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LITERATURE.

D, APPLETON & Co. have published in two were as yet but experimental, the opposition large volumes The History of the Navy during met with from many of the most experienced the Rebellion, by C. B. BOYNTON, Chaplain of and influential naval authorities, the doubts the House of Representatives, and Professor and discouragements of the best friends of the in the Naval School at Annapolis.

enterprise, the completion of the monitor, fer The history of naval operations during the speedy trial, glorious struggle, and final sucfive years of the war possesses a double in- cess, are all vividly and dramatically told, terest, and is valuable both as forming an and an almost personal interest is awakened important part of the whole history of the in the mind of the reader for the little vessel struggle, and as showing the fertility of that for a brief hour fought single-handed as American inventive power under the incen- the champion of a nation. tive of a powerful stimulus.

Our naval battles were important not merely The movements of the army during the for their immediate effects upon the fortunes war have been fully chronicled; we have his. of the Union or Confederacy, but also for the tories from soldiers, editors, correspondents, revolutions they brought about in the prinpoliticians, and others, more or less impartial ciples of naval architecture and gunnery. and trustworthy, but the part borne by the When the Merrimac destroyed the Cumbernavy has been by no means so well under- land, it proved conclusively that the days of stood by the public, and we doubt whether wooden frigates were over, and that the wood. the effect of the naval operations on the dura- en fleets of the greatest naval powers in the tion and issue of the contest has ever been world would be at the mercy of a few ironclads. fully appreciated.

In twenty-four hours, however, another step The history opens with a picture of the con- was taken, another principle established; the dition of the navy at the commencement of Merrimac was damaged and repulsed by the Mr. Lincoln's administration. Its strength Monitor, and the greatest power for both atseemed inadequate enough to the task as- tack and defence was shown to be possessed signed to it. With about a dozen vessels at by an insignificant-looking craft, whose aphome, ready for service, and about as many pearance fully justified the rebel description more that could be equipped within a few of "a Yankee cheese-box on a raft." months, a blockade was to be established and As Mr. Boynton justly remarks, the victory preserved along a coast line of more than of the Monitor was the triumph of American three thousand miles; the seaports and ship- ideas; for, while the Merrimac was armored ping of the Northern States were to be pro- after the model of the French and English irontected from whatever force the Confederacy clads, the Monitor, as to its hull, turret, and might be able to establish, and active assist- guns, was entirely the product of American ance was to be rendered to the army in re- thought. The history of the world hardly gaining possession of the forts and harbors gives an instance where so much was decided along the coast.

by a four hours' combat between two vessels, With an energy and enterprise for which fought by a couple of hundred men. It is our venerable Secretary of the Navy and his difficult to place a limit to the destruction that coadjutors have perhaps never received due the rebel ironclad would have been able to credit, a temporary force was organized by accomplish but for this timely check. Steamthe arming of merchant vessels, ferry-boats, ing up the Potomac, it could have held the and coast-steamers, and government yards, Capital at its mercy; a few hours' sail would and private docks and foundries, were pushed have enabled it to destroy the shipping of to their utmost activity in the production of New York, and place the city itself under a fleet of a more permanent value, so that, contribution; or, going down the coast, it although the work to be accomplished far er. could have raised the blockade, and opened ceeded the original estimate, the navy thus the Confederacy to Europe. It is hardly too created was found equal to the task.

much to suppose that recognition by England One of the most interesting chapters in the and France would have followed, and the life book is that describing the building of the of the Rebellion have been indefinitely profirst monitor. The difficulties to be overcome longed. in uniting in one structure so many ideas that No wonder there was rejoicing in Norfolk and anxiety in Washington on the night fol- fined to the obstruction of harbors, and manu. lowing the exploits of the Merrimac, and the facture of torpedoes. debt due to the inventor and the fighting man, Mr. Boynton's descriptive style is good, Ericsson and Worden, who at this hour of but somewhat marred, we think, by his con. need stepped in between their country and its tinual references to the interference of Divine peril, can hardly be overestimated. The first Providence. We believe thoroughly that all volume of Mr. Boynton's book contains a val, the actions of individuals and of nations are uable chapter on ordnance. We find here a under the supervision of such Providence, review of the progress of English gunnery and we also gladly admit that the power that from 1646 (the date of the building of the controls the whole must also control the first frigate), and a short sketch of the devel- parts; still, we feel that there is a certain opment of our own system of artillery, with irreverence of expression, if not of thought, tables showing the comparative strength of in speaking of a divine blessing as following the American and English navies. In 1861, each missile of destruction, and we cannot the largest guns used in English vessels, forget that such blessing was invoked with threw 8-inch shot, weighing 68 lbs.; the ex- equal faith by rebel and unionist. perience of our war brought into service the The blemishes of Mr. Boynton's work are, Parrot, Dahlgren, and Rodman guns, throw- however, few, as compared with its merits, ing shot of 11, 13, and 15. inches, weighing and The History of the Navy will take rank 150 to 200 lbs., and the introduction of among the best of the memorials of the war turret-armaments in the place of broadsides, of the Rebellion. enabled these to be used with terrible efficiency. The difference in the destructive " Two Thousand Miles on Horsebackpower of the two classes of armaments can Sante and Back. By JAMES F. MELINE. be readily estimated.

(Hurd & Houghton.) Two Thousand Miles The principal naval actions on the coast, on Horseback ! How tired Colonel Meline commencing with the capture of the forts at must have been! is the involuntary exclamaHatteras inlet, and ending with Farragut's tion. The next is—What a capital title ! Is entry into the Bay of Mobile, are described the book as good as the title ? with spirit, and apparently with careful fidel- Tired, the colonel certainly does not seem ity to facts. The history of the river fleet or to have been; for his story is as bright and inland navy, and of its varied fortunes, from wide-awake as any book of travels we have the storming of Fort Henry, its first success read this many a day. The trouble, if it be a of importance, to the close of the Red River trouble, is that he travels through a region of campaign, is interesting, not only on account country which our people neither know much of its bearing upon the progress of the war, about nor care. And yet we ought to know but also from the fresh proofs given of the and care.

As one of General Pope's party of fruitfulness of the American inventive pow- examination he had an opportunity--and the er. Experiment succeeded experiment, and best-of seeing and studying the country and rams, mortar-schooners, iron monitors, and the people of that vast region extending from “ turtles,” were all brought into use under the Missouri River through Colorado, the the ever-varying circumstances of the cam- mountains of Pike's Peak, through New Mexico paign, while the close of the naval war in the to Sante Fé, and back along Northern Texas to west was marked by one of the most brilliant St. Louis. We say he had the best opportuengineering feats on record, the building of , nity for seeing the country and the people of the Red River dam.

any man who as yet has been over this route. Ingenuity of invention and persevering And more, he has the keen eye, the quick perenergy were not confined to one side; the ception, and the sharp pen, which mark the rebel government, during the first two years, dexterous traveller and practised writer; and made manful efforts to establish a navy, and he has given us, in a most readable style, an the Merrimac, Louisiana, Atlanta, and other account of life on the Plains, in and around ironclads, showed a constructive power, and the gold country of Colorado, through the ability to make the most from small mate- whole region of which Sante Fé is the centre. rials, worthy of respect; but the failure of He tells us strange and laughable peculiarities their first few enterprises, and the great diffi. of this people, and with great research has culties to be overcome in ship-building, early collected a great deal never presented before discouraged the Navy Department, and during of this the oldest portion of civilized America. the last years of the war its efforts were con- He saw, chased, and at the buffalo; saw and learned to despise "ye gentle savage;" saw known, and will add another to the listand talked with Kit Carson. He tells us that small but worthy-of American scholars. after all—and he has seen both the stretch He says in the short preface, that in compil. of mountains at Pike's Peak “ impress me as ing the work, he labored under the very great incomparably finer” than the Bernese Alps, difficulty of having had little to assist him in and he “solemnly abandons the last of my the works of predecessors in the same field. European illusions on the subject of European The only works of the kind within his reach scenery.” In the words of our old vestryman, were the small vocabulary of Dr. Medhurst, Hoffman, we are compelled to say, “I don't published in Batavia in 1830, and the Japan. care, I won't assent.” We yet stand by the ese and Portuguese Dictionary published by Alps. It is with a feeling of regret that we the Jesuit missionaries in 1603. His princiare compelled to close this notice without pal dependence has been upon the living giving choice extracts, such as Description of teacher, and he declares himself alone responSante Fé, p. 151-2; The Church of Abuquer. sible for every thing in the work. The Dicque, p. 126 ; A Most Amusing Theatre, p. 181- tionary contains definitions of over 20,000 2; The Pubelos Indians, p. 193; Kit Carson, Japanese words, and we have found it, as the p. 264-8, &c., &c. All this the reader is apocryphal old woman did Dr. Johnson'scommer:ded to read, and enjoy as we did. “very entertaining reading." We are con

stantly surprised by the delicacy with which DR. J. C. HEPBURN has finished his “Dic- the language expresses shades of meaning, tionary of Japanese and English, with an En- and conveys complex ideas by single words glish and Japanese Index," on which he has or compounds. In reading over the defini. been engaged for the last eight years, and has tions we get a world of information about sent a few copies to this country, to the care Japanese ways of living and thinking, conof Mr. 4. D. F. Randolph, corner of Broad- veyed, as may be imagined, in rather a desulway and Ninth street. The book is a large tory manner, but none the less agreeable for octavo of nearly 700 pages, and is extremely that; and the good Doctor has interspersed well printed, the Japanese and Chinese char- through the book so many pretty Japanese acters being remarkably neat and clear. The proverbs, and bits of verse, and quaint say. volume was printed at Shanghae, at the Amer- ings, and charming little inconsequential senican Presbyterian Mission Press, and bears timentalizing, that our conventional notions the date 1867. A friend who has lived in as to the dryness and dulness that belong to Japan for the last seven or eight years, tells a dictionary are entirely upset, and we have us, that the well-known American firm of passed a whole afternoon in poring over these Walsh, ITall & Co, established at Yokohama, pages with a good deal of pleasure, and we learning that Dr. Hepburn had finished bis dare say, no less profit. book, but that the expense of publishing it was too great for his means, said to him : Dr. Brinton's Myths of the New World, "It seems to us, that if you can afford to (Leypoldt & Ilolt,) is a comprehensive, dense, epend eight years in making this Dictionary, well arranged, and well discussed exhibition we can afford to pay for the printing of it.” of the religious observances, thoughts, and And so the book was printed at their ex- ideas of the native races of North and South pense. The Japanese Government immedi- America. The author considers his subject ately ordered a thousand copies at ten dollars in its connections with the nature of the a copy; but this was in a fit of enthusiasm human soul, and along with the parallel facts that did not last, and they repented, and made of language and of symbolism; and thus the order less. On Dr. Hepburn's part, this develops a theory which is consistent, inhas been a pure labor of love, and without a structive, and, we think, substantially correct, thought of pay, or even of reimbursement. of natural religion, its origin, progress, and His reputation for accuracy, judgment, and significance. As the author himself remarks, painstaking, stands as high, both with those he has written "more for the thoughtful, who have known him in Japan, and those general reader than the antiquary.” Not who have known him much longer here at only has he succeeded in this design, but his home, as his character for devotion to the array of curious and interesting superstitions, truth, and for a self-forgetting modesty that practices, traditions, and comparisons, and leaves the results of his labor no voice but deductions of verbal meaning, will be found their own to speak for them. His Dictionary singularly entertaining, even to the reader for will, however, make his name more widely mere amusement.

Behind the Scenes, by ELIZABETH KECKLEY, sy-turvy World, Stalky Jack, and the Wonder formerly a Slave, but more recently Modiste ful Toy, are all admirable. There are many and Friend to Mrs. Abraham Lincoln. New verses in the book good for nothing but padYork, G. W. Carleton. The latest, and de- ding, but as long as no Bogey is concealed cidedly the weakest production of the sensa- therein, we will return thanks for the gems tional press. It is—to use a Virginianism of the collection which will be a real God" powerfully” weak. "There is a kind of send to the little ones, and to all mammas of physiognomy in the titles of books no less wearied and overtaxed invention, an inestithan in the faces of men, by which a skilful mable boon. observer will know as well what to expect from the one as the other.” Exceedingly

King Sham, and Other Articles in Verse, well put, Mr. Publisher; and, applying the By LAWRENCE N. GREENLEAF, (Hurd & rule to the present case, we find that it works Houghton,) is another of those collections admirably. What but weakness could be

of newspaper jeux d'esprit with which the

market is flooded. Their authors do not expected from such a title? The book is illustrated, we cannot say adorned, by a wood

seem to appreciate the fact that the very rea

sons which produce newspaper popularity are cut portrait of the authoress, which is very *wooden.” The contents are as flat as a

often precisely the ones which prohibit a Dutch landscape, the first sixty odd pages

longer life, and that their verses cannot be being made up from Mrs. Keckley's own life

successful in a book, because they have had a

And experiences as a slave, inclusive of the usual

certain vogue in the daily journals.

can we conceive a more melancholy spectacle manumittory documents (blank forms of which might be found, we apprehend, in any

than a book full of stale poems? They are old book of Missouri practice), the direst

flatter than champagne a week uncorked, trivialities of Mr. Lincoln's family life, and

sadder than the crumpled relics of last night's ihe humiliating details of Mrs. Lincoln's con

ball, more depressing than the recollection of

all one's unanswered letters and unpaid bills, duct subsequent to leaving the White House. The book ought never to have been written

gloomier than a hearse in a November fog. or published; but now that it is in the mar

Puns, as well as venison, must be eaten hot. ket, we cannot conceive of any sensible per

It is only the flash of high' spirits which can son's reading it with pleasure or profit-even

make them tolerable, unless indeed, they are conceding that all its statements are facts.

of that infrequent and precious kind in which

the pun is the vehicle for the thought, inLilliput Levee is the title of a little English leaf's) a mere peg upon which to hang a

stead of the thought being (as in Mr. Greenbook of children's poetry, republished here by Wynkoop & Shertrood. The Children hav

childish play on words. ing turned the world upside down, and taken Vathek, (James Miller, publisher,) is a new the reins of government into their own hands, edition of the famous Oriental tale, by Wilnot only set up a king and queen, but a poet- LIAM BECKFORD, originally written in French, laureate, and the poems in this clever little and published in 1786. Had it been a work volume are supposed to be those of a candi- of much less merit it would still have posdate for the latter position. The book con- sessed great interest from the fact that it tains not only some very good sense, but was written by a youth of nineteen, in a forsome admirable nonsense, calculated to de- eign language, and at a single sitting of three light all sensible people (witness especially days and two nights. A severe illness was the delicious fragment called “Topsy-turvy the consequence, as might have been appreWorld), as well as some fascinating child- hended. The story is not only exceedingly portraits. We are sorry to say, however, interesting, but is unsurpassed in the oriental that the Bogey of the nursery who has made magnificence of its descriptions, and the exnight hideous for so many poor babes, re-ap- quisite irony which underlies and tempers pears in this Lilliputian Paradise in a horri- that magnificence. The conclusion is writble tale called the “Storm-Cradle,” which is ten in a strain of grand and solemn poetry, a story of the very worst rawhead-and-bloody, and the account of the Halls of Eblis, with bones description. There are traces of this the wretched multitude who wander therein, monster, our quondam friend Bogey, in one is unsurpassed by any thing of the kind in or two other ballads, but none are so bad as our language. We owe many thanks to Mr. this. On the contrary, Lilliput Levee (the Miller, for giving us such a charming little opening poem), Prince Philibert, Polly, Top- edition of this tine story.

Ragged Dick,” by Horatio ALGER, Jr., in importance--the relative rights and privipublished by A. K. Loring, Boston, is a well- leges of the sexes. The author, whose name told story of street-life in New York, that is not given, takes strong ground in form of will, we should judge, be well received by the the “enfranchisement” of women, and supboy-readers, for whom it is intended.

ports his position with a clearness of reasonThe hero is a boot-black, who, by sharp- ing worthy of John Stuart Mill, and a caustic ness, industry, and honesty, makes his way in analysis of the arguments of the opponents of the world, and is, perhaps, somewhat more the enfranchisement, that reminds one forcibly immaculate in character and manners than of his wife. The following quotation from Mrs. could naturally have been expected from his Mills's famous essay, is given as an excellent origin and training.

expression of a truth that will sooner or later We find in this, as in many books for boys, be accepted as an axiom :—“We deny the a certain monotony in the inculcation of the right of any portion of the species to decide principle that honesty is the best policy, a for another portion, or any individual for anproposition that, as far as mere temporal other individual, what is, and what is not their success is concerned, we believe to be only proper sphere. The proper sphere for all partially true. However, the book is very human beings is the largest and highest to readable, and we should consider it a much which they are able to attain. What this is more valuable addition to the Sunday-school cannot be ascertained without complete liberty library than the tales of inebriates, and treat- of choice." ises on the nature of sin, that so often find place there.

International Copyright.The proceed

ings of the Meeting of Authors and PublishMr. Secretary Pepys, with extracts from ers to organize an International Copyright his Diary, by ALLAN Grant. (Wynkoop & Association, have been published in a neat Sherwood.) To any one who has read the pamphlet, and may be found at the office of charming pages from which this book has the chairman, No. 661 Broadway. Every been compiled, it will be a matter of rejoicing candid and conscientious reader of this Recthat these samples of old Pepys' quality are ord will find therein arguments and illustrathus placed within the reach of all. Like a tions drawn from a sense of justice on the good loaf of cake, cut him anywhere, and he one hand and intelligent self-interest on the is toothsome. But if we are not much mis- other, which cannot fail to convince him taken, men who mean what they say when that a great legislative duty to the intellectual they pray, “Lead us not into temptation," benefactors of the age, demands instant recought not to buy this book, for it will be veryognition and liberal performance from our sure to lead them into a temptation that they country, whose government is avowedly based will make the slightest possible endeavor to on equal rights. When such an American resist, viz., the temptation to go at once and author as William Cullen Bryant leads off in purchase the four large volumes from which the protest and the plea, when such patriotic this little volume is made up, that he may and accomplished citizens of foreign bịrth as reap the benefit of every word of this de- Dr. Lieber and Dr. Schaff echo and respond liciously garrulous old fellow's journal. Here to the argument, and a publisher of the large is the material out of which history must be experience and liberal integrity of James T. made. Here are “pen-photographs” of a Fields joins in the demonstration,—there man's inner life, and the inner life of an must be substantial reason and adequate cause eventful time. Mr. Allan Grant has made for the important movement which this interhis selections with commendable taste, but esting and seasonable brochure signalizes. It has strung them on a somewhat obtrusive contains the circular of the committee that thread of his own twisting of the external called the meeting in March, 1868, a list of appearance of the book we can say no good. the officers of the Association, letters from It is a pity that so pure a gem should have so Dr. Gross, Professor Agassiz, Dr. Palfrey, Dr. mean a setting.

Holland, Simms, and others; the speeches

of Bryant, Prime, Osgood and Schaff; Dr. W. V. SPENCER, of Boston, has republished Prime's Essay on the Right of Copyright, a pamphlet lately issued in London, entitled Lord Mansfield's opinion, R. G. White's The Social and Political Dependence of Wo- statement of the question, and the constitumen, which contains some trenchant and tion and list of members of the International pithy arguments on a question daily growing Copyright Association.

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