Democracies and Dictatorships in Latin America: Emergence, Survival, and Fall

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Cambridge University Press, 2013 - 353 pagine
This book presents a new theory for why political regimes emerge, and why they subsequently survive or break down. It then analyzes the emergence, survival, and fall of democracies and dictatorships in Latin America since 1900. Scott Mainwaring and Aníbal Pérez-Liñán argue for a theoretical approach situated between long-term structural and cultural explanations and short-term explanations that look at the decisions of specific leaders. They focus on the political preferences of powerful actors - the degree to which they embrace democracy as an intrinsically desirable end and their policy radicalism - to explain regime outcomes. They also demonstrate that transnational forces and influences are crucial to understand regional waves of democratization. Based on extensive research into the political histories of all twenty Latin American countries, this book offers the first extended analysis of regime emergence, survival, and failure for all of Latin America over a long period of time.
 

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Recensione dell'utente  - thcson - LibraryThing

In the first few chapters this book contained all the typical signs of political ”science”, with emphasis on the quotation marks: misuse of the words ”explain” and ”causal” when the correct expression ... Leggi recensione completa

Sommario

A Theory of Regime Survival and Fall
29
Competitive Regimes and Authoritarianism in Latin America
63
A Quantitative Test
93
International Actors International Influences and Regime
204
Political Regimes after the Third Wave
242
Rethinking Theories of Democratization in Latin America
269
2 Coding U S Foreign Policy toward Democracy
300
1 Qualitative Comparative Analysis
304
Index
345
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Informazioni sull'autore (2013)

Scott Mainwaring is the Eugene and Helen Conley Professor of Political Science at the University of Notre Dame. His research interests include democratic institutions, democratization, and political parties and party systems. Among his previous books are Rethinking Party Systems in the Third Wave of Democratization: The Case of Brazil (1999), The Third Wave of Democratization in Latin America: Advances and Setbacks (co-edited, Cambridge University Press, 2005), The Crisis of Democratic Representation in the Andes (co-edited, 2006) and Democratic Governance in Latin America (co-edited, 2010). Mainwaring is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 2007, he was listed as one of the 400 most cited political scientists teaching in the United States.

An bal P rez-Li n is an Associate Professor of Political Science and a member of the Center for Latin American Studies at the University of Pittsburgh. His research focuses on democratization, political institutions, and the rule of law in new democracies. He is the author of Presidential Impeachment and the New Political Instability in Latin America (Cambridge University Press, 2007) and has published articles in the Journal of Politics, World Politics, Comparative Political Studies, Comparative Politics, and Electoral Studies, among other journals. His research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the United States Agency for International Development and the Inter-American Development Bank.

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