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FISCAL YEAR 1966— VIETNAM

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

UNITED STATES SENATE

EIGHTY-NINTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

S. 2793

TO AMEND FURTHER THE FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT

OF 1961, AS AMENDED

PART 1

JANUARY 28; FEBRUARY 4, 8, 10, 17, AND 18, 1966

Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Relations

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

58-320

WASHINGTON: 1966

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office

Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price $2.25

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COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

J. W. FULBRIGHT, Arkansas, Chairman JOHN SPARKMAN, Alabama

BOURKE B. HICKENLOOPER, Iowa MIKE MANSFIELD, Montana

GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont WAYNE MORSE, Oregon

FRANK CARLSON, Kansas RUSSELL B. LONG, Louisiana

JOHN J. WILLIAMS, Delaware ALBERT GORE, Tennessee

KARL E. MUNDT, South Dakota FRANK J. LAUSCHE, Ohio

CLIFFORD P. CASE, New Jersty
FRANK CHURCH, Idaho
STUART SYMINGTON, Missouri
THOMAS J. DODD, Connecticut
JOSEPH S. CLARK, Pennsylvania
CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island
EUGENE J. MCCARTHY, Missouri

CARL MARCY, Chief of Staff
ARTHUR M. KUHL, Chief Clerk

CONTENTS

Statements of

Bell, Hon. David E., Administrator, AID; accompanied by Hon. Page

Rutherford M. Poats, Assistant Administrator, Far East, AID... 2, 92

Gavin, Lt. Gen. James M. (Retired).

226

Kennan, Hon. George F.

331

Rusk, Hon. Dean, Secretary of State; accompanied by Hon. David E.

Bell, Administrator, AID, and Hon. Rutherford M. Poats, Assistant

Administrator, Far East, AID.

2, 563

Taylor, Gen. Maxwell D. (retired)..

432

Insertions for the record-

S. 2793, text of..

1

Estimated amount of U.S. military and economic expenditures in

Vietnam which pass through French financial institutions.--

35

U.S. private investment in Vietnam during 1965.--

37

Statement by the Under Secretary of State at the concluding plenary

session of the Geneva Conference, July 21, 1954...

48

Excerpts from Congressional Record regarding Senate debate on 1964

southeast Asia resolution..

54

Free world assistance to Vietnam as of January 15, 1966..

63

Free world assistance for Vietnam..

67

U.S. military assistance to India during 1962 border incidents with

Communist China.

69

“Sixty Percent of Delta People Seen as Red Adherents,” article by
Ward Just in the Washington Post, January 23, 1966.

78

Only a Fourth of South Vietnam is Under Control of Saigon Regime,”

article by John T. Wheeler in the Evening Star, January 25, 1966 - 80

Text of telegram from Ambassador Lodge, with letter from Dean Rusk
to Senator Fulbright dated January 27, 1966.-

82

South Vietnam: Nation Under Stress, excerpt from book by Robert

Scigliano.

82

AID-funded and U.S. voluntary agency-funded personnel working in

Vietnam..

85

Statement of Hon. David E. Bell, Administrator, AID..

86

Letter from Robert S. McNamara, Secretary of Defense, to Senator

Fulbright, January 28, 1966..

99

Vietnamese governmental control of markup in exchange trans-

actions

104

"A Fresh Look at Vietnam," article by Senator Edward M. Kennedy,

from Look, February 8, 1966...

109

Vietnam budget revenues derived from import duties and AID-

financed imports---

113

Doctrinal bases of the use of terror

114

Statistical data on Vietcong atrocities.

115

Examples of Vietcong atrocities - -

115

U.S. assistance commitments to the Dominican Republic, calendar

year 1965...

120

Distribution of rice imported under AID financing-

121

Estimated Vietcong assassinations and kidnapping of civilians, 1962-

65..

128

District capitals now controlled by Vietcong -

140

“The People's War," series of articles by Richard Critchfield, in the

Evening Star, January 25-28, 1966..

142

Tax structure in Vietnam, internal taxes.

168

Free world shipping to North Vietnam..

173

Viet Medical Aid to Increase-U.S. General Cites Civilian Casualties,"

article by Lewis Gulick, in the Evening Star, January 6, 1966...

175

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