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Offering the respects of Mrs. Fitzhugh & the young Ladies to your Lady and Family, & begging to assure you of the hignest respect and esteem, with which I regard you,
I am, My Dear Sir,
Your aff'c Friend, &c.,
* * FITZHUGH. P. S.-Excuse the above scrawl produced by Blindness and Haste. My Eyes which you recollect were bad in the night when young, have now got worse, both by day & night. So much so that I never venture out without the arm of a Friend or Servant to attend me.
GOV'R CLINTON'S LETTER.
POUGIIKEEPSIE, 25th October, 1777. DR. SIR :-I arrived here late last night, where I had hoped to find Gen'l Putnam, but was greatly disappointed and marched through this for Fishkill yesterday forenoon, and I cannot learn that he has left any order concerning our small army.
I am informed the enemy's shipping pass’d the Chevaux-deFrieze at New Windsor yesterday evening, and are gone down out of sight from thence, wherefore I think it best you move down towards New Windsor, that we may be nearer to the enemy, observing the same order as to your march as when you came to Hurley. If Col. Malcolm should have returned from Albany charged with orders from Gen'l Gates, contradictory letters, you will advise me thereof before you leave Hurley.
I shall continue at this place this day, and, as I am exceedingly
I am, Dear Sir,
Your most ob'd't serv't,
G. W. CLINTON.
The first patent granting any part of the Continent of North America, was that granted by Queen Elizabeth to Sir Walter Raleigh, dated March 25th, 1584, of such territories as he should discover between 33° and 40° of North Latitude ; which was vacated by Sir Walter's attainders.
King James the First, by Patent, dated April 10th, 1606, divided Virginia into two Colonies,—the Southern, called the first colony, between 34° & 41° of North Latitude ; and the Northern, called the second colony, between 38° & 45° North Latitude, he granted to the Plymouth Company. The Patent for South Virginia was vacated at the desire of the Patentees; and King James in 1609 (May) granted them a new Patent, bounded north by the 40° of North Latitude. The Patent of North Virginia was vacated shortly after.
In 1614 Capt. John Smith was in some parts of North Virginia, and first gave it the name of “New England.”
On November 30, 1620, King James, by a New Patent, incorporated the Duke of Lenox, the Marquises of Buckingham and Hamilton, the Earls of Annadale and Warwick, Sir Ferdinand Georges and thirty-four others, by the name of the “great council," established at Plymouth, in the county of Devon, “for the planting, ruling, ordering and governing of New England in America ;" —
granting to said great council, all the Lands lying between 40° & 489 of North Latitude, from sea to sea; together with all Islands adjoining thereto ; and all Ports, Rivers, Fisheries, Mines, &c. &c. &c.; and to give thereto, the name of “New England in America.”
This “great council" on the 19th March, 1628, “give, grant and confirm to Sir Henry Rosewell and others, Massachusetts Bay and the lands on the great River Marimack or Merrimack.” This grant extended from three miles south of Charles River, to three miles North of the Merrimack; and from sea to sea.
King Charles 1st afterwards, on the 4th March, 1629, confirmed the foregoing action of the council of Plymouth.
On the 19th Day of March, 1631, the Earl of Warwick, President of the Council of Plymouth, by Patent, conveyed to Vicount Say and Seal, Lord Brook and eleven others, all that part of New England from Narraganset River, south forty leagues on a strait line towards Virginia ; including all lands west from Ocean to Ocean.
The great council in like manner, proceeded to convey the remainder of New England; and in 1635 resigned their power into the hands of the Crown. Lord Say and Seal and Lord Brook and five others, in July, 1635, empowered John Winthrop, Esquire, their agent, in their names, to take possession of their lands at the mouth of the Connecticut River ; and build a fort which he called fort Saybrook ; and about the same time, by grant under the patent to Viscount Say and Seal, and Lord Brook, and their associates, Mr. Hopkins, Mr. Wyllis, the Rev. Thomas Hooker, and Mr. Richard Webb, and Mr. Haynes,—took possession of the lands on the Connecticut, at Hartford, Weathersfield, and Windsor, and began improvements after first driving away the Dutch from New Netherlands, who had settled at, and partly occupied, what they had named “Dutch Point,” south of Hartford ; the name of which was changed to “ Webb's Point,”—Richard Webb, having commanded the expedition to accomplish that work, although Rev. Thomas Hooker had charge of the entire expedition. [Tradition says the Emigrant party consisted of 67 souls.] In the year 1637 Mr. Easton and others, associates under the same patents, began a settlement at New Haven ; and claimed that their settlement extended to Delaware Bay & River; where they built a trading House, purchased lands of the natives on both sides of the Delaware River, and sent fifty families to settle there. They, as the people who had settled on the Connecticut had done, entered into a compact for government, under which they lived and governed until the restoration of Charles the Second ; when they were united into one colony by that King's renewed charter in 1662. In the meantime, they had purchased of, and conquered in just war with the natives, the most of all the lands within the patent on the east side of the Hudson's River; and had purchased from the natives, a large tract on both sides of Delaware River and Bay.
The Dutch and Swedes, claimed to have been in possession of the lands at New York, Albany, the Jersey, and on the Delaware, before the grants and patents made Nov. 4th, 1620, by King James to the great council of Plymouth in the county of Devon. And on Sept. 19th, 1650, Articles of agreement were entered into and concluded at Hartford, on Connecticut River, between the United Colonies, and the Delegates of Peter Stuyvesant, Governor General of the New Netherlands, by which the determination of these difficulties was left to the decision of the Kings of England and Holland; their subjects in the meantime, to live in “Love & Peace.”
In 1664, there being a war between England & Holland, the Dutch title in America, was extinguished; and King Charles granted to his brother, all the Land in dispute.
On the 30th June, 1673, New York and its Territories was recovered by the Dutch ; and their grant was revived and continued until 1674 ; when England by Treaty, regained possession of the Territory, and a new Patent was issued to the Duke of York, dated 29th June, 1674.
F. H. (1750):
Webb, Motcomb, County Dorset-granted June 15th, 1577–
Crest out of Ducal Coronet, a Demi-eagle displayed, or.
Richard Webb was admitted a freeman of the town of Boston in