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'we have the statue of St. Longinus, whom Mr. Butler also, for good reasons no doubt, omits to mention in his twelve volumes of “ Lives of the Saints."
But there is another "holy lance.” It is kept in the church of the hospital of Nuremberg, with the crown and sceptre and other regalia of Charlemagne. Misson so particularly distinguishes it, that his account shall be given verbatim.
After mentioning the sword of Charlemaigne, which its keepers pretend" was brought by an angel from heaven;" he says, “ they also keep many relics in this church ; and among others St. Longin's lance.” There is no reason to doubt, therefore, that the ecclesiastics of Nuremberg deemed Longinus a saint, as well as the ecclesiastics of St. Peter's at Rome.
Misson goes on to say, “ They are not ignorant that this pretended lance is to be seen in above ten other places of the world; but, they say, theirs came from Antioch ; it was St. Andrew who found it; one single man with it discomfited a whole army; it was the thing of the world which Charlemaign loved most. The other lances are counterfeits, and this is the true one." It is requisite to observe Misson's very next words, which, though they do not seem connected with this true lance" of Nuremberg, are yet connected with the issue, He proceeds to say, “ They have also an extraordinary veneration for a piece of the cross, in the midst of which there is a hole that was made by one of the nails. They tell us, that heretofore, the emperors placed their greatest hopes of prosperity and success, both in peace and war, in the possession of this enlivening wood, with the nail and other relics that are kept at Nuremberg." Misson then adds, by way of note, the following
List of these Relics.
on Christ's head.
and St. Paul were bound at Rome.
feet of his apostles.
A piece from the table cloth which tains a reduced fac-simile of this “ true!
Christ used at his last supper with his relic. It is not denied that the “ holy disciples.
lance” at Paris, “ where it is still kept in These relics, accompanying Misson's the holy chapel,” is also“ true”-they are, account of the “ true lance" of Nurem- without a shadow of doubt, equally “ irue.” berg, are here enumerated, because his See Butler and Misson, and Misson and statement as to the existence of the lance, Butler. in connection with those relics, is cor- By the by, it must be remembered, that roborated by a rare print, sixteen inches the genuine lantern which Judas carried, and a quarter wide, by thirteen inches was also“ kept at Rome,” when Misson high, published by the ecclesiastics of was there; and that, at the same time, Nuremberg, in the possession of the editor Judas's lantern was also at St. Denis in of the Every-Day Book. It represents France both genuine.* the whole of these relics at one view, except the five thorns. The true lance, being The romance of “Spomydon," printed placed in the print angle-ways, measures by Wynkyn de Worde, celebrates the exnineteen inches and three quarters, from ploits of Charlemagne, for the recovery of the point of the sheath to the rim of the the relics of the passion in the following iron shaft. The preceding column con- lines :
Cherles—wanne fro the hethen houndes
tower, where the body was found, has There is a tradition at Vienne, that in þeen several times struck by lightning, it the reign of the emperor Tiberius, Pontius has acquired the name of the tower of Pilate was exiled to that city, where he Mauconseil.t died not long after, of grief and despair, for not having prevented the crucifixion of It will be seen from the subjoined letter the saviour; and his body was thrown of a correspondent, who communicates his into the Rhone. There it remained, nei- name to the editor, that remains of the ther carried away by the force of the cur- ancient disguises are still to be seen in the rent, nor consumed by decay, for five proceedings of those persons in this counhundred years; until the town being af- try, who, towards the termination of the flicted with the plague, it was revealed to fast of Lent, collect materials for good cheer the then archbishop, in a vision, that the to make an Easter festival. calamity was occasioned by Pilate's body,
PASTE EGGS. which unknown to the good people of Vienne was lying at the foot of a certain
To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. tower. The place was accordingly searched
Liverpool, Good Friday, 1826. and the body drawn up entire, but nothing
Sir,--Having been much entertained could equal its intolerable odour. Where- lately by your accounts of “ festivals, and fore, it was carried to a marsh two leagues fairs, and plays," I am induced to confrom the town, and there interred; but tribute, in some small degree, to the store for a long series of years after, strange
of amusement in your interesting everynoises were reported by certain people to day miscellany. The subject on which I issue from this place continually; these
am to treat, is a custom that prevails in sounds were believed to be the groans of the neighbourhood of West Derby, on this Portius Pilate, and the cries of the devils day; it is known by the denomination of tormenting him. They also imagined, the
“paste egging," and is practised by the neighbourhood of his body to be the cause
humbler classes of the juvenile peasantry. of violent storms of thunder and lightning
* Misson's Travels, 1714. which are frequent at Vienne; and as the Miss Plumtree's Residence.
The parties who are disposed to partake Conscious of the charms of music, they in the fun, disguise themselves in the most generally exhilarate their benefactors with fantastic habiliments—such as clothes some animated songs, appropriate to the turned inside out, with strange patches on, occasion, and sung in excellent taste; and some with masks, veils, ribbands, &c.; by these means seldom fail to return some with faces blacked, and (perhaps, homeward with a plentiful supply of their your fair readers may not excuse me “paste egg,” and no trivial aid in money. for telling them that,) even the females With these materials, a festival is got up disguise their sex! Thus equipped, they on Easter Sunday evening. The different betake themselves in numbers of from parties meet at the village alehouse, about four to a dozen of both sexes) to the where “ Bacchus's blisses and Venus's different farm-houses, and solicit contri- kisses,” accompany the circling bowl, and butions towards the “ festival" of Easter associate the village host in a universal Sunday. The beginning of my tale seems to compact of mirth and merriment. indicate the sort of gifts that are expected ; I cannot discover any reasonable acthese gifts are generally made up of count of the origin of this custom; and great numbers of eggs and oatmeal cakes. must, therefore, Mr. Editor, subscribe One of the party usually carries a basket myself, your faithful servant, for the cakes, another for the eggs, and
Will. HONEYCOMB. (as our best feasts can scarcely be got up without a portion of the one thing need- NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. ful,) a third is the bearer of a small box Mean Temperature. 43. 27. for pecuniary contributions.
For the Every-Day Book.
Cold, though in Summer, cheerless, though in Spring,
In Winter, bleak; in Autumn, withering-
Or, with a quarter-staff, enters our dwelling,
Thy ruthless minion, our small chattels selling,
To bribe thy “itching palm :" for I behold
poor and needy whom sharp hunger gnawing
The Last Day of Lent.
day, the whole foreign popułation of Rome Lady Morgan describes the “ sepul- rolls on, in endless succession, to the Vachres," in the churches of Italy, to have tican. The portico, colonrades, and vesbeen watched night and day by hundreds tibules, both of the church and palace, clad in deep mourning from the dawn of assume the air of the cour of a military Holy Thursday till Saturday at mid-day, despot. Every epoch it the military when the body is supposed to rise from costume is there gaudily e:hibited. Halthe grave, and the resurrection is an berdiers in coats of mail, and slate-coloured nounced by the firing of cannon, the pantaloons, which pass uson the faithful blowing of trumpets, and the ringing of for polished steel armour; the Swiss in bells which from the preceding Thursday their antique dresses of biff and scarlet, had been carefully tied up to protect then and lamberkeens; the regular troops in frotn the power of the devil. “ On this their modern uniforms; th: guardia nobile,
the pope's voltigeurs, all feathers and fee- the church has begun. The procession of bleness, gold and glitter ; generals of the the sacrament to the Paoline chapel sucBritish army, colonels and subalterns of ceeds; its gates are thrown open, and its every possible yeomanry, with captains dusky walls appear illuminated with and admirals of the navy, and a host of thousands of tapers, twinkling in the rays nondescripts, laymen, and protestant of the noonday sun, through an atmosclergymen, who for the nonce' take phere of smoke. Few are able to enter shelter under any thing resembling an the illuminated chapel, or to behold the uniform, that may serve as a passe-partout, deposition of the sacrament; and many where none are courteously received but who are informed of the programme nt such as wear the livery of church or state the day, by endeavouring to catch at all militant;-all move towards the portals of the ceremonies, scarcely attain to any." the Sistine chapel, which, with their dou
Easter Eve in Spain. ble guards, resemble the mouth of a mili
Mr. Blanco White says, that the service tary pass, dangerous to approach, and in the cathedral of Seville begins this difficult to storm. The ladies press with morning without either the sound of bells an imprudent impetuosity npon the
or of musical instruments. The paschal guards, who, with bayonets fixed and el- chandle is seen by the north side of the bows squared, repress them with a resist- altar. It is, in fact, a pillar of wax, nine ance, such as none but female assailants yards in height, and thick in proportion, would dare to encounter a second time. standing on a regular marble pedestal, Thousands of tickets of admission are
It weighs eighty arrobas, or two thousand shown aloft by upraised hands, and se- pounds, of twelve ounces. This candle is conded by high-raised voices; while the
cast and painted new every year, the old officer of the guard, who can read and
one being broken into pieces on the tear but one at a time, leaves the task of Saturday preceding Whitsunday, the day repulsion to the Swiss, who manfully when part of it is used for the consecrasecond their 'allez fous en' with a physi- tion of the baptismal font. The sacred cal force, that in one or two instances torch is lighted with the new fire, which incapacitated the eager candidates for this morning the priest strikes out of a further application. A few English fa- fint, and burns during service till Asvoured by the minister, and all the princes cension-day. A chorister in his surplice and diplomatists resident at Rome, pio- climbs up a gilt-iron rod, furnished with neered by their guards of honour, make steps like a flag-staff, and having the top their way
without let or molestation. One railed in, so as to admit of a seat on a side of the space, separated from the choir level with the end of the candle. From by a screen, is fitted up for them apart; this crow's nest, the young man lights up the other is for the whole female congre- and trims the wax pillar, drawing off the gation, who are crushed in, like sheep in melted wax with a large iron ladle. a fold. The men, if in uniform or full
High mass begins this day behind the court dresses, are admitted to a tribune great veil, which for the two last weeks in within the choir ; while the inferior crowd, Lent covers the altar. After some preleft to shift for themselves, rush in with paratory prayers, the priest strikes up the an impetuosity none can resist ; for though hymn Gloria in excelsis Deo.
At this none are admitted at all to the chapel moment the veil Aies off, the explosion of without tickets, yet the number of appli- fireworks in the upper galleries reverbecants (almost exclusively foreign) is much rates in a thousand echoes from the vaults too great for the limited capacity of the of the church, and the four-and-twenty place. A scene of indescribable confu- large bells of its tower awake, with their sion ensues. The guards get mingled discordant though gladdening sounds, with the multtude. English peers are those of the one hundred and forty-six overturned by Roman canons. Irish friars steeples which this religious town boasts batter the old irmour of the mailed hal- of. "A brisk firing of musketry, accompaberdiers with fsts more formidable than nied by the howling of the innumerable the iron they atack Italian priests tum- dogs, which, unclaimed by any master, ble over tight-aced dandies; and the live and multiply in the streets, adds • Via via' of the Roman guard, and the strength and variety to this universal din, 'Fous ne reste pas issi' of the Swiss
The firing is directed against several stuffed mingle with scoams, supplications and reproofs, long after the solemn service of
* Lady Morgan's Italy.
figures, not unlike Guy Fawkes of the ness, painted with images of the virgin fifth of November, which are seen hanging and Christ, which had previously been by the neck on a rope, extended across blessed, was set upright in the vase; the least frequented streets. It is then more Latin prayers were mumbled one that the pious rage of the people of Seville of the Jews was brought, the bishop cut is vented against the arch-traitor Judas, the sign of the cross in the hair, at the whom they annually hang, shoot, draw, crown of his head, then, with a silver and quarter in effigy.
ladle, poured some of the water upon the The church service ends in a procession part, baptizing him in the usual forms, about the aisles. The priest bears the both the godfathers and he having agreed host in his hands, visible through glass as to all that was required of them. The a picture within a medallion. The sudden second Jew was then brought, upon change from the gloomy appearance of whom the same ceremonies were perthe church and its ministers, to the simple formed; this poor little fellow wore a and joyous character of this procession, wig, and, when the cold water was the very name of pasqua Florida, the poured on his bare skull, he winced exflowery passover, and, more than the ceedingly, and made many wry faces. name, the flowers themselves, which well- They were then conveyed to the altar of dressed children, mixed with the censer- the neighbouring chapel, where they were bearers, scatter on the ground, crowd the confirmed, and repeated the creed. The mind and heart with the ideas, hopes, and bishop then made the sign of the cross feelings of renovated life, and give to this upon their foreheads, with holy oil, ceremony, even for those who disbelieve over which white fillets were immediately the personal presence of a Deity triumph- tied to secure it; he then pronounced a ant over death, a character of inexpress- long exhortation, in the course of which ible tenderness.*
he frightened them so that the little Jew
with a wig began to cry most bitterly, Papal Conversion of the Jews. and would not be comforted. This being The day before Easter Sunday at Rome, over, the Jews were conducted, with two or more Jews are procured to be great ceremony, from the baptistery to baptized. An eye-witness of a couple of the door of the church, where they stopthese converts, says,
“The two devoted ped, and, after some chanting by the Israelites prepared for this occasion, at- bishop, they were allowed to pass the tired in dirty yellow silk gowns, were
threshold; they were then seated within seated on a bench within the marble front the very pale of the altar, in order that of the baptistery, which resembles a large they might witness a succession of various bath, both in form and shape, conning
ceremonies."* their prayers out of a book, with most rueful visages. Fast to their sides stuck Greek Preparation for Easter. their destined godfathers, two black- The Rev. J. Conner describes the robed doctors of divinity, as if to guard ceremonies of the Greek church at Jeruand secure their spiritual captives. The salem on Easter-eve. “I went to the ancient vase at the bottom of the font, in church to spend the night there, that I which, according to an absurd legend, might view all the different observances. Constantine was healed of his leprosy by It is a general belief among the Greeks St. Sylvester, stood before them filled and Armenians, that, on Easter-eve, a with water, and its margin adorned with fire descends from heaven into the flowers. The cardinal bishop, who had sepulchre. The eagerness of the Greeks, been employed ever since six o'clock in Armenians, and others, to light their the benediction of fire, water, oil, wax, candles at this holy fire, carried an and flowers, now appeared, followed by immense crowd to the church, notwitha long procession of priests and crucifixes. standing the sum which they were He descended into the font, repeated a obliged to pay. About nine at night, I great many prayers in Latin over the retired to rest, in a small apartment in water, occasionally dipping his hand into the church. A little before midnight, it. Then a huge faming wax taper, about the servant roused me to see the Greek six feet high, and of proportionate thick- procession. I hastened to the gallery of
• Doblado's Letters.
* Rome in the Nineteenth Century,