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. SECT. Ι.
Of Catechising in General. 1. Q. From whence is the word Catechism derived ?
A. From a *Greek word, which signifies to teach by word of mouth; and has been used particularly to signify such a kind of instruction as is made by way of question and answer.
PROOFS SUBJOINED.-Luke, i. 4. Ινα επιγνως περι ων κατηχηθης λογων την ασφαλειαν.
Acts, xviii. 25. Ουτος ην κατηχημενος την οδον του Κυριου.
Rom. ii. 18. Και γινωσκεις το θελημα, και δοκιμαζεις τα διαφεροντα, κατηχουμενος εκ του νομου.
1 Cor. xiv. 19. Αλλ' εν εκκλησια, θελω πεντε λογους δια του νοος μου λαλησαι, ινα και αλλους κατηχησω.
Gal. vi. 6. Κοινωνειτω δε ο κατηχουμενος τον λογον τω κατηχουντι, εν πασιν αγαθοις.
* Κατηχεω. Ιnsono ejus auribus.
Q. What is that you call your Church Catechism ?
A. It is a short, but sufficient institution of the principles of the Christian religion, set forth by authority, and required to be learned of every person, in order to his being confirmed by the bishop; and prepared both for the profitable reading and hearing of God's word, and for the worthy receiving of the Lord's Supper.
3. Q. What do you look upon to be the proper subject of such an institution.
A. It ought to comprehend all such things as are generally necessary to be known of all persons, in order to their due serving God here, and to their being saved hereafter.
PROOFS SUBJOINED.—Heb. v. 12. For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again, which be the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such, as have need of milk, and not of strong meat. vi. 1, 2. Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God, of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of elernal judgment.
4. Q. What are those things which may be accounted thus necessary to be known by all Christians?
A. They may, in general, be reduced to these two heads: viz, Ist, The knowledge of the Gospel-covenant; that is to say, of the promises made by God to mankind through our Lord Jesus Christ, and of the conditions upon which we may become partakers of them. And, 2ndly, The knowledge of the means