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missioners and agents who execute their ber of persons who are destitute of their duty have full employment, and the high- customary labour, or unfit for other ways afford employment to a large num work.
Travelling in Jreland.
MS. Ballad. Mr. Crofton Croker's “ Researches in purpose; the only alteration is in the the South of Ireland," besides accounts of travellers, for whom he has substituted a scenery and architectural remains, and family on their removal from one cabin to illustrations of popular manners and su another. perstition, conveys a very good idea of This, which is the common Irish car, the roads and the methods of travelling is used throughout the province of Leinin that part of the sister kingdom. The ster, the midland counties, and some parts usual conveyance is called a car; its of the north. The country, or farmer's wheels are either a solid block rounded car always has the wheels on the outside to the desired size, or they are formed of the shafts, with a balustrade or upof three pieces of wood clamped toge- right railing tixed from the shaft to the ther. The wheels are fixed to a massive side bars, which rise diagonally from them; wooden axletree; this supports the shafts, this sort of enclosure is also at the back. which are as commonly constructed on the This car is open at top for the convenience outside as on the inside of the wheels. In of carrying hay, corn, vegetables, tubs, one of these machines Mr. Croker, with a packages, and turf, which is generally lady and geutleman who accompanied him placed in wicker baskets, called a “kish; on his
tour, took their seats. The car and iwo or four of these placed side by side horse were precisely of that description occupy the entire body. The car, with and condition in the engraving. Mr. W. the wheels between the shafts, is used for H. Brooke painted a picture of this gen. like purposes, but bas the additional ho. tleman's party, from whence he has oblig- nour of being rendered a family conveyingly made the drawing for the present ance, by cart ropes intertwisted or crossing
each other froin the top bars, whereon a making about half a ton, lie very snugly ticking, stuffed with straw, and a quilt or across the bars. Of course, as a family coverlid, form a cushion for the comfort conveyance, it is only in use among the of the travellers. The car is the common, poorest class in the country, and indeed the only, mode of carrying The common car somewhat varies in coals in the city of Dublin to the houses shape, as will appear from the following of the consumers : from six to nine sacks, figure, also drawn by Mr. Brooke.
A JAUNT IN A COUNTRY CAR
It must be added, that though these few straggling peasants that had collected cars maintain their ground in uncul- around us; but having taken refuge and tivated districts, they are quickly dis- placed our trunks in the nearest cabin, appearing, in the improved parts of Ire- ourselves and property became sacred, land, before the Scotch carts introduced and the disposition to hostility, which had by the agricultural societies.
been at first partially expressed, gradually The Irish “jaunting-car,” the “jingle," died away. When we began to make the “ noddy,” and a variety of other car. inquiries for a horse and car of any kind riages, which ply for hire in Dublin, are to take us into Fermoy, our endeavours wholly distinct and superior vehicles. were for some time fruitless. One person
had a car, but no horse. Another had a The following interesting narrative, in car building, which, if Dermot Leary were the words of its author, illustrates the na- as good as his word, would be finished ture of the car, the state of the roads, next week some time, “ God willing." and the “ manners” of the people. At length we gained intelligence of a
horse that was "only two miles off, draw.
ing turf: sure he could be fetched in From Lismore to Fermoy
less than no time." But then again, By T. CROFTON Croker, Esq.
“ that big car of Thaddy Connor's was
too great a load for him entirely. Sure Having hired a car at Lismore to take the baste would never draw the car into us to Fermoy, and wishing to walk part Fermoy, let alone their honours and the of the way along the banks of the Black- trunks." After some further consultation, water, we desired the driver to meet us a car was discovered more adapted to the at a given point. On arriving there, the capabilities of the miserable animal thus man pretended not to have understood we called upon to “ leave work and carry were three in party, and demanded, in wood," and though of the commonest consequence, an exorbitant addition to kind we were glad to secure it. By means the sum agreed on. Although we were of our trunks and some straw we formed without any other means of conveyance a kind of lodgment on the car, which, for eight Irish miles, it was resolved not being without springs and on the worst to submit to this imposition, and we ac- possible of roads, was not exactly a bed cordingly withdrew our luggage and dis- of down. The severe contusions we remissed the car, intending to seek another ceived on precipitating into the numerous amongst a few cabins that appeared at a cavities, though no joke, caused some litue distance from the road side. A high laughter; on which the driver turned dispute ensued with the driver, who, of round with a most facetious expression of course, was incensed at this proceeding, countenance, suggesting that “ May be and endeavoured to enlist in his cause the the motion did not just agree with the
- lady, but never fear, she would soon get I never belie myself to any one, much nsed to it, and be asleep before we got less to a poor creature that carries mehalf way to Fermoy.” This prediction, for, says the baste to me, I'm tired, as it will readily be supposed, was not ful good right I have, and I'll not go a step filled; and I believe it was three days be- faster and you won't make me I scorn fore we recovered from the bruises of that it says I, so take your own way.” journey. It is difficulty to say whetber A verbatim dialogue on an Irish breakour situation will excite mirth or sympathy down happily characterises that accident: in the minds of our readers, but a sketch the scene, a bleak mountain, and the may do no injury to the description. [In time, the return of the driver with anoMr. Croker's volume an engraving on ther chaise from the nearest station which wood is inserted.]
afforded one-seven miles distant. Many Irish villages boast a post-chaise, “ Is the carriage you have brought us the horses for which are not unfrequently safe ?" taken from the plough, and the chaise (One of the travellers attempts to get itself submitted to a temporary repair in ) before starting, to render it, if the parody “Oh never fear, sir; wait till I just of a nautical phrase may be allowed, bail out the water and put a little sop of “road-worthy;" but the
defects are never hay in the bottom-and sure now and 'tis thought of one moment before the chaise a queer thing that the ould black chaise is required; and the miseries of posting should play such a trick, and it has gone in Ireland have, with justice, afforded this road eleven years and never broke subject for the caricaturist. Tired horses down afore. But no wonder poor cratur, or a break-down are treated by a driver, the turnpike people get money enough whose appearance is the very reverse of for mending the roads, and bad luck to the smart jockey-like costume of an Eng- the bit of it they mend, but put it all in lish postilion, with the utmost resigna- their pockets.” tion, as matters of unavoidable necessity. What, the road ?" With a slouched hat-slovenly shoes and " Noe, your honour, the money." stockings—and a long, loose great coat To such as can bear with composure and wrapped round him, he sits upon a bar indifference lesser and temporary misfor. in front of the carriage and urges on his tunes, those attendant on an Irish tour horses by repeated applications of the become objects of merriment; the very whip, accompanied with the most singu- essence of the innate ingenuity and wit dar speeches, and varied by an involun- of the people is called out by such evils ; tary burst of his musical talent, whistling and the customary benediction muttered a tune adapted to the melancholy pace of by the peasant on the meeting a traveller, the fatigued animals, as he walks slowly is changed into the whimsical remark or beside them up the ascent of every hill. shrewd reply that mock anticipation.
“Did you give the horses a feed of Of late, jingles, as they are termed, oats at the village where we stopped to have been established between the prinsketch ?" inquired one of my fellow-tra- cipal towns. These are carriages on easy vellers of the driver, who for the last springs, calculated to contain six or eight three or four miles had with much exer
The roof is supported by a tion urged on the jaded backs.
slight iron frame capable of being unfixed “ I did not, your honour," was the in fine weather, and the curtains, which reply, “but sure, and they know I pro- may be opened and closed at will, afford mised them a good one at Limerick.' complete protection from sun and rain;
Nor is this instance of pretended un- their rate of travelling is nearly the same derstanding between man and horse sin- as that of the stage-coach, and they are gular. Riding once in company with a both a cheaper and more agreeable conpoor farmer from Cork to Mallow, I ad- veyance. vised him to quicken the pace of his On our way from Cork to Youghall in steed as the evening was closing in, and one of these machines, we were followed the lurid appearance of the sky foreboded by a poor wretch ejaculating the most
dreadful oaths and imprecations in Irish. “ Sure then that I would with the His head was of an uncommonly large greatest pleasure in life for the honour I and stupid shape, and his idiotic counhave out of your company, sir; but I tenance was rendered fierce and wild by promised the baste to let him walk, and a long and bushy red beard. On our
driver giving him a piece of bread, for attended to by a barefooted female, who which he had run beside the jingle at to our anxiety respecting what we could least half a mile, he uttered three or four bave for supper, replied with perfect conterrific screams, accompanied by some fidence, “ Just any thing you like, sure !” antic and spiteful gestures. I should not “ Have you any thing in the house ?" remark this circumstance here were it “ Indeed and we have not; but it's one of less frequent occurrence; but onlikely I might be able to get an egg for most of the public roads in the south of ye.” Ireland, fools and idiots (melancholy An examination of the bedrooms will spectacles of humanity!) are permitted not prove more satisfactory; a glass or to wander at large, and in consequence soap are luxuries seldom found. Someof this freedom have acquired vicious times one coarse and very small towel is habits, to the annoyance of every pas- provided; at Kilmallock, the measuresenger: throwing stones, which they do ment of mine was half a yard in length with great dexterity, is amongst the most and a quarter in breadth; its complexion, dangerous of their practices, and a case too, evinced that it had assisted in the is known to me where the wife of a re- partial ablutions of many unfastidious spectable farmer, having been struck on persons. Mr. Arthur Young's constant the temple by a stone thrown at her by ejaculation, when he lighted on such an idiot, died a few days after. Within quarters in Ireland, usually occurred to my recollection, Cove-lane, one of the my mind,“ Preserve me, Fate, from such most frequented parts of Cork, as leading another !" and I have no doubt he would to the Cove-passage, Carrigaline and agree with me, that two very essential Monkstown roads, was the station of one requisites in an Irish tour are a stock of of these idiots, who seldom allowed an linen, and a tolerable partiality for bacon. unprotected woman to pass without fol. But travellers, any more than beggars, lowing her, and inflicting the most severe cannot always be choosers, and those who pinches on her back and arms; yet this will not submit with patience to the acunfortunate and mischievous being for cidents and inconveniences of a journey, many years was suffered by the civil must sit at home and read the road that power to remain the terror of every fe- others travel. male, and that too within view of a pub
“ Who alwaies walkes, on carpet soft and lic asylum for the reception of such. But
gay, to return from this digression.
Knowes not hard hills, nor likes the mounThe charges at inferior towns and villages are extravagant in an inverse proportion to the indifference of their accom
NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. modation, and generally exceed those of the first hotels in the metropolis. Our
Mean Temperature . . 39 • 17. bill at Kilmallock was any thing but moderate, and yet the house, though the best the town afforded, appeared to be
February 21. one where carmen were oftener lodged
Seasonable Rules. than gentry. The landlady stood at the door, and with a low curtsey and a gond
On p. 187 there is a “ Letter," delivered hutnoured smile welcomed us to “ the deserves to be printed in letters of gold,
to a favourite servant at parting, which ancient city of Kilmallock ;" in the same breath informed us, that she was a gentle or, what is better, because it is easier
and woman born and bred, and that she had the memory of every person who reads
more useful, it should be imprinted on a son, “ as fine an officer as ever you it. There are sentiments in it as useful could set eyes on in a day's walk, who
to masters and mistresses as their do. was a patriarch (a patriot) in South America;" then leading us up a dark likewise be perused with advantage by
mestics. The following.“ Rules” may and narrow staircase to the apartment we
both; they are deemed “ seasonable," were to occupy, wished to know our
because, as good-livers say, good things names and business, whence we came
are never out of season. and where we were going ; but left the room on our inquiring, in the first place, what we could have to eat. After wait
land, 1824, 410. This gentleman's excursions were ing a reasonable time our demands were made between the years 1812 and 1822,
* Mr. Croker's Researcbes in the South of Ire.
Rules for Servants.
XVIII. Never stay when sent on a I. A good character is valuable to every message; for waiting long is painful to one, but especially to servants ; for it is your master, and a quick return shows their bread, and without it they cannot diligence. be admitted into any creditable family; XIX. Rise early; for it is difficult to and happy it is that the best of characters recover lost time. is in every one's power to deserve.
XX. The servant that often changes his II. Engage yourself cautiously, but place, works only to be poor; for “ the stay long in your place, for long service rolling-stone gathers no moss." shows worth -as quitting a good place
XXI. Be not fond of increasing your through passion, is a folly which is always acquaintances; for visiting leads you out lamented of too late.
of your business, robs your master of III. Never undertake any place you are your time, and often puts you to an exnot qualified for; for pretending to what pense you cannot afford. And above all you do not understand, exposes yourself, things, take care with whom you are acand, what is still worse, deceives them quainted; for persons are generally the whom you serve.
better or the worse for the company they IV. Preserve your fidelity; for a faith- keep. ful servant is a jewel, for whom no encou XXII. When out of place, be careful ragement can be too great.
where you lodge; for living in a disreV. Adhere to truth; for falsehood is putable house, puts you upon a footing detestable, and he that tells one lie, must with those that keep it, however innocent tell twenty more to conceal it.
you are yourself. VI. Be strictly honest; for it is shame XXIII. Never go out on your own ful to be thought unworthy of trust. business, without the knowledge of the
VII. Be modest in your behaviour; it family, lest in your absence you should becomes your station, and is pleasing to be wanted; for “ Leave is light," and your superiors.
returning punctually at the time you proVIII. Avoid pert answers ; for civil mise, shows obedience, and is a proof of language is cheap, and impertinence pro- sobriety. voking.
XXIV. If you are dissatisfied with IX. Be clcan in your business; for your place, mention your objections mothose who are slovens and sluts, are dis- destly to your master or mistress, and respectful servants.
give a fair warning, and do not neglect X. Never tell the affairs of the family your business nor behave ill, in order to you belong to; for that is a sort of trea- provoke them to turn you away; for this chery, and often makes mischief; but will be a blemish in your character, which keep their secrets, and have none of you must always have from the last place your own.
you served in. XI. Live friendly with your fellow *All who pay a due regard to the above servants; for the contrary destroys the precepts, will be happy in themselves, will peace of the house.
never want friends, and will always meet XII. Above all things avoid drunken with the assistance, protection, and encouness; for that is an inlet to vice, the ruin ragement of the wealthy, the worthy, and of your character, and the destruction of the wise, your constitution.
XIII. Prefer a peaceable life, with The preceding sentences are contained moderate gains, to great advantage and in a paper which a young person comirregularity.
mitted to heart on first getting a place, XIV. Save your money; for that will and, having steadily observed, obtained a be a friend to you in old age. · Be not character for integrity and worth incapable expensive in dress, nor marry too soon. of being shaken. By constantly keeping
XV. Be careful of your master's pro- in view that“ Honesty is the best policy," perty; for wastefulness is a sin.
it led to prosperity, and the faithful XVI. Never swear; for that is a crime servant became an opulent employer of without excuse, as there is no pleasure servants. in it.
XVII. Be always ready to assist a fel NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. low-servant; for good nature gains the Mean Temperature . . . 41 : 70. love of every one.