Immagini della pagina


innumerable curiosities. The spirit of together, to be coinpared with sir Ashton the late worthy owner seems to have been Lever's museum. transfused into the present. He spares no pains or expense to augment a collection, After such distinguished and unquesbefore equally elegant and instructive." tionable testimonials respecting this col

lection, it would be trifling to adduce a Mr. Pennant, in his “ History of Quad- poem in proof that it merited praise; but rupeds," likewise makes mention of the

as a curiosity, which, on account of the Leverian Museum, as “ a liberal fund of youth of its author, sir Ashton Lever inexhaustible knowledge in most branches himself must have deemed a “curioof natural history," and he especially sity,” the following may be perused with names“ the matchless collection of interest. animals” there exhibited, to which he had

VERSES, recourse while correcting the descriptions ADDRESSED TO Sır Ashton LEVER, BY A for the last edition of his work.

LITTLE BOY OP TEN YEARS OLD ON We have gathered from Mr. Pennant, that the Leverian Museum was disposed HIS MUSEUM, of by lottery, and his own opinion, as a

November 6, 1778. naturalist, of its merit.

The evidence If I had Virgil's judgment, Homer's fire, whereon the committee of the house of And could with equal rapture strike the lyre, commons founded its report in behalf Could drink as largely of the muse's spring, of the bill, which afterwards passed and Then would I of sir Ashton's merits sing. enabled sir Ashton Lever to dispose of Look here, look there, above, beneath, around, his museum in that manner, amply testi- Sure great Apollo consecrates the ground. fies the opinion conceived of it by indi- Here stands a tiger, mighty in his strength, viduals fully çialified to decide on its There crocodiles extend their scaly length: importance.

Subtile, voracious to devour their food, Mr. Tennant who had been upwards Here shells and fish, and finny dolphins seen,

Savage they look, and seem to pant for blood. of twenty years a collector of subjects of natural history, and had seen all the View there an urn which Roman ashes bore,

Display their various colours blue and green. cabinets of curiosities, both public and And habits once that foreign nations wore. private, of any note in Holland,

France, Birds and wild beasts from Afric's burning and Portugal, and those at Brussels, sand, Dresden, Brunswick, and Vienna, and And curious fossils rang'd in order stand. had also seen the Spanish cabinet while Now turn your eyes from them, and quick collecting in Holland, said, that he had survey, never seen any collection more rare, more Spars, diamonds, crystals, dart a golden ray curious, or more instructive than sir View apes in different attitudes appear, Ashton Lever's, nor any that could be with horns of bucks, and goats, aed shamois

deer. compared with it ; that it exceeded all Next various kinds of monsters meet the eye; others in the beauty and preservation of Dreadful they seem, grim-looking as they lie. the numerous articles it contained, which What man is he that does not view with awe were better selected than any he had seen The river-horse that gives the Tigris law ? elsewhere; and that it contained many Dauntless he looks, and, eager to engage, specimens that could not be procured at Lashes his sides, and burns with steady rage. any expense.

View where an elephant's broad bulk ap. Sir William Hamilton gave similar pears, testimony. Having a particular love for And o'er his head his hollow trunk he rears: natural history, in different journeys to

He seems to roar, impatient for the fight, and from Naples, where he was ambas- And stands collected in his utmost might. sador from Great Britain, he had seen

Some I have sung, much more my abuse could every public and private museum in Holland, France, Germany, Italy, and Sicily, A nobler muse requires sir Ashton's fame. and he thought sir Ashton Lever's col- This feeble present, which I freely give.

I've gained my end, if you, good sir, receive lection was in every respect the finest. Your well-known wurth, to distant nations Baron Dimsdale said he had seen the

told, cabinets of curiosities at Moscow and St. Amongst the sons of Fame shall be enrollid. Petersburgh, and also those at Paris and

T. P. Dresden, which are esteemed very curious Kennington, Nov. 8, 1778. and vaiuable, and that they were not, all

Gentleman's Magazine.


[graphic][merged small]


It seems appropriate and desirable to of, and not from the deficiency of the give the above representation of Mr. Par- daily, receipts (as is generally imagined) kinson's ticket, for there are few who re- which have annually increased, the avetain the original. Besides—the design is rage amount for the last three years being good, and as an engraving it is an orna- 1833l. per annum. ment.

The hours of admission are from Eleven And—as a memorial of the method

till Four. adopted by sir Ashton Lever to obtain Good fires in all the galleries. attention to the means by which he hoped to reimburse himself for his prodigious

The first notice of the Leverian Museum outlay, and also to enable the public to view the grand prize which the adventure is in the “ Gentleman's Magazine" for of a guinea might gain, one of his adver: May, 1773, by a person who had seen it tisements is annexed from a newspaper of

at Alkerington, near Manchester, when

it was first formed. Though many speciJanuary 28, 1785.

mens of natural history are mentioned, IR ASHTON LEVER's Lottery the collection had evidently not attained

It appears at that time to house, every day (Sundays excepted) from have amounted to no more than “ upNine in the morning till Six in the even- wards of one thousand three hundred glass ing, at One Guinea each; and as each cases, containing curious subjects, placed ticket will admit four persons, either to- in three rooms, besides four sides of gether or separately, to view the Museum, rooms shelved from top to bottom, with no one will hereafter be admitted but by glass doors before them.” The works of the Lottery Tickets, excepting those who art particularized by the writer in the have already annual admission.

“ Gentleman's Magazine," are “ a head This collection is allowed to be infinitely of his present majesty, cut in cannil coal, superior to any of the kind in Europe. said to be a striking likeness ; indeed the The very large sum expended in making it, workmanship is inimitable also à drawis the cause of its being thus to be disposed ing in Indian ink of a head of a late duke


of Bridgewater, valued at one hun. There are a great number of antique dred guineas—a few pictures of birds in dresses and parts of dresses of our own straw, very natural, by Miss Gregg; a and other nations near two hundred basket of flowers, cut in paper, a most species of warlike instruments, ancient masterly performance; the 'Howers are and modern; but as I am no friend to justly represented, not the least dot of the fighting, of these I took no further notice, apices of the stamina wanting, or the least or else

I might have mentioned the tomafault in the proportion; every part is so hawk, the scalping-knife, and many more truly observed, that it was new to me such desperate diabolical instruments of every time I went to see it, and gave me destruction, invented, no doubt, by the great delight. This curious basket of devil himself.” flowers was executed by Mrs. Groves.

[graphic][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

A Summer Scene in the Potteries.

Down in the Potteries it's “ a sight,".
The whole day long, from morn till night,
To see the girls, and women grown,
The child, the damsel, and old crone
By the well-sides at work, or singing,
While waiting for the water's springing;
Telling what Francis Moore presages,
Or who did not bring home his wages.
P’rhaps one exclaims," time runs away !"
Her neighbour cries, “ Why, what's to-day?"
And, when she knows, feigns mighty sorrow
She thought to-day would be to-morrow?
Another thinks another's daughter

Grows monstrous tall->“Halloo ! the water !"
Vol II.-84.

Up it rises, and they skurry,
In a skimble skamble hurry,
Shouting and bawling“ Where's the pot ?"
“ Why I was first”-“ No, you were not."-
As quick as thought they empt' the well,
And the last comers take a spell,
At waiting, while the others go,
With their full pitchers, dawdling so,
You'd think they'd nothing else to do
But to keep looking round at you.
However, all are honest creatures,
And some have pretty shapes and features :
So, if there be an end of lotteries,
You may find prizes in the Potteries.

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. Mean Temperature ...62 · 52.

July 19.
K. George IV. crowned.
Holiday at all the public offices.

Mr. Arthur Taylor is in the foremost rank of learned typographers; and, better for himself in a pecuniary view, he is printer to the corporation of London, to which office he was elected while travelling in Italy, after the publication of his

Glory of Regality.”


This is the title of “ A Historical Mean Temperature ...63.87.
Treatise on the Anointing and Crowning
of the Kings and Queens of England, by
Arthur Taylor, Fellow of the Society of

July 20.
Antiquaries. London : 1820." 8vo. pp.

St. MARGARET. 440.

The present notice is designed to ac- This saint is in the church of England quaint inquirers with the most important calendar and the almanacs. and satisfactory work regarding our regal Butler speaks of her merely as a virgin, ceremonies that exists. Mr. Taylor's who is “ said” to have been instructed in volume is a storehouse of information con- the faith by a christian nurse, and persecerning the kingly title and office, the cuted by her father, who was a pagan regalia, the assistants at the coronation, priest ; that after being tormented, she was the tenants of the crown by grand ser- martyred by the sword “in the last geantry performing services, the ceremo- general persecution;" that “ her name nial, the processions, and the feast. That occurs in the litany inserted in the old part of the book entitled a “ Chronicle of Roman order," and in ancient Greek the Coronations,” is full of singular de- calendars; that, from the east, her rene tails. The “ History of the Coronation ration was exceedingly propagated in Oath" is remarkably curious and interest- England, France, and Germany during ing. There is likewise an appendix of the holy wars; that “ Vida, the glory of important documents and records, a valu. the christian muses," honoured her as able index, and, according to a good old one of the titular saints of Cremona, his custom, which modern authors find it con- native city, with two hymns, begging of venient to neglect, the reader is referred God through her prayers" a happy death to every source of information on the sub- and a holy life; and that “her body is jects treated of, by a list of upwards of now kept at Monte Fiascone, in Tusiwo hundred and thirty works resorted to, cany." and quoted by Mr. Taylor, in the course The Egyptians are not more famous of his labours. Few writers of the present for embalming, than the Romish chnrch day have achieved a monument of so is celebrated for the keeping of saints' much diligence as this work.—The trifling bodies-with the additional reputation

at which it was published can of a peculiar tact at discovering them. scarcely have remunerated its erudite It was not at all uncommon to distinguish author, beyond the expense of the paper their bones, from other mortuary remains, and print and wood engravings.

a few centuries after death.


We are told that St. Margaret received

July 21. the crown of martyrdom in the year 278, * therefore her body, “ now kept at Monte

St. VICTOR OF MARSEILLES. Fiascone,” may be regarded to have been

We are informed by Butler that this as well kept through one thousand five saint was a martyr under the emperor hundred years, as those of other saints; Maximian. From his silence as to the for it must be observed that none bụt saint's life, it is to be inferred that biograsaints' bodies “ keep." There is not an phers of saints were rare, while, from his instance of the body of any lay indi- elaborate account of the saint's death, it vidual, however virtuous or illustrious, is to be inferred that their martyrdoms having remained to us through fifteen were attended by able reporters. centuries.

The abbey of St. Victor at Marseilles was one of the most celebrated religious foundations in Europe. It claimed to

have been the first monastery established The illustrious father of the order of in France. Its ruins are striking objects the jesuits, Peter Ribadeneira, rather con- of curiosity to visiters of the town. fusedly relates that St. Margaret was devoured by the devil ; and “ in an other St. Victor's monastery was founded by place it is sayd that he swalowed her into St. Cassien, patriarch of Constantinople, his bely," and that while in his inside she in the fourth or fifth century. The spot made the sign of the cross, and she was fixed upon by St. Cassien for his new “yssued out all hole and sounde,” though foundation, from the ground being already it is added that this account " is apocri- considered as sacred by the Marseillais, fum.” We are told that a devil appeared for we are assured that Mary Magdalen to her in the likeness of a man, but she and her brother Lazarus arrived in Procaught him by the head, threw him down, vence with a cargo of saints, fixed their set her right foot on his neck, and said, residence at Marseilles, and converted a “ Lye still thou fende, under the fote of great number of the inhabitants; and that a woman.” In that situation the devil Mary Magdalen after remaining there admitted he was vanquished, and declared some time, desirous of being more sehe would not have cared if a young man cluded, withdrew to a grotto in the rock had conquered him, but he was very vexed on which the abbey of St. Victor now to have been overcome by a young wo- stands. Still, pressed by crowds, she man. St. Margaret asked him what he removed a league from Marseilles to the was, and he answered that his name was quarter of Aygalades, where afterwards Veltis, that he was one of a multitude of was founded a monastery of the Carmes. devils who had been enclosed in a brass Even here she could not find seclusion, vessel by Solomon, and that after Solo- and she finally fixed her retreat at the mon's death this vessel was broken at Sainte Beaume, a grotto in the mountain Babylon by persons who supposed it con- of St. Pilon, in a more remote part of the tained a treasure, when all the devils flew country where she ended her days. out and took to the air, where they were On the spot sanctified by her first incessantly espying how to assayle retreat, a chapel was erected and dediryghtfull men.' Then she took her foot cated to the Holy Virgin under the title from his neck, and said to him, “ Flee of “ Nôtre Dame de la Confession.” A hens thou wretched fende,” and behold little confusion seems here to have been u the earth opened and the fende sanke made between Mary Magdalen, in rein.”+

membrance of whom the spot was conHowever “ right comfortable” this re- sidered as sacred, and the virgin mother; lation may be there is more“ delection” for after the monastery was built, a chapel in that of St. Margaret being swallowed in it was dedicated to the Virgin Mary, by the devil; it is a pity it is " apo. while little notice was taken of Mary the crifum


The monastery of St. Cassien many

years after the body of the celebrated NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

St. Victor was interred there, was called Mean Temperature ...63 · 25. the monastery of St. Victor. His foof

was said to have been cut off by order ot • Mr. Audley. + Golder Legend. Maximian, for having kicked down a

« IndietroContinua »