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he' shull testify of me. xvi. 7. If I go not away, the Comfortu will not come unto you. xvi. 13. Howbeit when he, the Spirit of Truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth : for he shall not speak of himself'; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speah. Is TEMPTED, RESISTED, GRIEVED: Acts, v.9. Then Peter said unto her, How is it that ye have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord ? Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption. Speaketh, commandeth, intercedeth : Acts, X. 19. While Peter thought on the vision, the Spirit said unto him, Behold, three men seek thee. xiii. 2. As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them. Rom. viii. 26. Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmilies: for we know not what we should pray for, as we ought : but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us, with groaning's which cannot be uttered.
* They join him with those who are confessedly PERSONS, viz. God the Father and our Lord Jesus Christ. In the form of baptism: Mlatt. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and teach ull nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. In St. Paul's wish for the Corinthians : 2 Cor. xiii. 14. The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen. In St. John's catalogue of uilnesses: 1 John, v. 7. For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and The Holy Ghost, and these three are one. They OPPOSE him to such spirits, as we all allow to be persons : 1 Sam. xvi. 14. But the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the Lord troubled him.
* They represent him under PERSONAL APPARITIONS: Matt. iii. 16. Lo! the heavens were opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him. Acts, ii. 3. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.
And, by all this, undoubtedly assure us that he is a person.
5. Q. By what arguments from the Holy Scriptures do you prove that he is a Divine Person?
A. By the same by which I before shewed the Son so to be. They ascribe to him the names of God: Acts, v. 3, 4. But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land? Whiles it remained, was it not thine own; and after it was sold, was it not in thine own power? Why hast thou conceived this thing in thine heart? Thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God. 2 Cor. iii. 17. Now the Lord is that Spirit; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.
The attributes of God. Heb. ix. 14. How much more shall the blood of Christ, who, through the eternal Spirit, offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? Psalm cxxxix. 7. Whither shall I go from thy Spirit? or whither shall I flee from thy presence? Job, xxvi. 13. By huis Spirit he hath garnished the heuvens. The honour of God. They tell us, that he is the Spirit of God. 1 Cor. ii. 11, 12. The things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God. Now,
we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit which is of God, that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God. That a sin may be immediately committed against him: Matt. xii. 31. Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men; but the blasphemy ugainst the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men. That his dwelling in us makes our bodies the temples of God: 1 Cor. iii. 16. Know ye not that ye are the temples of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? That Christ, by being conceived by him, became the Son of God: Luke, i. 35. The angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the highest shall overshadow thee: therefore, also, that holy thing which shall be born of thee, shall be called the Son of God. They teach us to baptize in his name, together with those of the Father and Son: Matt. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.
And by all this evidently declare to us, that he is not a created, but a Divine person.
6. Q. How do you prove him not only to be a Divine person, but a person distinct both from the Father aud the Son ?
A. He proceedeth from the Father'; and therefore is not the Father. Jobn, xv. 26. When the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me.
He is sent by the Son; and therefore is not the Son. Johu, xvi. 7. If I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you, but if I depart, I will send him
unto you.' He is sent, sometimes by the Father, in the name of the Son; and sometimes by the Son, from the Father; and therefore is neither the Father nor the Son John, xiv. 26. But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you. xv. 26. But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me. .
Proofs'SUBJOINED.-Compare Matt. iii. 16. xxviii. 19. And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water : and, lo! the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him. And, lo! a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Eph. ii. 18. For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father. Gal. iv. 6. And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. 1 John, v. vij. For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost : and these three are one...:
7. Q. But did not you before say, that there is but one God? And how now do you say, that the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Ghost is God?
A. That there is but one God, the Holy Scriptures plainly declare; and even reason itself confirms it to us. And yet the same. Scriptures ás plainly déclare every one of these three to be God. And the only way we know of reconciling these two, seemingly contrary, assertions, is to say, that these three are of one and the same Divine nature, communicated from the Father to the Son; and from both to the Holy Ghost: and that therefore they, together, make but one God.
8. Q. How can three distinct persons so partake of the one Divine nature, or essence, as all together to make but one God?
A. That is not my concern to explain : This I am sure, that if the Scriptures be (as we all allow that they are) the word of God, what they plainly deliver must be true, because it is, in effect, delivered by God; who can neither be himself deceived, nor will deceive me. Now, that they deliver both these propositions to me, That the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Ghost is God; and yet that there are not three Gods, but one God; I am as sure as I can be of any thing that is spoken or written for my understanding. That therefore both these assertions are true, and credible, I am sure. But how, or after what manner I am to understand them, so as to remove all shew of contradiction in them, this the Holy Scriptures have not revealed; nor do I therefore pre sume to pronounce any thing more particularly concerning it.
9. Q. Why then do you say that they are three Qersons, and but one in the Divine essence ?
A. Because I know not how better to express the sity and distinction of them ; and they are terms shich the church has long received, and I see no reason to depart from them, unless I knew of some Metter and more apt expressions to use in their stead. 10. Q. Is there any thing farther needful to be
2 concerning the Holy Ghost?