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Sir John St. John of Fonmon, and had Sir John St. John, living 1421; and (b) Susan, married Sir Eli Basset of Beaupré.

4. Sarah, married William Gamage of Rogiat, and had Gilbert Gamage.

The estates, under the settlement, came to Berkerolles, on whose death they came to Gamage, who became of Coyty.

Sir William Gamage, son of Gilbert, son of William Gamage and Sarah Turberville, inherited on the death of Sir Lawrence Berkerolles. At his death (7 Henry V) he was seized of two parts of the manor of Lammaghes, of Coyty Castle, and of two parts of that manor and lordship, "Glamorgan Dom.", Llanhary manor and advowson, Newland manor, Lawrence's Land in Coyty, Jordan's Place or Fairfield, in Coyty, Newcastle hundred and manor. (I. p. m., iv, 43.) In his time the Castle was besieged by Owen Glyndwr; and in 1404 (6 Henry IV) the Commons prayed the King "molt cordialment et entierment" to take order for the rescue of the "Sire de Coitiff, who is, and long has been, besieged in his Castle of Coitiff by the Welsh rebels." (Rolls, iii, 547). The following order, though made in 1414-15, probably relates to the supplies given in consequence of this vote. "Pro Stauro" is for provisioning. "Coitiff.-De Willielmo Rye, nuper serviente Pistrinæ Hospicii Domini Henrici IV. occasionato ad respondendum et satisfaciendum Regi de £26:13:4 de pretio frumenti per ipsum provisi pro stauro Castri de Cortiff in Wallia. Pascha Recorda 2 H. V, Rot. 4." (Memd. attached to Jones' Originalia.)

His son Thomas was father of John, father of Morgan, and, by a concubine, of William, whence the Gamages of Llanbedr Fynydd. Morgan had Sir Thomas, who had Robert, who defended a suit for Coyty against St. John of Bletsoe and Basset of Beaupré, coheirs of Agnes Turberville. His son John was the seventh and last Gamage of Coyty. John's daughter Barbara, rather a celebrated heiress, was aged twenty-two years in 1584. She was

married Wednesday, 23 Sept. 1584, in the house of Sir Edward Stradling, at St. Donat's, in presence of Henry Earl of Pembroke and others. She was buried at Penshurst on 26 May, 1621, having married Sir Robert Sydney, Earl of Leicester, M.P. Glam., 1585. Coyty descended with the title to Joscelyn the seventh Earl, who left (1742) a natural daughter, Ann Sydney, who married Henry Streatfield of Chiddingston, and contested the inheritance against Lady Sherard and Mrs. Perry, the daughters of Thomas Sydney, elder brother of Joscelyn, but who died before him. Their elder brother John, the sixth Earl, married (1717), at Llansamlet, Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Lewis Thomas of Gwernllwywith in Llansanlet, where she was buried in 1747. This marriage, omitted in the Peerages, is recorded in the Parish Register. Mrs. Streatfield claimed under her father's will, he being tenant in fee, and obtained the Glamorgan estates and £5,000. Mrs. Perry had Penshurst. The estates were sold. The final settlement of the dispute was by compromise, confirmed by an Act of Parliament in 1747.


Abstract of the presentment of a General Court of Survey, held at Bridgend, within the lordship, 22nd March, 1631. Thomas Hangton, Gent., John Gumbleton and Robert Thomas, clerks, surveyors, for Robert Sydney, Earl of Leicester, then sole lord.

Jurors' names not given, Thos. Gamage, Foreman. Boundaries on the east, Coyty Wallia and St. Mary Hill, otherwise Gelligarn lordships, Howel-Willim Lane, and on it Pont Willim Bridge, dividing this from Coyty Wallia; the Ewenny dividing it from St. Mary Hill, and being its south limit as far as John Carne, Esq's. Oxmere lands in Ewenny; Coston and Penlline lordships, the property of John Thomas and Christopher Turberville, Esqs., and George Kemeys, Gent.; the late lands in Corntown, late of Sir Edward Lewis, and

the lordship of Ewenny on the south. Excepting, on this side the Ewenny, one meadow at Court-Gwilim, Thomas Rees Watkin, and a part of a tenement, Gwainy-Twr-Candy, next Court Gwilim Moor, both in St. Mary Hill; also part of two tenements, Tyr-y-Pandybach, and Yr Hama, Richard Lewis, and lands of Evan Gronow and Morgan Thomas, both in Coston; excepting also beyond the Ewenny, but in Coyty Anglia, three-quarter acre lord's demesne lands, in the hands of John David Robin, three-quarter acre customary lands, late James Turberville, now widow Catherine Thomas, five-quarters meadow, Gwain Philpot, now customary lands of Edward David William, and one plot of Kimney Bach Common, and part of Watertown Common, also Treos Moor, which said part called Watertown Moor was always reputed part of C. Anglia, though claimed for Coston.

Boundary from the Oxmoor, south, an old dyke between this and Ewenny, and dividing them as far as Widow Nest Edmunds' land in this manor near Ewenny Bridge, its southern limit, where the river divides it from Ewenny. The manor borders on Vervillvach lands, John Carne, Esq. in Ewenny, and includes Vervil-vawr, Sir John Stradling. The Ogwr, and Merthyr Mawr lordships, Sir John Stradling, here bound the Manor, as does on the west, Newcastle lordship. North, the bounds are the Vownwy brook near Pedvai in Newcastle, the late house of Thomas ap Thomas, the Garn lands in the same, and the ford Rhyd-Alson-Cook by Coyty Wallia and Minffrid brook.

Near, on Watertown Moor, was a great stone, removed by the Coston and Penlline tenants twenty-four years ago, and which was the old boundary between C. Anglia and Coston. Also, Coston lordship extends into C. Anglia, and these fee-tail lands are the heritage of Evan Gronow and Morgan Thomas, who nevertheless pay rent to Coyty, why is unknown. Also, part of Coyty Wallia lies in C. Anglia. Richard John has one and a quarter acres customary land belonging to C. Wallia, but at

Court Gwilim, and pays dues to C. Wallia. Also, C. Anglia extends into C. Wallia, and fifteen acres of the lord's demesne lands called Gwain-y-Pain and Tîr-y-Seth, occupied severally by widows Alson Evan and Jennet Arnold, pay rents and a reserve due yearly to the lord of C. Anglia. Also, within Coyty Wallia, Elizabeth David, widow, holds Tîr-y-Drynis one acre, and Evan Bevan Jenkin at Blaen-y-Wayr one acre, both freeholds in C. Anglia, besides rents paid to its lord. Also, C. Wallia includes Hirwaun meadows, partly unenclosed, which belonging to C. Anglia, but are intermixed with C. Wallia, though commonly marked by a turf or other fence in Oldway, extending as far as Buarth Manor and Meniffryd. Also, Mr. Gilbert, tenant of Sir John Stredling, holds a plot of C. Anglia, situate in Sir John's manor of Merthyr Mawr at the " Island", paying threepence free rent at Michaelmas to the lord of C. Anglia. Also, John Carne, Esq., held Vervill-vach of the king "in capite", once part of C. Anglia, but granted in mortmain to the Prior of Ewenny, when it came to and was granted away by the king with the abbey lands, so that it is now reputed part of Ewenny.

Commons and Wastes. Cefn-Hirgoed, the lord's land, with royalties, but no power to enclose or let. The tenants have herbage and pasture. Anciently the lord included part in his park and enclosed a warren, but these were recovered and laid open by the tenants. Upon all the commons and highways the tenants, free and customary, have free common unlimited, and may take fern and furze for their horses, and stone for lime or repairs, or manure in the manor, but not for sale without licence. Also, there is a plot of the lord's waste near Brys-Pwll-y-maen iron work, part of it in the hands of John Matthew, who paid yearly six shillings and eightpence, two hares, and one day's work. Also, near the river, near Rhyd-Alson-Cook, is a plot, part of Cefn-Hirgoed. Also, Thomas Gamage, foreman of the jury, enclosed part of a pit, Y-Pill-esteg, in the lord's waste, in Heol-y-Waterton road, and holds it at the

lord's pleasure at twopence per annum rent. Other lord's commons, similarly free, are Coychurch and Waterton Moors, Bryn-Glâs, a spot of moor in Herston, and other spots in the highways. Also, John Thomas Sant had held one pit in Heol-y-Waterton, by the Vorron, of the lord's waste, by lease from the lord, at sixpence per annum and one hen; and widow Catherine Edmund now holds the same at will. The lord has waifs, strays, felons' goods, etc. The lord has the sole fishing every day in the Ogmore, from Rhyd-Alson-Cook ford to the great Wear by PandyNewydd, the lord's sole fishing Wear; and every second day from the Wear down to Hapsi-Tilo, opposite or a little below Merthyr Mawr Church. This fishery Sir John Stradling held, paying per annum £2 : 13 : 4, but whether by grant, lease, or pleasure, unknown. The lord has right of fowling.

Tenures.-Fee simple, customary, lease and grant. The freeholders, or tenants in fee simple, attend court twice yearly, and pay chief rents at Michaelmas.

Singular Tenures.-John Carne, Esq., holds Watertown farm, 147 acres, and pays suit of court and a quarter of a pound of pepper, which the lord was to fetch away on a wain drawn by eight white oxen, about Midsummer. Sir John Stradling held the Fair Field, 100 acres, paying suit of court and a red rose at Mid


Free Tenants' Heriots and Dues.-A relief at the death. One exception to this: Watkin Powell, Gent., who held a part of the lands of John la Eyre, being forty acres; the western half of Wirlesh, some rough open ground by Daniel's Town, for which he pays twenty-two pence yearly rent at Michaelmas, and tenpence as a relief.

Customary lands descend to the youngest lawful son, and failing sons to the youngest daughter, or youngest heir or next of blood, to the ninth degree of kin, male before female, unless otherwise limited or conveyed by surrender. If no heir the inheritance escheats to the

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