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Now no more rude Eurus blows

forth, Esq., F. S. A., and author of a very O'er mountains of congealed snows; splendid and elaborate “History of the But thy faire handmaid lovely Maie County Palatinate of Durham.” Treads the fresh lawns, and leads the

Your's truly, waie.

Now, at Flora's earlie call,
The meadows greene and vallies all

Newcastle, Tyne, April 25, 1826.
Pour forth their variegated flowers,
To regale the sportive hours.
Hence then let me fly the crowde
Of busy men, and seke the woode,
With some Dryad of the grove,
By shades of elm and oak to rove,
Till some sequestered spot we find,
There, on violet bank reclined,
We fly the day-star's burning heate,
Which cannot reach our green retreate;
While Zephyr, with light whispering

William Emerson was born at Hurbreeze, Softly dances in the trees;

worth, a pleasant village, about three

miles from Darlington, in the county of And, upon his muskie wing, Doth a thousand odours bring

Durham, on the 14th of May, 1701. From the blooming mead below,

The preceptor of his early years was his Where cowslips sweet and daisies blow; own father, of whom he learned writing And from out her grassie bed

and arithmetic, and probably the rudi. The harebell hangs her nodding head; ments of Latin. After having studied Hard bye, some purling stream beside, mathematics with much ardour under Where limpid waters gently glide, able masters, at Newcastle and York, he Iris shows her painted woof

returned to Hurworth, and again benefited Of variegated hues, windproof;

by the knowledge of his father, who was And with water lillies there,

a tolerable master of the mathematics. The nymphs and naids braid the haire ;

Some degree of Emerson's celebrity may be And from out their leafie haunt, The birdes most melodious chant.

attributed to the treatment which he receivThen, sweet nymph, at eventide,

ed from Dr. Johnson, rector of Hurworth, Let us roam the broke beside,

whose niece he had married. The doctor While the lovelorn nightingale

had engaged to give five hundred pounds Sadlie sings the woods ymel,

to his niece, who lived with him, as a Till the bittern's booming note

marriage portion; but when reminded of O'er the sounding mashes flote,

the promise, he choose to forget that it And the ominous owls do crie,

had been made, and treated our young While luckless bats are fitting bye; mathematician as

a person beneath his Thien before the midnight houre,

notice. When ghostlie sprites and pizgies coure, We will betake us to our cot,

The pecuniary disappointment Emerson And be it there, O sleep, our lot,

(who had an independent spirit, and * To rest in balmie slumberings,

whose patrimony though not large, was Till the next cock his matin rings.

equal to all his wants) would easily have surmounted, but the contemptuous treatment stung him to the soul. He inime

diately went home, packed up his wife's CHRONOLOGY.

clothes, and sent them to the doctor, sayTo the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

ing, that he would scorn to be beholden

to such a fellow for a single rag; vowing Sir,-As the anniversary of that day, at the same time that he would be reon which the greatest mathematician of venged, and prove himself to be the his time was removed from this transi- , better man of the two. His first publitory world, is fast approaching, I hasten cation, however, did not meet with mmto send you a brief memorial, selected inediate encouragement, and most probafrom various local works, of that truly bly his other works would never have original and eccentric genius. I also appeared, at least in the author's lifeenciose a fac-simile of his hand writing, time, if Edward Montague, Esq., his which was presented to me by a very great admirer and friend, had not proobliging friend, Robert Surtees, of Mains- cured him the patronage of Mr. John


Nourse, bookseller and optician, who his wife, and woven at tiurworth. In being himself skilled in the more abstruse cold weather he had a custom of wearing sciences, immediately engaged Emerson his shirt with the wrong side before, and to furnish a regular course of mathematics buttoned behind the neck, yet this was for the use of students, and in the sum an affectation of singularity, (for mer of 1763, Emerson made a journey to Emerson had no affectation, though his London, to settle and fulfil the agree- customs and manners were singular,) be ment.

had a reason for it; he seldom buttoned His devotion to the philosophy of sir more than two or three buttons of his Isaac Newton was so uncommonly strong, waistcoat, leaving all the rest open; in that every oppugner of this great man was wind, rain, or snow, therefore, he must treated by Emerson as dull, blind, bigotted, have found the aperture at the breast inprejudiced, or mad, and the fire and impe- convenient if his shirt had been put on in tuosity of his temper would on these occa

the usual manner. When he grew aged, sions betray him into language far dis- in cold weather, he used to wear what he tant from the strictness of mathematical called shin-covers : these were pieces of demonstration. Mr. E. was in person old sacking, tied with strings above the something below the common size, but knee, and depending down to the shoe, in firm, compact, well made, very active order to prevent his legs from being scorchand strong. He had a good open ex. ed when he sat too near the fire. This sinpressive countenance, with a ruddy com- gularity of dress and figure, together with plexion, a keen and penetrating eye, and his character for profound learning, and an ardour and eagerness of look that was knowledge more than human, occasioned very demonstrative of the texture of his the illiterate and ignorant to consider mind. His dress was grotesque fre. him as a cunning man, or necromancer, quently; sometimes mean and shabby, and various stories have been related of A very few hats served him through the his skill in the black art. He affected an whole course of his life; and when he appearance of infidelity on religious matpurchased one (or indeed any other ters, and was an example to the vulgar, article of dress) it was perfectly indiffer- not a little reprehensible. His diet was ent to him whether the form or fashion of as simple and plain as his dress, and his it was of the day, or of half a century meals gave little interruption either to before. One of these hats of immense his studies, employments, or amusements. superficies, had, by length of time, lost its He catered for himself, and pretty conelasticity, and its brim began to droop in stantly went to Darlington, to make his such a manner as to prevent his being own markets; yet, when he had provided able to view the objects before him in a all the necessary articles, he not unfredirect line. This was not to be endured by quently neglected to return home for a an optician; he therefore took a pair of day or two, seating himself contentedly in sheers, and cut it off by the body of the some public house, where he could prohat, leaving a little to the front, which he cure good ale and company, dexterously rounded into the resemblance the hours in various topics of conversaof the nib of, a jockey's cap. His wigs tion. His style of conversation was were made of brown, or of a dirty flaxen generally abrupt and blunt, and often vulcoloured hair, which at first appeared gar and ungrammatical. This occasioned bushy and tortuous behind, but which a supposition, that his prefaces were not grew pendulous through age, till at length written by himself, an opinion that was it became quite straight, having probably one day mentioned to him, and the disnever undergone the operation of the parity of his conversation and writing comb; and either through the original pointed out as the reason. After a momal-formation of the wig, or from a mentary pause, he exclaimed, with some custom he had of frequently thrusting his indignation, “ A pack of fools ! who would hand beneath it, the back part of his head write my prefaces but myself.” Mr. and wis seldom came into very close con Emerson often tried to practise the effect tact. His coat or more properly jacket, of his mathematical speculations, by conor waistcoat with sleeves to it, which he structing a variety of instruments, mathecommonly wore without any other waist- matical, mechanical, and musical, on a coat, was of drab colour; his linen was small scale. He made a spinning-wheel more calculated for warmth and duration for his wife, which is represented in his than show, being spun and bleached by book of mechanics. He was well skilled

and passing

for «

in the science of music, the theory of called at the house, and begged permission sounds, and the various scales both an sops and ale;" which was always cient and modern. He was a great con- granted, and conducted in the following tributor to the "Lady's Diary," under the order :-Three tables were placed in some signature of Merones," and for many convenient room; one of which was years unknown, until a transposition of covered with the above napkin, and had letters discovered his name.* During the a china bowl and plates, with silver greater part of his life, his health had handled knives and forks placed on it; been strong and uninterrupted; but as he and in the bowl were put biscuits sopped advanced into the vale of years, internal with wine, and sweetened with fine sugar. complaints allowed him but little inter. The second table was also covered with a mission of pain, and at length deprived cloth, with china, or other earthern plates, him of breath on the twenty-first of May, and a bowl with beer sops, sweetened 1782, aged eighty-one years and one with fine sugar, and decent koives and week. He was buried in the church- forks. The third table was placed withyard of his native village where he died. out any cloth; and on it were put the About a twelvemonth before his decease, wooden bowl, knives, forks, and trenchers, he was prevailed on after much impor- as before described, with the candlesticks tunity, to sit for his portrait, which was and sugar cups; and in the bowl were taken by Mr. Sykes, for his friend Mr. beer sops, sweetened with the coarsest Cloudsley of Darlington, surgeon. It is sugar. As soon as the evening service said to be a most striking likeness. was over, having had previous notice

from the steward, the company assembled,

and were placed in the following order: NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

those persons whose wives were mothers Mean Temperature . i . 55 • 32

of twins, were placed at the upper or first table; those whose wives had a child or children, at the second table;

and such persons as were married, and SOPS AND ALE.

had no children, together with the old At East-Boum, in“a descriptive account

bachelors, were placed at the third table, of that village in the county of Sussex,” under which title the gentlemen who sat

which was styled the bachelors' table, there is mention of a very singular custom

at it, were addressed for that evening, having prevailed for many years under the denomination of “ Sops and Ale" and the gentlemen at the first table were

Proper toasts It was productive of much mirth and styled benchers. good humour, being conducted as follows: given, adapted for the occasion, and the the senior bachelor in the place was o'clock, generally very cheerful and good

company always broke up at eight elected by the inhabitants, steward, and

humoured. to him was delivered a damask napkin, a large wooden bowl, twelve wooden

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR, trenchers, twelve wooden knives and

Mean Temperature.

54 · 87. forks, two wooden candlesticks, and two wooden cups for the reception of sugar; and on the Saturday fortnight the steward attended at the church-door, with a white

CHRONOLOGY. wand in his hand, and gave notice that sops and ale would be given that evening This is the anniversary of one of the at such a place. Immediately after any great duke of Marlborough's most celelady, or respectable farmer or tradesman's brated engagements, the battle of Ramilwife became inother of a child, the steward les, a place near Namur in the Nether

Map 22.


Map 23.

“ Beneath the shelter of the silent elm,
His native elm (to sapience still a friend)
MERON ES loves, and meditates beneath
The verdure of thy leaves : see there
How silently he sits ! and lost in thought,
Weighs in his mind some great design revolves
He now his Subtile Fluxions ? or displays
By truest signs the Sphere's Projection wide

Wide as thy sphere, Merones, be thy fame."
See a poem on the old Elm at Hurworth, in Gent. Mag. for May, 1756.

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lands, where, on this day, in the year 1706,

May 26.
he gained a memorable victory over the
French. It was in this battle that colonel
Gardiner, then an ensign in the nineteenth

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. year of his age, received a shot in his Mean Temperature... 59 35. mouth, from a musket ball, which, without destroying any of his teeth, or touching the fore part of his tongue, went

Map 27. through his neck, and came out about an

ADDISON'S LIBRARY. inch and a half on the left side of the vertebræ. He felt no pain, but dropped

1799. On this and the three following soon after, and lay all night among his days, the library of the celebrated Addi dying companions; he recovered in an son was sold by auction by Messrs. Leigh almost miraculous manner, and became, and Sotheby, at their house in York-street, from a most profligate youth, a character Covent-garden. The books were brought eminent for piety.*

from Bilton, where Addison had resided,

near Rugby, in Warwickshire, and under NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

Mr. Leigh's hammer produced 4561. Mean Temperature ...55 · 57.

28. 9d.

May 25.

May 24.

There is a portrait of Mr. Leigh, who

is since dead, from a drawing by Mr, JACK KETCH AND NEWGATE. Behnes. On this day, in 1736, five felons in Mr. Leigh dissolved partnership with Newgate were to have been executed ; but Mr. Sotheby, his son supplied his father's the prison was so insecure that during the place, and the business was carried night, one of them “ took up a board and on in the Strand.

On Mr. Leigh's got out of his cell, and made his escape." death, his surviving partner continued it, The other four were taken to Tyburn and as he still does, near the same spot in suffered their sentence; and Jack Ketch Waterloo-place, whither he removed in

on his return from doing his duty consequence of the premises being reTyburn, robbed a woman of three shillings quired for other purposes. This estaband sixpence.”+

lishment is the oldest of the kind in Lon

don: under Mr. Sotheby's management NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

its ancient reputation is supported : his Mean Temperature...56 · 42. sales are of the highest respectability, and

attended by the best collectors. Mr. Sotheby sold the matchless niellos and

other prints of sir Mark Sykes. For colCORPUS CHRISTI Day.

lections of that nature, and for libraries, On Corpus Christi day, at about a bis arrangements are of a most superior quarter before one o'clock at noon, the order. One of the greatest treats to a lover worshipful company of skinners (attended of literature is a lounge at Mr. Sotheby's by a number of boys which they have in during one of his sales. Christ's Hospital school, and girls strewing herbs before them) walk in procession

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. from their hall on Dowgate-hill, to the

Mean Temperature . 58 · 50. church of St. Antholin's, in Watling-street, to hear service. This custom has been observed time out of mind.

This notice is communicated by one of FEMALE ORDER OF MERIT. the company. For other customs on this festival, see

The journals of this day, in 1736, anvol. i. p. 742 to 758.

nounce that mademoiselle Salle, a famous

dancer at Paris, who valued herself NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

highly on her reputation, instituted an Mean Temperature ... 58 · 52.

order there, of which she was president,

by the name of “the Indifferents." • Butler's Chronological Exercises.

Both sexes were indiscriminately admit. + Gentleman's Magazine.

ted after a nice scrutiny into their quali

Map 28.

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This engraving, from a rare print of from Boscobel-house, just by a horse track great value, represents Boscobel-house, passing through the wood, stood the in the state it was when Charles II. and royal oak, into which the king and his colonel Carlos took refuge there. They companion, colonel Carlos, climbed by remained in the house till they became means of the henroost ladder, when they alarmed for their safety.

judged it no longer safe to stay in the Dr Stukely mentions the straits ' to house; the family reaching them victuals which Charles was reduced during his with the nuthook. The tree is now enconcealment at this place. “ Not far closed in with a brick wall, the inside

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