« IndietroContinua »
that they are men and Christians; and, upon both those accounts as high in God's esteem as themselves. That when we be come before the judgment-seat of Christ, we shall all stand upon the same level; all titles, and honours, and distinctions, shall be laid aside; and only the faith and piety of every one be considered. That, in the mean time, the poorest and lowest man may be wise and good, brave and constant, chaste and temperate; and that these in reality make a great man, beyond all the outward trappings of title and retinue. And, lastly, bit is their duty to be liberal and charitable out of what God hath given them, to those who are in need; which is the best use that any man can put his riches to, and will turn to the highest account at the last day.
Proofs Subjoined.—* Prov. xxix. 23. A man's pride shall bring him low; but honour shall uphold the humble in spirit. Rom. xii. 16. Mind not high things, but condescend to men of low estate. b Psal. xli. I. Blessed is he that considereth the poor: the Lord will deliver him in time of trouble. 2 Cor. ix. 9. As it is written, He hath dispersed abroad; he hath given to the poor; his righteousness remaineth forever. 1 Tim. vi. 17, I8. Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not high-minded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy; that they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate. Heb. xiii. 16. Hut to do good and to communicate, forget not: for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.
30. Q. What encouragement has God given us to make us the more careful to observe this commundment?
A. Chat tfjp tiaps map be long in ttje lanU tof)(cf) ttft iota thp 6oU gtbetl) tljee.
31. Q. What is the import of this exhortation?
A. It contains a promise to those who should honour their father and mother; that they should /we /orcg- in that good land, to which the Lord was then leading them hy the hand of Moses his servant.
Proofs Subjoined.—Eccles. iii. 9. For the blessing of the father establisheth the houses of children, but the curse of the mother rooteth out foundations. Deut. v. 16. Honour thy father and mother, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee; that thy days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with thee in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.
32. Q. What encouragement does this give to us now?
A. It shews us, in a type, what we may promise ourselves upon our obedience. That as long life, and that in the land of Canaan, their expected inheritance, was the highest temporal promise God could make to the Jews, (as being indeed the foundation of all the present blessings they were capable of receiving,) so, if we carefully observe this command, it shall not only promote our present peace, but shall be a good means to procure us an everlasting inheritance in our heavenly Canaan, and to entitle us to a more than ordinary degree of happiness in it.
Proof Subjoined.—Eph. vi. 2, 3. Honour thy father and mother, which is the first commandment with promise; that it may be well with thee, and thou may est live long on the earth.
Of our Duty with relation to the Person of outNeighbour, his Life and Limbs.
1. Q. What is the sixth commandment?
A. Ctjatt s&alt no no muroer*
2. Q. What is murder?
A. It is the wilful and unlawful taking away of the life of a man, by what way or means soever it be done. Gen. ix. 5, 6. At the hand of every mans brother will I require the life of man. Whoso sheddeth mans blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.
3. Q. Js not all killing murder?
A. No; that only is murder which is voluntary and unlawful.
4. Q. Wherefore must the killing be wilful and designed?
A. Because if a man slay another purely by chance, without any design or intention so to do; without malice, and without premeditation, it is a misfortune, it is not murder.
Proofs Subjoined.—Exod. xxi. 13. And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee. Numb. xxxv. 22. But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or have cast upon him any thing, without laying of wait, or with any stone wherewith a man may die, seeing him not, and cast it upon him that he die, and was not his enemy, neither sought his harm; then the congregation shall judge between l/ie slayer and the revenger of blood, according to these judgments: and the congregation shall deliver the slayer out of the hand of the revenger of blood, and the congregation shall restore him to the city of his refuge, whither he was fled.
5. Q. Wherefore must the killing be unlawful?
killing be voluntary, yet it is not murder; nor forbidden by God as such.
6. Q. What are those cases?
A. The execution of justice, after a lawful manner, for a suitable offence, and by a lawful magistrate. The killing of an enemy in a just war. The killing of another for the necessary defence of a man's own life: to which, under the law, were added some other cases with which we are not concerned now, under the Gospel.'
Proofs Subjoined.—Gen. ix. 5. At the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man. Exod. xxi. 14. If a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile: thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die. Numb. xxxv. 30. Whoso killeth any person, the murderer shall be put to death by the mouth of witnesses. Deut. xvii. 6. At the mouth of two witnesses, or three witnesses, shall he, that is worthy of death, be put to death; but at the mouth of one witness, he shall not be put to death. Rom. xiii. 4. If' thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil. Numb. x. 9. And if ye go to war in your land against the enemy that oppresseth, then ye shall blow an alarm with the trumpets: and ye shall be remembered before the Lord your God, and ye shall be saved from your enemies. Deut. xx. 1, 13, 17. When thou goest out to battle
against thine enemies, and seest horses and chariots, and a people more than thou, be not afraid of them: for the Lord thy God is with thee, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.—And when the Lord God hath delivered it into thy hands, thou shalt smite every male thereof with the edge of the sword. —But thou shalt utterly destroy them; namely, the Hittites and the Amoriles, the Canaanites and the Perizzites, the Hivites and the Jebusites; as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee. Prov. xx. 18. Every purpose is established by counsel, and with good advice make war. xxiv. (j. For by wise counsel thou shalt make thy war; and in multitude of counsellors there is safety.
* Deut. xiii. 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. And that prophet or that dreamer of dreams shall be put to death: because he hath spoken to turn you away from the Lord your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed you out of the house of bondage, to thrust thee out of the way, which the Lord thy God commanded thee to walk in. So shalt thou put the evil away from the midst of thee. If thy brother, the son of thy mother, or thy son, or thy daughter, or the wife of thy bosom, or thy friend, which is as thine own soul, entice thee secretly, saying, Let us go and serve other gods, which thou hast not known, thou, nor thy fathers; namely, of the gods of the people which are round about yon, nigh unto thee, or far off from thee, from the one end of the earth even unto the other end of the earth; thou shalt not consent unto him, nor hearken unto him; neither shall thine eye pity him, neither shalt thou spare, neither shalt thou conceal him: but thou shalt surely kill him; thine hand shall be first upon him to put him to death,