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4. Define “ Density” and “Specific Gravity.”

Calculate the density of gunmetal, given that a cylinder of this material 10 centimetres long and 2 centimetres in diameter weighs 280 grammes.

5. Explain the action of the Syphon.

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B. 1. Define “Temperature,” “Quantity of Heat,” “Unit

of Heat."

What are the principal advantages and defects of a mercury-in-glass thermometer as compared with other thermometers ?

2. A block of ice is taken at a temperature of -10°

centigrade. Describe carefully the changes undergone by the material as its temperature is gradually raised to 120° centigrade under normal pressure, stating what physical properties (besides the state of aggregation) become affected, and to what extent.

3. State the “ Laws of Fusion" of solid bodies.

Describe some experimental means of determining the melting point of a solid.


4. One hundred grammes of powdered glass at a

temperature of 100° centigrade are mixed with an equal weight of water at 0° centigrade; the specific heat of glass being 0·2, determine the

final temperature of the mixture. 5. Explain carefully the term “Mechanical Equivalent

of Heat."



The Board of Examiners.

Illustrate your answer by as many diagrams as possible.

1. What do you understand by the lymphatic system. What are its functions?

2. What is the composition, and what are the uses of blood?

3. Why does the stoppage of the heart's action frequently cause death?

4. Why does the air enter the lungs in inspiration and leave it in expiration?

5. What do you understand by reflex action? Give examples.

6. What are tears.

How is it that they only run down the cheeks on special occasions?

7. What is the special sensory organ concerned with the sense of smell. Where is it situated, and

how is it excited?

8. What is the difference between whispering and speaking?

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9. How is the focus of the eye adjusted for vision at

different distances ?

10. If light and heat are modes of motion, by what

modification of structures are they separately


The Board of Examiners.

All answers must be illustrated by rough sketches,

1. Describe the structure of a fibro-vascular bundle

in a fern, and the functions performed by the
different parts.

2. Describe the structure and life-history of a mould

such as Mucor.

3. Give the characteristic features of the following

natural orders:- Rutacee, Proteacea, Liliacea,

4. Describe the structures seen when a section is cut

across the leaf of a flowering plant.

5. Describe in botanical terms the leaves of the

following plants :Buttercup, Leptospermum,
pea, dandelion, Epacris. What is a phyllode ?

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6. What do you understand by the term fruit? Describe the structure of the fruit in the pea or bean, and the processes leading up to its formation.

7. How do plants (1) breathe, (2) feed? Illustrate your answer by reference to (1) a mould, (2) a flowering plant.

8. What is meant by the terms cohesion, adhesion, and suppression? Illustrate your answer by reference to particular examples.

9. No calyx is seen in an expanded Poppy flower. Why? What term is applied to such calyces, and how is their existence seen?

10. How are fruits classified for Botanical purposes?

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The Board of Examiners.


Candidatos must do satisfactory work on EACH part of

the paper.

A. 1. Translate into Greek prose

The accused is one of a dangerous set of persons whose main object in life seems to be to work mischief to any form of government which they may from time to time be under. Whether the few or the many happen to make the laws, these gentry declare the said laws to be altogether intolerable, and they set to work to overthrow them. If you were to ask me upon

what sistent principles they proceed in this extraordinary conduct, I couid only guess that it is upon the principle of consistent contrariety, which, as a political attitude, is rather worthy of spoiled children than of reasoning men. I know not what we are to do with such beings, unless we put them on an island by themselves, and let

them legislate each other to death. 2. Translate into English(α) Πρώτον μεν ούν ούκ άθυμητέον, ώ άνδρες Αθη

ναίοι, τοίς παρούσα πράγμασιν, ουδ' ει πάνυ φαύλως έχειν δοκεί ο γάρ έστι χείριστον αυτών εκ του


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