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FROM THE

COMMENCEMENT OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION

IN MDCCLXXXIX

TO THE

RESTORATION OF THE BOURBONS

IN MDCCCXV

BY

SIR ARCHIBALD ALISON, BART.

F. R. S. E.

NINTH EDITION

VOL. VII.

WILLIAM BLACKWOOD AND SONS
EDINBURGH AND LONDON

MDCCCLIV

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CONTENTS OF VOL. VII.

CHAPTER XLVI.-CAMPAIGN OF FRIEDLAND, AND PEACE OF TILSIT. Treaties between the Allies for the prosecution of the war, 1.- Austria strives

to mediate, ib.—Negotiations of Napoleon; auxiliary forces obtained from Spain, 3.-Operations in Pomerania, 4.-Armistice between the Swedes and French, 5.-Army of reserve on the Elbe, 6.-Negotiations with Turkey and Persia, ib.-Jealousy excited in the Divan by the summoning of Parga, 7.-Measures to organise the military strength of Poland, 8.-Winter quarters, ib.—Combat of Guttstadt, 9.-Designs of Napoleon for the interior of his empire, 10.-Finances of France, 12.-Statutes of the Grand Sanhedrim of the Jews, 14.- Napoleon's efforts to feed his troops ; sieges in Silesia, ib.-Siege of Dantzic, 16.—Progress of the siege, 18.-Reinforcements to the Russian army, 20.- The French army, 21.- Designs of the Russians on Ney's corps, 23.-Napoleon concentrates, and the Russians fall back, 24.Battle of Heilsberg, 27.-Fresh attack by Lannes, which also proves unsuccessful, 28.–Violent explosion of Lannes, Murat, and Napoleon in consequence, ib., note.-Frightful appearance of the slain after the battle, 29.-Napoleon turns their flank, and compels them to evacuate Heilsberg, ib.Movements before the battle of Friedland, ib.-Battle of Friedland, 34.Capture of Königsberg, 38.-Retreat of the Russians to the Niemen, 39.Conclusion of an armistice, 41.- Interview on the raft at Tilsit, 42.-The negotiations at Tilsit, 43.–Napoleon's interview with the Queen of Prussia, ib. — Treaty of Tilsit ; creation of the grand-duchy of Warsaw, and kingdom of Westphalia, 45.—Treaty with Prussia, 46.—Secret treaty for the partition of Turkey, 48.-Secret articles, ib.-Measures of Napoleon to secure his anticipated Turkish acquisitions, 50.-Convention regarding the payment of the French contribution on Prussia, 51.-Losses sustained by the French, 52.-Retribution that was approaching to France, 53.-Consequences of the treaty of Tilsit in the end to Napoleon, 54.-Perfidy of Napoleon towards the Turks, 55.—Projects of the Emperors for the spoliation of the other European powers, 56.

CHAPTER XLVII.-GENERAL SKETCH OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN INDIA. Comparison of the Roman empire and British India, 58.-Physical description of the Indian Peninsula, 61.--Diplomatic ability with which India has been governed, 63.-Advantages of the British government to the Indian people, ib.—Police force established throughout Bengal, 66.- Indian taxation, ib.

- The Zemindar system, ib.—The Ryotwar system, 67.-The Village system, 68.-System of toleration in India, 70.- Variety of national character, 71.–The sepoy force, 73.-Contrast of the Company's rule to the Mahommedan sway, 77.-Wonderful nature of this empire, 78.

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