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27. Ab infimis, from the lowest ; with special reference to slaves. 99 -Verbis, orally ; lit., in words, i. e., in spoken words. Abl. of Manner.

28. Quum accedere. Indirect Discourse. In the Direct form the verbs would be as follows: judicatus sis, repudias or repudies, parata sunt, jussisti, cunctare, accedere. Explain the changes in passing from the Direct to the Indirect form. G. 530; 531; 533. See also notes on perfacile esse, etc., Caesar, p. 2, line 7, and on quod ipse, etc., p. 2, line 38.

31. Constituta nocte; i. e., on the night of Dec. 2d.-Qua . proficiscerentur; Relative clause of Purpose.

32. Cuncta; G. 374.-L. Valerio, etc, Lucius Flaccus and Gaius Pomptinus, praetors under Cicero, had both seen service in previous

At the close of the praetorship, Flaccus became governor of the province of Asia, and Pomptinus of Gallia Narbonensis.

33. Praetoribus. The praetors, eight in number, were Roman magistrates, charged with the administration of justice.-Ponte Mul. vio. This was one of the bridges over the Tiber. It was on the road to Faesulae, and was three miles from the Roman Forum.

34. Allobrogum comitatus Allobroges et comitatus.

35. Cetera uti facto, etc., he permits them to manage (that they may manage) the rest as the occasion may require (lit., so as there may be need of action).

1. Id loci, that place ; lit., that of place. Loci, Partitive Gen. 100

2. Utrimque, on both sides ; i. e., from the forces stationed on both sides of the river. The embassadors were at the time upon the bridge, and were accordingly between the two forces.

3. Cito ... consilio, having quickly comprehended the plan. 6. Multa, earnestly ; lit., as to many things.

XLVI., XLVII. Arrest of Several of the Conspirators.

11. Intellegens, etc. This is the reason for his joy, while dubitans below explains his anxiety.

12. Porro, again.
13. Tantis, so important.

14. Quid facto opus esset, what ought to be done ; lit., in respect to what there was need of action.

15. Perdendae . fore, would tend to ruin the republic; lit., would be of, etc. G. 563, 5.

22. Manu tenens, taking by the hand ; in recognition of his official station.-Perducit; i. e., in aedem Concordiae.

23. Aedem Concordiae; situated on the slope of the Capitoline Hill near the Foruin. See view on the opposite page.

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100 24. Eo; thither; i. e., to the temple of Concord.—Magnaque frequentia, and with a full attendance. Abl. Absol.

29. Quid, aut, etc. = quid consilii aut qua de causa habuisset.

30. Fingere alia, tried to devise a different account ; i. e., different from the true one.--Fingere, dissimulare. See Syn., L. C. 605.Fide publica, with a pledge from the state ; i. e., with a promise of pardon.

32. Paucis ante diebus; G. 427.
33. Legatos; subject of scire, to be supplied.
34. Solitum, that he had been accustomed. Supply esse.

37. Praeter . . . sermonibus, both by his letters and by the conversations ; lit., by the conversations besides the letters. 101 1. Ex libris Sibyllinis, from the Sibylline predictions. These

predictions were not taken from the three famous Sibylline books said to have been purchased by King Tarquin, for those had been destroyed twenty years before, at the time of the burning of the Capitol. Various other Sibylline books were, however, soon after collected from different portions of Italy and Greece. In one of these was found a prediction which was interpreted to mean that three members of the Cornelian gens should rule Rome. In the opinion of Lentulus, the three Cornelii were Publius Cornelius Civna, notorious for his tyranny and cruelty, Lucius Cornelius Sulla, the famous dictator, and himself, Publius Cornelius Lentulus.

3. Urbis; G. 409, 3.-Urbis potiri; in apposition with fatum.

4. Incenso Capitolio. From some unknown cause, the Capitol, i. e., the Temple of Jupiter on the Capitoline Hill, was burned 83 B, C.

6. Signa sua cognovissent, had recognized their seals.

7. Abdicato magistratu. No Roman magistrate could be punished while in office.

8. In liberis custodiis. One was said to be in libera custodia when, instead of being thrown into prison, he was put under the care of some responsible person.

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XLVIII., XLIX. Charges against Crassus and Caesar.

13. Plebes, mutata mente. Immediately after the adjournment of the senate Cicero delivered before the people his Third Oration against Catiline, which produced the change of feeling here mentioned. See Introduction, p. 309.

15. Exsecrari ; Historical Infinitive.

16. Gaudium, laetitiam; Gaudium is joy, the feeling itself; laetitia, exultation, especially as it manifests itself in look and action.

17. Alia, other ; i. e., other than incendium.



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19. Quippe cai erant, because they had.

101 20. In usu corporis, in articles of daily use and in clothing for their persons.

21. Post eum diem; i. e., on the next day.

23. Aiebant, diceret. Dico is to tell, say, opposed to tacco ; aio, to affirm, assert, opposed to nego.

25. Eadem senatum ; G. 374.

26. De itinere hostium; i. e., of the approach of Catiline and his army.

27. Qui nuntiaret; Relative of Purpose. Qui refers to se as its antecedent.

28. Lentulus . deprehensi, the arrest of Lentulus, etc. G. 580.

29. Eoque properaret, and that for this reason he should make the greater haste.

30. Illi; i. e., those who were under arrest.
34. Tanta vis hominis, a man of so great power.

36. Ex, on account of.–Negotiis privatis; referring probably to loans.

37. Uti referatur, that the question-whether the statement of Tarquinius should be acceptedbe referred to the senate.-Consulente. Cicero, as presiding officer, put the vote, or, in other words, consulted the senate to ascertain its will and pleasure.

3. Amplius potestatem; supply indicandi.-Cujus consilio, by 102 whose advice.

5. Machinatum; supply esse, was devised.
6. Per . . . periculi, by sharing the danger.
7. Immissum; supply esse, had been influenced, instigated.

8. Suscepto ... patrocinio, by undertaking the defence of the criminals ; i. e., of the conspirators.

10. Tantam ... impositam; a mere suspicion, doubtless, without any foundation in fact.

16. Piso oppugnatus, Piso because he had been assailed ; i. e., by Caesar. C. Calpurnius Piso, consul 67 B. C., and afterward proconsul of Gallia Narbonensis, was tried for extortion 63 B. C., and during the trial was assailed by Caesar for having unjustly punished one of the Gauls beyond the Po of whom Caesar was patron.

17. Ex petitione, because of his treatment as a candidate. Catulus had been a candidate for the office of pontifex maximus, but had been defeated by Caesar, who was then only thirty-seven years of age.

20. Res autem, the occasion moreover.

21. Privatim, publice, as a private citizen, as a public officer ; i. e., as aedile. See “Life of Caesar," p. ix.-Liberalitate, muneribus; Abls. of Characteristic.

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