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prevail with those of each Town for themselves, to withhold their Trade with Great Britain and Ireland, and every part of the West Indies, to commence at a certain time (say the 14th of June next), it will be a great sacrifice indeed, but not greater than Americans have given the World to expect from them, when called to offer it for the Preservation of the publick Liberty. One year's virtuous forbearance, would succeed to our wishes.
Your sentiment that “ Boston is suffering in the common cause,” is just and humane. Your obliging Letter has precluded any Necessity in me, to urge your utmost Exertions, that Connecticutt may, at this important juncture, act her Part in support of that common Cause, though the Attack is made more immediately on the Town of Boston.
Being at present pressed for time, I cannot write so largely as I feel disposed to do. I must, therefore, conclude with assuring you, that I am with very great Regard for the Hon'le Committee, Sir,
Your Sincere Friend
& Fellow Countryman, Mr. Silas DEANE.
Silas Deane to his wife. com .tistor. Socy
(From New York.) 7,143
MY DEAR:—We left the Bridge,* where I closed my last, after dinner, and baiting by the way, arrived in Town at six. Wm. Hubbard and Doc't Turner, overtook us at the Bridge, bound for Philadelphia; so that we now make a considerable string on the road. Instantly on our alighting at Hull's, Mr. Bayard came up, and without allowing us to shift our linen (apprehensive of something like this I shifted mine at the Bridge, before dinner), he forced us directly to the Exchange, where were the Boston Delegates, † two from S. Carolina,'and all the gentlemen of considerable note in the City, in the mercantile way, where they had dined, f and were then passing round the glass. They appeared in the highest possible spirits, on our introduction. But though we read that the presence of a friend enlighteneth the countenance, yet the brilliancy of this circle might by us, without any violence to our vanity, be as well attributed to something else. We went the round of introduction and congratulation, and then took our seats. The glass had circulated just long enough to raise the spirits of every one just to that nice point which is above disguise or suspicion, especially in persons any way generously disposed. Of consequence, I saw instantly that it was an excellent opportunity to know their real sentiments. Cool myself, I was not afraid of sharing in the jovial entertainment; therefore, after introduction, I wav'd the formality of sitting at the upper part, among my brother Delegates, and mixed among the gentlemen of the City. Here was McEvers, Alsop, Bache, Sherbrooke, Sharp, &c, &c. I soon found that parties ran excessively high in the City. Here were none of the Broomes, Sears, McDougalls or any of them; yet I found many favorable to the cause we were upon, and willing to go almost any length, while others were in reality against doing anything at all. I found they were fond of paying great court to Connecticut; and consequently could easily find out the reason without the use of divination. We broke up at nine, and retired to our Lodgings. Mr. Sherman is clever in private, but I will only say he is as badly calculated to appear in such a Company as a chesnutburr is for an eye-stone. He occasioned some shrewd countenances among the company, and not a few oaths, by the odd questions he asked, and the very odd and countrified cadence with which he speaks; but he was, and did, as well as I expected. These are good Lodgings, but I have relished nothing in the City since I entered it, being taken with a dysentery, which, however, I think is wearing off. The next morning we breakfasted with Mr. Sherbrooke,—that is, Col. Dyer and myself only. He went with us to fit us with clothes. I am not well suited, but took the best I could find.
* King's Bridge.
+ Thomas Cuching, Samuel and John Adams, and Robert Trent Paine, who arrived in New York, Aug. 20. They went first to “Hull's, a tavern the sign the Bunch of Grapes,”' and afterwards "to private lodgings at Mr: Tobius Stountenburg's, in King Street."J. Adams' Diary; Works ii, 345.
“We dined (Thursday, Aug. 25th), in the Exchange Chamber, at the invitation of the Committee of Correspondence, with more than fifty gentlemen, at the most eplendid dinner I ever saw; a profusion of rich dishes, &c., &c."
The more I converse in the City, the more I see and lament the virulence of party. As charity thinketh no evil of its neighbor, a party spirit is quite even with it, for it's sure to think no good. We have waived inyitations, and dined and supped at our Lodgings yesterday; but to-day we go to Hobuck with Mr. Bayard. This would be taken rather ill; but to make amends, we dine and go to meeting with John Broome to-morrow.
This will come under cover to your father at New London, to be forwarded by Knight. Pray omit nothing conducive to your health and peace of mind. I have been really ill this afternoon, when the villainous carelessness of my tailor, &c., has so awakened me that I feel well. He brings me home a suit of clothes quite unfit for me, so I had to set him to work anew, and wear my old ones, and now expect to be detained on his account in the morning. Doc'r Gale has wrote me, or rather sent me word, that he will attend you punctually; which I hope may be to your benefit. I have wrote in the rambling manner I have, as much to relieve my own mind as to divert yours.
I am Yours, most affectionately,
SILAS DEANE. 29th of August 1774.
MONDAY. - This day, as usual, was spent on Committees. Tuesday, we dined with Mr. Smith, a merchant of this City; and on Wednesday and Thursday, attended our business. Friday we had a grand entertainment at the State House. Sammy Webb must describe it. About five hundred gentlemen sat down at once, and I will only say there was a plenty of everything eatable and drinkable, and no scarcity of good humor and diversion. We had, besides the delegates, gentlemen from every province on the continent present. .
Extract from Silas Deane to Mrs. Deane.
PHILADELPHIA, SEPTEMBER 8, 1774. Come. thile I will now give you the character of the Delegates, beginning
p at South Carolina, as they are the Southernmost. sowy 2, 1995 at South Caro
Mr. Lynch is a gentleman about sixty, and could you see him * * * I need say nothing more. He has much the appearance of Mr. Jas. Mumford, deceased; dresses as plain, or plainer; is of immense fortune, and has his family with him. He wears the manufacture of this country, is plain, sensible, above ceremony, and carries with him more force in his very appearance than most powdered folks in their conversation. He wears his hair straight, his clothes in the plainest order, and is highly esteemed. With him are two brothers, Mr. Rutledge, Sen'r and Jun'r; of independent fortune, ingenuous but impetuous in the Cause they are engaged in; the eldest, I judge, of my age; his lady, and a son of Jesse's age are with him. They lodge at the next door. The younger brother is a tolerable speaker, equally zealous. He married Mr. Gadsden's daughter, who, as I told you, lodges with us. Mr. Gadsden leaves all New England Sons of Liberty far behind, for he is for taking up his firelock and marching direct to Boston; nay, he affirmed this morning, that were his wife and all his children in Boston, and they were there to perish by the sword, it would not alter his sentiment or proceeding for American Liberty; by which you may judge of the man, when I add that he is one of the most regularly religious men I ever met with. Col. Middleton is the only remaining member for that Province whom I have not characterized. He appears very modest; has said but little hitherto; is, I judge, fifty years of age, and of a very slender, thin habit; but is in high esteem by his acquaintance.
Virginia comes next, but that must be the business of a future hour.
I gave you the character of the South Carolina delegates, or rather a sketch. I will now pursue the plan I designed.
Mr. Randolph, our worthy President, may be rising of sixty; of noble appearance, and presides with dignity.
Col. Harrison may be fifty; an uncommonly large man, and appears rather rough in his address and speech.
Col. Washington is nearly as tall a man as Col. Fitch, and almost as hard a countenance; yet with a very young look, and an easy, soldierlike air and gesture. He does not appear above fortyfive, yet was in the first actions in 1753 and 1754, on the Ohio, and in 1755 was with Braddock, and was the means of saving the remains of that unfortunate army. It is said that in the house of Burgesses in Virginia, on hearing of the Boston Port Bill, he offered to raise, and arm and lead, one thousand men himself at his own expense, for the defence of the country, were there need of it. His fortune is said to be equal to such an undertaking.
Col. Bland is a plain, sensible man, deeply studied into and acquainted with the antiquities of Virginia, and of this Continent in general; has wrote several very sensible pieces on the subject; and is a tolerable, speaker in public, as is Col. Washington, who
speaks very modestly and in cool, but determined style and accent.
Mr. Pendleton is a lawyer of eminence, of easy and cheerful countenance, polite in address, and elegant if not eloquent in style and elocution.
Mr. Henry is also a lawyer, and the completest speaker I ever heard. If his future speeches are equal to the small samples he has hitherto given us, they will be worth preserving; but in a letter I can give you no idea of the music of his voice, or the highwrought, yet natural elegance of his style and manner.
Col. Lee is said to be his rival in eloquence; and in Virginia and to the Southward, they are styled the Demosthenes and Cicero of America. God grant they may not, like them, plead in vain for the Liberties of their Country!
Silas Deane's Letter. DEAR SAM:—You owe me a Letter, & a particular one,-but this is not to continue the advice I had begun to give you in a syetematical manner, or to complain of you not paying me. I have no time for the former, and impute to the same Cause, your deficiency in replying, but just to recommend to your notice a worthy Gentleman of this City, Mr. Clymer, the Bearer, whom I doubt not you will shew such Civilities, as the nature of your situation will admit of. I expect a long & minute Letter, but take care that it come by a safe hand. I am, Dear Sam’l, Yours most Tenderly,
S. DEANE. PAILADELPHIA, 16th Sept., 1775.
My compliments to Gen’l Putnam & Friends. I mean writing to Gen. Washington soon.
Silas Deane's Letter.
MURDERER'S CREEK, Oct. 15, 1779. My Dear Col. WEBB :-I promised myself the Pleasure of seeing you at Head Quarters, but have been disappointed, not only of this, but of receiving any Letter from you by my Brother.