A. D, seems, however, that he may be mistaken 1501, were baptized by the following in affirming, that the Romish church names :
maintains of bells that “they have merit, Prima in honore Sancti Michaelis and pray God for the living and the Archangeli.
dead." His affirmation on this point may Secunda in honore S. Johannis Evan- be taken in too extensive a sense: It is gelisti
no doubt a Romish tenet that there is Tertia in honore S. Johannis Baptisti. “ much virtue in bells,” but the precise
Quarta in honore Assumptionis beatæ degree allowed to them at this period, it Maria.
would be difficult to determine without Quinta in honore Sancti Trinitatis, et the aid of a council. omnium Sanctorum,
In the clochier near St. Paul's stood the four greatest bells in England, called At Hatherleigh, a small town in Devon, Jesus's bells ; against these sir Miles exist two remarkable customs :-one, that
every morning and evening, soon after Saturday the 27th, he spent the next day the church clock has struck five and nine, in devout exercises. He refused to see a bell from the same steeple announces his friends, and ordered them to be told, by distant strokes the number of the day that his time was precious, and the best of the month-originally intended, per- thing they could do was to pray for him. haps, for the information of the unlearned On Monday the 29th, his children were villagers : the other is, that after a funeral brought to take their leave of him, viz. the church bells ring a lively peal, as in the lady Elizabeth and the duke of Glouother places after a wedding; and to this cester. He first gave his blessing to the custom the parishioners are perfectly re- lady Elizabeth, bidding her that when conciled by the consideration that the she should see her brother James, she deceased is removed from a scene of should tell him that it was his father's trouble to a state of rest and
last desire that he should no more look upon his brother Charles as his eldest
brother only, but be obedient to him as When Mr. Colman read his Opera of his sovereign; and that they should love “ Inkle and Yarico" to the late Dr. one another, and forgive their father's Mosely, the Doctor made no reply during enemies. The king added, “Sweetheart, the progress of the piece. At the con. you will forget this.”. “No," said she, clusion, Colman asked what he thought " I shall never forget it as long as I live." of it. « It won't do," said the Doctor. He bid her nol grieve and torment herself “ Stuff-nonsense." Every body else for him ; for it would be a glorious death having been delighted with it, this de- he should die, it being for the laws and cided disapprobation puzzled the circle ; liberties of this land, and for maintaining he was asked why? “I'll tell you why," the true Protestant religion. He recomanswered the Critic; “you say in the mended to her the reading of “ Bishop finale
Andrews's Sermons,” “Hooker's Ecclesi* Now let us dance and sing,
astical Polity," and " Archbishop Laud's While all Barbadoe's bells do ring.' Book against Fisher.” He further told It won't do—there is but one, bell in all her, that he had forgiven all his enemies, the island I"
and hoped God would likewise forgive
them. He bade her tell her mother, that With a citation from the poet of Erin, his thoughts had never strayed from the present notice will “ring out” de- her, and that his love should be the same lightfully.
to the last. After this he took the duke Evening Bells.
of Gloucester, being then a child of about Those erening bells, those evening bells,
seven years of age, upon his knees, saying
to him, “Sweetheart, now they will cut How many a tale their music tells, Of youth and home, and that sweet time
off thy father's head :" upon which the Since last I heard their soothing chime.
child looked with great earnestness upon
him. The king proceeding, said, “ Mark, Those joyous hours are passed away, child, what I say, they will cut off my And many a friend that then was gay, Within the tomb now darkly dwells,
head, and perhaps make thee a king : but
mark what I say, you must not be a king And hears no more those evening bells.
so long as your brothers Charles and James And so 'twill be when I am gone,
do live; for they will cut off your brothers' That tuneful peal will still ring on, heads when they can catch them, and cut While other bards shall walk these dells,
off thy head too at last : and therefore I And sing thy praise, sweet evening bells !
charge you do not be made a king by
them." At which the child fetched a NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.
deep sigh, and said, “I will be torn in
pieces first. Which expression falling Mean Temperature. . . 36 • 64. from a child so young, occasioned no
little joy to the king. This day the war
rant for execution was passed, signed by January 30.
fifty-nine of the judges, for the king to King Charles's Martyrdom, 1644.—Holi- die the next day, between the hours of
day at the Public Offices, 1826. ten in the morning and five in the afterIt is recorded that, after King Charles the First received sentence of death, on On the 30th, "The king having arrived
at the place of execution, made a long to be heard but shrieks, and groans, and address to colonel Tomlinson; and after- sobs, the unmerciful soldiers beating wards turning to the officers, he said, down poor people for this little tender of "Sirs, excuse me for this same: I have a "their affection to their prince. Thus died good cause and a gracious God: I will the worthiest gentleman, the best master, say no more.' Then turning to colonel the best friend, the best husband, the Hacker, he said, "Take care that you do best father, and the best Christian, that not put me to pain; and said, “This the age in which he lived produced.” and please you— A gentleman coming near the axe, he said, "Take heed of the axe-pray take heed of the axe.'
Sir Philip Warwick, an adherent to speaking to the executioner (who was masked) he said, 'I shall say but very portment was very majestic; for he
this unfortunate king, says, “His deshort prayers, and when I thrust out my would not let fall his dignity, no not to hands- Then he asked the bishop the greatest foreigners that came to visit for his cap, which, when he had put on, him and his court: for though he was far he said to the executioner, . Does my from pride, yet he was careful of majesty, hair trouble you? who desiring it might and would be approached with respect be all put under his cap, it was put up and reverence. by the bishop and executioner. Turuing free; and the subject matter of it, on his
His conversation was to the bishop, he said, 'I have a good
own side of the court, was most commonly cause, and a gracious God on my side.' To which the bishop answered, "There rational; or if facetious, not light. With is but one stage more, which, though any artist or good mechanic, traveller, or turbulent and troublesome, yet it is a
scholar, he would discourse freely; and
as he was commonly improved by them, very short one; it will soon carry you a
so he often gave light to them in their very great way. It will carry you from earth to heaven ; and there you will find, few gentlemen in the world that knew
own art or knowledge: for there were to your great joy, the prize you hasten to, -a crown of glory. The king
added, this prince did; and yet his proportion
more of useful or necessary learning than I go from a corruptible to an incorrupti- of books was but small
, having, like ble crown, where no disturbance is, no
Francis the First of France, learnt more disturbance in the world.'
by the ear than by study. His way of replied, • You are exchanged from a temporal to an eternal crown, a good ex
arguing was very civil and patient; for
he never contradicted another by his auchange.' Then the king asked the executioner if his hair was well.
thority, but by his reason; nor did he by
After which, putting off his cloak, doublet, and petulant dislike quash another's arguhis George, he gave the latter to the ments; and he offered his exception by
this civil introduction, ‘By your favour, bishop, saying, • Remember.' After this he put on his cloak again over his Sir, I think otherwise, on this or thał waistcoat, inquiring of the executioner if ground; yet he would discountenance the block was fast, who answered it was.
any bold or forward address unto him. He then said, "I wish it might have been And in suits, or discourses of business, be a little higher.' But it was answered would give way to none abruptly to him, it could not be otherwise now. The
enter into them, but looked that the king said, “When I put out my hands greatest persons should in affairs of this this way, then- He prayed a few
nature address to him by his proper miwords standing, with his hands and eyes ing to him in their own persons. His
nisters, or by some solemn desire of speaklift up towards heaven, and then stooping exercises were manly, for he rid the great down, laid his neck on the block. Soon horse very well; and on the little saddle after which the executioner putting some of his hair under his cap, the king thought he was not only adroit, but a laborious he had been going to strike, bade him hunter, or field-man. He had a great stay for the sign. After a little
time the plainness in his own nature, and yet he was king stretched forth his hand, and the thought, even by his friends, to love too executioner took off his head at one
much a versatile man; but his experience stroke. When his head was held up,
had thoroughly weaned him from this at and the people at a distance knew the fatal stroke was over, there was nothing
last. He kept up the dignity of his court, ing them, that if he heard they kept good limiting persons to places suitable to their company abroad, he should reasonably qualities, unless he particularly called for expect they would return qualified to them. Besides the women who attended serve their king and country well at on his beloved queen and consort, the home; and he was careful to keep the lady Henrietta Maria, sister of the French youth in his time uncorrupted. The king, he scarcely admitted any great offi. king's deportment at his trial, which becer to have his wife in the family. His gan on Saturday the 20th of January, exercises of religion were most exem- 1648, was very majestic and steady; and plary; for every morning early, and though usually his tongue hesitated, yet evening, not very late, singly and alone, at this time it was free, for he was never in his own bed-chamber, or closet, hé discomposed in mind; and yet, as he spent some time in private meditation, confessed himself to bishop Juxon, who (for he dared reflect and be alone,) and attended him, one action shocked him through the whole week, even when he very much ; for whilst he was leaning in weat to hunt, he never failed, before he the court upon his staff, which had a head sat down to dinner, to have part of the of gold, the head broke off on a sudden : liturgy read to him and his menial ser- he took it up, but seemed unconcerned; vants, came he ever so hungry or late in: yet told the bishop, it really made a great and on Sundays and Tuesdays he came, impression on him; and to this hour commonly at the beginning of service, welí (says he) I know not possibly how it attended by his court lords and chief at- should come. It was an accident I mytendants, and most usually waited on by self have often thought on, and cannot many of the nobility in town, who found imagine how it came about ; unless Hugh those observances acceptably entertained Peters, who was truly and really
his by him. His greatest enemies can deny gaoler, (for at St. James's nobody went none of this; and a man of this modera- to him but by Peters's leave,) had artifition of mind could have no hungry appe- cially tampered upon his staff. But such tite to prey upon his subjects, though he conjectures are of no use." had a greatness of mind not to live precariously by them. But when he fell into In the Lansdowne collection of MSS.. the sharpness of his afflictions, (than a singular circumstance before the battle which few men underwent sharper,) I of Newbury is thus related : dare say I know it, (I am sure conscien- “ The king being at Oxford went one tiously I say it,) though_God dealt with day to see the public library, where he him, as he did with St. Paul, not remove was shown, among other books, a Virgil, the thorn, yet he made his grace sufficient nobly printed and exquisitely bound. to take away the pungency of it; for he The lord Falkland, to divert the king, made as sanctified an use of his afflic- would have his majesty make a trial of tions as most men ever did. As an evi- his fortune by the sortes Virgiliane, which dence of his natural probity, whenever any every body knows was not an unusual kind young nobleman or gentleman of quality of augury some ages past. Whereupon who was going to travel, came to kiss his the king opening the book, the period hand, he cheerfully would give them which happened to come up was part of some good counsel leading to moral vir- Dido's imprecation against Æneas, tue, especially a good conversation ; tell- which Mr. Dryden translates thus :
Yet let a race untamed, and haughty foes,
Eneid, b. iv, !. 88.