Historical Dictionary of the Dirty Wars
The Historical Dictionary of the Dirty Wars coversthe period 1954–1990 in South America, when authoritarian regimes waged war on subversion, both real and imagined. The term “dirty war” (guerra sucia), though originally associated with the military dictatorship in Argentina from 1976 to 1983, has since been applied to neighboring dictatorships in Paraguay (1954–1989), Brazil (1964–1985), Bolivia (1971–1981), Uruguay (1973–1985), and Chile (1973–1990). Although the concept is by no means peculiar to Latin America—the term has become a byword for state-sponsored repression anywhere in the world—these regimes were among its most notorious practitioners. In the mid-1970s they joined forces—along with Ecuador and Peru—to create Operation Condor, a top-secret network of military dictatorships that kidnapped, tortured, and disappeared one another’s political opponents. Their death squads operated both nationally and internationally, sometimes beyond the region.
This third edition of Historical Dictionary of the Dirty Wars contains a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 400 cross-referenced entries on the countries themselves; guerrilla and political movements that provoked (though by no means exonerated) governmental reaction; leading guerrilla, human-rights, military, and political figures; local, regional, and international human-rights organizations; expressions of cultural resistance (art, film, literature, music, and theater); and artistic figures (filmmakers, novelists, and playwrights) whose works attempted to represent or resist the period of repression. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about the dirty wars of South America
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Alfonsín American amnesty law April Argentina army arrested August Augusto Pinochet Ugarte awarded Banzer Suárez began Bolivia Brazil Brazilian Buenos Aires Carlos Carlos Saúl Menem Chile Chilean civilian Colorado Comisión Nacional commander Communist Congress country’s December democracy Democratic Democrático desaparecidos detention dirty war disappeared elected ESMA exile Febreristas film force former García Meza González Goulart guerrilla human human-rights human-rights abuses human-rights violations Jorge José journalist Juan junta kidnapping Latin America leaders leftist Liberal March María military coup military dictatorship military regime Montoneros movement Movimiento murder National novel October officers Operation Condor organization Paraguay Paraguayan Partido Comunista Party Paulo Perón Peronist Plaza de Mayo police political prisoners Popular president presidential Raúl repression Revolutionary Rio de Janeiro rule Salvador Allende Gossens São Paulo September social Stroessner subversive Teatro Abierto theater tion torture trial Tupamaros United Uruguay Uruguayan victims Videla