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Prætor. Spoke in favor of the Manilian law, by which
the command of the war against Mithridates was
transferred to Pompey. Defended Cluentius. Be-
trothed his daughter Tullia, who could not have
been more than ten years old, to C. Piso Frugi.

65 689 41 Declined the government of a province in order to

devote his energies to the attainment of the con-

57 697 49

56 698 50

Defended Sextius, who had been instrumental in his
restoration from banishment. Attacked, in a speech
in the senate, Vatinius, who had been one of the
chief witnesses against Sextius.

55 699 51 Attacked Piso, who had been consul at the time of

his exile. Composed his work De Oratore, in three


54 700 52 Defended Plancius, who had received him in his exile,
and was now accused of bribery. Composed his
work De Republica, in six books.

52 702 54 Defended Milo, who was accused of the murder of

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46 708 60 Wrote his dialogue on famous orators, called Brutus.
Spoke in defence of M. Marcellus and Q. Ligarius.

45 709 61 Divorced his wife Terentia: married a young ward,

named Publilia: lost his daughter Tullia. He com-

pleted in this year his Academicae Quaestiones, his

treatise De Finibus, and his Orator. Spoke in de-

fence of Deiotarus, king of Galatia, who had in-

eurred the resentment of Cæsar by his support of

the Pompeian party.

44 710 62 Composed many philosophical works: the Tusculanae
Disputationes, the De Natura Deorum, the De Divi-
natione, the De Senecute, and the De Officiis. After
the assassination of Cæsar on the 15th of March,
Cicero retired from Rome for a short time, but
returned in the beginning of September, and de-
livered his first Philippie against Antony.

43 711 63 Assassinated by command of Antony, on the 7th of




Age of

B. C. A.U.C. C
100 654

CAIUS JULIUS CAESAR, the dictator, son of C. Julius
Cæsar and Aurelia, was born on the 12th of July,
B. C. 100, in the consulship of C. Marius (VI.) and
L. Valerius Flaccus, and was consequently six
years younger than Pompey and Cicero. He was
closely connected with the popular party by the
marriage of his aunt Julia with the great Marius.
87 667 13 Elected to the dignity of flamen dialis, or priest of
Jupiter, through the influence of his uncle Marius.
Death of C. Marius.

86 668 14

84 670 16
83 671 17

His father, who had been prætor, died at Pisae.
Married Cornelia, the daughter of L. Cinna, one of
the chief opponents of Sulla. He had previously
been married to one Cossutia, a wealthy heiress,
whom he divorced in order to marry Cinna's daugh-
ter. This open declaration in favor of the popular
party so provoked the anger of Sulla, that he

82 672 18 Commanded him to divorce Cornelia, which he re-
fused to do. He was consequently proscribed, and

deprived of his priesthood, his wife's dower, and his
own fortune. Pardoned by Sulla.

81 673 19 Went to Asia, where he served his first campaign
under M. Minucius Thermus, who was engaged

in the siege of Mytilene. Sent by Thermus to
Nicomedes III. in Bithynia to fetch his fleet.

80 674 20 Took part in the capture of Mytilene, and was re-
warded with a civic crown for saving the life of

a fellow-soldier.

78 676 22 Served under P. Sulpicius, in Cilicia; but in the

65 689 35 Curule Edile with M. Bibulus: furnished public games
surpassing in magnificence all that had preceded
them: restored the statues of Marius.

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Appointed judex quæstionis in trials for murder.
Supported the Agrarian law of P. Servilius Rullus,
which Cicero spoke against on the first day of his
consulship: instigated an accusation for treason
against C. Rabirius, an aged senator, whom Cicero
defended in the speech Pro C. Rabirio; also an
accusation against C. Piso, who was consul in B.
C. 67, for executing unjustly a Transpadane Gaul:
was chosen pontifex maximus.
Prætor. Divorced Pompeia.
Proprætor of Further Spain.
tainous tribes of Lusitania, and took Brigantium,
a town in the country of the Gallæci. Was salut-
ed as Imperator by his soldiers, and honored by
the senate with a public thanksgiving.

Subdued the moun-

60 694 40 Returned to Rome: claimed a triumph, but relin-
quished it to become a candidate for the consulship.
Was successful, and after his election, probably,
entered into that coalition with Pompey and Cras-
sus, usually known as the first triumvirate.

59 695 41 Consul along with M. Bibulus, who had been his col-

58 696 42 Proconsul of Gaul and Illyricum. Conquered the

Helvetians, and totally defeated Ariovistus, the

King of the Germans.

57 697 43 Belgic war. Compelled the Suessiones, Bellovaci,
Ambiani, and other Belgic tribes to submit: con-
quered the Nervii, with a loss of 60,000 men.


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