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which God has appointed, whereby to convey his grace to us; and thereby both to assist and confirm us in the discharge of our duty to him.
Proofs Subjoined.—Heb. viii. 8, 9. For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: not according to the covenant t/utt I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord. x. 16, 17. This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them; and their sins and iniquities will I remember no more. Gen. iii. 15. And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
5. Q. What are the Promises which God has made to mankind, through Jesus Christ?
A. 'Pardon of sins: bGrace to fulfil our duty in this life: and upon our sincere performance thereof, ceverlasting Salvation in the life which is to come.
Proofs Subjoined.—*Heb. viii. 12. I will bemerciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities I will remember no more.
bLuke, xi. 13. If ye, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him? Rom. viii. 1, &c. There is therefore now no condemnation to l/iem which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. 1 Cor. iii. 16. Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? vi. 11, 19. And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. 2 Cor. i. 22. Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts. Gal. v. 16, &c. This I say, then, walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh. Eph. v. 9. The fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness, and righteousness, and truth. 1 Pet. i. 22. Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure love fervently. 1 John, iii. 24. He that keepeth his commandments dwelleth in him, and he in him. And hereby we know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit which he hath given us.
'John, iii. 16, 17. For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world \ but that the world through him might be saved. 1 Pet. i. 3, 4, 5. Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which, according to his abundant mercy, hath begotten us again unto a lively hope, by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, to an inheritance incorruptible and undeflled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you, who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation, ready to be revealed in the last time.
6. Q. What are the conditions required of us by God, in order to our being made partakers or* these promises?
A. a A hearty repentance of our sins past: eA sincere endeavour to live according to God's commands for the time to come: And both these made perfect, by a lively faith in God's mercies towards us, through Jesus Christ. John, iii. 10, 18. For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. 1 John, i. 7. If we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin-. ii. 2. And. he. is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.
Proofs Subjoined.—,!2 Cor. vii. 10. Godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation not to be repented of: but the sorrow of the world worketh death. Tit. ii. 12. For the grace of God that bringetJi salvation hath appeared to all men, teaching us, that denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world. James, v. 20. Let him know, that he which converteth the sinner from the error of his way, shall save a soul from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins. '1 John, i. Q, 7. If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth: but if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin. ii. 3, 4, 5, 6. And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. He that saith, 1 know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. But whoso keepeth his word, in him verily is the love of God perfected: hereby know we that we are in him. He that saith he abideth in him ought himself so to walk, even as he walked.
7. Q. What are the means ordained of God, whereby to convey his grace to us?
A. They are chiefly two: constant prayer to God for it, Luke, xi. 13. If ye, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the holy spirit to them that ask him? And a worthy use of the holy sacraments, Mark, xvi. 16. He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not, shall be damned. Acts, ii. 38. Then Peter said unto them, repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread, which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? xi. 23, &c. For I have received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread: and when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the New Testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. I Peter, iii. 21. The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience towards God) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ, who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels, and authorities, and powers, being made subject unto him.
8. Q. Are there not, besides these, some other means ordained by God, and necessary to be made use of by us, in order to our salvation?
A. Yes, there are; particularly the hearing, reading, and meditating upon his word: the substance of which, though it be sufficiently gathered together, and represented to us in our Catechism, yet should not that hinder us from diligently reading of the Holy Scriptures, nor make us neglect auy other means of Christian instruction; but rather we should nse our Catechism as a help, whereby to render both the reading and hearing of God's word more plain and profitable to us. Psalm i. 2. Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful; but his delight is in the law of the Lord: and in his law doth he meditate day and night. John, v. 39. Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me. Rom. xv. 4. For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope. 2 Tim. iii. 16. All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness.
0. 2. Does your church catechism sufficiently instruct you in all these?
A. It does: for therein both the nature of the Christian covenant is declared to us, and the conditions are set forth, on which we may become par