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learn what that meancth, I will have mercy and not sacrifice.
PROOFS SUBJOINED.—Isaiah, lji. 15. So shall he sprinkle many nations. Ezek. xxxvi. 25, 26, 27. Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean : from all your filthiness and from all your idols will I cleanse you. A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you : and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh. And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them. Heb. xii. 24. And (ye are come) to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel. Lev. iv. 6. And the priest shall dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle of the blood seven times before the Lord before the sanctuary. xvi. 14, 15, 19. And he shall take of the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it with his finger upon the mercy-seat eastward; and before the mercy-seat shall he sprinkle of the blood with his finger seven times : then shall he kill the goat of the sin-offering that is for the people, and bring his blood within the vail, and do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it upon the mercy-seat, and before the mercy-seat. And he shall sprinkle of the blood upon it with his finger seven limes, and cleanse it, and hallow it from the uncleanness of the children of Israel.
Sect. XLIV. Of the Matter and Form of Baptism: of the inward
• Grace that is conferred by it. You said that in every sacrament there were two parts, an outward and visible sign, and an inward and spiritual grace; tell me therefore
'1. Q. What is the outward visible sign or form in baptism?
A. Water, wherein the person is baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.
2. Q. Is this element so necessary a part of this sacrament, that the church may in no case depart from it?
A. It is of divine institution, and was designed to signify our spiritual cleansing by Christ's blood: that as our bodies are washed with, and cleansed from their pollutions by water, so are our souls purified from sin by the blood of Christ. And for both these reasons it is a necessary and immutable part of this holy sacrament.
3. Q. Is the form of baptism necessary to the administration of this sacrament?
A. It is vecessary; nor can this sacrament be duly administered by any other. - 4. Q. Was no other form ever used in the apostles' time? :
A. It is, indeed, said of some in those times, who had been Jewish converts, or had received John's baptism, that they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. But this does not hinder but that they
may have been baptized (as no doubt they were,) in the words appointed by Christ for that purpose.
All it implies is, that they were baptized into the faith and Gospel of Christ; as by comparing the passages of Scripture together, it will evidently appear. See Acts, viii. 16. For as yet he was fallen upon none of them: only they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. x. 48. Can any man forbid water, that these should not be baptized which have received the Holy Ghost, as well as we? And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. xix. 5. When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ, were baptized into his death?
Proofs SUBJOINED.-Acts, ii. 38. Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of the Lord Jesus for the remission of sins.
5. Q. Are then the words appointed by Christ so necessary, that to use any other will destroy the efficacy of this sacrament?
A. That I don't say: for as persons of all countries are to be baptized, so there is no doubt but that the form of words may be translated into the language of every country; and baptism be effectually administered so long as the sense is preserved. That which we insist upon is, that every person who is baptized, by what form soever it be done, ought to be baptized in the name, as well as to profess the faith of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.
6. Q. What is the inward or spiritual grace ? A. A death unto sin, and a new birth unto righ
Utmatas . for being bp nature born in sta, arib the rbflbren of toratb, toe are berebp mabe the rijilbren of grace,
7. Q. Are all men by nature born in sin?
A. They are ever since that, by the transgression of our first parents, sin entered into the world: nor was ever any exempt from this unhappy state, but he only who knew no sin, the Lord Christ Jesus.
Proofs Subjoined.—Psalm li. 5. Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin hath my mother conceived me. Rom. v. 12, 18. Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin: and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned; therefore as by the offence of one, judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one, the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.
8. Q. Are all men by nature children of wrath? A. Being born in sin, they must of necessity be
also children of wrath: seeing all sin is both hateful to God, and worthy of his punishment.
Proof Subjoined.— Eph. ii. 3. Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of the flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh, and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.
9. Q. Have the children of believing parents in this case, no privilege above others?
A. Yes, they have; for being descended from those who are members of Christ's church, they have a right to baptism, as the children of the Jews had to circumcision: and are also heirs of God's promises: and therefore should they chance to die before they have received it, yet this being no fault of theirs, we do charitably hope that God will receive thetn to his mercy, through Jesus Christ.
Proofs Subjoined.—Acts, ii. 39. For the promise is to you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call. Rom. ix. 8. They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed. 1 Cor. vii. 14. Compare Mai. ii. 15. For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the husband: else were your children unclean; but now are they holy. Mai. And did not he make one? yet had he the residue of the spirit. And wherefore one? that he might seek a godly seed.
10. Q. How are those who are baptized, made thereby children of grace?
A. As by baptism they are taken into covenant with God; are regenerated by the Holy Spirit; are sanctified and cleansed from their sins by the blood. of Christ; are entitled to God's favour; and made heirs of his heavenly kingdom: so that should they die before they commit auy actual sin, we are assured by God's word, that they should certainly be saved.
Proofs Subjoined.—Mark, xvi. 16. He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved. Acts, ii. 38, 39. Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be bajitized every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to alt that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call. xxii. 16. And now why tarriest thou? Arise and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord. Gal. in. 27. For as many of you as have been baptized