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this in his next reduction of French wines, It may be more strongly objected, that that we may once more water our gardens many of his allusions are reprehensible ; with right Bourdeaux. The medical re- and, as regards himself, though he precipes are as whimsical as they are cruel. tended to respect the ties of society, he Our ancestors were not at all effeminate on constantly violated private morals. As this head. Modern sentimentalists would an instance of his vanity, it is reported shrink at a cock plucked and bruised in a that he said, “ the works of eminent mortar alive, to make a cullis; or a live geniuses are few; they are only those of mole baked in an oven (be sure it be alive) Newton, Bacon, Leibnitz, Montesquieu, to make a powder for consumption.—But and my own.” He was ennobled by the whimsicalest of all are the directions patent; and no less distinguished by to servants for this little book is a com- academical honours, than by his own pendium of all duties, the footman is talents. He left a son, who, in 1793, was seriously admonished not to stand lolling guillotined under Robespierre.* against his master's chair, while he waits at table; for “ to lean on a chair, when
BUBBLES. they wait, is a particular favour shown to any superior servant, as the chief gentle have distressed and ruined thousands by
Worthless speculations, in recent times, man, or the waiting woman when she their explosion; and yet this has hap: rises from the table." Also he must not " hold the plates before his mouth to be pened with the experience of former sufdefiled with his breath, nor touch them the reign of James I., speculators preyed
ferers before us as matter of history. In on the right [inner) side.” Surely Swift must have seen this little treatise.
on public credulity under the authority of
the C. L.
great seal, till the government inter
posed by annulling the patents, In the Hannah concludes with the following reigns of Anne and George I., another address, by which the self-estimate which race of swindlers deluded the unthinking she formed of her usefulness, may be cale with private lotteries and schemes of all culated :
sorts. The consequences of the South Sea “ Ladies, I hope you're pleas'd and so shall I bubble, at a later period, afflicted every If what I've writ, you may be gainers by : family in the nation, from the throne to If not; it is your fault, it is not mine, the labourer's hut. So recently as the year Your benefit in this I do design.
1809, there were similar atiempts on a Much labour and much time it hath me cost, less scale, with similar results. The proTherefore I beg, let none of it be lost. The money you shall pay for this my book, were mining companies.
jects of 1824-5, which lingered till 1826, You'll not repent of, when in it you look. No more at present to you I shall say, But wish you all the happiness I way.".. In the reign of George I., a Mr. Fal
H. W. lowfield issued “ proposals for making
iron," wherein he introduces some reflecCHRONOLOGY
tions on the miscarriages of Mr. Wood's
project of “ making iron with pulverised On the 16th of April, 1788, died, at ore.” Fallowfield had obtained a patent the age of eighty-one, the far-famed count for making iron with peat, but delayed de Buffon, a man of uncommon genius and some time his putting it in practice, besurprising eloquence, and often styled the cause of the mighty bustle made by Mr. “ French Pliny,” because, like that philo- Wood and his party. The proceedings sopher, he studied natural history. Buffon of the latter projector furnish a fact under was, perhaps, the most astonishing inter- the present day. preter of nature that ever existed. * His
It appears from the following statedescriptions are luminous and accurate, ment, that Mr. Wood persisted till his and every where display a spirit of pbilo- scheme was blown into air by his own sophical observation; but the grand de experiments. fect of his work is want of method, and April 16, 1731." The proprietors assert he rejects the received principles of clas- that the iron so proposed to be made, and sification, and throws his subjects into which they actually did make at Chelsea, groups from general points of resemblance.
on Monday, the 16th instant, is not brittle,
• Butler's Chronological Exercises,
General Biog. Dict.
but tough, and fit for all uses, and is to be imprisoned in Cowes Castle, where he manufactured with as little waste of employed himself on “ Gondibert," a metal, labour, and expense, as any other heroic poem, which he never finished. iron; and that it may and can be made On this occasion his life was saved by for less than 101. a ton, which they will Milton; and, when public affairs were make apparent to any curious inquirer.” reversed, Davenant repaid the service by
Whether this “call" upon the “curious protecting Milton.* inquirer” was designed to introduce “ another call” upon the shareholders is Davenant's face was deformed by the not certain, but the call was answered by consequences of vicious indulgence. The those to whom it was ostensibly address- deficiency of feature exemplified in his ed; for there is a notice of “ Mr. Wood's portrait, is referred to by a note on a operators failing in their last trial at Chel. celebrated line in lord Byron's “Curse of sea, the 11th instant (May ;) their iron Minerva." breaking to pieces when it came under the great hammer."* They excused it by
Davenant and Shakspeare. saying the inspectors bad purposely poi Pope is said to have placed Davenant, soned the iron! Had the assertion been
as a poet, above Donne ;t but, notwithtrue, Wood's project might have survived standing the authority, it is questionable the injury; but it died of the poison on whether Pope's judgment could have so the 3d of May, 1731, notwithstanding the erred. He is further said to have obaffirmations of the proprietors, that "they served, that Davenant “ seemed fond of actually did make iron at Chelsea, on having it taken for truth,” that he was Monday the 16th of April."
more than a poetical child of Shak
speare ;" that he was Shakspeare's godson; NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. and that Shakspeare in his frequent jourMean Temperature ... 47• 05. nies between London and his native
place, Stratford-upon-Avon, used to lie at
Davenant's, the Crown, in Oxford. He April 17.
was very well acquainted with Mrs. DaCHRONOLOGY.
venant; and her son, afterwards sir Wil
liam, was supposed to be more nearly Sir William Davenant, the reviver of related to him than as a godson only. the drama after the restoration of Charles One day when Shakspeare had just ar.. II., and patentee of the theatre in Lin- rived, and the boy seni for from school to coln's-inn-fields, died on the 17th of April, him, a head of one of the colleges (who 1668. . He was the son of an innkeeper was pretty well acquainted with the affairs at Oxford, where he was born in 1605; of the family) met the child running and after studying at Lincoln-college, home, and asked him, whither he was became a page to Greville, lord Brooke, going in so much haste? The boy said, a literary nobleman, who encouraged his “ To my god father, Shakspeare.” “ Fie, attainments. He cultivated acquaintance child," says the old gentleman, “why are with the poetic muse, and the eminent you so superfluous ? have you not learned wits of his time. His imagination, de- yet that you should not use the name of praved by sensuality, was unequal to ex God in vain 2!!! The imputation is very tensive flights in pure regions. He wrote doubtful. chiefly to the taste of the court, prepared masques for its entertainment, and, on
NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. the death of Ben Jonson, had the honour Mean Temperature ... 47.00. of the laureateship He served in the army of Charles I. against the parliament; was made lieutenant-general of the ordnance, knighted by the king at the siege of Glou
CARONOLOGY. cester, and, on the decline of the royal
On this day, in the year 17 , there cause, retired to France, where he became
was a solemn inock procession, according a Roman catholic. In attempting to
to the fashion of the times, in ridicule of conduct a French colony to Virginia, he freemasonry, by an assemblage of huwas captured by a parliament cruiser, and
* Geveral Biog. Dict. • Gentleman's Magazino.
mourists and rabble, which strongly cha. set-house, in the Strand on the 27th of racterises the manners of the period. April, 1742. Invented, and engraved, Without further preface, a large broad- by A. Benoist.” side publication, published at the time, It should be further observed, that the is introduced to the reader's attention, editor of the Every-Day Book is not a as an article of great rarity and singular mason; but he disclaims any intention curiosity.
to discredit an order which appears to The year wherein this procession took him to be founded on principles of goodplace, is not ascertainable from the broad- will and kind affection. The broadside side; but, from the mode of printing is simply introduced on account of its and other appearances, it seems to have scarcity, and to exemplify the rudeness been some years before that which is re- of former manners. It is headed by a presented in a large two-sheet “Geome- spirited engraving on wood, of which a trical View of the Grand Procession of reduced copy is placed below, with the Scald Miserable Masons, designed as title that precedes the original print subthey were drawn up over against Somer- joined.
The engraving is succeeded by a serio- time past, dated from our Lodge in comic Address, commencing thus : Brick-street, We did, in the most expliTue REMONSTRANCE of the Right Wor- cite manner, vindicate the ancient rights
shipful the GRAND Master, &c. of and privileges of this society, and by in
the ScalD MISERABLE Masons. contestable arguments evince our supeWHEREAS by our Manifesto some rior dignity and seniority to all other
institutions, whether Grand-Volgi, Grego- lest they should discover the incomprerians, Hurlothrumbians, Ubiquarians, hensible Mysteries of Masonry. Hiccubites, Lumber-Troopers, or FreeMasons; yet, nevertheless, a few persons
A Grand Chorus of Instruments, under the last denomination, still arro To wit. Four Sackbutts, or Cow's gate to themselves the usurped titles of Horns; six Hottentot Hautboys; four Most Ancient and Honourable, in open tinkling Cymbals, or Tea Canisters, violations of truth and justice; still en 'with broken Glass in them; four Shovels deavour to impose their false mysteries and Brushes ; two Double Bass Dripping(for a premium) on the credulous and pans; a Tenor Frying-pan; a Salt-box unwary, under pretence of being part of in Delasol ; and a Pair of Tubs. our brotherhood; and still are determind with druins, trumpets, gilt chariots,
Ragged enter'd 'Prentices, and other unconstitutional finery, to cast Properly cloathed, giving the above a reflection on the primitive simplicity Token, and the Word, which is Jachin. and decent economy of our ancient and annual peregrination : We therefore think
The Funeral of Hyram, proper, in justification of Ourselves, pub- Six stately unfledg'd Horses with Funeral licly to disclaim all relation or alliance Habilaments and Caparisons, carrying whatsoever, with the said society of Free- Escutcheons of the arms of Hyram Abif, Masons, as the same must manifestly tend viz. a Master's lodge, drawing, in a to the sacrifice of our dignity, the im- limping halting posture, with Solemn peachment of our understanding, and the Pomp, a superb open hearse, nine Foot disgrace of our solemn mysteries: AnD long, four 'Foot wide, and having a FURTHER, to convince the public of the clouded Canopy, Inches and Feet innucandour and openness of our proceedings, merable in perpendicular Height, very We here present them with a key to our nearly resembling a Brick Waggon: In procession; and that the rather, as it the midst, upon a Throne of Tubs raised consists of many things emblematical, for that Purpose, lays the Corps in a mystical, hieroglyphical, comical, satirical, Coffin cut out of one entire Ruby; but, political, &c.
for Decency's sake, is covered with a AND WHEREAS many, persuaded Chimney-sweeper's Stop-cloth, at the by the purity of our constitution, the nice head of a memorable Sprig of Cassia. morality of our brethren, and peculiar Around in mournful Order placed, the decency of our rites and ceremonies, loving, weeping, drunken Brethren sit have lately forsook the gross errors and with their Aprons, their Gloves they have follies of the Free-Masonry, are now be put in their pockets; at Top and at come true Scald Miserables : It cannot Bottom, on every side and every where, but afford a most pleasing satisfaction to all round about, this open hearse is beall who have any regard to truth and stuck with Escutcheons and Streamers, decency, to see our procession increased some bearing the Arms, some his Crest, with such a number of proselytes; and being the Sprig of Cassia, and some his behold those whose vanity, but the last Motto, viz. Macbenah. year, exalted them into a borrowed equipage, now condescend to become the Grand band of Musick as before. humble cargo of a sand-cart.
Two Trophies [Then follows the following :)
quarter'd and emblazon'd, as allow'à by A Key or EXPLANATION of the Solemn the college of arms, showing the family
and Stately Procession of the Scald descents, with some particular marks of MISERABLE MASONS.
distinction, showing in what part of the
administration that family has excelled. Two Tylers, or Guarders,
That on the right, the achievement of the In yellow Cockades and Liveries, being right worshipful, Poney, being Parte the Colour ordained for the Sword Perpale, Glim, and Leather-dresser, viz. Bearer of State. They, as youngest en- the Utensils of a Link and Black-shoeter'd 'Prentices, are to guard the Lodge, Boy : That on the left the trophy of his with a drawn Sword, from all Cowens excellency, Jack, Grand-master and Eves-droppers, that is Listeners, elect, and Chimney-sweeper.
For the Every-Day Book Of the Grand-master, being neatly nasty,
THE BLACKTHORN. delicately squaled, and magnificently The April air is shrewd and keen ; ridiculous, beyond all human bounds and
No leaf has dared unfold, conceivings. On the right the Grand- Yet thy white blossom's radiant sheen, master Poney, with the Compasses for Spring's banner, I behold. his Jewel, appendant to a blue Riband Though all beside be dead and drear, round his neck: On the left his excel- Undauntedly thy flowers appear. lency
Jack, with a Square hanging Thou com'st the herald of a host to a white Riband, as Grand-master elect: The Honourable Nic. Baboon, Esq.; When summer from some southern coast
Of blooms which will not fail,
All other trees are wont to wear,
First leaves, then flowers, and last,
When summer's pride is past : Sword of State. It is worth observing, But thou,
--so prompt thy flowers to show, This Sword was sent as a Present by Bear'st but the harsh, unwelcome sloe, Ishmael Abiff (a relation in direct Descent to poor old Hyram) King
of the So oft young genius, at its birth, Saracens, to his grace of Wattin, Grand In confidence untried, Master of the Holy-Lodge of St. John Spreads its bright blossoms o'er the earth, of Jerusalem in Clerkenwell, who stands
And revels in its pride;
It stands a fair, but barren tree.
The bard is heard to sing,
Ere the uncultured soul expands, Probationists and Candidates close the
In the poetic spring ; whole Procession.
Then, sad and bootless are his pains, Tickets to be had, for three Megs a
And linked with woe his name remains. Carcass to scran their Pannum-Boxes, at the Lodge in Brick-Street, near Hide- Therefore, thou tree whose early bough
All blossomed meets the gale, Park Corner ; at the Barley-Broth Wo
Thou stirrest in my memory now mens at St. Paul's Church-Yard, and the
Full many a tearful tale :
W. HOWITT, Note. No Gentlemen's Coaches, or whole Garments, are admitted in our the earth, it lights on the “ wee-tipp'd”.
Passing the eye from the hedge-row to Procession, or at the Feast.
emblem of “modesty" sung by poets of
every clime wherein it blows:-
There is a flower, a little flower,
With silver crest and golden eye,
And weathers every sky.
The prouder beauties of the field, This open day may be devoted to the con In gay but quick succession shine; templation of appearances and products
Race after race their honours yield,
They flourish and decline of the season, presented to us by ministering bards : the first to be ushered in,
But this small flower, to nature dear, is an offering from a hand whence While moon and stars their courses run, nothing can be proffered that will not be Wreaths the whole circle of the year, especially acceptable
Companion of the sun.