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FLORAL DIRECTORY

Jerusalem and the Alexandrian library, a widowhood by stuffing apes and birds, specimen of the type invented by Mem- her executor was at least bound to pay non, the Egyptian, and a genuine manu- the expense she had incurred, in indulgscript of the first play acted by Thespising her whimsical fancy. Ke saw no and his company in a waggon; for ail reason why a single shilling of the plainthese she had in her lifetime paid most tiff's demand should be subtracted, and liberally. It appeared also she had erect- the jury viewed the curiosities in the ed a mausoleum, in which her deceased same light, and gave a verdict for the husband was laid, and she projected the plaintiff, damages 401. depositing her own remains, when death should overtake her, by the side of him. The plaintiff was employed in fitting it Variegated Meadow Saffron. Colchium up, and ornamenting it with a tessellated

variegatum. pavement; this was also paid for, and Dedicated to St. Hyacinthus. constituted no part of the present demand. This action was brought against the defendant to recover the sum of 401.

September 12. for stuffing and embalming a bird of pa- St. Eanswide, Abbess, 7th Cent. St. radise, a fly-bird, and ourang-outang, an

Guy of Anderlent, 11th Cent. St. ichneumon, and a cassowary. The de

Albeus, A. D. 525. fendant did not deny that the plaintiff had GLASS-CUTTERS AT Newcastle. a claim on the estate of the deceased, but On the 12th of September, 1823, the he had let judgment go by default, and inhabitants of Newcastle and Gateshead attempted merely to cut down the amount were gratified with a spectacle which in of the demand. The plaintiff's foreman, that part was novel and peculiarly in. or assistant, proved that the work had teresting, although in London it is combeen done by the direction of Mrs. Mor- mon. It was a procession through the gan, and that the charge was extremely principal streets, of the workmen employreasonable. On the contrary, the de- ed in several of the glass-houses, each fendant's solicitor contended that the bearing in his hand a specimen of the art, charge was most extravagant; he stated, remarkable either for its curious constructhat the museum of the deceased virtuoso tion, or its beauty and elegance. The had been sold by public auction, and in- morning was ushered in with the ringing cluding the models of the temple of Je- of bells, and notice of the intended prorusalem and the Alexandrian library, the cession having been previously circulated, antique type, Thespian manuscript, spear. numbers of people crowded the streets. head, and every thing else she had been A little after twelve o'clock it moved forall her life collecting, it had not netted ward along the Close, amid the cheers of more than 1101. As to the stuffed mon- the assembled multitude, the firing of kies and birds, which constituted the cannon and the ringing of bells, and prefoundation of the plaintiff's claim, they ceded by the band of the Tyne Hussars. scarce had defrayed the expense of car. It was composed of the workmen of the rying them away; they were absolute Northumberland, the South Shields, the rubbish. The plaintiff's attorney replied Wear (Sunderland), the Durham and that his client's labour was not to be ap- British (Gateshead), the Stourbridge preciated by what the objects of it pro- (Gateshead), and the North Shields glass duced at a common sale, attended, per- companies, arranged according to the haps, by brokers, who were as ignorant seniority of their respective houses, and as the stuffed animals they were pur- each distinguished by appropriate flags. chasing.

The sky was clear, and the rays of the The under-sheriff observed, that in sun, falling upon the glittering utensils and matters of taste the intrinsic valde of an symbols, imparted richness and grandeur article was not the proper medium of as to their appearance. The hat of almost certaining the compensation due to the every person in it was decorated with a labour which produced it; a virtuoso glass feather, whilst a glass star sparkled frequently expended a large sum of mo on the breast, and a chain or collar of vaney for what another man would kick out riegated glass hung round the neck; some of his house as lumber. If Mrs. Morgan, wore sashes round the waist. Each man who it was proved was a lady of fortune, carried in his hand a staff, with a cross wished to amuse the gloomy hours of her piece on the top, displaying one or more

eurious or beautiful specimens of art. Smith, I write from my own recollection These elevations afforded a sight of the of him. It is a pleasant occupation to different vessels, consisting of a profusion record the acts of these worthies of the of decanters, glasses, goblets, jugs, bowls, legitimate drama-to notice the talents dishes, &c., the staple articles of thé and acquirements of an actor so unitrade, in an endless variety of elegant versally respected for the kindness of his shape, and of exquisite workmanship, with disposition--the firmness of a mind gra. several other representations remarkable dually developing principles and conduct either for excellence of manufacture or worthy the syinpathy and respect of allfor curious construction. Amongst these and whose ease and gracefulness of manwere two elegant bird.cages, containing ner obtained for him the honourable disbirds, which sung at periods during the tinction of “Gentleman Smith.” procession. A salute was fired several The subject of our memoir was born in times froin a fort mounted with glass London, in 1730. He was designed for cannon, to the astonishment of the spec- the church, and in 1737 his father sent tators; a glass bugle which sounded the him to Eton, from whence he was rehalts, and played several marches, was moved to St. John's-college, Cambridge, much admired for its sweetness and cor- in 1748. The vivacity and spirit which rectness of tone. Several elegant speci- had distinguished young Smith while at mens of stained glass were exhibited; Eton, here led him into some rash and many of the men wore glass hats and impetuous irregularities. He was young carried glass swords. When the pro- —very young: unknown to the world, cession arrived at the mansion-house it and too worldly in his pleasures. The halted, while a salute was fired from the force of evil example, so glaringly disglass cannon; the procession then moved played within our colleges and grammarforward, passing along the bridge, schools, was powerful—and Smith yielded through Gateshead, and then returned to its power. One hasty act of impru. and paraded through the principal streets dence and passion, frustrated his father's of Newcastle, to dinners provided at dif- hopes, and determined the future pursuits ferent inns

of this tyro. Having one evening drunk Mr. John Sykes, in the volume of too freely with some associates of kindred “ Local Records” published by him at minds, and being pursued by the proctor, Newcastle, from whence this account is he had the imprudence to snap an unwaken, says,

“ that a procession of this loaded pistol at him. For this offence he kind is highly commendable, not as a was doomed to a punishment to which he mere unmeaning show calculated for cari- would not submit; and in order to avoid cature, but as exhibiting to public view expulsion immediately quitted college. some of the finest efforts of human indus- He now had the opportunity of gratifying try and genius."

his inclination for the stage, and without any deep reflection upon the step he was

about to take, immediately upon his arrival Semilunar Passion Flower. Passiflora in London, applied to Mr. Rich, then peltata.

manager of Covent-garden theatre, and Dedicated to St. Eanswide. succeeded in obtaining an engagement.

He made his first appearance in January, September 13. 1753, in the character of Theodosius ; St. Eulogius, ' Patriarch of Alexandria, friends came up for the purpose of giving

on which occasion many of his college A. D. 608. St. Amatus, Bp. A. D. 690. him their support. His second attempt Another St. Amatus, or Ame, Abbot, A. D. 627. St. Maurilius, 5th Cent.

was Polydore, in the “Orphan;" after which he appeared successively in South

ampton, in the “ Earl of Essex," and “ GENTLEMAN SMITH,"

Dolabella, in “ All for Love." Mr. Smith

was obliged for some time to play subTo the Editor of the Every-Day Book. ordinate parts ; but after Mr. Barry Dear Sir,

quitted the stage, he undertook several of Probably a biographical sketch of this the principal characters in which that eminent professor of the histrionic art, great actor had appeared with such disinay prove acceptable to your interesting tinguished approbation. Mr. Smith's w cekiy sheet of the laiter days of Mr. mode of acting had many peculiarities

FLORAL DIRECTORY,

THE ORIGINAL

CHARLES SURFACE.

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part."

*

which were considered as defects, but logue, in which he announced his intenfrom his frequent appearance, the au tion to quit the stage at the close of the dience seemed to forget them, or to regard season, thinking it time to resign the them as trifles undeserving notice, when sprightly Charles to abler hands and viewed in connection with the many ex- younger heads.” On the ninth of June cellencies which he always displayed. following, he took his leave, after the perThis favourable disposition towards him formance of Charles Surface, in a short, was greatly increased by his upright and but neat and elegant address : expressing independent conduct in private life, which his gratitude for the candour, indulgence, gained for him very general esteem. and generosity he had experienced, and When Churchill published his “Rosciad," his hope that the patronage and protecin 1761, the only notice he took of him tion the public had vouchsafed him on the in his satire, is comprised in the follow- stage, would be followed by some small ing couplet :

esteem, when he was off.” He performed

but once afterwards, which was in the “ Smith the genteel, the airy, and the smart, Smith was just gone to school to say his

same part, in 1798, for the benefit of his old friend King. Mr. Smith was first

married to the sister of the earl of SandAfter being twenty-two years at Co- wich, the widow of Kelland Courtnay, vent-garden, Garrick engaged him, in the Esq.; she died in 1762. Soon afterwards winter of 1774, to perform at Drury-lane,

he married Miss Newson, of Leiston, in where he remained till the close of his Suffolk. Lord Chedworth bequeathed professional labours in 1788. Though him a legacy of 2001. He died at Bury Mr. Smith, for a considerable period, St. Edmurds, on the 13th of September, played the first parts in tragedy, nature 1819, in the 89th year of his age. seemed not to have qualified him for this In my humble walk of life, when a boy branch of the histrionic art. His

person

at the free grammar-school of Bury St. was tall and well formed, but his features Edmunds, I had, with my young “classiwanted flexibility, for the expression of cal” companions, frequent opportunities the stronger and finer emotions of tragedy, of meeting this aged veteran of the drama. and his voice had a monotony and harsh. His appearance was always agreeable to ness, which took much from the effect of us. He encouraged our playful gambols, his finer performances. The parts in this and was well-pleased in giving us someline in which he acquired most popula- thing to be pleased with. In his eightieth rity were Richard the Third, Hotspur, year he looked “most briskly juvenal.” and Hastings.

His person was then debonair, and his But, now, I must speak of those powers fine, brown, intelligent eye reflected all the in which Mr. Smith was unrivalled. ilis miod could realize of the volition of personation of Charles Surface, in the Charles Surface. His dress was in per* School for Scandal,” (of which he was fect keeping with the vivacious disposithe original representative,) has always tion of the man. He always wore, when been spoken of as his masterpiece, and, perambulating, a white hat, edged with indeed, the highest praise and admiration green-blue coat-figured waistcoat—fuswere always awarded him for original- tian-coloured breeches, and gaiters to cority, boldness of conception, truth, free- respond. Thus apparelled, he was, when dom, ease, and gracefulness of action and the

weather was favourable, to be met with A sigh of tender regret to the in some one of the beautifully rural walks recollection of so great a worthy has been in the neighbourhood of the town, triputtered by the pleasant Elia, in his ping on at a sharp, brisk pace, and twist“ Essay upon Old Actors,” to which I ing his thin gold-headed cane in his right refer every lover of the drama,—there he hand. His politeness was proverbial ; will discover what our favourites in the old and the same ease and gracefulness of school of acting were,--and what our carriage-dignity of manner-and suavity modern professors ought now to be!

of address-were features as conspicuous Mr. Smith's Kitely has been extolled off, as when on, the stage. It was a lucky as superior to that of Garrick. Archer and Oakly are two other parts, in which

* An interesting notice of Mr. Smith will be he acquired high reputation.

found in a small and elegant little work, entitled On the 9th of March, 1788, after County Biography," &c., published by Longman and performing Macbeth, he delivered an epi- of this article.

Cn., accompanied by a good portrait of the subject

manner.

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moment for us to meet him near our The rool was a carved or sculptured “ tart” and “ turn-over" shop. He would groupe consisting of a crucifix, or image anticipate our raspberry cravings, and re of Christ on the cross, with, commonly, mind us that he “was once a school-boy," the virgin Mary on one side, and John and that the fugging system was only to on the other ; though for these were be tolerated in the hopeful expectation of sometimes substituted the four evangea plentiful reward in “sweets

and “su lists, and frequently rows of saints were gar-candy.” He was one whom Shak- added on each side.* speare has painted

The rood was always placed in a gal“ That liv'd, that lov'd, that lik'd, that look'd lery across the nave, at the entrance of

the chancel or choir of the church, and with cheer."

this gallery was called the rood-loft, sigShould this trifling sketch fall into the nifying the rood-gallery; the old meanhands of any of my respected fellows, who ing of the word loft being a high, or the were with me during

my labours at the highest, floor, or a room higher than anabove-named school, I am confident they other room. In the rood-loft the musiwill contemplate this great man's memory cians were stationed, near the rood, to with that regard which his rich pleasant- play during mass. ries, and our personal knowledge of him,

The holy roods or crosses being taken are calculated to inspire. He was an

down at the time of the reformation, the honourable man; and it was his honour- rood-loft or gallery became the organ able conduct which alone conducted him loft or singing gallery, as we see it in our to an honourable distinction in the evene churches at present the ancient rooding of his days. Unlike the many of loft was usually supported by a crosshis profession, whose talents blaze forth beam, richly carved with foliage, somefor a while, and then depart like a sun times superbly gilt, with a screen of open beam, he retired into the quiet of domestic tabernacle-work beneath.f life-sought peace and solace—and found

When the roods, and other images in them. In a word,“ Gentleman Smith” was

churches were taken down throughout a respecter of virtue :—and he developed England, texts of scripture were written its precepts to the world in the incidents

on the walls the churches instead. of his own life.

The first rood taken down in London was I am, dear Sir,

the rood belonging to St. Paul's catheYours very truly,

dral, and then all the other roods were

removed from the churches of the metroS. R.

polis.t

The holy rood, at Boxley, in Kent,

was called the Rood of Grace ; its image, Officinal Crocus. Crocus Sativus.

on the cross, miraculously moved its eyes, Dedicated to St. Eulogius.

lips, and head, upon the approach of its marvelling votaries. The Boxley Rood

was brought to London, and Hilsey, September 14. bishop of Rochester, within whose diocese

it had perforined wonders under the paThe Exaltation of the Holy Cross, A. D. pacy, took it to pieces at St. Paul's cross,

629. St. Catharine of Genoa, A. D. and showed the people the springs and 1510. St. Cormac, Bp. of Cashel, and wheels by which, at the will of the priests, king of Munster, A. D. 908.

it had been secretly put in motion.Š The

open detection and destruction of this Holy Cross, gross imposture, reconciled many, who

had been deceived, to the reformation. or Holy Rood.

The festival of Holy Cross, or as it is Holy Cross is in our almanacs and the church of England calendar on this the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, is in

more elaborately termed by the Catholics, day, whereon is celebrated a Romish ca. tholic festival in honour of the holy cross,

commemoration of the alleged miraculous or, as our ancestors called it, the holy

* Fosbroke's British Monachism. rood. From this denomination Holy

1 Stow's Chron. rood-house, Edinburgh, derives its name.

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

+ Ibid.

Hume,

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

appearance of the cross to Constantine in relating to Eton school, that in the month the sky at mid-day. It was instituted by of September, on a certain day,” most the Romish church on occasion of the probably the fourteenth, the scholars there recovery of a large piece of the pretended were to have a play-day, in order to go real cross which Cosroes, king of Persia, out and gather nuts, a portion of which, took from Jerusalem when he plundered when they returned, they were to make it. The emperor Heraclius defeated him presents of to the different masters; but in battle, retook the relic, and carried it before leave was granted for their excurback in triumph to Jerusalem.

sion, they were required to write verses According to Rigordus, a historian on the fruitfulness of autumn, and the of the thirteenth century, the capture of deadly cold of the coming winter.* this wood by Cosroes, though it was recaptured by Heraclius, was a loss to 'the human race they never recovered.

“ Tuesday, Sept. 14, 1731, being HolyWe are taught by him to believe that the rood day, the king's huntsmen hunted mouths of our ancestors “ used to be their free buck in Richmond New park, supplied with thirty, or in some instan- with bloodhounds, according to custom.”+ ces, no doubt according to their faith, with thirty-two teeth, but that since the cross was stolen by the infidels, no mor

Passion Flower. Passiflora cærulea. tal has been allowed more than twenty- Dedicated to the Exaltation of the Cross. three !"

September 15. Nutting appears to have been customary on this day. Brand cites from the St. Nicetas, 4th Cent.' St. Nicomedes, old play of “Grim, the Collier of Croy A. D. 90. St. John, the Dwarf, 5th don:"

Cent. St. Aicard, or Achart, Abbot, “ This day, they say, is called Holy-rood

4. D. 687. St. Aper, or Evre, Bp. day,

A. D. 486. And all the youth are now a nutting gone.”

The weather on an average is, at least, It appears, from a curious manuscript six times out of seven fine on this day. I

It yet is not day;
The morning hath not lost her virgin blush,
Nor step, but mine, soiled the earth's tinsel robe.

How full of heaven this solitude appears,
This healthful comfort of the happy swain;
Who from his hard but peaceful bed roused up,
In 's morning exercise salụted is
By a full quire of feathered choristers,
Wedding their notes to the inamoured air.
Here Nature, in her unaffected dresse,
Plaited with vallies, and imbost with hills,
Enchast with silver streams, and fringed with woods,
Sits lovely in her native russet.

Chamberlayne.

cum.

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

Geminianus. Sts. Ninian, or Ninyas, Byzantine Saffron. Colchicum Byzanti Bp. A. D. 432. St. Editha, A. D. 984.

JEMMY GORDON.
Dedicated to St. Nicetas.

This eccentric individual, who is recorded on the 23d of May, died in the

workhouse of St. Leonard's, at Cambridge, September 16. on the 16ch of September, 1825. He had

for many years been in the receipt of an St. Cornelius, Pope, A. D. 252. St. Cy- annuity of tive and twenty pounds be

prian, Abp. of Carthage, A. D. 258. St. Euphemia, A. D. 307. Sts. Lucia and * Slater's Schol. Eton, A. D. 1560. M. G. Donat.

Brit. Mus. 4843. Brand.

+ Gentleman's Magazine. * Brady's Clavis Calendaria.

t Dr. Forster's Peren. Calendar

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