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ia godliness for which this town is famous. I and verily I never saw so much zeal for god The meeting continued until 11 o'clock, and in any human face before. I thought well, would have stayed, I believe, all night, had if any good comes out of this Nazareth, Dr. I not requested them to withdraw, seeing that Watts is right, and that the policemen (the messengers of the modern

Behind a FROWNING Providence gods) wanted me and their suppers. The

He hides a smiling face. meeting was a public one in defence of civil However, it was none of my luck to see any and religious liberty, and to take into consi- of the smiles--those, I guess, are reserved for deration the case of CHARLES SOUTHWELL. I the Rev. Mr. Close. His mien was full of promised to do this when here the week be. fierceness, which, as he knew I was brought fore, but it was rumoured by the saints (in up for conviction, I felt as so much demonism. glory, that of persecution) that I should not It struck me, while he was speaking, that in return. The meeting passed resolutions de the days of Bloody Queen Mary, Bishop nouncingSOUTHWELL's persecution as unjust, Gardiner would have mistaken him for Bonimpolitic, and immoral in the very teeth of ner.

And on the bench, the senior magis. my own prospective fate of the same kind. trate, whom the people here quaintly call It was between eleven and twelve o'clock "old Capper," who inust stand here, as I when I was apprehended. Quite a crowd am not familiar with him--and god, if there followed me to the station-house, cursing the be one, grant I never may—as Mr. Capper. fiendish spirit of christianity from the bottom He and Bubb seemed to me-Gardiner and uf their hearts. And the most cheering cir. Bonner come again. Two witnesses were cumstance was, that there were numerous produced, an old man and a young one; of ladies among the concourse who had shaken the young one I thought little, but the older off the superstition of the nursery; their one bad such a care-worn face, I felt for manner told the indignation they felt, and him I don't think he has a bad heart. He as their love is said to be more lasting than looked one of those fathers on whom fate and ours, so is their hate more enduring. When a large family had pressed hard; his poverty, once they are awakened the knell of all cant and not his will, I think, consented to all he is tolled! I was seized without a warrant;

said against me. Both, I believe, depend so it seems the days of the bloodiest inquisi" for bread upon the Chronicle office, and Mr. tion are come again. when the fiat of the Close is said to be prime mover there, so there priest is sufficient to drag a man from his is no doubt of the wheels within wheels, as friends and home, at the hour of midnight, Ezekiel has it. I expect the rev. gent. and plunge him into a gaol! when religiou found a prosecution more convenient than is the pretext for any oppression, and the argument to oppose me with. Never was glory of god an incentive and excuse for anything more skilfully managed than the any brutality! I must, in justice to the super: could recollect one word, save the expressions

evidences of the witnesses. Neither of them intendent of the police, Mr. Russell, say, that during the first night I was treated in a very following produced the approval of the meet

selected for indictment. Though the part geatlemanly manner, But to-day satisfied me I owed this rather to humanity than the lord. ing, and the part indicted was lost in that, I will try to scribble you a few lines more, if Mr. Henry Fry, editor of the Educational allowed pen and ink, when I return from Circular, a very respectable carver, and Yours, you know, G. J. H,

gilder, in the town, stepped forward as one of my bail; and swore to being worth more

than £50, &c. I ought first to have told Cheltenham Gaol, June 3rd, 1842. you that bail to the amount of £200 was DEAR PATERSON. Don't I wish you demanded for my body. So valuable I supcould officiate for me, as my curate, as you. pose I am become to the godly. But condid in Sheffield. I would give my dinner sidering that I was bąt a stranger in the for one of your hearty jokes to drive down town, with few friends, beyond those the octhe piety, damnation insult, and abuse, which casion made for me, it was proof they inhas been heaped upon me this morning tended to take good Christian advantage of Glad, too, you were not here, your blood my helpless condition and keep me in their would have been 202° above boiling heat fangs. Well, to return, Mr. Fry was rejected You know what a quiet piece of equanimity after he had sworn to all the facts required, I am, but how the devil SOUTAWELL could because he said, when questioned, that to brook the same treatment, and not go mad, the best of his beliejhe was worth the sum I cannot tell. But to business. I am just wanted. I reminded the magistrates, as I returned from court. Three magistrates were requested my friend to withdraw his offer, on the bench. I am told, the more intelli- that the evidence against me iu many geot, and liberal ones, coosequently, kept parts was admitted, on the grounds reaway, ashamed to be inixed up in the affair. Tused to my bail-viz., the “best of the be: A solicitor named Bubb opened the charge, lief” of the witnesses. “Oh no," rejoined

court.

the Reverend Mr. Newall, one of the com- other behaved like a demon. I told him mitting magistrates, “we can have no quilo, that unless I was perinitted to converse on bing," although I stood at that bar: be equal terms I would not converse at all; cause I could not and would not "quibblestill he raved on. I of course, like a lamb

iranswering Maitland's question. Another at the slaughter, opeved not my month. gentleman generously offered his self as my Among other things, he asked whether other bail, and was accepted. It was not Robert Owen did not make me an Atheist. from accordance of sentiments, but from I said no, I never was an Atheist until the fumanity and sympathy for my family and imprisonment of CHARLES SOUTHWELL took friends, that this friend came forward. Bot place, and whatever of doubt remained on when Mr. Bubb saw things likely to be aceoin my mind on the subject, was now removed modated, he demanded twenty-four hours by the treatment I was receiving; that what rotice of hail, and immediately Mr. Capper, of god-belief might have been left in me the Rev. Mr. Nevall, and his brother magis before, was throughly and for ever shaken trates assented to its benevoleut propriety, out of me then. · His reply was the following and my commitment was inade out to Glou kind and Christian one: "am anly sorry eester Gaol. I did think that mere respecta- the days are gone by when you, Owen of Lan. bility would, in a lown like Cheltenhain, have ark, and all like you, would be unable lo hold induced. godliness to, or at least a courteous up your heads." I never thought anything appearanee, and that some show of feeling so perfectly, so religiously bellish in my life would have paved the way to the cold blooded before. At this I was put into an infernal brútakty of the dungeon. Mr. Capper sharply bole with a poor miserable old wreteh, it was stopped me in the midst of a question I was harrowing to look upon, the sense of whose putting tắrough the beneh, to the witnesses, sufferings engrossed my own. The cell with the maligoant remarks that, he would speak of and write in, has the fetor of hoke no argument with a man who did not death in every corner. A grating at the top believe in god." It was evidence, and not reveals light to show the dampness of the argumeat I wanted, was my reply, bnt he grave creeping up the bed, which is made of began arguing his self about death beds, and a few boards, with a plank for the pillow-p0 all saeh balderdash, and ending as usual in clothes-vothing but cold, filth, and stench. such cases, by imputing to me the worst of And if bail is still refused, I expect to pass motives, vanity, desire of notoriety, &e., several days and nights here." I am told vbana he kuew I was completely in his power this place is not worse than others, but you and could not reply, How much would I may gather from this io how nice 2 place gire at this hour to express all I felt at such am learning "the truth as it is in Jesus;" a conduct. I have felt, since, a thousand kind friend has just left me some dinner, times, that expressive sentence of Thales, which, in another place, I could relish. the Milesian philosopher, quoted by Mr. Show this to C. and tell R, my next shall be SOUTHWELL, in reference 'tu Wood, the to him. Cannot say more pow. I have Bristol Bonner, that the most hateful put part of my dinner out for the thing he ever beheld was a tyrant ald. mentioned just now; and instead of mine, I I little thought then I should su soon un- am having a meditation on the goodness of derstand this in all its bitterness. In Shef. god- certainly of his servants--which islikely field I became acquainted with such fme old to prove unusually profitable to me. Da men, that I had begun to venerate the an. not let this meet the eyes or ears of Mrse cients of days gone by, and to regard those Holyoake, I cannot bear the thoughts of that men of the antideluvian world, chroniclers yet. Yours, truly, my dear fellow, of times, never to be seen by me; and having been the recipient of their wisdom and love, I at first bailed with delight the ap.

CORRESPONDENCE, pearance of an old man on the bench, and from him expected kind counsel and generous advice. Oh! how bitter was the con:

To the Conductor of the Oracle of Reason. trast! Adversity does not make us acquainted Sir,- The anticipated immolation of the third victim with stranger men than does religiou. When

to the þrutal lust of persecntion, induçęs me to adbeing taken from the court, 1 saw numbers dress to you a very few lines; not with a view of' in(of my friends of the over-night, whose admi- çiting your readers to a full appreciation of the enorration of the new revelation of christianity incite them to a vigour and promptitude of actiou

mous tyranny of this last attack on freedom, nor to my case afforded, was nothing dininished. equal to the emergency of the case. Įpen this scrap At the station-house I was had up for private with a view to suggest a plain which I feel satisfied torture, vot, I suppose, having had énoagh will be immediately acted upon the instant its sim in public, where a 'surgeon and military gen- plicity and practicability are made evident. tleman were inquisitors. The captain (as I That there is a demand for the Oracle of Reason take him to be) was gentlemanily, but the iufinitely greater than the facilities for supply, cannot

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poor wretch

G. J. H.

00s. I

voured to open

bé doubted. That the ordinary publishing and trad- and where our rev. bloodsuckers take such prominent ing channels are closed against it, is equally notori- parts! · No, no! The working nien of this country

propose then that each friend to the cause are not to be caught with chaff like this. of Free Expression of Opinion, shall undertake to ob- But I deny that either the revolution or its consetain and supply twelve new subscribers ; the supply quences were brought on by the reading of the works to be continued as long only as the regular book of these philosophers; it was the wretched misgo. belling trade are afraid or unwilling to vend it. vernment that existed, and the barefaced oppression

This might be effected by those who objected to and grasping extortion of the priesthood, that were Fan any personal risk with perfect safety, by obtain the main causes of the popular outburst. But then, ing the dozen or more copies of publishers of others say these vicious-gerents of the deity, “they were (Social institutions or classes, for example) who

Atheists that directed it.” But I would have work might be guaranteed as to integrity by the editor of ing men read any impartial account of that event (say the Oracle, or the nearest known general publisher O'Brien's), and they will tind that the characters of Infidel works. The persons supplied would be who figured most conspicuously cruel were beguaranteed by the person's owit knowledge or after lievers in a god. But priestly cinning and dishoninquiry.

esty has tried to throw a veil over the bloody deeds Shortly I hope to see that all will be matured ; an of the faithful” at that period, and to misrepresent organisation for this purpose is, I am happy to say,

the actions of those virtuous characters who endeaDow in active formation. Yours, in haste,

the

eyes of the people, and stem the

M. Q. R: popular indgination; bat who fell victims to the una [Every week I am receiving information of the dif. dermining machinations of our liberty-loving go. ficulties attending the procuring the Oracle; in vernment. But was it Infidels and Atheists trat some places it cannot be obtained at all, and in encouraged the grand and wholesale slaughter of other not until a week or more after date. To remove these obstacles, the editor suggested, and

the Crusades? Were those priests, such as Peter I have determined upon offering the following to

the Herinit, and the kings of the earth, 'who led the consideration of those parties who are anxious forth their thousands to the land of the foreiguer, to to procure the work regularly: viz., To forưurd butcher and be butchered, Atheists and nnbelievers? by post THREE numbers for every FOUR penny post: uffice stamps, as may be directed. This plan will

Or who organised the slaughter of Bartholomew, be an invaluable auxiliary to that of any friend, when nearly 100,000 innocent people were murdered

M.Q.R.'s, and will be readily perceived not to be in cold blood? I night mention the horrid massas • tendered for the sake of protit--the three numbers cres of the Waldenses, Albigenses, &c., or the inan

just clearing a two-penny stamp; Where there hunting through the mountains of Scotland, in search is ouły one person, they could be forwarded once in three weeks. Letters, with stamps enclosed for

of Covenanters, and ask were these the works of buie month or three, directed to the undersigned at Atheists? No; those were the works of priests, who 26, pper Windsor-street, Ashted, Birmingham, defended their actions from that accursed book which will be attended to.-W.C.]

is the record of every crime, and the authority for To the Editor of the Oracle of Reason.

every cruelty.

I have often been amused at the impudence with SIR,-I perceive in your last number (June 4), an which these holy bubblers set off with the supposition extract from the Cheltenhum Chronicle, alias, the that none but those who hold notions like their own Rev. Francis Close's paper, appealing to the preju- have a right to express them! Now, none but iindices of " Jew-Bookers," with your explanation at pudents or fanatics could hold such erroneous notached, by which it is shown that, with priestly con- tions; but they have a purpose to serve; yes, they sistency, it is very far froin the truth; but who ever well know that their dogmatisms cannot stand the knew a holy bull-dog to speak truth of an unbeliever? | test of free discussion, therefore their only chance of I never did; therefore it is clear to me that it is in blinding the human race lies in exterminating their perfect keeping with the saintly character. Sir, it is opponents and annihilating their works. They must time you set about using all yoar intinence boldly to destroy free discussion or it will destroy them. check the power of these demoniac fanatics. I see But the public are now beginning to see the errors that another “ moral Nimrod," yelep'd Stunula: d (of of religion, and the duplicity of its imbecile propages bigotry) the prototype of Francis Close, has reared tors; and, Mr. Editor, it now becomes you to enerits head in Birmingham, in defence of that horribly getically strike at the root of superstition, fir it has stupid book called "bible;" in which the editor (a been, and is now, moulding the human mind to sloth parkon's lacquey) takes the pains to show the glori- and apathy. This is the inevitable consequence of ous progress of atheism, and its probable effects up its action upon a nation; or else ** It would,” in the on society to his dupes of readers, and calls upon words of the late amiable Pemberton, when speaking the " legal butchers” of the people to annihilate all of priestly domination, “ make the cradles of sleepthe cheap literature of the day, to make way for his ing babes dens of hissing adders, and change all the ixpetny balderdash. In a long article, he labours chrystal waters of the universe into stagnant ponds hard to show that to the works of Voltaire, Rosseau, and seas of putrid blood; and the monster talks of and others, we owe the reign of terror in France; faith and religion tou!” just as if the middleocracy of that day in that country, Biriningham.

THOMAS PATERSON. any more than the same class in our own, when they wished the people to struggle for any privileges they [The following letter was intended for insertion in wanted to obtain, would go to the populace of Paris

that number of the Oracle having a note relating with the volumes of philosophers in their hands, in

to it: and the note was improperly inserted with stead of the more gesteel method of corrupting them

out the letter. But it was deemed of little curse

quence that the letter was not put in, as it conwith money and drink, as is done at our elections, tained admissions of departure from principle

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which then would have been fonnd injurious to the society;" here I beg to differ from him, Alttutto the cause Mr. H. easayed to serve, as Mr. Owen the subjects may not be adapted to work upon the and his friends then denied it.

feelings of some wenk minds, I do believe it is calFurther, I have found from a gentleman in Bris. culated to do much good; much more than the tol that Mrs. H. had addressed a letter to Mr. Oracle of Reason. He says that " Mr. Jones denied Southwell under the impression that he had wri- that the society had deserted its principles, and that ten the notice of Mr. H.'s communication, althongh the statements made were tot true." *** But abould it bore my initials. As I think enough has been any one not be convinced, let them look to the princi. laid at Mr. Southwell's door, I must say that it ples of the society and attend to the five fundamental was written by me in Sheffield, on the day Mr. H.la facts." These I have looked at, and yet can find no letter arrived there. She thinks I spoke harshly deviation from their principles. As far as I am able in the notice: Let those judge so that can, when to judge of the writers in the Oracle of Reason, their they have the letter below. All the notices to cor- principle object is to attack the prejudices of others; respondents and articles are written by the parties but the Socialists wish to show by practice what is whose names or initials are attached. And she good; this plan, I have not the shadow of a doubt, initials of correspondents are real not fictitions. will gain more converts than the other. The suspicion of the contrary, being without foan- Derby, 4th mo. 23, 1842.

B. HAGEN. dation, is disingenuous, and it was this spirit in Mr. Hagan's letter which induced me to write the notice of it I did.-G. J. H.)

NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS.

Correspondents sending communications for the To the Editor of the Oracle of Reason. rirst tine are requested to send also their true names

and addresses. Their initials only need appear with HAVING been reading some remarks in the 17th to their artieles--the other particulars se for the conof that publication, in which I do not agree, I should venience and satisfaction of the editor, G. J. H. take it as a favour if the few following remarks may ANONYMOUS WRITING.-One friend thinks tind a place in it. Speaking of the changes that the remarks under the head “Stray Thwughts, ". in have taken place in the Social body, J.C.F. says,

No. 18 of the Oracle, hypercritical. He is of opinion “ That it has been unwise, no one acquainted with

that the public relish the mystery attached to anony

mous writing. Another is of opinion that, so long the events of the last two years can for a moment as the name of the editor is weekly published, that doubt." Now there are many who do not "doubt," is a sufficient guarantee, should questions arise but will deny the truth of the assertion. “Mr.

about the articles which appear. By way of general Owen's plan is this, teach truth and error will fall

answer, the reader may be referred to the excellent by its own weight; there is no necessity of dealing Bulwer, in his “ England and the English," argues

manner, to my thinking, in which Sir Edward Lytton with it in any other way whatever: this argument is against all nameless writing--and he given inost of partly true and partly false." I would ask what is the pros and cons of the question. But the wors! meant by our being the creatures of circumstances ? tendency of it is so ably set forth by that es cellent Is it not, that if we place individuals under the Auence of bad circumstances, will not their character in orality, that particular attention is reqinstead. More ters be bad; then, of course, if under the teaching of

.“ Perhaps, the man of literary avocation carns truth and truth only, shall we not then have truth his subsistence by that anmymous writing, in costspeakers as well as actors? Then, as Mr. Owen nection with newspapers, which, though it may, says, “teach tmnth, and error will fall to the ground.” and assuredly does consist, in some cases, with the * The policy I wish the Socialists to adopt, is beau purest and the highest principle, has teraptations

which lead towards the grossest delirection. tifully described in one of the Social hymns : Even more loathsome than political profligacy are the 66 Free to examine varions creeds,

depths to which he may descend. Screened by his And follow where conviction leads;

namelessness from all responsibility; ministering Free to embrace within her arms,

fuel to every perce and foul passion, catering for The truth in all its native charms.

every grossness; blazoning turpitude for the filtby

apetite that feasts on such garbage; with an interest 56 And not only free to examine, follow, and embrace, to serve, or a spite to gratify, in every direction ; but to boldly and unflinchingly advocate it upon the perhaps pandering at once to both politieal parties public platform and in private circles upon all suit- wretch goes forth in the dark with his poisoned dagi

and to any other parties that will pay; the muskel able occasions, when it does not interfere with other ger-now striking at his friend's reputation-nowa duties of life." By quoting the above few lines of his country's freedom; and if his thunder please the poetry, we have a right to suppose he allows all to" infernal gods to whoin he has sold his soul, hw niny follow convictions; then, if R. Owen or others have

at last, when faction improves a momentary successy

to plunder the nation, be rewarded by place uspeha departed from their first principles, they must be sion, at the expense of that publie which has losi Hypocrites, or acting from conviction; the last I him for its intellectual guide, political diroetur, und believe to be true; and I admit that there may be

moral teacher." some difference in their conduct, but it must be ad.

Apart from moral infinence, there are consider

tions which make it desirable to know the personalit mitted that we are moving under different circnm.

of all whose papers appear in the Oracle. *lf wooh stances. Does the writer intend to infer that our

not find out that of god, we may that of correspon. leaders should continue the same course when the dents, and for this purpose, is the notice to them this eircumstances are removed or partly so ? . If tast is week upon this subject.

G. J.H. his opinion, I differ from him, and let me advise the writer to put a little farther off the fear of man, by

NOW READY, letting the readers see his name; so much boating Law against Busphemy? By'C. SOÓTAWELL, WOW

A Plain Answer to the Query, Onghe thare to be as there is on that paper of not fearing man, there is in Brixtol Gaol.Price Threepence. not one writer in the present number that has ventured to put his name. In another part of the same

Printed by G.J, HOLYOAKE, and Published for lain no. I find a piece signed R. R., who speaking of the

by all Liberal Booksellers. Neo Moral World, says that it was a disgrace to

Saturday, June 18, 1842.

[blocks in formation]

"FAITH'S EMPIRE 13 THE WORLD; ITS MONARCH, GOD; ITS MINISTERS, THE PRIESTS;

İTS SLAVES, THE PEOPLÈ.”

No. 27.]

EDITED FOR CHARLES SOUTHWELL, DURING HIS IMPRISONMENT,
BY G. JACOB HOLYOAKE.

[PRICE ID.

BRUTAL PERSECUTIONS! home with me to fetch my infant, whilst I

left four at home in bed. The man that went MORE HELP TO THE LORD.

with me to the station was a rude fellow; hè

was quite abusive to me, telling me I should ARREST OF GEORGE ADAMS AND

he locked up from my husband ; saying, it HARRIET ADAMS (His WIFE), was quite time such things were put a stop to. FOR SELLING THE ORACLE OF REASON.” | When we arrived at the station-house he

would have locked me in a cell with drunken

women, had I not sat down in the yard, and The bigots of Cheltenham haring once insisted on seeing the superintendent, who buried their fangs in the flesh of an Atheist, then allowed me to sit up in a kitchen, where like the tiger that first tastes human blood, policemen were coming in and out all night. they could not rest until fresh victims were My husband was much troubled on my acfornished to satiate their sanguinary maws. count.” Mr. A. was, at the time, suffering Success had made them bold; strong-ribbed under a severe opthalmic complaint. During doors and massive dungeon-bars secured the Mrs. Adams's absence from home, her kind "uoresisting” HOLYOAKE; and the teach-|(and of course Christian) landlord, went to the ing of atheism was of course prevented, at house, locked the door, and took the key away least so thought the Rev. Francis Close and with him, leaving the children to shift for his worthy brother Newall, with the Chel. themselves. tenham magistrates who presided at the in- The next morning the prisoners were taken yuisition at the police-court. But atheism, before the magistrates, and the following is like the hydra, has many heads, which it will the account of their examination, copied from puzzle religion, with “the poor-man's church” the Cheltenham Free Press: for a club, to destroy. If public speaking be

CHARGES OF PUBLISHING BLASPHEMOUS prevented, the press may yet make known the

LIBELS. principles so much dreaded by bigotry, and

George ADAMS was charged with publishing a denounce its villany; and so it happened in blasphemous libel, contained in No. 25 of the OraCheltenham, for HOLYOAKE's imprison- cle of Reason. ment was the signal for the introduction of

Mr. Bubb— The prisoner stands charged with the liberal works, unbeard of there before, and publication of a blasphemous libel, and perhaps my the natural consequences were the very ge- duty will be the best fulfilled by merely proving the Deral esecration of the injustice committed. sale of the libel and reading it. It has been said This speedily attracted the attention of the that we are prosecuting here for the entertaining of obnoxious few, and their sleuth-hound, lous- opinions merely. That proposition I deny. The ered from his chain, was put upon the scent, entertaining of opinions is not opposed to law if they tad as no concealment was attempted, the keep thein to themselves. If they step out of the game was soon run down.

way, and seek to propogate them by undermining On Monday evening, June 13th, at a

the institutions of the country, by denying the existpublic meeting called to consider the cruelty ence of a god, by robbing others of the hopes set and injustice of HOLYOAKE's case, GEORGE

before them," without offering the flimsiest pretext, ADAMS, a member of the Social body,

it is the duty of all to prevent this. Such is the arrested for selling No. 25 of the Oracle, and opinion of those gentlemen who set on foot these he was therewith conveyed to the station proceedings, and no clamour of persecution will prehouse. As soon as a knowledge of the arrest | Inty. And if there are any here present disposed

vent them from doing what they believe to be their came to the ears of Mrs. ADAMS, she went to take up this unfortunate trade, I would assure in the station-hoose, to see her husband, when them that as long as the law punishes, and the mashe, likewise,

was served with a warrant for gistrates uphold the law, so long will they bring selling No. 4.

offenders to justice So long as men say there is no In writing to me, Mrs. ADAMS says, “I god, or that the religion of the state is a farce and a went to see my husband at the station-house, fallacy, there gentlemen will not be deterred by any when I was detained; a policeman was sent clamour. The libel here does this and more.

was

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