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shall pay but Fifty shillings: and when perform the services which they owe to Escuage is assessed throgheowtt the the Baconne. And, at the day assign'd, land; or to Ayde for to make th eldest all such as owe services to the Baconne, Bonne of the Lord, Knyght ; or for to shall be ready at the Gatte of the Mamarry the eldest daughter of the Lord, noir off Whichenovre, frome the Sonnethe said Sir Philip shall pay bott the rysing to None, attendying and'awatyn moitye of it that other shall paye. Ne- for the comyng for hyin, that fetcheth vertheless, the said Sir Philip shall the Baconne. And, when he is comyn, fynde, meyntienge, and susteingne one there shall be delivered to hym and hys Bacon Alyke, hanging in his Hall at felowys, Chapeletts; and to all those Whichenovre, redy arrayede all times of whiche shall be there; to do their serthe yere, butt (except) in Lent; to be vices deue to the Baconue: And they. given to everyche mane, or woman mar- shall lede the seid Demandant wythe ried, after the day and the yere of their Trompes and Sabours, and other maner marriage be passed: and to be gyven of Mypstralseye, to the Halle-dore, to everyche mane of Religion, Archbi- where he shall fynde the Lord of Whishop, Bishop, Prior, or other Religions; chenovre, or his Steward, redy to deliver and to everyche Preest, after the year the Baconne, in this manere :-and day of their profession finished, or “ He shall enquere of hym, whiche of their dignity reseyved, in forme fol- demandeth the Baconne, yf he have lowyng. Whensoever that ony suche brought tweyn of hys Neghbors with byforenamed, wylle come for to enquire hym. Whiche must answere ; They be for the Baconne, in there own persone; here really. And then the Steward shall or by any other for them, they shall cause thies two Neighbours to swere, come to the Baillyfe, or to the Porter of yf the seyd Demandaunt be a weddyt the Lordship of Whichenovre, and shall inan; or have be a man weddyt: and. say to them, in the manere as ensew- yf sythe his Marriage, one yere ana a

day be passed: and, yf he be a freeman,

or a villeyn. And yf hys seid neghBayliffe, or Porter, I doo you to

bours make Othe, that he hath for hym knowe ; that I am come for my

all thies (or, if he be come for any other, shew- shall the Baconne

be take downe, and

three poynts rehersed; then ing for whome) to demaunde one Bacon Alyke, hanging in the Halle, there be layd upon one halfe a Quarter

broghte to the Hall-dore ; and shall of the Lord of Whichenovre, after of Wheatte ; & upon one other of Rye. the forme thereunto belongyng.

And he that demandeth the Baconne After which relacioun, the Baillyffe or shall kneel upon his knee ;

and shall Porter shall assign a day to him, upon hold his right hand upon a booke ; promyse, by his feythe toʻretourne ; and which booke shall be layde above the with him tú bryng tweyne of his neigh- Baconne, and the Corne; and shall bours.

make Othe, in this manere. And, in the meyu tyme, the said Here ye, Sir Philippe de Somervile, Bailliffe shall take with himn tweyne of Lord of Whichenovre, mayntener and the Freeholders of the Lordship of gyver of this Baconne ; That I A. Whichenovre ; and they three, shall go sithe I Wedded B. my wife, and sythe to the Manoir of Rudlowe, belongynge I hadd hyr in my kepyng, and at my to Robert Knyghtleye, and there shall wylle, by a yetc und a day, after our somon the forseid Knyghteley, or his Mariage ; I wold not have chaunged Baillyffe ; commanding him, to be redy for none other ; furer, ne fouler, at Whichenoure, the day appoynted, at rycher ne pourer ; ne for none other pryine of the day, withe his Caryage ; descended of greater lynage; slepthat is to say, a Horse and a Sadylle, a yny, ne waking, at noo tyme. And Sakke, and a Pryke, for to convey and yf the seyd B. were sole, and I sole, carye the said Baconne, and Corne, a I would take her to be my Wyfe, beo journey owtt of the Countee of Stafford, fore alle the wymen of the worlde; of at hys costages. And then the sayd what condiciones soever they be ; Baillyffe, shall, with the sayd Free- good or evylle, as helpe me God ond holders, somone all the Tenaunts of the

hys Seyntys; and this fleshe, and all said Manoir, to be ready at the day ap- fleshes. poynted, at Whichenovre, for to doo and " And hys neighbors shall make Othe,


that they trust veraly he hath said truly. house. And, apon Seynt Stevyn-day, And, yff it be founde by his neighbours, when he haith dyned, he shall take leve before-named, that he be a Free-man; of hys Lorde, and shall kysse hym: and, there shall be delyvered to him half a for hys service he shall nothing take, ne Quarter of Wheate, and a Cheese. And nothing shall gyve. And all thyes ser: yf he be a villeyn, he shall have half a vices, toforc-rehersed, the seyd Sir Phi. Quarter of Rye, wythoutte Cheese. lippe hath doo, by the space of xlviu. And then shall Knyghtleye, the Lord of yeres; and hys ancestors byfore hym, Rudlowe, be called for, to carrye all to hys Lordys, Erlys of Lancastre, thies thynges, tofore rebersed: And the Item, the said Sir Philippe holdeth said Corne shall be layd upon one horse, of his seid Lord, th’Erle, his Manoirs of and the Baconne above ytt: and he too Tatenhull and Drycotte, en percenerye, whom the Baconne apperteigneth, shall by thies services; that the seid Sir Pheascend upon his Horse; and shall take lippe, or his Atturney for hym, shall the Cheese before hym, yf he have a come to the Castell of T'utburye, upon Horse: And, yf he have none, the Lord Seynt Petyr day, in August, which is of Whichenovre shall cause him have called Lammesse; and shall shew the one Horse and Sadyll, to such time as Steward, or Receiver, that he is come he be passed hys Lordshippe: and so thither to hunt, and catch his Lord's shalle ihey departe the Manoir of Greese, at the costages of hys Lorde. Whichenovre, with the Corne and the Whereupon the Steward or the ReBaconne, tofore hym that hath wonne ceiver shall cause a Horse and Sadylle to itt, with Trompets, Tabouretts, and be delivery to the sayd Sir Phelippe, other maner of Mynstralce. And, all the price Fifty shillings; or Fifty shilthe Free-Tenants of Whichenovre shall lings in money, and one Hound; and conduct hym, to be passed the Lordship shall pay to the said Sir Phelippe, everyof Whichenovre. And then shall all che day, fro the said day of Seynt Peter, they retorne; except hym, to whom to Holy Roode-day, for hymself Two apperteigneth to make the carryage and shillings six pence a day; and everyche journey, wythowtt the Countye of day for his servant, and his Bercelett, Stafford, at the Costys of hys Lord of during the sayd time twelve pence. And Whichenovre. And, yff the sayd Robert all the Wood-masters of the Forest of Knightley, do not cause the Baconn and Nedewode and Duffelde, withe alle the Corne, to be conveyed, as is rehersed; Parkers and Foresters, shall be commanthe Lord of Whichénovre shall do it bé dyd to awatte, and attend upon the sayd carryed, and shall dystreigne the seyd Sir Phelippe, while theyre Lord's Greese Robert Knyghtley for his defaulte, for be takyn, in all places of the seyde Fo. one hundred shyllings, in his Manoir of restys, as upou their Master, during the Rudlowe; and shalle kepe the distres, said tyme. And the said Sir Phelippe, so takyn, irreplevisable.

or his Attorny, shall deliver to the said “ Moreover, the said Sir Philippe Parkers, or Foresters, that shall belonge holdeth of his Lorde, th’ Erle, the Ma- to their Lordys Lardere; commandyng noir of Briddleshalle, by thies services;, them to convey itt ta the Erlys Lardythat, att such tyme, that hys sayd Lorde ner, abyding at Tutbury: and with the holdeth hys Chrystemes at Tutbury, the remenant, the seyd Sir Phelippe shall seyd Sir Phelippe shall come to Tutbury, do hys plesoure. And, upon Holy-Roodupon Chrystemasse Evyn; and shall be day the sayd Sir Phelippe shall returne lodged yn the Town of Tutbury, by the to the Castell of T'utbury, upon the said Marshall of the Erlys house: and upon Horse, with his Bercelet; and shall dyne Chrystymesse-day, he himself, or some with the Steward or Receyver: and othyr Knyght (his Deputye) shall go to after Dynner he shall delyver the Horse, the Dressour; and shall serve to his Sadylle, and Bercelett to the Steward Lordys meese : and then shall he kerve or Receyvour; and shall kysse the Pora the same meet to bys sayd Lord: And ter and depart." thys service shall he doo aswell at Souper, as at Dynner: and when hys Lord liath etyn ; the said Sir Philippe shall sit downe, in the same piace, wheir hys Having here set forth these singular Lord satt: and shalle be served att hys usages in the “ Pea season," it may not Table, by the Steward of th' Erlys be amiss to add the following

Receipt to make Somersetshire Bacon. the two stars which form the upper foot

The best time is between September in the constellation Gemini, and termiand Christmas. Procure a large wooden

nates about the fourth degree within trough; lay the sides of the hog in the the easteru boundary of the constellation trough, and sprinkle them heavily with Cancer. In the Zodiac of Dendera bay-salt; leave them twenty-four hours this sign is represented by a scarabeus, to drain away the blood, and other or beetle, over-abounding juices. Then take them out, wipe them dry, and throw away the

Fruits. drainings. Take some fresh bay-salt, and heating it well in an iron frying-pan, To the eye and palate of the imagi(beware not to use copper or brass nation, this month and the next are though ever so well tioned,) rub the richer than those which follow them; meat till you are tired; do this four for now you can have your fruit and days successively, turning the meat eat it too;" which you cannot do then. every other day. If the hog is large, In short, now the fruit blossoms are all keep the sides in the brive (turning gone, and the fruit is so fully set that them ten times) for three weeks; then nothing can hurt it; and what is better take them out, and dry them thoroughly still, it is not yet stealable, either by in the usual manner.*

boys, birds, or bees; so that you are as

sure of it as one can be of any thing, Finally, remembering that the customs

the enjoyment of which is not actually before stated relate to marriage, it past. Enjoy it now, then, while you occurs that there is the following

may; in order that, when in the autumn

it disuppears, on the eve of the very day Receipt for a Good Match.

you had destined for the gathering of it To make a good match you have brim- (as every body's fruit does), you alone

stone and wood, Take a scold and a blockhead—the match Every heir who is worthy to enjoy the

may feel that you can afford to lose it. must be good.

estate that is left to him in reversion, does

enjoy it whether it ever comes to him NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

or not, Mean Temperature. ...60.47. On looking more closely at the Fruit,

we shall find that the Strawberries,

which lately (like bold and beautiful June 21.

children) held out their blossoms into The Longest Day.

the open sunshine, that all the world

might see them, now, that their fruit This day the sun enters the sign is about to reach maturity, hide it careCancer, and is then at his extreme dis- fully beneath their low-lying leaves, as taoce north of the Equator, passing in conscious virgins do their maturing the zenith over the beads of all the beauties ;—that the Gooseberries and inhabitants situated on the tropical line; Currants have attained their full growth, while to us, who reside in London, he and the latter are turning ripe;—that appears at bis greatest altitude, and the Wall-fruit is just getting large hence arises the increased heat we ex. enough to be seen among the leaves perience from his rays.

without looking for;—that the Cherries To individuals within the Arctic cir

are peeping out in white or "cherry. cle the sun at this time does not set. checked” clusters all along their straight

Cancer is the first of the summer branches ;--and that the other standsigos, and when the sun enters it we ards, the Apples, Pears, and Plums, are have our longest day. According to Sir more or less forward, according to their William Jones, “ the Hindu Asbrono kinds.* mer Varaha lived when the solstices were in the first degrees of Cancer and Capricorn." It is now above 2000 years

NATURALISTS CALENDAR. since the solstices thus coincided, and, at present, the sign Cancer begins near

Mean Temperature ...59 · 49.

• Trans. Soc. Arts.

• Mirror of the Months.

The Longest Day.

should recommend all who wish to purFor the Every-Day Book.

chase young birds to go to a regular

dealer, who sell them quite as cheap, Cradled in glory's ether-space,

and warrant them cocks. Buy them By Venus nursed till morn,

The light unrolls thy golden life

when they begin to feed themselves And thou art sweetly horn.

or, if younger, when you have them

home, put them in a cage, rather O lovely Day of bloom and shine,

roomy:—then for Linnets, Goldfinches, Of heat, and air, and strain !

or Chaffinches, mix rape-seed, bruised, Millions rejoice and millions die

and bread, steeped in boiling waterWithin thy halcyon reign.

with which, when cooled, you may feed Hopes, fears, and doubts, the passions them, putting it into their mouths from move;

the end of a stick, about every two 'Twas yesterday the same:

hours; water they will not require, the To-morrow! thou wilt join the dead, And only live by name

food being sufficiently moist for them.

When you find them peck at the stick, Jupiter guides thee through the skies

and take their food eagerly from it, To Hope's eternal shore:

which they will do at a bout a fortoight The sun de parts—l'hou, Longest DayThou wilt be seen no more!

old, place some food about the cage

with clean dry gravel, scattering among Methuselah of England's year!

it some dry seed bruised; they will pick Thou Parr of Time-Farewell !

it up, and so be weaned off the moist St. Thomas, shortest of thy race,

food, which is no longer proper for Shall ring thine annual knell.

them--also place water in the pot. This, J. R. PRIOR.

as regards their feeding, is all you have

to do, while they remain healthy-if YOUNG Birds.

sick, you must treat them according to The following letter is to be consi- the nature of their complaint. I think dered as addressed to the reader, rather their sickness at this early stage of their than the editor, who, as yet, is not even existence is either caused by cold, or by a tyro in the art wherein his respected the oily nature of their food, it being correspondent has evidently attained too strong for their stomachs; to reproficiency. Indeed the communication medy this, mix a little of the fine gravel ought to have been inserted in May. with it, this will help their digestion. If its agreeable writer, and his good-na- Sometimes the seed will scour them, in tured readers, can excuse the omission, that case, boiled milk, or rust of iron the birds and the editor will be equally put into their water is a remedy. So obliged.

much as concerns the hard-billed tribe. The REARING AND TREATMENT OF

If your fancy runs on soft-billed birds, YOUNG Birds.

such as the skylark, woodlark, nightin

gale, or robin, you must feed them with To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

egg, and bread moistened with water; Now, thro' the furrows where the skylarks or beef, raw or cooked; changing it as build,

they grow and begin to feed themselves, Or by the hedge-rows green, the fowler

to dry egg chopped small, and crumbled strays,

bread; throwing in with it German Seeking the infant bird.

paste, until you find them contented Sir,-As the time has arrived for with the latter. All these birds will taking the young from the feathered live healthy, and sing stout, on this food, tribe, it may not be amiss to say a few except the nightingale; he must have words by way of advice to the unin- beef and egg. The remedy for sickness itiated, concerning the rearing, and and scouring is as before; if the paste training of these amusing creatures, binds them, give them raw beef, or who repay our cares with their rich chopped fig; the latter is good for all melody.

birds, keeping them in beautiful feather, We may now get Chaffinches, Gold- and cool in body. When a month old, finches, Linnets, Larks, &c. in the cage them off in their proper cages. streets, or at the different shops at a Give your captives good food, and very small expense, either singly, or by clear water; keep their dwellings free the best, according to their ages, but I from vermin, which you may always do

by having a spare cage to turn then their feet. Larks must be taken out into once a week, while you search the once a week, or their claws will become other, and destroy the devouring race clogged with dirt, and rot off. The of red lice that breed in their crevices cleaning their feet is but very little and corners.

trouble; dip them in warm water, and Squirt a mouthful of water over your rub the dirt gently off with your thumb birds now and then, it will do them and finger. As these innocent creatures good; this will much assist them in delight you with the beauty of their their mouiting, and make them throw feathers, and sweetness of their song, too their feathers faster, particularly larks, much cannot be done for their comfort. nightingales, and robins. The latter Hoping this little dissertation (if I may have their water-pans to fix inside may so call it) will be useful, the cage, so that they can dabble in

I am, &c. them, when they like; this will save the

S.R.J. trouble of taking them out to clean I conclude with the following

On hearing a Thrush singing in the rain.
How sweet the song of the awakened thrúsh-
Mellow'd by distance, comes upon the ear,
Tho' gather'd clouds have made the heavens drear,
And the rain hisses in the hazel bush,
Wherein he warbles with a voice as clear
As if blue skies were over, and he near
The one that lov'd him—sweet, yet sad to hear !
For it remindeth me of one I've heard,
Singing to other ears, herself unseen,
In her own bower, like that delightful bird,
While yet ber bosom's hopes were fresh and green,
One, whom I heard again in after years,

When sorrow smote her,--singing 'midst her tears.
Day, 1826.

S. R. J.

The editor has often wished, for the of opinion that birds are like himselfsake of feathered posterity, that he could they cannot “ bear confinement," and ensure their liberty; but he can no more be happy. do that, than persuade those who think they have “vested rights" in the bodies of certain of the airy race, to open their

June 22. cages and “set the prisoners free." It is in his power, however, to assist a little

1826. General Election. in ameliorating their condition, by urg- Parliament having existed to its uting re-perusal and strict attention to the most legal duration, the electors exerpreceding letter. He is himself parti- cised, or withheld the exercise of their cularly struck with the direction, “squirt franchise, according to their individual a mouthful of water over your birds wishes or hopes, desires or fears, intellinow and then it will do them good." gence or ignorance; or as feelings of He ventures with becoming diffidence independence directed, or influence to suggest, whether to syringe a little over weakness misdirected. Contests may not be as beneficial as to “ squirt a were as numerous and fierce as usual; mouthful." This is the only exception and, as might have been expected, in he dares to hint, and it is to be some places, the numerical, state of the marked as a qualified one, and, under a poll-books intimated more of intellectual sense of inexperience, made “ at a enlargement than the final results. No hazard." But he agrees that “ a night- new arguments or means were resorted ingale,"—a caged nightingale, alas ! to. The following paragraph is only must have beef and egg;” and “ that inserted as an instance, that to buy as larks must be taken out once a week"; cheap, and sell as dear as possible, as a and-hie may be wrong—if they fly principle of trade, was not thoroughly away, so much the better. He is strongly lost sight of by dealers.

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