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55. Vehement struggle in the centre,
68. Errors of Sir David Baird,
CAMPAIGN OF ABENSBERG, LANDSHUT, AND ECKMUHL.
1. Influence of the aristocratic and democratic principles on the contending
parties in Europe,
2. Policy of the Imperial cabinet since the peace of Presburg,
3. Important decree for the formation of the landwehr,
4. Napoleon's remonstrances against these measures,
5. Deceitful pacific professions of Austria at Erfurth,
6. Intelligence of the preparations of Austria induces Napoleon to halt in Spain
and return to Paris,
7. Division of opinion in the Austrian cabinet on the war,
8. Arguments used on both sides,
9. Amount and distribution of the French forces in Germany, in spring 1809, 643
50. The indefatigable activity of Napoleon and his soldiers was the principal
54. Total defeat of Eugene Beauharnais at Sacile,
HISTORY OF EUROPE.
ADMINISTRATION OF MARQUESS WELLESLEY, AND FIRST
APPEARANCE OF WELLINGTON IN INDIA.
ARTHUR WELLESLEY, afterwards Duke of WELLING- CHAP.
XLIX. TON, was born in Merion Street, Dublin, in the parish of
1769. St Peter's, where his birth is registered, on the 1st May 1769. He was the fourth son of Garret, second Earl of Birth of
Wellington Mornington, and was descended by the mother's side and Marfrom the Dungannon family, his mother having been lesley. Anne, eldest daughter of Viscount Dungannon. His father was a man of polished manners and kind and hospitable disposition, but not distinguished by any remarkable abilities, except a marked genius for music. His mother was a woman of uncommon vigour of mind, so that he forms, with Sir Walter Scott, Napoleon, Chateaubriand, Schiller, Goethe, and nearly all the illustrious persons of the last age, another instance among the many which experience must probably have furnished to every observer, that the sons of a family, at least in general, take their intellectual character from the mother's side. The Wellesleys were an old Saxon family long settled in Sussex, and the ancestor of the Irish branch had come over with Henry II. in 1172, to whom he was standard-bearer, and from whose gratitude VOL, VIII.