« IndietroContinua »
tained the name of “ Sheelah's day," spe
Epitaph. ciale gratia, without any reference to the calendar of saints. The saint himself, if we determine from the sacrifices to his
SACRED memory, is deemed a kind of christian
To the memory of Bacchus; and, on like home-made authority,“ Sheelah” is regarded as his con. Thomas JACKSON, COMEDIAN, sort.
who was engaged, 21st of Dec. 1741, to play a comic cast of characters, in this
great theatre—the World : for many of The editor of this work especially
which he was prompted by nature to excel. regrets that few of the peculiarities
The season being ended, his benefit regarding this festival which are familiar to Irishmen have been communicated to closed, he made his exit in the tragedy of
over, the charges all paid, and his account him. He has received letters expressing Death, on the 17th of March, 1798, in surprise that so little has been observed full assurance of being called once more concerning their country.
Such complaints have been made under initials, forfeits all cleared, his cast of parts bet
to rehearsal ; where he hopes to find his and therefore he could not answer them; tered, and his situation made agreeable, the complainants he has no doubt could by him who paid the great stock-debt, for have contributed largely themselves, and the love he bore to performers in general. from them he would have required information. As many Irish usages are fast
NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. dying away, he hopes and earnestly solicits to be favoured with particulars, which
Mean Temperature ...41.27. he is persuaded the collections or recollections of his Irish readers can readily
March 18. furnish, and which he will be most happy in having intrusted to him for publi- Edward, king of the West Saxons. cation. Any illustrations of Irish cha
On this anniversary, which is a holiday racter and manners, especially if drawn in the church of England calendar, and up by natives of Ireland, will be highly kept at the Exchequer, Rapin says, “I valued.
do not know upon what foundation Edward was made both a saint and a mar.
tyr, unless it was pretended he was On St. Patrick's day, 1740, the butchers murdered out of revenge for his great in Clare-market, London, hung up a gro- affection to Dunstan and the monks " tesque figure of an Irishman. A great See farther concerning him in vol. :. number of Irishmen came to pull it down, when a fierce battle ensued, much mischief was done, and several persons were NATURALISTS CALENDAR. dangerously wounded; but a file of mus- Mean Temperature . ., 41.75. queteers having been fetched from St. James's, some of the rioters were taken
March 19. into custody, and three of them were committed by col. De Veil to Newgate.* 1826. Oxford Term ends.
This is the first of Passion Week. To A correspondent who signs, “IKEY accounts of remarkable ceremonies pecuPINGLE," communicates a copy of a sin- liar to the day, and its present obsergular monumental inscription in the vance, it is proper to add the mode churchyard of Grimmingham, in Norfolk. wherein it is celebrated by the papal ponIt is subjoined on this day, because the tiff at Rome. An eye-witness to the public performer to whom it refers is pageant relates as follows: stated to have quitted this stage of life on
About half-past nine in the morning, this day, in the year 1798.
the pope entered the Sistine chapel, attired in a robe of scarlet and gold, which
he wore over his ordinary dress, and took * Gentleman's Magazine.
his throne. The cardinals, who were at
first dressed in under-robes of a violet against them, and, on admittance being colour (the mourning for cardinals), with demanded, a voice was heard from within, their rich antique lace, scarlet trains, and in deep recitative, seemingly inquiring mantles of ermine, suddenly put off into their business, or claims for entrance these accoutrements, and arrayed them- there. This was answered by the chorisselves in most splendid vestments, which ters from the procession in the hall; and had the appearance of being made of after a chaunted parley of a few minutes, carved gold. The tedious ceremony of the gates were again opened, and the each separately kissing the pope's hand, pope, cardinals, and priests, returned to and making their three little bows, being their seats. Then the passion was gone through, and some little chaunting chaunted ; and then a most tiresome long and fidgetting about the altar being goi service commenced, in which the usual over, two palm branches, of seven or genuflections, and tinkling of little bells, eight feet in length, were brought to the and dressings and undressings, and walkpope, who, after raising over thein a ing up and coming down the steps of cloud of incense, bestowed his bene- the altar, and bustling about, went on; diction upon them : then a great number and which at last terminated in the care of smaller palms were brought, and a dinals all embracing and kissing each cardinal, who acted as the pope's aid-de- other, which is considered the kiss of camp on this occasion, presented one of peace. these to every cardinal as he ascended The palms are artificial, plaited of the steps of the throne, who again kissed straw, or the leaves of dried reeds, so as the pope's hand and the palm, and re- to resemble the real branches of the palmtired. Then came the archbishops, who tree when their leaves are plaited, which kissed both the pope's hand and toe, fol- are used in this manner for this eeremony lowed by the inferior orders of clergy, in the catholic colonies of tropical cliin regular gradations, who only kissed mates. These artificial palms, however, the tve, as they carried off their palms. are topped with some of the real leaves of
The higher dignitaries being at last the palm-tree, brought from the shores of provided with palms, the deacons, canons, the gulf of Genoa.* choristers, cardinals, train-bearers, &c.
Palm Sunday in Spain. had each to receive branches of olive, to which, as well as to the palms, a small The following is a description of the cross was suspended. At last, all were celebration of this day in the cathedral of ready to act their parts, and the pro
Seville :cession began to move: it began with
Early in the morning, the melancholy the lowest in clerical rank, who moved off sound of the passion-hell announces the two by two, rising gradually in dignity, beginning of the solemnities for which the till they came to prelates, bishops, arch- fast of Lent is a preparation. This bell, bishops, and cardinals, and terminated by the largest of several which are made to the pope, borne in his chair of state revolve upon pivots, is moved by means (sedia gestatoria) on men's shoulders, of two long ropes, which by swinging the with a crimson canopy over his head. bell into a circular motion, are twined, By far the most striking figures in the gently at first, round the massive arms of procession were the bishops and patri- a cross, of which the bell forms the foot, archs of the Armenian church. One of and the head its counterpoise. Six men them wore a white crown, and another a
then draw back the ropes, till the enormous crimson crown glittering with jewels. machine receives a sufficient impetus to The mitres of the bishops were also set coil them in an opposite direction; and with precious stones; and their splendid thus alternately, as long as ringing is redresses, and long wavy beards of silver quired. To give this bell a tone approwhiteness, gave them a most venerable priate to the sombre character of the seaand imposing appearance.
son, it has been cast with several large The procession issued forth into the holes disposed in a circle round the top Sala Borgia (the hall behind the Sistine a contrivance which without diminishing chapel), and marched round it, forming the vibration of the metal, prevents the nearly a circle ; for by the time the pope distinct formation of any musical note, had gone out, the leaders of the pro- and converts the sound' into a dismal
cession had nearly come back again ; but clangour. I they found the gates of the chapel closed * Rome in the Nineteenth Century.
The chapter, consisting of about eighty sung by the bass in a solemn strain. The resident members, in choral robes of counter-tenor, in a more florid style, perblack silk with long trains and hoods, sonates the inferior characters, such as preceded by the inferior ministers, by Peter, the maid, and Pontius Pilate. The thirty clergymen, in surplices, whose deep cries of the priests and the multitude are bass voices perform the plain or Ambro- represented by the band of musicians sian chaupt, and by the band of wind- within the choir.* instruments and singers, who execute the
PALM SUNDAY CUSTOM more artificial strains of modern or counterpoint music, move in a long procession
in Lincolnshire. round the farthest aisles, each holding a branch of the oriental, or date palm, which pondent on the spot where the custom is
The following letter is from a corresovertopping the heads of the assembled
still preserved. multitude, nod gracefully, and bend into elegant curves at every step of the bearers. To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. For this purpose a number of palm-trees Sir,—There is a singular ceremony at are kept with their branches tied up to- Caistor church, Lincolnshire, every Palm gether, that, by the want of light, the more Sunday, which you may think worth detender shoots may preserve a delicate yel- scribing from this account of it. low tinge. The ceremony of blessing A deputy from Broughton brings a very these branches is solemnly performed by large ox-whip, called here a gad-whip. the officiating priest, previously to the Gad is an old Lincolnshire measure of procession, after which they are sent by ten feet; the stock of the gad-whip is, the clergy to their friends, who tie them perhaps, of the same length. The whip to the iron bars of the balconies, to be, as itself is constructed as follows.
A large they believe, a protection against light- piece of ash, or any other wood, tapered ning.
towards the top, forms the stock; it is In the long church-service for this day, wrapt with white leather half way down, the organ is silent, the voices being sup- and some small pieces of mountain ash ported by hautboys and bassoons. All the are enclosed. The thong is very large, and altars are covered with purple or grey made of strong white leather. curtains. The holy vestments, during this comes to the north porch, about the comweek, are of the first-mentioned colour, mencement of the first lesson, and cracks except on Friday, when it is changed for his whip in front of the porch door three black. The four accounts of our saviour's times; he then, with much ceremony, passion, appointed as gospels for this day, wraps the thong round the stock of the Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, are whip, puts some rods of mountain ash dramatized in the following manner :- lengthwise upon it, and binds the whole Outside of the gilt-iron railing which en- together with whip-cord. He next ties closes the presbytery, are two large pul. to the top of the whip-stock a purse conpits of the same materials, from one of taining two shillings, (formerly this sum which, at the daily bigh mass, the sub- was in twenty-four silver pennies,) then deacon chaunts the epistle, as the deacon taking the whole upon his shoulder, he does the gospel from the other. A move marches into the church, where he stands able platform with a desk, is placed be- in front of the reading desk till the comtween the pulpits on the passion-days; mencement of the second lesson: he then and three priests or deacons, in albes— goes up nearer, waves the purse over the the white vestment, over which the dal- head of the clergyman, kneels down on a matic is worn by the latter, and the casulla cushion, and continues in that position, by the former-appear on these elevated with the purse suspended over the clergyposts, at the time when the gospel should man's bead, till the lesson is ended. After be said. These officiating ministers are the service is concluded, he carries the chosen among the singers in holy orders, whip, &c. to the mancr-house of Undon, a one a bass, another a tenor, and the third hamlet adjoining, where he leaves it. a counter-tenor. The tenor chaunts the There is a new whip made every year; it narrative without changing from the key- is made at Broughton, and left at Undon. note, and makes a pause whenever he Certain lands in the parish of Broughcomes to the words of the interlocutors ton are held by the tenure of this annual mentioned by the evangelist. In those passages the words of our saviour are
# Doblado's Letters from Spain,
custom, which is maintained to the pre- person standing at the identical spot, sent time. I am, Sir, &c.
who, on learning his errand, inquired G. P. J. kindly for his master, and paid the money
to the uttermost farthing: Sandy, who On the 19th of March, 1755, three wo- piqued himself on his skill in physiogmen in the village of Bergeinoletto, near nomy, heard the news without emotion, Piedmont, were buried for thirty-seven and merely said, “ I wad at any time days in the ruins of a stable, by a heavy trust mair to looks than words, and whan fall of snow. They survived their con- I saw Colly smeiling about hun sae finement, and the facts relating to it were kindly, I ken't weel eneuch he couldna published by Ignazio Somis, professor in be a scoundrel.” This result differs from the university of Turin. With the case one which might have been expected. of these poor creatures, that, related at Sandy believed in a
“ second sight," p. 176, of our Elizabeth Woodcock, who which, in these times, a knowledge of remained so imprisoned eight days, is the arts of life disqualify most persons for scarcely to be compared. Her sufferings indulging on such an occasion. highly interest the feelings ; a narration of theirs would too deeply wound them.
In an early edition of vol. i. p. 374, NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.
the death of sir Isaac Newton is stated Mean Temperature ... 41. 25. to have happened on this day in the year
1727; and it is added, that he was born
on the 25th of December 1742, instead of March 20.
the proper year 1642. LAMB SEASON.
On the same page the death of the ceAn Anecdote.
lebrated earl Mansfield, is mentioned to It is related in the Scottish newspapers have taken place on the same day in the that about the year 1770, a Selkirkshire year 1793. He was aged eighty-nine, farmer, a great original in his way, and and his autograph is now added for the remarkable for his fondness of a'“ big gratification of those who desire to be price” for every thing, attended at Lang- acquainted with the hand-writing of disholm fair, and, notwithstanding his tinguished persons. parsimonious habits, actually sold his lambs to a perfect stranger upon his simply promising to pay him punctually at the next market. On his return home, the farmer's servants, who regularly messed at the same table, and seldom lionoured him with the name of master, inquired “Weel, Sandy, hae ye sell't thé NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. lambs ?” “ Atweel bae I, and I gat sax- Mean Temperature . . 42. 81. pence
mair a-head for them than ony body in the market.”
“ And a' weel paid siller ?” “Na, the siller's no paid yet, but
March 21. its sure eneuch." “ Wha's your mer.
Benedict. chant, and, and what's your security ?" Concerning this saint in our almanacs, “Troth I never spiered, but he's a decent see vol. i. p. 380. lookin' man wi tap boots, and a bottleThe servants, at this,
A SURPRISING CALCULATION. laughed outright, and tauntingly told him For the Every-Day Book. , he would never get a farthing. Sandy, In the summer of 1825, a meeting was however, thought differently, and having held at Tunbridge in Kent, by some genaccidentally hurt his leg so as to prevent tlemen interested in the formation of a him from travelling, he sent a shepherd to rail road, in that neighbourhood ; at which Langholm, with instructions to look for a
was a present a young gentleman well man with a bottle-green coat, whom he was known for astonishing celerity in resolving sure he said, to find standing near a cer- difficult calculations by the aid of metain sign. The shepherd did as he was mory alone. One of the company, a bid, and, strange to say, discovered a great snuff-taker, and good mathemati
cian, proposed the following, (as he “ Nicotiana. (From M. Nicot, who thought,) puzzling question ;
first brought it into Europe.) Tobacco." “ If I take so many (a given quantity) “ 1st. The name of a genus of plants of pinches of snuff every quarter of in the Linnean system. Class Pentanan hour, how many pinches shall I have dria ; order,
Monogynia.” taken in fifteen years ?"
“ 2nd. The former pharmacopæial The young gentleman in little more name of the officinal tobacco," &c. &c. than a minute gave his answer.
Hooper's Medical Dictionary, The snuff-taker called for pen, ink, and 4th edit. p. 594. paper, to examine the answer, when after In that elegant work, “ Flora Domes. à considerable time he declared it erro- tica,” the botanical summary says, this neous; upon hearing which, the calcu- genus is named from Jean Nicot of lator asked the snuff-taker if he had al- Nismes, agent from the king of France to lowed for the leap-years ? being answered Portugal, who procured the seeds from a in the negative, the snuff-taker was re- Dutchman, and sent them to France. quested to add them, when the calcula- Tobacco, from the island Tobago. The tor's answer was found to be correct to a French have many names for it; as, le single pinch, to the no small astonish- tabac: Nicotiane from its first introducer; ment and delight of the assembled party. petum (the original Indian appellation ;)
A. S. herbe du grand prieur ; herbe à la Reine;
herbe sacrìe; herbe propre à tous maux; The preceding anecdote is wholly new,
herbe de St. Croix ; &c. &c. Italian, taand, after a “ pinch of snuff," the editor bacco; terna bona.” introduces a topic somewhat correspond
Flora Domestica, 1823. p. 365. ing
Of these names, the Italian one of « ТовА Сco."
terna bona," is very singular, and as
arbitrary as need be, for example, what « Ex Fumo dare lucem."
connection can there be between tobacco, To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.
and the grand prior," the “ queen's,"
or the “ holy cross?” “ Propre à tous Sir,
maux,” is rather too comprehensive an The use of tobacco, " that stinking appellation; I have copied but few of weed so much abused to God's disho- these names, many as there may appear nour," as Stow expresses himself, having to be. become so common, as to be almost Of all the subjects which have em“ naturalized on English ground;" per- ployed the pens of writers, perhaps no haps a short article on the subject at this one has called forth so great a diversity seasonable period, may not be unaccept- of opinion as this ; and we may perhaps able to the numerous readers of the go further, and say, that no other (save Every-Day Book. Let me however be only, love and war) has attracted so much understood in the outset.
notice since its introduction. Popes, I do not mean to write a historical- poets, historians, kings, and physicians, nor yet critical-nor yet a poetical essay have dwelt upon its use and abuse, and on my subject-no! I merely wish to even historians have condescended to “cull a few leaves" from the “ fragrant mention it. But to proceed. herb," and leave them for you to burn, or With regard to its first introduction into your readers to cut up, or smoke, at their England, Hume says, chap. xli. Eliz, good pleasure. Dropping ali metaphor, 1558, 1603," at the close of the narrathe subject is worth attention, and treated tion of Drake's attack on the Spanish with judgment, might be rendered highly provinces in the West Indies. interesting. Resigning all pretension thought that Drake's fleet first introduced however to that quality, I have merely the use of tobacco into England.” collected a few “ passages," which, I In an after part of his work“ Appendix, hope, will be considered worthy of a James I. 1603-1625,” he adds, place in your interesting miscellany. “ After supplying themselves with pro
“ Commencing our commencement," visions more immediately necessary for says the old French proverb, my medical the support of life, the new planters began dictionary, (Hooper's) has the following the cultivating of tobacco; and James, under this head :
notwithstanding his antipathy to that u Tobacco. See Nicotiana."
drug, which he affirmed to be pernicious
" It is