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by the kings. Some of these were publicly promulgated ; but such as related to religious matters were kept secret, chiefly through means of the pontiffs, that they might hold the minds of the multitude in bondage. They next turned their deliberations to those days, which were to be accounted displeasing to the gods; and the fifteenth day of the calends of August was distinguished by an order, that on that unfortunate day no public or private business whatever should be transacted : it was deemed doubly unfortunate : for, on that day, the Fabii were slain at Cremera ; and, afterwards, on the same day, the fatal battle of Allia, which effected the destruction of the city, was fought: from the latter disaster, it was denominated the Allian day. Some are of opinion, that, because, on the day following the ides of July, Sulpicius, when military tribune, had neglected to perform the rites of the augury; and, without being assured of the favour of the gods, shad, on the third day after, exposed the Roman army to the enemy, it was ordained, that the days following the calends, and the nones, should also be accounted equally inauspicious.

II. But it was not long allowed them to consult, in quiet, on the means of raising up the city, after such a grievous fall. On one side, their old enemy, the Volscians, had taken arms, resolved to extinguish the Roman name ; and, on the other, according to intelligence received from certain traders, a conspiracy of the leading men, from all the several states of Etruria, had been formed at the temple of Voltumna, for the purpose of commencing hostilities. To which was added a new cause of apprehension, by the defection of the Latines and Hernicians, who, ever since the battle fought at the lake Regillus, during the course of near an hundred years, had continued in friendship with the Roman people without ever giving reason to doubt their fidelity. Wherefore, when such alarms started up on every side, and all men plainly perceived,

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formation might have been contained in the commenof the pontiffs, and other public or private records, it nost entirely lost in the burning of the city. Hence1, from the second origin of Rome, from whence, as 5 root, receiving new life, it sprung up with redoubled ind vigour, I shall be able to give the relation of its both civil and military, with more clearness and cer

Now, after its restoration, it leaned still, for principort, on the same instrument which had raised it from arcus Furius Camillus. Nor did the people suffer ay aside the dictatorship before the end of that year. udged improper that the tribunes, during whose ad. tion the city had been taken, should preside at the

for the year ensuing, and an interregnum was ren. While the public were kept diligently employed ing the city, Quintus Fabius, as soon as he went out

had a prosecution instituted against him by Caius , a tribune of the commons, for having, while in the - of ambassador, contrary to the law of nations, acted against the Gauls, with whom he had been sent as a to negotiate: he escaped standing his trial, by a opportune, that most people believed it voluntary. regnum commenced. Publius Cornelius Scipio was innd, after him, Marcus Furius Camillus a second time.

He elected military tribunes, with consular power, Lucius Valerius Poplicola a second time, Lucius Virginius, Publius Cornelius, Aulus Manlius, Lulius, and Lucius Postumius. These, entering on office, ely on the conclusion of the interregnum, consulted

on no other business previous to that which related 1. They ordered, in the first place, that a collection made of the treaties and laws which could be found. consisted of the twelve tables, and some laws enacted by the kings. Some of these were publicly promulgated ; but such as related to religious matters were kept secret, chiefly through means of the pontiffs, that they might hold the minds of the multitude in bondage. They next turned their deliberations to those days, which were to be accounted displeasing to the gods; and the fifteenth day of the calends of August was distinguished by an order, that on that unfortunate day no public or private business whatever should be transacted : it was deemed doubly unfortunate : for, on that day, the Fabii were slain at Cremera ; and, afterwards, on the same day, the fatal battle of Allia, which effected the destruction of the city, was fought: from the latter disaster, it was denominated the Allian day. Some are of opinion, that, because, on the day following the ides of July, Sulpicius, when military tribune, had neglected to perform the rites of the

augury; and, without being assured of the favour of the gods, shad, on the third day after, exposed the Roman army to the enemy, it was ordained, that the days following the calends, and the nones, should also be accounted equally inauspicious.

II. But it was not long allowed them to consult, in quiet, on the means of raising up the city, after such a grievous fall. On one side, their old enemy, the Volscians, had taken arms, resolved to extinguish the Roman name ; and, on the other, according to intelligence received from certain traders, a conspiracy of the leading men, from all the several states of Etruria, had been formed at the temple of Voltumna, for the purpose of commencing hostilities. To which was added a new cause of apprehension, by the defection of the Latines and Hernicians, who, ever since the battle fought at the lake Regillus, during the course of near an hundred years, had continued in friendship with the Roman people without ever giving reason to doubt their fidelity. Wherefore, when such alarms started up on every side, and all men plainly perceived, ier information might have been contained in the commenries of the pontiffs, and other public or private records, it as almost entirely lost in the burning of the city. Hencerward, from the second origin of Rome, from whence, as om its root, receiving new life, it sprung up with redoubled alth and vigour, I shall be able to give the relation of its airs, both civil and military, with more clearness and cernty. Now, after its restoration, it leaned still, for princisupport, on the same instrument which had raised it from a, Marcus Furius Camillus. Nor did the people suffer

to lay aside the dictatorship before the end of that year. vas judged improper that the tribunes, during whose adistration the city had been taken, should preside at the tions for the year ensuing, and an interregnum was reed on.

While the public were kept diligently employed pairing the city, Quintus Fabius, as soon as he went out ffice, had a prosecution instituted against him by Caius cius, a tribune of the commons, for having, while in the acter of ambassador, contrary to the law of nations, acted ms against the Gauls, with whom he had been sent as a ster to negotiate : he escaped standing his trial, by a a $o opportune, that most people believed it voluntary. nterregnum commenced. Publius Cornelius Scipio was ins; and, after him, Marcus Furius Camillus a second time.

He elected military tribunes, with consular power, 366.

Lucius Valerius Poplicola a second time, Lucius 586.

Virginius, Publius Cornelius, Aulus Manlius, LuEmilius, and Lucius Postumius. These, entering on office, liately on the conclusion of the interregnum, consulted nate on no other business previous to that which related gion. They ordered, in the first place, that a collection be made of the treaties and laws which could be found. ter consisted of the twelve tables, and some laws enacted

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by the kings. Some of these were publicly promulgated ;
but such as related to religious matters were kept secret,
chiefly through means of the pontiffs, that they might hold the
minds of the multitude in bondage. They next turned their
deliberations to those days, which were to be accounted dis-
pleasing to the gods; and the fifteenth day of the calends of
August was distinguished by an order, that on that unfortu-
nate day no public or private business whatever should be
transacted : it was deemed doubly unfortunate : for, on that
day, the Fabii were slain at Cremera ; and, afterwards, on
the same day, the fatal battle of Allia, which effected the
destruction of the city, was fought: from the latter disaster,
it was denominated the Allian day. Some are of opinion,
that, because, on the day following the ides of July, Sulpicius,
when military tribune, had neglected to perform the rites of
the

augury; and, without being assured of the favour of the
gods, had, on the third day after, exposed the Roman army
to the enemy, it was ordained, that the days following the
calends, and the nones, should also be accounted equally in-
auspicious.

II. But it was not long allowed them to consult, in quiet, on the means of raising up the city, after such a grievous fall. On one side, their old enemy, the Volscians, had taken arms, resolved to extinguish the Roman name ; and, on the other, according to intelligence received from certain traders, a conspiracy of the leading men, from all the several states of Etruria, had been formed at the temple of Voltumna, for the purpose of commencing hostilities. To which was added a new cause of apprehension, by the defection of the Latines and Hernicians, who, ever since the battle fought at the lake Regillus, during the course of near an hundred years, had continued in friendship with the Roman people without ever giving reason to doubt their fidelity. Wherefore, when such alarms started up on every side, and all men plainly perceived,

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