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fraud and deception, whose delight it was He was, however, discomfited, for the bungto issue orders to his enemies, which he ling and informality of the proceedings were compelled them to neglect, by "hardening so glaring, as to compel the magistrate to their hearts,” and then scourged them for dismiss the case. The reward of the bluedisobedience.

coated* god-defender, was his trouble ; his There is a god, whose monstrous appetite summons was "all vanity;" his victory, for blood, required for its gratification, du- "vexation of spirit.” The turnkey of the ring 4000 years, continual supplies of fresh House of Correction would have rejoiced victims from bands of sacrificial butchers, more over the imprisonment of one blasphetill the life-blood of “ his only-begotten son

mer, than

ninety and nine pickpockets, trickled down the felon's gibbet, and which wbether of the church, the state, or the to this day, wherever his maleficent influ- street. ence is felt, compels the sacrifice of the good The three policemen paid 43. for the and just, at the hands of his butcher-priests. christian tract, vulgo, summons, which has

There is a god, whose amusements have put them in a sanguinary perspiration called, consisted in the measurement of dressing- in gospel twaddle a“ bloody sweat." This gowns, the stitching of breeches, the counting was the work of the Times. The " lobsters," of buttons, the embroidering of petticoats, though boiling with rage, still look blue. the sketching out of candlesticks, &c., for Poor automatons, how they must feel their which dignified employment he selected his take in! Naughty godmongers! after adforemen, journeymen, and apprentices from vising these asses to adopt lions' skins, to see a particular family or two, set apart from them cudgelled out of them without interamong the fickle, ignorant, and besotted fering, was rather too bad. savages, who rejoiced in the title of his These “ clever idle dogs," after dofing peculiar people.”

their royal blue, and taking to their greasy There is a god, whose promises unfulfilled, jackets-after putting aside their " hazel threats not executed, denunciations without twigs,” and drawing their steel-pens, and consequences, whose alliance without copying “What is god ?” and other useful strengthening, and favoritism without ad- knowledge,” from our window—and trying a vantage, have stigmatised him as unsurpassed hundred little maneuvres to sniff up a case for implacable vengefulness, bitter malignity, of blasphemy-after all this, to be told by horrible atrocity, miserable imbecility, con

Midas Hall, that it " was no go," must retemptible vanity-in short, an intense con- quire nearly as much philosophy as falls to centration of the most detestable passions our share, which is considerably more than which have signalised the most notorious of has yet been served out to christian bludgeonmalefactors.

And we pray (for the first time) the That GOD

THE Jew-god, not to put his light (if he has one), CHRISTIANS!

upon these dark and foggy nights, under a M. Q. R. bushel, but to stick it on Waterloo-bridge, and

take care that none of the force, in their “HALL's CALL TO THE UNCON- last quarter's report, throw themselves from

new clothes, or the Vice Society, with the VERTED” (NOT BAXTER’s).

its parapets, and thus deprive us of a world

of fun. As man was, in the beginning (gulled], is We must not forget, for the benefit of our now, and ever will be "_while christianity readers, Mister Justice Midas Hall's defiis part and parcel of the law of the land, nition of a thoroughfare. He said a shop so long will credulity be part and parcel of window was one! So that any jolly costerhis being. These pithy remarks, and many monger may, if he fancies it, drive his donkey more, equally sage, have been suggested by through your windows into your shop-—nay, the abusive letters and notices in the he may summons you for obstructing the Times, Herald, Post, and some weeklies thoroughfare, by putting glass in it! A of the same kidney, recommending perse- pretty specimen of justice's justice. Their cutions for blasphemy, and conjuring up the power, fortunately, is fast passing away-a grandiloquent victories that would be obtained train of ill-luck seems to attend their movewere we proceeded against, if only for the ments--the public mind will not sanction nuisance created by the numbers congregated prosecutions— free expression has invaded at our office window, with the rewards which the glorious rights of christianity, and, should would follow our certain conviction.

At last the tempting bait caught a flat of a policeman, named Medlicott, whose large- other coloured clothes – the devil's livery being

* The bishops' bludgeon-men should have some ness of swallow is unquestionable, and whose “blue, turned up with thunder and lightning." But nose reminds one of the Peak of Teneriffe. we snppose it is, in celestial, as in mandane matters He summoned us to Bow-street" for exhibit: --spirits will ape their betters, and the " lord of

Hosts" takes the fashion from the Prince of Dark ing a certain profane

paper

in our window." ness." 426

men.

IS

THE

GOD

OF

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& coroner be shortly summoned to attend a rogues (denying such a thing as heaven), post mortem, the word “persecution ” will should be compelled to go to a place which is be found engraved on their hearts. The so anti-heavenly, as to form the very eviAtheists have done the trick, and their oc- dence of his disbelief in heaven. All this is cupation is nearly gone-the splendiferous very strange, if we are to believe those schemes of auto-de-faism are knocked on the church cossacks, who say, that they have, in head. Christianity, although still breathing, all they do, no other object than to convince has had its teeth drawn-it can no more bite man of heaven and its bliss. If I was one -its murky hell is now obscured—its priestly of those captains of the cross, I would have demons and lay dupes have been eclipsed by opened to Messrs.Southwell and Holyoake the the apostles of freedom of thought -- the best apartments of Buckingham Palace, power once vested in the hands of heaven's given them the best coats from the French vice-gerents, have become “ fine by degrees, court, provided them with Burgundy wine, and beautifully less." One striking lesson Champaign, and Malaga, and Havana cigars. is to be gleaned from the preceding events, All these good things would, perhaps, give to the utter impotence of religious efforts to these two Infidels some idea of a heaven and prevent the march of mind. The sword of its enjoyments; if not, I would have added the god of the christians has been shivered to these good things the following words :on our shield of truth-the “ all in all” has Friends, the frontier of heaven is the heart fallen before the arrows of inquiry-and we -out of the heart you have the palace, the have now given to slavery, despotism, and French coat, the Burgundy wine, and the monkish frauds their just characters, and Havana cigars. Do you not now believe in designated them by their proper names.

So heaven? I am sure they would have at perish all religions !

T. P. once said, We do, sir! But how do they

convince the infidels of their heaven and god ? They throw their bodies into a dun

geon, and skilley into their bodies, and call ANTI-PERSECUTION UNION. out, “mind our heaven and our god.” It is

a great pity that Messrs. Southwell and PUBLIC MEETING.

Holyoake believe neither in hell nor devil, else

they might have very properly answered A PUBLIC MEETING in connection with them: Go to hell with your heaven; go to the above society, was held at the Social In- the devil with your god; we do not like to stitution John-street, Tottenham Court- be in that way convinced of their goodness! road, London, on Monday, Dec. 5, at half- Now, is this savage mode of convincing Inpast eight, p.m. Mr. HETHERINGTON in fidels of a gracious heaven, of a merciful the chair.

god—not strange? Strange! no! if we The Chairman opened the business of the consider the state of mind under which meeting in an effective speech.

these bandits of heaven labour.

Long Mr. LLOYD JONES moved the first reso- before the evangelical Mademoiselle Mary lution, as follows :

had married her first husband, god senior + That all legal interference with the (I hope her first husband died or free expression of speculative opinions, is parated from his lady by a decision of the both impolitic and unjust -- impolitic be- pope, for we must not accuse that poor woman cause, though potent to make hypocrites, it of bigamy), I say, long before Mary's first never can make converts; unjust because it singular marriage, have these rogues exretards the progress of truth, and inflicts a isted. But we will not dwell upon those of gross private injury without producing any past ages. Besides, the trade of religion general good; that the true and just appli- has, since the olden times, experienced a great cation of the law is to protect the weak and modification, just like the trade of opium in the minority, in the annunciation of their | China. Formerly, the articles of religion opinions, and the only legitimate tribunal is were sold by stealth; that would not do the public voice after full and free discus- for the greedy priest-merchants of modern sion."

ages, they took up arms, like the English Seconded by Mrs. CHAPPLESMITH, and government, fought a great bloody battle carried unanimously..,

with the unexperienced human race, subdued Mr. J. C. BLUMENFIELD, said-Blas- it, and established the free-trade of their poiphemy! persecution ! It is strange, that sonous heavenly merchandise.

We have, one should be the consequence of the other; | therefore, in our present investigation, to it is strange to see bricklayers and carpen-speak of those of our age. We said the perters, whom I would have supposed to be secutions of Infidels by christian priests, are apprentices of the devil, if I was a believer, by no means strange, if we consider the building prisons out of ideas and words of a state of mind of the persecutors. In conblasphemer; it is strange, that a blasphemer, sequence of numerous forgeries, in which who refuses to go to heaven with a set of they had been detected, they got into a miess,

427

se.

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ot of which they did not know how to es- must know that the fraudulent trade with cape. I don't know if they feared to be heaven has been carried on for centuries, dot hung or smothered, or that their pockets alone by the priests, but by millions of other might be emptied; what they feared, I don't descriptions, and that, therefore, the imexactly know; this I knyw, that in conse- portant discovery of Messrs. Southwell and quence of some fear or other, they adopted Holyoake, was such a dreadful thing as to the stratagem to prosecute their prosecutors, raise, not alone the priests, but the whole and thus save themselves. The affair I world of lords, ministers, kings, and queens, learnt afterwards was this: Messrs. South- who were engaged in that trade, and to effect well and Holyoake presented themselves in a thus a general bankruptcy amongst them. house as clerks, with valuable articles, and To prevent such an alarming monster-bankvery cheap too, from the old established ruptcy, they threw Messrs. Southwell and house of Reason and Co. The customer an- Holyoake as the evidence against their pick.. swered them, that he had been already sup- pocket gods, into prison. This is the affair plied with much superior articles, of course whieh passed between the reason and relimuch dearer, from the house of god and co. gion traders. Those who have ears may “Why,” exclaimed Messrs. Southwell and hear, those who have eyes may see and Holyoake, "you have been humbugged, sir, judge. At the last and true judgment, howsuch a house does not exist, and the articles ever, the victims for reason and love, and you bought are not worth a hungry dog's justice, and humanity, will be released from dream.” The clerks of god and co. denied, their prisons, and the swindling priests, with and the Infidels maintained, the fact. Both their catechisms, with their churches, with parties then applied to an honest old mer- their devils, with their god, with their bell, chant of the city, who was to decide the and with their heaven, will disappear from question. “Why,” said the merchant, “the the earth for ever. With this sweet bope, house of Reason and Co. I know very well, let us embrace and console our noble sufit is in London, in Manchester, in Dublin, in ferers, Southwell and Holyoake, and wait for Paris, and in Constantinople; but where a better time. does the house of god and co. exist ? We

Let us study, let us read, may at once write to this house, and thus

Reason's scriptores, reason's creed, ascertain the truth or falsehood of the asser

Gospels of humanity; tion of these two Infidel gentlemen.” It is in And the wolfish priests will die, heaven, was the answer of the clerks of god

And their tiger-god will fly;

Heaven, the earth will be. “Heaven, indeed, I never could make out where such a place could exist. Mr. Blumenfield concluded by movingCan you show it me on the maps ” The “ That CHARLES SOUTHWELL and poor clerks of god and co., thus pressed and Geo. JACOB HOLYOAKE now undergoing puzzled by the questions of the merchant, and sentences of fine and imprisonment, for the not being able to prove the existence of the obscure, doubtful, and undefinable crime house of god and co., and to establish their called blasphemy, are victims of irrahonest character as clerks of the same house, tional, vindictive, and savage laws—the dicta brought an action against Messrs. Southwell of bigotted judges in a superstitious period, and Holyoake, charging them with having and utterly at variance with the improved calumniated god and co. This maneuvre of spirit of the age.” the heavenly clerks, although not of a nature Mr. J. CAMPBELL, General Secretary to to prove that they were not rogues, inas- the National Charter Association, seconded much that their god, the calumniated indi- the resolution, which was carried. vidual, has not himself signed the action Mrs. MARTIN moved the next resolution brought against Messrs. Southwell and Holy- “ That Messrs. Southwell, Holyonke, oake (for I read, ever since, every day, the &c., having set aside private and personal T'imes paper, and never saw the signature of considerations for the advancement of a great god himself), was, according to their judg- public principle, by conscientiously expresment, qualified enough to deliver them for a sing and unflinchingly promulgating their moment from the scrape they had been honest convictions, are (whether right or brought into by the two İnfidels. I, however, wrong in those opinions) entitled to the was not of their opinion. I was convinced sympathy and support of this meeting, that these unmasked rogues, covered with which determines on an immediate sub. every crime and human blood, must be hanged scription in their behalf-and the adop, or smothered, or sent with empty pockets to tion of a petition to her majesty, to be signed the tread-mill. What was, my astonish- hy the chairman.” ment, when I heard, that not the swindling Mr. G. SIMKINS seconded it.-Carried. priests, but the honest Messrs. Southwell and A Memorial to the Queen was also adopted. Holyoake had been committed to prison. A collection was made in aid of the ob I asked a clever advocate the reason of such jects of the Union, and the meeting septa strange event, and he told me this: you rated, after a vote of thanks to the chairman.

and co.

i

WRITTEN BY CHARLES SOUTHWELL.

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THE FREE INQUIRER'S WHY AND men weaken the force of necessary restraints BECAUSE.

which just laws impose, without first abolishing the necessity for such restraints, by improving the condition, and, as a consequence, the morals of the people; but many

depraved men have made of law the mere Why is it supposed, that if men were not instrument of vengeance, ever ready to glut held responsible for their conduct, that vice their diabolical appetite for cruelty, so that would go unchecked ?

the law, which should be respected by all as Because it is said, that it would be incon- a guardian angel, or genius of protection, sistent to make men suffer for their miscon- has been abhorred as a foul and most ugly duct, seeing that they cannot help acting as fiend. We are, therefore, advocates of law they do, yet those who urge this, would not and order—of the former, because it will prohesitate if they saw a man, drunk or mad, duce the latter if wise and salutary

-as it is about to swallow arsenic, to dash it from his clear, that without some stringent regulation lips, even though they should knock a tooth society would go to pieces, and return to or two down his throat in so doing-still less anarchy; but then no laws should be framed would they hesitate so to act if they saw him in a vindictive spirit, or savour of cruelty ; about to administer the poison to another—as men should be made to suffer for their misthe loss of a tooth would be as a feather in doings, but none should be punished. In the scale, when weighed against the great Russia, where a darkness that may be felt good of preserving a fellow-creature's life. reigns over the land, and men are less free Again, if a child, knowing nothing of the na- and happy than brutes, the laws are framed ture of powder, should prepare to let off in a savage, harsh, and brutal spirit, for the squibs and crackers in a powder magazine, wisdom of the Russian legislator has not yet would our knowledge that the child was as reached the great truth, that human beings innocent as the unfledged bird prevent us are made to be what they are, and that it is using all necessary means to prevent the far easier to check the growth of crime by destruction of life and property? It would humanising the people, by early training and be but one step farther in folly, to say that implanting good habits, than by attempting none hereafter should kill fleas, because, to stem the torrent of crime, which Hows poor things, they are not responsible, and from their accursed institutions, as from an can't help biting. Our knowledge that vice inexhaustible fountain. The French crimiis madness, will not abate one jot our horror nal code is, to our shame be it spoken, the of those who practice it, or lead to the abo- least harsh and cruel in Europe, perhaps, in lition of a wholesome and necessary restraint, the world, and sheds more lustre on the but redouble our vigilance, lead to a dis- memory of Napoleon than did his most covery of the causes of crime, and the prac- brilliant victories. Australitz will be fortical adoption of the simple but invaluable gotten when the code of Napoleon will live principle, that "prevention is better than in the minds of men, unless, as we are told cure,” that all law being, at best, but a ne- by Shakspere, men's virtues live in sand, cessary evil, is only defensible on the score and their vices in marble. of its utility, and is rather tolerated than Why are severe penal laws still advocated admired ; so that those men wbo glorify the by many well-meaning individuals ? law, and are filled with a kind of wild fond- Because they hold the doctrine that the ness—like misers, who gloat over their shi- human heart is naturally depraved, which ning heaps-are so lost in the worship of depravity can only be held in check by pracmeans as to forget the end. Hence the rant tising upon the fears of men, hence torof idle declaimers, when they cry out, " let ments the most exquisite have been invented, the world be destroyed, so that the law and be maintained,” as though the law was Man's inhumanity to man anything more than a human invention, to

Has made countless thousands mourn! keep vice in check and hold out inducements Did such mischievous reasoners understand to virtue, by throwing the shield of its pro- that society, as a whole, makes its members tection over the innocent, and striking terror good or bad, virtuous or vicious, it would at into the hearts of evil-doers. Hence it fol- once dart upon them, that the only way to lows, that the law, like an external covering, reduce the amount of human vice, and its should be worn as long as it affords us pro- inseparable companion, misery, would be by tection and warmth, but be thrown aside, like the removal, as far as practicable, of poverty, an old garment, when worn out and useless. and giving to all a sound knowledge of men We may sum up by observing, that the term and things, which will call into existence law signifies a rule or regulation established that self-respect which is the parent of all by man for the guidance of man, the osten- good and virtuous acts. When this is, at all sible object of which is the good of all and events, attempted by statesmen and legis. the injury of none. Nor would any but mad- lators, then and then only will a ray of hope

“A POSTERIORI"

III.

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illumine the darkness that surrounds us, nor | instead of taking advantage of the tactics of will virtue much longer be a shadow, which his opponent, joins issue on the minor points eludes the grasp, but a living reality-and of accountability, thus leaving the real point jails, gibbets, and other instruments of death at issue between them, out of the question. and torture, will be pointed at as things that Bacheler says (p. 5), “ were all things in were--relics of a barbarous age.

accordance with the limited wisdom of man, there would be reason to suppose they were

not contrived by wisdom superior to his ; THE NEW ARGUMENT and consequently not contrived by infinite

wisdom, and, therefore, that there is no infi

nite wisdom-no god.” Thus, at once, it apFOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD.

pears to us, involving the most egregious

contradictions. He (Bacheler) would have it, And I will send a lying spirit into the mouths of that was man able to perceive this wisdom, their prophets.—Jew-BOOK.

it would be evidence against the existence of

god, and therefore that the non-perception is AND, in accordance with this spirit, they proof of deity's existence, and yet this very have all gone astray, speaking lies,” to assumed consciousness or proof, or whatever prove the existence of god—and, as lies else it may be called, must needs rest on the never serve a good purpose, so we find, in basis that man does perceive so much; for this instance, that they only serve to make even Bacheler is not a god, and thus the ardarkness visible. Even Origen Bacheler, in gument pokes out one eye of his deity in the his discussion with Dale Owen, proves just very act of pointing the other. And all the contrary position to that which he affirmed this is finished off, aptly enough (page 6), he would prove. Indeed, discussions are with the assertion, that the apparent imperstrange things; in looking over them, it will. fections in the universe, tend to corroborate generally be found that one of the combatants, that evidence of a deity's handy work to and of course him who feels his inability be drawn from the perfections thereof! while most, while he makes a great noise about the the very expression, apparent imperfections, victory, is actually playing the game of the raises the inference that they are not such in sailor in his flight from the bear, first throw- reality, but are, in fact, perfections, which, ing down a cap, and then a shoe, and then as such, in time destroys the evidence sought a glove, to take off his opponent's attention to be drawn from them in their contrary from the main point, and thus keeps up a character, as well as confirming the position running fire to such a length, that many that all things are in accordance with man's parties doubt on which side the victory is. limited wisdom-inasmuch as he can see

This is Origen Bacheler's game. He through the apparent imperfections, and opens the debate referred to, as god's cham- therefore, forming evidence against the expion, and it was, of course, for him to ad- istence of any higher wisdom, and, acduce proof of his master's existence. In- cording to his own argument, evidence stead, however, of doing this, he begins by against god. Nuw, let us look again at this analysing an adverse position, and one set matter. Bacheler, in analysing what he up by himself, too (see p. 5). Now this is calls the position of the Atheist, asserts that begging the question to begin with, and may, all things are in accordance with infinite account for his attack on the other side. Why wisdom, and as he asserts this in the plenidid he not stand up like a man, and if in tude of his own (man's) limited wisdom, it god's employ bring out the agreement; why follows that, according to his own showing, not give us the witnesses at once, that such they were not contrived by wisdom superior a firm as father, son, and holy-ghost existed, to his, and consequently not contrived by inand had engaged him as copying clerk or finite wisdom, and therefore, that there is no amanuensis, to write their letters ? Even infinite wisdom- no god. And again (page had he overthrown his opponent, his conclu- 9), he says, “ There is or there is not a god," sion does not follow, for it might be that and he makes it a duty on the part of his opboth were wrong.

We remember an account ponent to decide this one way or the other, of a debate amongst the students of the as if it were a tangible problem for mathe. Epicurean philosophy--whether the vicious matical solution; or, as if he was not dearer are more deserving of indignation or con- truth who believed not at all, than he who tempt. It was carried on for a long time, believed erroneously. Owen answers this neither party supposing there could be more by saying, “ There may, or there may not than two sides to the subject, when it was be one, or a thousand and one, superior ex. suggested, that the master always treated istences to man in the univerise ; there them with compassion, and the third side may be inhabitants in the sun, but that was immediately voted victorious.

it is impossible to stretch anaolgy from We complain, however, of both the dis- earth to heaven, and he sees no putants in the debate referred too, for Owen, to assert or deny.” Owen might have put

reason

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