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left hand beginning to swell, in conse- not speak to her, but, seeing another quence of her reclining on that arm, she young farmer and a shepherd at a little took two rings, the tokens of her nuptial distance, communicated to them the disvows twice pledged, from her finger, and covery he had made; upon which, though put them, together with a little money they scarcely credited his report, they from her pocket, into a small box, judging went to the spot. The shepherd called that, should she not be found alive, the out, “ Are you there, Elizabeth Woodrings and money, being thus deposited, cock?” She replied, in a faint and feeble were less likely to be overlooked by the accent, “ Dear John Slittle, I know your discoverers of her breathless corpse. She voice; for God's sake, help me out of frequently shouted, in hopes that her vo- this place!" Stittle immediately made his ciferations might reach any that chanced way through the snow till he was able to to pass, but the snow prevented the trans- reach her; she eagerly grasped his hand, mission of her voice. The gipsies, who and implored him not to leave her. “I approached her nearer than any other have been here a long time," she observed. persons, were not sensible of any sound, “ Yes," answered the man, ever since though she particularly endeavoured to Saturday:" — " Ay, Saturday week," attract their attention. A thaw took place she replied ;. “I have heard the bells on the Friday after the commencement of go two Sundays for church.” Her husher misfortunes; she felt uncommonly band was immediately acquainted with faint and languid ; her clothes were the discovery, and proper means were wetted quite through by the melted snow; taken for conveying her home. Her husthe aperture before mentioned became band and some neighbours brought a considerably enlarged, and she attempted horse and chaise-cart, with blankets to to make an effort to release herself; but wrap her in. The snow being somewhat her strength was too much impaired; her cleared away, she asked for a piece of bisfeet and legs were no longer obedient to cuit and a small quantity of brandy, from her will, and her clothes were become taking which she found herself greatly remuch heavier by the water which cruited. As a person took her up to put they bad imbibed. She now, for the first her into the chaise, the stocking of the left time, began to despair of being discovered leg, adhering to the ground, came off, and alive; and declared, that, all things con- she fainted. Nature was greatly exhaustsidered, she could not have survived ed, and the motion, added to the sight of twenty-four hours longer. This was her husband and neighbours,was too much the morning of her emancipation. The for her strength and spirits. When she apartment or cave of snow formed around recovered, she was laid gently in the carher was sufficiently large to afford her riage, covered well over with the blankets, space to move herself about three or four and conveyed without delay to her own inches in any direction, but not to stand house. upright, it being only about three feet It

appears

that when the horse came and a half in height, and about two in home, her husband and another person the broadest part. Her sufferings had set out on the road with a lantern, and now increased; she sat with one of her went quite to Cambridge, where they only hands spread over her face, and fetched learnt that she left the inn at six that very deep sighs ; her breath was short evening. They explored the road afresh and difficult, and symptoms of approach- that night, and for four succeeding days, ing dissolution became hourly more appa- and searched the huts of the gipsies, whom rent. On that day, Sunday, the 10th of they suspected might have robbed and February, Joseph Muncey, a young murdered her, till she was unexpectedly farmer, in his way home from Cambridge, discovered in the manner already menabout half-past twelve o'clock, passed tioned. very near the spot where the woman was. Mr. Okes, a surgeon, first saw her in Her handkerchief, hanging upon the twigs, the cart, as she was removing home. She where she had suspended it, caught his spoke to him with a voice tolerably eye; he walked up to the place, and saw strong, but rather hoarse; her hands and the opening in the snow, and heard a arms were sodden, but not very cold, sound issue from it similar to that of though her legs and feet were.

She was a person breathing hard and with diffi- put to bed, and weak broth given her occulty. He looked in, and saw the woman casionally. From the time of her being who had been so long. missing. He did lost she had eaten only snow, and believed

she had not slept till Friday the 8th. effect of witchcraft.“ She is under an The hurry of spirits, occasioned by too evil tongue,” said the youth. “ As sure many visitors, rendered her feverish; and as you are alive, sir," continued a standerher feet were found to be completely by, “ she is bewitched, and so are two mortified. The cold had extended its vio- other young girls that live near her.” lent effects from the end of the toes to the The boor related, that at the town he middle of the instep, including more than came from in Bedfordshire, a man had an inch above the heels, and all the bot- been exactly in the same way; but, by a tom of the feet, insomuch, that she lost all charm, he discovered the witch to be an her toes with the integuments from the old woman in the same parish, and that bottom of one foot. Her life was saved, her reign would soon be over; which but the mutilated state in which she was happened accordingly, for she died in left, without even a chance of ever being a few days, and the man recovered. able to attend to the duties of her family, “ Thomas Brown tried this charm last was almost worse than death itself. She night for his daughter, but it did not suclingered until the 13th of July, 1799, ceed according to our wishes; so they when she expired, after a lapse of five have not at present found out who it is months from the period of her discovery. that does all the mischief."

Mr. Nicholson was greatly shocked NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. at the general opinion of the peoMean Temperature... 40•37. ple that Alice Brown, Fanny Amey,

and Mary Fox were certainly bewitched February 3.

by some person who had bought a fami

liar or an evil spirit of the devil at the St. Blaise. St. Agatha. expense of the buyer's soul, and that These two Romish festivals are still various charms had been tried to discover retained in the church of England ca- who the buyer was. It was utterly out lendar.

of his power to remove or diminish the Of St. Blaise's festival there is an ac- impressions of his parishioners as to the count in vol. i. p. 207.

enchantment; and on the following Sunday, a few minutes before he went to

church, Ann Izzard, a poor woman about WITCHCRAFT.

sixty years old, little, but not ill-looking, The necessity for instruction is power- the mother of eight children, five of whom fully exemplified by the following narra- were living, requested leave to speak to tive. Some who reflect upon it, and dis- him. In tears and greatly agitated, she cover that there are other and worse told him her neighbours pretended, that, consequences to be apprehended from ig- by means of certain charms, they had disnorance than those related below, will covered that she was the witch. She said consult their own safety, by providing they abused her children, and by their education for the children of labouring violent threats frightened her so much people, and influencing their attendance that she frequently dropped down to the where they may gain the means of dis- ground in fainting-fits. She concluded tinguishing right from wrong.

by asserting her innocence in these words: in February, 1808, at Great Paxton, in “I am not a witch, and am willing to Huntingdonshire, Alice Brown, crossing prove it by being weighed against the the ice on the river Ouse, fell into the church bible.” After the sermon, he ad. water, and narrowly escaped drowning, dressed his flock on the folly of their opiin the sight of her friend, Fanny Amey, a nions, and fatal consequences of brooding poor epileptic girl, who, in great terror, over them. It appears, however, that his witnessed the accident. Alice arrived at arguments, explanations, and her father's house shivering with cold, strances were in vain. On Thursday, the and, probably from sympathetic affection, 5th of May, Ann Izzard was at St. Ñeot's was herself seized with epilepsy. The fits market, and her son, about sixteen years returning frequently, she became emaci- old, was sent there by his master for a ated, and incapable of labour. In April load of corn: his mother and another following, the rev. Isaac Nicholson, curate woman, a shopkeeper in the parish, acof the parish, inquiring after her health, companied him home; but, contrary to was astonished by her brother informing the mother's advice, the woman put a him that her fits and debility were the basket of grocery on the sacks of corn.

remon

(ide of the horses, in going down hill, for a few hours, of the unhappy Alice became restive, and overturned the cart; Izzard. and by this accident the grocery was At the : Huntingdon assizes in the much damaged. Because Ann Izzard had August following, true bills of indictment advised her neighbour against putting it were found by the grand jury against in the cart, she charged her with upsetting pine of these ignorant, infuriated wretches, it by the black art, on purpose to spoil for assaults on Wright Izzard and Ann the goods. In an hour, the whole village Izzard, which were traversed to the folwas in an uproar.

She has just over lowing assizes.* It does not appear how turned a loaded cart with as much ease as they were disposed of. if it had been a spinning-wheel: this is positive proof; it speaks for itself; she is the person that does all the mischief; and if Captain Burt, an officer of engineers, something is not done to put a stop to who, about the year 1730, was sent into her baseness, there will be no living in the north of Scotland on government serthe place.” As it grew dark, on the fol- vice, relates the following particulars of lowing Sunday, these brutal creatures as

an interview between himself and a misembled together, and at ten o'clock, nister, whom he met at the house of a taking with them the young women sup

nobleman. posed to be bewitched, they proceeded to

Witchcraft. Wright Izzard's cottage, which stood in a

After the minister had said a good deal solitary spot at some distance from the body of the village; they broke into the poor bolical practice as sorcery; and that I, in

concerning the wickedness of such a dia. man's house, dragged his wife naked from her bed into the yard, dashed her head my turn, had declared my opinion of it,

which against the large stones of the causeway, dertook to convince me of the reality of

you knew many years ago; he untore her arms with pins, and beat her on the face, breast, and stomach with the it by an example, which is as follows: wooden bar of the door. When the inob himself at several times deprived of some

À certain Highland laird had found had dispersed, the abused and helpless woman crawled into her dwelling, put her part of his wine, and having as often exclothes on, and went to the constable,who amined his servants about it, and none of said he could not protect her for he had

them confessing, but all denying it with not been sworn in. One Alice Russell,

asseverations, he was induced to conclude a compassionate widow, unlocked her they were innocent. door to her at the first call

, comforted her, this could happen. Rats there were none

The next thing to consider was, how bound up her wounds, and put her to bed. In the evening of the next day she was

to father the theft. Those, you know, acagain dragged forth and her arms torn till cording to your philosophical next-door they streamed afresh with blood. Alive neighbour, might have drawn out the the following morning, and apparently their tails, which, being long and sponge

corks with their teeth, and then put in likely to survive this attack also, her enemies resolved to duck her as soon as the

ous, would imbibe a good quantity of labour of the day was over. On hearing this and so on, till they had emptied as many

liquor. This they might suck out again, she fled to Little Paxton, and hastily took bottles as were sufficient for their numrefuge in the house of Mr. Nicholson, who bers and the strength of their heads. But effectually secured her from the cruelty of his ignorant flock, and had the mortifica

to be more serious :- I say there was no tion to learn that his own neighbours suspicion of rats, and it was concluded it condemned him for " harbouring such a

could be done by none but witches. wretch."

Here the new inquisition was set on The kindness and affection of the foot, and who they were was the question ; widow Russel were the means of short

but how should that be discovered ? To ening her days. The infatuated popu: made choice of one night, and an hour

go the shortest way to work, the laird lace cried, “The protectors of a witch are just as bad as the witch, and deserve time with the hags; and went to his cellar

when he thought it ght be wateringthe same treatment." She neither ate "nor slept again from anxiety and fear; but died a martyr to her humanity in twelve

* Sermon against Witchcraft, preached at Great days after her home became the asylum, bleston, July 17, 1808, by the Rev. 1. Nicholsad,

without a light, the better to - surprise many parts as you think fit, in the manner them. Then, with his naked broad- of a carpenter's rule: lay across the top sword in his hand, he suddenly opened of this another piece of wood, marked G, the door, and shut it after him, and fell to with a small wheel, or pulley, at each end cutting and slashing all round about him, thereof, marked C D; they should be so till, at last, by an opposition to the edge fixed that a fine thread of silk may easily of his sword, he concluded he had at least run through each of them : at the end of wounded one of them. But I should this thread, E, tie a small weight, or poise, have told you, that although the place was and tie the other end of the thread, F, to very dark, yet he made no doubt, by the the tip-top of the plant, as represented in glare and Aashes of their eyes, that they the figure. were cats; but, upon the appearance of a candle, they were all vanished, and only some blood left upon the floor. I cannot

D forbear to hint in this place at Don Quixote's battle with the borachios of

A wine.

There was an old woman, that lived about two miles from the laird's habita

ΕΔ tion, reputed to be a witch : her he greatly suspected to be one of the confederacy, and immediately he hasted away to her hut; and, entering, he found her lying upon her bed, and bleeding excess

21 ively. This alone was some confirmation of

B the justness of his suspicion ; but casting his eye under the bed, there lay her leg in its natural form.

I must confess I was amazed at the conclusion of this narration; but ten times more, when, with the most serious air, he assured me that he had seen a certificate

To find the daily increase of this of the truth of it, signed by four ministers plant, observe to what degree the knot F of that part of the country, and could pro. rises every day, at a particular hour, or to cure me a sight of it in a few days, if I what degree the ball E descends every had the curiosity to see it.

day. When he had inished his story, I used

This little machine may serve several all the arguments I was master of,'to show good purposes. By this you will be able him the absurdity of supposing that a wo- receives in the

course of each day, and a

to judge how much nourishment a plant man could be transformed into the shape tolerably just notion may be formed of its and diminutive substance of a cat; to vanish like a flash of fire; carry her leg quality; for moist plants grow quicker bome with her, &c. : and I told him, thai than dry ones, and the hot and moist if a certificate of the truth of it had been quicker than the cold and dry. signed by every member of the general

I am, sir,

Your constant reader, assembly, it would be impossible for me

S. THOMAS. (however strong my inclinations were to believe) to bring my mind to assent to it.

January 24th, 1826.

To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

Sir,
Sir,

Perhaps the following parody of Moore's As a small matter of use and curiosity, beautiful melody, "Those Evening Bells,” I beg to acquaint the readers of the on p. 143, may be acceptable to your Every Day Book with the means of deter- readers, at a time like the present, when mining the gradual increase of a plant. a laugh helps out the spirits against

Take a straight piece of wood, of a con- matter-of-fact evils. venient height, the upright piece, marked I do not think it necessary to avow A B in the figure, may be divided into as myself as an “authority” for my little

[graphic]

COPY OP A LETTER

communication; many of your readers infinitely happier than the happiest of the will, no doubt, be able to furnish feeling wicked. evidence of the truth of the lines. Hoping The consequence I wish you to draw you, sir, may read them without parti- from all this is, never to do any thing excipating in the lively sensibility that the cept what you certainly know to be right; author felt, I remain,

for if you doubt about the lawfulness of Your admiring reader,

any thing, it is a sign that it ought not to and regular customer,

be done. A SMALL BOOKSELLER! City, Jan. 1826.

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.
These Christmas Bills !

Mean Temperature ... 40•32.
A COMMERCIAL MELODY, 1826.
These Christmas bills, these Christmas bills,
How many a thought their number kills

February 4.
Of notes and cash, and that sweet time

CHRONOLOGY. When oft I heard my sovereigns chime.

On the 4th of February, 1800, the rev. Those golden days are past away,

William Tasker, remarkable for his learnAnd many a bill I used to pay Sticks on the file, and empty tills

ing and eccentricity, died, aged 60, at Contain no cash for Christmas bills.

Iddesleigh, in Devonshire, of which

church he was rector near thirty years, And so 'twill be—though these are paid,

though he had not enjoyed the income of More Christmas bills will still be made,

the living till within five years before his And other men will fear these ills, And curse the name of Christmas bills !

death, in consequence of merciless and severe persecutions and litigations. “An Ode to the Warlike Genius of Britain,

1778," 4to., was the first effusion of his Written to a Domestic at Parting.

poetical talent. His translations of “ Se

lect Odes of Pindar and Horace" add to The cheerfulness and readiness with his reputation with the muses, whose which you have always served me, has smiles he courted by many miscellaneous made me interested in your welfare, and efforts. He wrote « Arviragus," a tragedetermined me to give you a few words dy, and employed the last years of his of advice before we part. Read this at- checkered life on a “History of Physitentively, and keep it; it may, perhaps, ognomy from Aristotle to Lavater," be useful.

wherein he illustrated the Greek philosoYour honesty and principles are, I pher's knowledge of the subject in a man. firmly trust, unshaken. Consider them ner similar to that which he pursued in as the greatest treasure a human being “ An Attempt to examine the several can possess. While this treasure is in Wounds and Deaths of the Heroes in the your possession you can never be hurt, Iliad and Æneid, trying them by the Test let what will happen. You will indeed of Anatomy and Physiology." These eruoften feel pain and grief, for no human dite dissertations contributed to his credit being ever was without his share of them; with the learned, but added nothing to his but you can never be long and completely means of existence. He usually wore a miserable but by your own fault. ragged coat, the shirt peeping at the el

If, therefore, you are ever tempted to bows, and shoes of a brownish black, do evil

, check the first wicked thought sometimes tied with packthread. Having that rises in your mind, or else you are heard that his spirited “Ode to the Warruined. For you may look upon this as like Genius of Britain” had been read by a most certain and infallible truth, that if the late king, George III., he presented evil thoughts are for a moment encou- himself, in his customary habit, on the es. raged, evil deeds follow: and you need planade at Weymouth, where it excited not be told, that whoever has lost his curiosity; and his majesty asking an atgood conscience is miserable, however he tendant who that person was ? Mr. Tasker may hide it from the world, and whatever approached, avowed his name, and obwealth and pleasures he may enjoy: tained a gratifying reception. His pro

And you may also rely upon this, that ductions evince critical skill, and a large the most miserable among the virtuous is portion of poetic furor. But he was af

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