General Circulation Model Development: Past, Present, and Future

Copertina anteriore
Elsevier, 19 lug 2000 - 416 pagine
General Circulation Models (GCMs) are rapidly assuming widespread use as powerful tools for predicting global events on time scales of months to decades, such as the onset of EL Nino, monsoons, soil moisture saturation indices, global warming estimates, and even snowfall predictions. While GCMs have been praised for helping to foretell the current El Nino and its impact on droughts in Indonesia, its full power is only now being recognized by international scientists and governments who seek to link GCMs to help them estimate fish harvests, risk of floods, landslides, and even forest fires.
Scientists in oceanography, hydrology, meteorology, and climatology and civil, ocean, and geological engineers perceive a need for a reference on GCM design. In this compilation of information by an internationally recognized group of experts, Professor Randall brings together the knowledge base of the forerunners in theoretical and applied frontiers of GCM development. General Circulation Model Development focuses on the past, present, and future design of numerical methods for general circulation modeling, as well as the physical parameterizations required for their proper implementation. Additional chapters on climate simulation and other applications provide illustrative examples of state-of-the-art GCM design.

Key Features
* Foreword by Norman Phillips
* Authoritative overviews of current issues and ideas on global circulation modeling by leading experts
* Retrospective and forward-looking chapters by Akio Arakawa of UCLA
* Historical perspectives on the early years of general circulation modeling
* Indispensable reference for researchers and graduate students
 

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Indice

Chapter 2 A Brief History of Atmospheric General Circulation Modeling
67
Phillipss 1956 Experiment
91
Chapter 4 Climate Modeling in the Global Warming Debate
127
Chapter 5 A Retrospective Analysis of the Pioneering Data Assimilation Experiments with the Mintz Arakawa General Circulation Model
165
Chapter 6 A Retrospective View of Arakawas Ideas on Cumulus Parameterization
181
Chapter 7 On the Origin of Cumulus Parameterization for Numerical Prediction Models
199
Chapter 8 QuasiEquilibrium Thinking
225
Some Sensitivity Experiments
257
Chapter 15 Climate and Variability in the First QuasiEquilibrium Tropical Circulation Model
457
Chapter 16 Climate Simulation Studies at CCSR
489
Chapter 17 Global Atmospheric Modeling Using a Geodesic Grid with an Isentropic Vertical Coordinate
509
From Climate Catastrophe to ENSO Simulations
539
Chapter 19 Representing the StratocumulusTopped Boundary Layer in GCMs
577
Chapter 20 Cloud System Modeling
605
Chapter 21 Using SingleColumn Models to Improve CloudRadiation Parameterizations
641
Chapter 22 Entropy the Lorenz Energy Cycle and Climate
659

General Circulation Models and Their Role in the Climate Modeling Hierarchy
285
Chapter 11 Prospects for Development of MediumRange and ExtendedRange Forecasts
327
Dynamical OneMonth Prediction
355
The Arakawa Approach Horizontal Grid Global and LimitedArea Modeling
373
Chapter 14 Formulation of Oceanic General Circulation Models
421
Chapter 23 Future Development of General Circulation Models
721
Index
781
Color Plate Section
809
Copyright

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Pagina 1 - The project was jointly organized and funded by the National Science Foundation, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and the Chemical Manufacturer's Association.

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