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turbary”. The ground now surrounded by the present circle was boggy even in August, and must be the wide, flat turbary mentioned. But in describing his temple,
. Mr. Lewis evidently confines himself to the chamber given in cut 3, and takes no notice of the continuation of chambers to the further edge of the circle. How is the omission to be explained? The only explanation that can be offered is that the whole line had been originally buried under a long mound of earth, only one part of which had been removed at some early time, the other portion being still covered while Mr. Lewis lived. It would in this case certainly adjoin the temple, and would be surrounded by a flat turbary. Its disappearance, however, within this century, is remarkable.
It is true the same remarks might apply to a tumulus covering the five or six large detached stones ; but its removal within so short a space of time must have been still more rapid. All that can be positively affirmed is that these chambers were at one time covered
up. Whether a second chamber stood where the detached stones now lie is uncertain ; but probably there was, as the grouping together chambers within an enclosed space is common enough.
Cut No. 2 represents the third chamber furthest from the large one. A marks two capstones, both dislodged, and resting one end on the ground. A third (marked 2), and still smaller, inclines in the opposite direction. Portions of the original carn still remain as shown in the cut, so that the size of this smaller chamber is tolerably clear. The space between this and the large chamber is occupied by stones in such confusion that nothing except the length of the supposed chamber now destroyed can be ascertained. That the whole line once comprehended three distinct chambers seems much more likely than that it consisted of a large chamber with a covered passage leading to it.
Imperfect as the monument in its present state is, yet it is of considerable interest as adding one more confirmation of the circle-theory so elaborately set forth
by the learned and judicious Dr. Stuart in his valuable volumes of The Sculptured Stones of Scotland.
Mr. Lewis remarks that the stones of the principal chamber are not those of the district, but have been brought from some distant spot. No very great importance can attach to such a circumstance. They were probably the nearest at hand available for the work. When it is remembered what immense weight the bearers must carry, and what care was taken that the resting-places of the dead should be as secure and lasting as possible, great caution would be required in their selection.
On the way to Ystrad, on the left hand of the road leading to Carmarthen, are four stones, one of which is smaller than the others. The stone to the right is of coarse grit; the small one and the stone next to it are of quartz-conglomerate, the largest one being of old red sandstone. The three largest ones formed the walls of a chamber, and may have aided in supporting the capstone. Their denudation is complete, nor is there the slightest vestige of the former mound. The variety of character of the stone is probably the result of chance. (Cut No. 4.)
Within the grounds of Ystrad are two or three ancient pillar-stones, one of which was said to have been Roman, but is an ordinary maenhir. They are not remarkable as regards dimensions. No other remains exist near them. They may, perhaps, have been ancient boundary-stones, but are more likely to be ordinary meini hirion.
On the left hand of the road from Llanboidy Church to Dolwilym is a more important group (cut 5), concealed by a high and thick hedge from the road. The stones lie in a field called “Parc y Bigwrn”, a portion of Pensarn Farm. The original chamber is easily made out, although only two of its stones remain erect. The fallen ones, with the exception of one, have not been removed, so that their original position, when upright, is easily ascertained. The stones average about 7 feet