Aloes: The genus Aloe
Aloes are a large genus of plants, about 450 species, from sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar, and parts of Arabia. Many species are widespread in warm or tropical semi-arid regions, yet the distribution of others is limited to a few living in desert or wet mountainous regions. While some species have been adopted as medicinal plants since ancient time
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acemannan acetylated Africa Aloaceae Aloctin Aloe arborescens Aloe barbadensis Aloe barbadensis Miller aloe extract aloe gel aloe leaf Aloe species Aloe vera Aloe vera gel aloesin aloin analysis anthraquinones anthrone anti-inflammatory ARF Process assay barbadensis gel barbaloin biological activity Brandham Carbohydrate Carbohydrate Research cells cellulase chemical chromatography chromones chromosomes commercial components compounds concentration containing Dagne drug effects of Aloe emodin etal ethanol exudate ferox Figure filleting fraction frostbite Fujita galactose genera genus glucomannan glucose glycoprotein Haworthia Heggers hemagglutinating IASC immune induced inhibition injury isolated Journal Kidachi aloe Kripke leaves lectin Liliaceae lyophilized macrophages malic acid maltodextrin Mandal mannose material McAnalley Medicine mice molecular weight natalensis oligosaccharide oxide Pelley etal Pharmacology Phytochemistry Phytotherapy Research plant Planta Medica polysaccharide precipitation properties protein pulp rats Rauwald response Reynolds samples saponaria Strickland etal structure studies succulent sugars suppression Suzuki Table tissue treatment tumor wound healing Yagi etal
Pagina xiii - By using bioassay linked fractionation of crude plant juices or extracts, compounds can be specifically targeted which, for example, inhibit blood platelet aggregation, or have antitumour, or antiviral, or any other required activity. With the assistance of robotic devices, all the members of a genus may be readily screened. However, the plant material must be fully authenticated by a specialist. The medicinal traditions of ancient...
Pagina xiii - Asia. A similar situation exists in Africa and South America. Thus, a very high percentage of the World's population relies on medicinal and aromatic plants for their medicine. Western medicine is also responding. Already in Germany all medical practitioners have to pass an examination in phytotherapy before being allowed to practise.
Pagina xii - Large scale contracted mechanised cultivation with designated seed or plantlets is now preferable. Today, plant selection is not only for the yield of active principle, but for the plant's ability to overcome disease, climatic stress and the hazards caused by mankind. Such methods as in vitro fertilisation, meristem cultures and somatic embryogenesis are used.
Pagina ii - Narcissus and Daffodil, edited by Gordon R. Hanks Volume 22 Eucalyptus, edited by John JW Coppen Volume 23 Pueraria, edited by Wing Ming Keung Volume 24 Thyme, edited by E. Stahl-Biskup and F. Saez Volume 25 Oregano, edited by Spiridon E. Kintzios Volume 26 Citrus, edited by Giovanni Dugo and Angelo Di Giacomo Volume 27 Geranium and Pelargonium, edited by Maria Lis-Balchin Volume 28 Magnolia, edited by Satyajit D.
Pagina ii - ... industrial importance. Edited by Dr Roland Hardman Volume 1 Valerian edited by Peter J. Houghton Volume 2 Perilla edited by He-Ci Yu, Kenichi Kosuna and Megumi Haga Volume 3 Poppy edited by Jeno Bernath Volume 4 Cannabis edited by David T.
Pagina xii - The plant raw materials are roots, rhizomes, bulbs, leaves, stems, barks, wood, flowers, fruits and seeds. These yield gums, resins, essential (volatile) oils, fixed oils, waxes, juices, extracts and spices for medicinal and aromatic purposes. All these commodities are traded world-wide. A dealer's market report for an item may say "Drought in the country of origin has forced up prices". Natural products do not mean safe products and account of this has to be taken by the above industries, which...
Pagina xiii - Medicine, which in 1994 assisted the filing of several Investigational New Drug (IND) applications, required for clinical trials of some Chinese herbal preparations. The significance of these applications was that each Chinese preparation involved several plants and yet was handled as a single IND. A demonstration of the contribution to efficacy of each ingredient of each plant was not required.
Pagina xiii - Alternative medicine includes plant-based products. Appropriate measures to ensure the quality, safety and efficacy of these either already exist or are being answered by greater legislative control by such bodies as the Food and Drug Administration of the USA and the recently created European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products, based in London. In the USA, the Dietary Supplement and Health Education Act of 1994 recognised the class of phytotherapeutic agents derived from medicinal and...
Pagina xii - Such methods as in vitro fertilisation, meristem cultures and somatic embryogenesis are used. The transfer of sections of DNA is giving rise to controversy in the case of some enduses of the plant material. Some suppliers of plant raw material are now able to certify that they are supplying organically-farmed medicinal plants, herbs and spices. The Economic Union directive (CVO/EU No 2092/91) details the specifications for the obligatory quality controls to be carried out at all stages of production...
Pagina ii - Kren and Ladislav Cvak Volume 7 Caraway, edited by Eva Nemeth Volume 8 Saffron, edited by Moshe Negbi Volume 9 Tea Tree, edited by Ian Southwell and Robert Lowe Volume 10 Basil, edited by Raimo Hiltunen and Yvonne Holm Volume 1 1 Fenugreek, edited by Georgios Petropoulos Volume 12 Gingko biloba, edited by Teris A.