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REVIEW.

notions upon us by law; he does well to in the shape of a pamphlet, and for the denounce the tyranny of religion, and to price of a penny, has just been published by assume, that if god has honesty, humanity, France, of Newcastle Upon Tyne, a speech or robleness, he must spurn the paltry prie by Mr. Larkin, on the sabbath question, de- tences, crawling adulation, and inhuman livered to a set of those morbid, melancholy, practices his servants exhibit.

So fir he and selfish men called Christians. It appears does well. But how does Vr. Larkia kuow that at a meeting of the Central Exchange that god "will have no service but the serNews-room a motion was made to elose it vice of the free," while he drags a whole on the Sunday. Mr. Larkin, in opposition family of his creatures, as in the case of Mr. to it, among other warm remarks, spoke as and Mrs. Adains and infant in Cheltenham, follows :-“I regard a motion of this kind as to a modern inquisition, because they did doubly offensive-offensive from the arrogant not “ render the service of slaves ?" How pride of its pharisaism-offensive from the does he know that “god is insulted with lip insolent tone of its implied censure. I tell service, and inocked with knee hoinage,' you, gentlemen, your censure is impertinence, while he permits his servants to drag me to and your interference with our occupations a loathsome dungeon because I did not on a Sunday is tyranny mingled with impu. offer the “service” of despicable hypocrisy ; dence. You have no right to compel me, I once thought the god of the Christians who dissent from your views, to spend the was noble and generous, but Christian Inın Sunday according to your ideas of holiness, have lately taught me better, What does and your fashions of sabbatical observance. Mr. L. know more of god than lineal de. Why cannot you be content with being holy cendants from the apostles, or at least, selfyourselves (hear, hear) without forcing me to styled successors all filled with the holyadopt your legal and ceremonial affection of ghost? What does he know more tiran any sanctity? What right have you to take else? The fact is, nobody knows anything pour pail of whitening and your whitening of him, and it is most unfortunate any que brush and whitewash me into a spectre of ever attempted it. Every enormity is com. holiness? (Laughter.) What right have mitted by those in power in the name of god. you to whitewash us into-as nice and clean. Would it not be better to let all reasoving looking sepulchres of sanctity as yourselves against the injustice and tyranny of reliI protest against your right to drive me into gion, rest on moral, independent, and nobler sanctimony-to compel me to wear a white ground than mere goddism? G. J. H, cravat, a black coat, and a long face. (Laughter.) Of what advantage would success be to you, supposing that you could

INTELLECTUAL LOCOMOTION. - Pube succeed io shutting up the room

on the lic institutions and philosophical systeins, Sunday? Would the exclusion of the mi- like railway carriages, should be well adapted pority make them one whit holier than be

to run through the world. They should fore? (Hear; hear.) Supposing that whips, always be in advance of the plodding wag

ons of plodding men. The van is their and thongs, and scourges, were put into your

Better for them hands; that you drove us to church, and proper place not the rear. compelled us to pray and warble forth bymns

to be couriers or scouts, than baggage wagand psalms; what else would this compelled

ons. They cannot be too lightly built, nor

Hitherto devotion be but to insult god with a lip ser.

too easily run over the ground. rice, and muck him with a knee homage in they have been loaded with the lead of exaddition to tyranny to man, you would be ploded errors, have sunk in every miry place, guilty of impiety to god! God will accept and demanded the labour of after ages to

thrown out grappling irons round every post, of no service but that which is willing; and disentangle and help them on. When shall oue heartfelt burst of prayer and penitence at any moment is worth all the sabbaths and

we order these things better? all the sacrifices of all the scribes and phari I joiner's bill, for repairs in a church in Bo

A literal translation from the German of a sees in the world. (Loud cheers.) God

hemia:loathes the religion you would compel. He turns with aversion from the adoration of For solidy repairing St. Joseph.. slaves.

For cleaning and ornamenting the Holy Ghost 0 6 He will have no service but the For repairing the Virgin Mary, before and service of the free. (Cheers.) I stand forth behind, and making her a new child then on this occasion to raise my voice For turning a nose for the Devil, putting a

horn upon his head, and glueing a piece boldy against this tyranny of religion. I stand here to denounce this presumptuous interference between man and his creator. Star of the East.

Mr, L. does well thus to lash men who, The scene of christianity has been always not content with damping us hereafter, do it a scene of dissension, of hatred, of persecution, also on earth, by forcing their miserable and of blood. -Bvlingbroke.

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When thou makest a dinner or supper,

W. BROOK, MANCHESTER.-Mr. SOUTHWELL, call not thy friends, nor thy rich neighbours; iu reply to his inquiry, says, with regard to Nr.

Tbe call the poor, the maimed, the lame, and the Brook — “I have not received his pote. blind (Luke 14). Aye! catch 'em at it! Guardians regularly come to hand. Convey my

thanks to him, if you find opportunity." G.J.H. A pretty rig! to see all the beggars in Lam. beth sitting nose to uose with his grace of

Remarks upon " Hissing an Atheist” next week.

T. H. W. declined.
Canterbury, forsooth!
A Mexican chief, when bound to a stake,

SUBSCRIPTIONS. was asked by a Catholic priest, if he believed

For the Defence of Messrs. Southwell, Holyoake, &c. in the Christian religion ; “No, I do not,"

London..

00 was the answer. “Don't you wish to go to

W. W. Cobham

0 10 0 hearen ?" said the priest. “Are there any w.J. Cobham

05 0 Christians there? " inquired the chief. " Oh, John Haxton ..

0 2 6 yes, the place is full of them,” said the priest. Friends to Free Inquiry, Yorkshire, eity.. 0 10 9 & Then I had rather go to hell, than have any London.

M. RYALL, Gen. Sec. more of their company," was the reply.--The Mexican was right ju his choice, I almost Particulars of the sum forwarded by Mr. Wattă, as envy him his taste; for as the Christians have per last no.:

103.00.
been such bad members of society in this collected at Hall of Science
world, we reasonably ivfer that they will be

Hyde
Tristram Shandy

1 so in the next. When a Christian speaks to

A few Friends to Free In. per T. S. 16 8 me of heaven, I say, what are people to have

Robt. Tamplin

1 0-1 12 8 there, the question almost strikes them dumb, and then they quote the Jew Book. "Eye Birming., Mr. Wright, 1s., Mr.Padham, 1s.£0 - 2 hath not seen, nor ear heard, nor hath it en.

Preston, per Mr. Drummond

0 5 2 tered into the heart of man to conceive the Rochdale Hall of Science, per Mr. Farn things which god hath prepared for those who Congleton Social In., per Mr. Burslam love him." Rare answer this, Ezekiel's food, Nottingham Branch, per John Davies 0 15 0 to wit! Rare answer this, to pay £20,000,000 A Few Friends near Northampton, sub.card 0 5 0 per apnum for!

J. C, F.

SHEFFIELD, PER G. JULIAN HARNEY,

From June 23 to July 25, RIDDLES FOR THE RELIGIOUS. Mr. Hodgkinson

..20 2 10 Continued from Oracle No. 25.

Messrs. Crow and Tyrrell, Leicester 0 2 0 Of nature, too, wliat thinkest thou, was this thy Mr. Joshua Hobson, Leeds..

0 10 maker's scheme,

Five Friends..

0 0 10 Or, wanting rule from god woulds't fear, the weight | A few Friends to Religious Freedom, Leishould kick the beam ?

cester

0 5 6

Proceeds of a Festival held at the Hall of Seeing each thing within itself inherent law retains,

Science, Sheffield, July 5, 1842

0 0 'Why need a maker's law to say, "part gone,

the

Mr. Hodgkinson less remains ?"

Mr. H. Case, subscription card.

3 4 A Friend, per Mr. Case

2 0 Were it not part of nuture's law cohesives should

Mr. Stevenson, subscription card

2 7 cohere, How had thy boasted world been made to last one

Birmingham. E. NICHOLLS, Prov. See, short-lived year?

G. A. All persons having cards filled, or partly filled,

are particularly requested to forward them immedi

ately to the Secretary. " Notice.-Copies of this work sent by post to any parts where they cannot be otherwise ob

HOLYOAKE'S TRIAL. tained, at the rate of THREE for FOURPENCE. Post-office stamps for one month or three, with On Saturday, August 27, in conjunetion with the direetions, addressed to the Editor, No. 8, Holy Oracle, but so as to be separated and bounul np by well-street, Strand, London, will receive attention. itself, will be published the First Number of G.J. NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS.

HOLYOAKE'S TRIAL, at Gloucester, for BLAS

PHEMY. Specially Reported. Price ld. J. M'CULLOCH, BRIGHTON.--Our warm and excellent friend is informed his communication, if Now Publishing, in Numbers, at 1 d. each, possible, will not be over-looked. The number of

THE JUSTLY CELEBRATED determined friends in all parts of the country, the

YAHOO! present prosecutions have awakened, promise well for human redemption. It would be easy to fill

Printed and Published by G. J. HOLYOAKE, No. 8, several Oracles, weekly, and not exhaust all the

Holywell-street, Strand, London, and Sold by ali cheering sentiments that come to hand. I intend Liberal Booksellers. Agent for Bristol, J.Chappel, to study Ebenezer Elliott, to acquire condensation, News Agent, Narrow Wine-street; Macclesfield, to give the pith and marrow of all until other or Mr. Roche, Hall of Science; Barnsley, Mr. Thos. enlarged means can be made available for their pub. Lingard, New-street; Preston, Jas. Drummond, lication, which promises to be the case shortly. 112, Friar-gate.

G. J, H.

Saturday, July 30, 1842.

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EDINBURGH

THE

ORACLE OF REASON

Or, Philosophy Vindicated.

FAITH'S EMPIRE IS THE WORLD; ITS MONARCH, GOD; ITS MINISTERS, THE PRIESTS;

ITS SLAVES, THE PEOPLE."

No. 33.]

EDITED FOR CHARLES SOUTHWELL, DURING HIS IMPRISONMENT,
BY G. JACOB HOLYOAKE.

[PRICE 1D.

purses

DEBATES IN PARLIAMENT ON of the magistrates, with the view of relieving

THE PENDING PROSECUTION them from the “imputation which the exFOR BLASPHEMY.

pression serious irregularities' had cast upon “* There is a rabble amongst the gentry as well as the them,” He sought to justify his attempt by commonalty; a sort of plebeian heads, whose fancy Vic., the 3rd sec. of which act, he argued, gave

a sophistical reference to the 2nd and 3rd of moves with the same wheel as these; men in the same level with mechanics, though their fortunes the magistrates in petty sessions assembled do somewhat gild their infirmities, and their

no control over the constables in the discharge

of their duties. Sir James Graham soon excompound for their follies."-Sir T. Brown.

posed this fallacy by as-erting that his If in this extract is written “men below the observations more properly applied to the level of mechanics," Sir T. Brown may be capture of Holyoake and the unnecessary supposed to be speaking of my Christian harshness used in his conveyance from the friends, the Cheltenham Daniels.

magistrates' office.” Mr. Berkeley made no I was in the House of Commous on Mon attempt to deny anything, only to shift the day night, July 18, when Mr. Roebuck, the blame to the constables. He also bore his member for Bath, asked the secretary for the testimony to the high character for honor! home department for the correspondence rela- UPRIGHTNESS!! and JUSTICE!!! which tive to the “improper committal of a person su eminently distinguished the three gentlenamed Holyoake, in Cheltenham.” Sir Jas. men who adjudicated in my case. These Graham owned that “serious irregularities gentlemen were Messrs. Capper and Overbury had been committed by the Cheltenham ma- and the Rev. Mr. Newall, whatever their gistrates, and he had expressed his opinion character was, I am sure that now it is anyto them to that effect.” But he declined to thing but enviable, and Mr. Berkeley will furnish the correspondence required," as legal never succeed in wiping away the stigma proceedings might arise out of what had oc- their treatment of me bas attached to it. I curred.” Now if these magistrates could not suppose it was honourable to send me to gaol withont" serious irregularity" administer the because I did not, after lecturing on sincerity law lying on the table before them, are they conclude with an act of hypocrisy ; and after not much more likely to commit “ serious ir recommending truth round my period with regularities” with regard to the defence of lies. It was uprightness, peradventure, to god, whom I presume did not lie upon their receive evidence against me on the belief of tables, at least I did not see him if he did, the witnesses, and reject my bail because ihey nor was be ob ervable anywhere else in the did not do more than believe concerning their office, unless the fiendism of Pubb and the property. It was justice in the Rev. Mr. bench were evidences of his presence. Then Newall to declare that they could have no why not produce the correspondence? When quibbling in court, while he was committing the servants of the public convert a court of me to gaol because I did not quibble and lie justice into an inquisition, and instruct po. too, in a lecture room. It was creditable in licemen to act the part of Spanish familiars them to tell me, as Capper did, that I was of cursed memory, to drag people secretly, unfit to be argued with, since I did not enand without warrant, in the dead of night to tertain the crotchety notion of god they held. loathsome dungeons, why should parliament, Such a speech half a century ago would have who hoasts the freedom and virtues of the ended in my being torn into pieces; and had British constitution, refuse the public the the populace in the court been half as brutally means of correcting such atrocious proceed- bigotted as the bench, I should have been so ings? No answer can be given but that it then. If these things, Mr. Craven Berkeley, is the renins of christianity so to act when a constitute that conduct you call honourable, xupine public opinion permits, and for certain upright, and just, you must refer exclusively state reasons its enormities must be winked at. to the magistrates as Christians, for no con

On the Thursday night, the Hon. Mr. duct could be more disgraceful to them as men. Craven Berkeley rose in the house on behalf Eyen the magistrates at the petty sessione,

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Messrs. Cooper and Jones, grossly misrepre- ARGUMENT “A POSTERIORI," sented to Sir James Graham the facts of a

FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD. memorial I addressed to him in Gloucester - The lord hath made all things for himselt: een gaol. Thus no means have been left untried the wicked for the day of evil."-JEW BOOK, to prevent me obtaining justice in any way. We are really surprised, not to say shocked, I dispatched to Sir J. Graham corrections of at the wickedness of the present age. Men the misrepresentations to him, and also a

are actually found to deny the existence of a letter to the editor of the Cheltenham Free personal intelligent deity. To ourselves there Press, and since its appearance the Examiner, is no truth plainer, and we are inclined equally a paper that with peculiar Christian kindness to condemn the lecturer, with two hundred fees! classed me with Francis, the regicide; has of diagram to prove it, and his employers the admitted that if my statements are true, Bishops of Chester and Norwich, with the "the magistrates greatly overstepped their Atheist hinself. The very fact of their emduty.” How finely contrasts with Bubb, ploying a man to prove it, shows that they "boobies," and-parliamentary panegyrists of themselves consider it a debateable point, Christian infamies, the decided, useful, and and perhaps we should not be far wrong if we manly tone of the Oil Fellow) :-

were to say that they doubt its truth; at any We believe that the persons who set blasphemy, rate, they either want confidence in the power prosecutions going, receive a great deal too much of apology, even from those most opposed to their ty

or will of god to prove his own existence. It rannical conduct. They pretend to be actuated by god has not the power to prove his own exdisinterested motiver, and thus not only get assist istence, the employment of Joho Brindley to ance, and sympathy, and cash, from the weak-minded help him is excusable; if he lacks the will, of the believers, but also, from the public generally, then the work of honest John, being opposed receive that sort of respectful consideration which is awarded the conscientious performers of an action, to the will of god, is the work of the devil. however vile that action may in itself be considered. We should not ourselves have taken up the And we would like to put an end to this. We are subject, so plain do we consider it, only that ambitious to hold up prosecutors of blusphemy in their true colors, as malignuntly stinging a man be.

an oft-repeated lie is at last believed as true, cause he sympathises not witń their religious feel and men have so long been told that it is a gs, and because he is striving so to alter other men

difficult question, that they seldom bring that they will not sympathise with them either. * This is precisely as it should be, and truth of the existence and providence of god

common sense to the discussion. We say the persecutors ought be so understood and estic is plain, even to doubt it is to us a mark of mated. The following remarks from the pen of idiotcy Look around society, riew its com, the editor, upon the words which gave rise to plicated arrangements, try to comprehend the present progecution, breathe a healthy them- we defy you! You may suppose, if and refreshing moral tone, belonging rather you please, that it was at first simple, and to the days of Regulus and Epaminondas that the blunders of men have brought it to than to the nineteenth century.

its present anomalous position ; you may reiWe cannot refrain from saying, that under the

son to try to prove it, but you have no facts, peculiar circumstances, Mr. Holyoake (presuming his disbelief in a god to be sincere) could not have and all is suppositious when you have done. said other than he did say, and at the same time You will perhaps tell us society is not happy, have continued honest. It is trne, he was not asked, and point to the different sects and parties in“Do you believe in a god?'' but a question was put to which we are divided; you will show us to him which assumed his belief in a god, and had he not testified at once his disbelief, he would have nation at war with nation, and people quar. sanctioned the false assumption: and if not a liar, relling with people, as if their nature were would have been at least the permitter of a lie; be- made for strife ; you may point to the reigntween which is no distinction recognised by an honourable man. In arguing thus, we would not express ing monarch, trembling for her life, unable to any sympathy whatever with Mr. Holyoake's athe. move abroad without fear of assassination, ism, we are merely concerned to show that it was and to the condemned culprit about to he mornot Mr. Holyoake's right alone, but absolutely, his dered by the law for committing a murder was his duty, if it be the duty of man to be honest; against the law; to the rich rolling in luxury, he could not have spoken otherwise, unless he had pining in idleness, sloth, and disease, and tu " lied against his heurt,” and lied towards mankind. the poor toiling for dirty water, under thu

The odd fellows, with an organ breathing name of soup, and to all classes between, such lofty and noble sentiments, may consider 'proving all miserable, and ask if we can, seethemselves lucky fellows. A few lines in the ing all these anomalies, advocate the existence spirit of the last extract are worth volumes of of a god? These are the very things to in. that cold and heartless expediency now so stance for the proof; for we know that" high fashionable. A paper to which reference has as the heavens are above the earth, so are often been made in this, of much higher pre- my ways above your ways and my thoughts tensions to moralising the world than the Odd above your thoughts ;'' how can we expect Fellow, does not, in twelve months pronounce to understand the ways of god ? If we could so cheering a eulogy on unqualified truth as that understand and appreciate what we call god's conveyed in the quotation made. G.J.H. ways and doings it would amount to proof that * See Odd Fellow, July 23.

there exists no being higher than man; it is

sufficient for us to know that “god bath pretend to say that Mr. Holyoake is responsible chosen the foolish things of the world to con

for this, he could hardly blame us for thinking 90,

before we received his disclaimer.”-N.A.Gazette. found the wise, and the weak things of the Soue few weeks since the ediior of the above, world to confound the mighty; yea and things in common with other papers, made some rewhich are pot hath god chosen to bring to nought the things which are.' We can un

marks upon Mr. H.'s arrest and imprison. derstand what we call goodness well enough,

ment for blasphemy; and whilst he warmly because it is the way of man, and is consisdeprecated the course pursued, expressed it tent, but we cannot understand what we term

as his opinion that Mr. HoLYOAKE was as evil, because it is of god, and we know not its in their belief. To this Mr. H., in a letter to

bigotted in his disbelief as his opponents were function. We have no wish to deny the existence of evil, we know that society is wicked the editor, objecte ; and the above is extracted and miserable, and we know that its arrange of Persecutions for opinions."

from the Gazette, of July 16, under the head ments are complicated and anomalous; so twisted and twined, that the best of intellects formed his opinions of Mr. H: from certain

The editor of the Gazette, it would appear, cannot unravel the mystery, and this is our stronghold for the existence of deity; that it writings in the Oracle, about, I should prewould require the ingenuity and forethought sume, the time of the latter's arrest (see o. of a god to design, plan, execute, and keep in 25, p 201; were it so, I am the bigot, and existence such a hell as we have upon earth !

not G. J. H. Should I be correct in my Man is ever striving to improve; all his as- surmise, one of two reasons would appear to pirations are onward toward a higher destiny have led to the charge upon Mr. H. instead which he sees in prospect and wishes to fulfil; of upon the writer whose initials were atand this is not the feelings of one man alone, tached; either the supposition that the editor it belongs to the race, it is an attribute of the of the Oracle writes under different initials, whole family. How could man produce what which is saying but little for his honesty; or he cannot understand, and how prevent the that be inserts only such opinions as square realization of the very thing he is struggling with his own, which is saying no more for his to attain ? No! Who seeth not " that it is liberality. Neither supposition, however,

I do not for a moment pot of him that runneth, but god giveth the would be correct. victory?” The power of a god alone could expect the editor of the Gazelle reads or sees prevent us from possessing, and yet we deny the Oracle weekly, or he would have perceived bis existence. If there were no other proof, the notice inserted more than once, that the we should rest secure upon the fulfilment of initials to all the articles are the genuine ones prophecy, “I will laugh at your calamities of the writers, as far as the editor has any and mock when your fear cometh ;'' who can

means of ascertaining. Whether the cap be. deny the fulfilment of this promise ; who, longs to me or not, 1 care but little, it fits as when they see men put out of the union bastile though 'twere made purposely, and I am by the shoulders, when they apply for relief; content to wear it for the present. and hear the jeer of the overseer-who does

The Oracle is charged with being not recognise the vice-gerent of god, and ap- ducted in the most scurrilous and one-sided preciate his loud and soul-harrowing laugh ; spirit!” What a liberal charge for a parti: who that knows of hundreds petitioning, after zan paper! Is not the Gazette the avowed their bridewell term has expired, to be allowed and determined enemy of whig and tory; to remain, subject to all the rules of the prison, whilst the Oracle is the enemy of every species and they are thrust out; who does not recog- of villany, whether political or religious ? pise bad times as a judgment, and see that Will the Gazette fill its columns with equal god mocks our fears ?" Can Atheiscs deny the arguments for tory, wbig, sutfrage, and charexistence of god after this ? If so, let us tisın ? No!' But the editor might say, our have their strong reasons ; if not,' let the columos are open to the discussion of these question rest for ever.

W. questions with our opponents. And who in

formed the editor of the Gazelle that ours THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION

were not equally open to fair disputants on GAZETTE” & MR. HOLYOAKE.

the side of religion or goddism? The indi,

viduals connected with this paper are disbe" !t is possible that Mr. Holyoake, as an individual) lievers in divinity under any forın; either as in above the narrowness of intellect which can see 10 truth but in its own conceptions, but the publi. Jehovah, Christ, Brahma, Veeshnu, or Mo. cation with which Mr. Holyoake is connected, and hammed, and are earnestly labouriný to de. from which alone we formed our opinion, was, we stroy the belief in others, from a conviction of must in candour say, conducted in the most scur. rious and one-sided spirit. Were we to listen to

its baneful effects upon society. How do the opinions of this Orucle, we should believe that they do this? By combating the strongest christianity had existed in vain, and that it was arguments used by believers, ju a candid from its origin a system of the grossest falsehood, spirit, devoid of shulling; and this they can Cost upon Christians, and the source from which challenge any one to disprove. To say the they derived their faith ; and although we do not l Oracle is one-sided is no good objection to it, 267

con.

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