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3. Shew the error of the ordinary arguments from

historical examples.

4. Shew that discussion upon forms of government in

the abstract is of no value.

5. What is evolution? What is super-organic evo


6. Illustrate the application of evolution to history.

7. Illustrate the application of evolution to industrial


8. Explain and illustrate the statements that in

human actions

(a) The absolutely bad may be relatively good. (6) The absolutely good may be relatively bad.

9. Explain and illustrate the statement that an

unwritten law enforced by opinion is more peremptory than a written law not so enforced.

10. Trace briefly the chief stages in the growth and

development of the body economic since Edward the First.

11. Is it true that the advance of civilization is ac

companied by a tendency to pass from superior to inferior soils ?

12. What appears to have been the real question at

issue between Anselm and the Crown at the beginning of the twelfth century?


The Board of Examiners.

1. Examine the meaning given by Austin to the

word “ title,” and comment on his objections to

the use of the term by English lawyers. 2. State and criticise the meanings which have been

assigned to the phrase Jus Publicum, and the place (if any) which should be assigned to it in a

scientific classification of law. 3. Criticise the division of the Corpus Juris into jus

personarum, jus rerum, and jus actionum, and criticise the statement of Austin that it is a gross

logical error. 4. Explain and comment on Austin's statement that

the distinction between Law and Equity (meaning by Equity, a portion or department of law) is not deducible from the universal principles of

jurisprudence, but is accidental and anomalous. 5. Give a concise statement of Austin's remarks on

customary law, and criticise Maine's opinion that

they are comparatively unfruitful. 6. Sketch the history of the growth of the conception

of territorial sovereignty. 7. “The truth is that the Emphyteusis, not probably

as yet known by its Greek designation, marks one stage in a current of ideas which led ultimately to feudalism.”—MAINE.

Explain this statement.

8. How do you explain the fact that the more archaic

the code the fuller and minuter is its penal legislation ?

9. What was the reason for the vehement distaste of

Intestacy in Roman society? 10. What is Seebohm's opinion of the origin of the

Manor system in England, and state shortly the grounds upon which it is founded.





The Board of Examiners. 1. In Piers the Plowman, what account is given of

the state of religion in England, and of the popular feeling towards the Church? Does it differ from Chaucer's ?

2. Explain the words—Goliardeys, limitour, wastel,

handidandi. What is the origin of rigmarole and treacle ?

3. Is it true that in Chaucer's day there was much

greater variety in social conditions than now, and consequently more colour in life?

4. Describe fully two of the company that rode forth

from the Tabard, one man and one woman.

6. Explain the following passages, giving the mean

ing of peculiar words, and showing the construc

tion, whenever it seems unusual :(a) Him wolde he snibben sharply for the nones.

A bettre preest, I trowe that nowher non is.
He wayted after no pompe

and reverence,
Ne maked him a spyced conscience,
But Cristes lore, and his apostles twelve,

He taughte, but first he folwed it him-selve. (6) His Iambeux were of quyrboilly, His swerdes shethe of

yuory, His helm of laton bryght;

His sadel was of rewel boon.
(c) I seye, he took out of his own sleue,

A teyne of siluer (yuel moot he cheue !)
Which that ne was nat but an ounce of weighte;
And taketh heed now of his cursed sleighte.

6. Which do you consider the most interesting

character in the play of King John? Write a

short analysis of it. 7. Show the bearing of the following passages from

King John on Shakspeare's own time: (a) That water-walled bulwark, still secure

And confident from foreign purposes. (6) Add thus much more, that no Italian priest

Shall tithe or toll in our dominions.
(c) This England never did, nor never shall,

Lie at the proud foot of a conqueror,
But when it first did help to wound itself.

8. On which side was Shakspeare's sympathy in the revolution described in Richard II?

9. Quote a passage from Richard II., not more than a dozen lines. Write a few words of comment, explaining why you like the passage.

10. Write an account of Spenser's life up to the first publication of the Faery Queene.

11. Did Shakspeare "unlock his heart" with the "small key" of the sonnet?

12. Compare Marlow's style with that of Shakspeare's early plays.



The Board of Examiners.

1. Give the substance of either Polonius' advice to his son, or Hamlet's advice to the players. De you consider the advice valuable?

2. Explain briefly the following from Hamlet:(a) The sledded Polacks.

(b) Hyperion to a satyr.


with swinish phrase

Soil our addition.

(d) Unhousel'd, disappointed, unaneled.

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