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rities very

Stoc. Ay, or suppose, uow, it was the Num.

Enter Stocks. ber of your Grandmother's í.

Stoc. I had the Honour of receiving your 1 Buy. No, no! She has no Luck in Loto Commands, Madam. teries : She had a whole Ticket once, and got Chloe. Sir, your humble Servant-Your but fifty Pounds by it.

Name is Mr. Stocks, I suppose. Stoc. A very unfortunate Person, truly. Sir, Stoc. So I am call'd in the Alley, Madam; my Clerk will furnish you, if you'll walk that a Name, tho' I say it, which wou'd be as well way up to the office. Ha, ha, ha _There's one receiv'd at the Bottom of a Piece of Paper, as 10,0001.got!-What an abundance of imagin- any He's in the Kingdom. But if I mistake ary rich men will one month reduce to their not, Madam, you wou'd be instructed how to former Poverty. [Knocking without.] Come dispose of 10,0001. in.

Chloe. I wou'd so, Sir.
Enter 2 Buyer.

Stoc. Why, Madan, you know, at present, 2 Buy. Does not your Worship let Horses, Publick Interest is very low, and private Secu. Sir ?

difficult to get-and I am sorry to Stoc. Ay, Friend.

say, I am afraid there are some in the Alley 2 Buy. I have got a little Money hy drive who are not the honestest Men in the Kinging a Hackney-Coach, and I intend to ride it dom. In short, there is one way to dispose of out in the Lottery.

Money with Safety and Advantage, and that is Stoc. You are in the right, it is the way to

to put it into the Charitable Corporation. drive your own Coach,

Chloe. The Charitable Corporation! pray

what is that? 2 Buy. I don't know, Sir, that-- but I am willing to be in Fortune's way, as the saying

Stoc. That is, Madam, a method, invented is.

by, some very wise Men, by which the Rich Stoc. You are a wise Man, and it is not may be charitable to the Poor. and be Money impossible but you may be a rich one—'tis not

in Pocket by it. aboveno matter, how many to one, but that you are this Night worth 10,0001.

THE CHARITABLE CORPORATION. 2 Buy. An belike you, Sir, I wou'd willingly ride upon the Number of my Coach. This company, erected in 1797, fro

Stoc. 'Mr. Trick, let that "Gentleman the fessed to lend money at legal interest to Number of his Coach-(Aside.) No matter the poor upon small pledges; and to perwhether we have it, or no.- -As the Gentle- sons of better rank upon security of goods man is riding to a Castle in the Air, an airy impawned. Their capital, at first limited Horse is the properest to carry him. (Knock- to £30,000, was by licenses from the ing hard without.). Heyday! this is some Person of Quality, by the Impudence of the their charter was never confirmed by act

crown increased to £600,000, though Footman, Enter Lady.

of parliament. In 1731, George RobinLady. Your Servant, Mr. Stocks.

son, esquire, member for Marlow, the Stoc. I am your Ladyship’s most obedient cashier, and John Thompson, warehouse

keeper of the corporation, disappeared in Servant. Lady. I am come to buy some Tickets, and

one day. The alarmed proprietors held hire some Horses, Mr. Śtocks-1 intend to several general courts, and appointed a have twenty Tickets, and ten Horses every committee to inspect their affairs, who Day.

reported, that for a capital of above Stoc. By wbich, if your Ladyship has any £500,000 no equivalent was found ;

inLuck, you may very easily get 30 or 40,0001. asmuch as their effects did not amount to

Lady. Please to look at those Jewels, Sir the value of £30,000, the remainder have they cost my Lord upwards of 60001.-! in- ing been embezzled. The proprietors, in tend to lay out what you will lend upon 'em.

a petition to the house of commons, re

[Knocking without. Stoc. If your Ladyship, pleases to walk up trust, the corporation had been defrauded

presented that, by a notorious breach of into the Dining-Room, I'll wait on you in Moment.

of the greatest part of their capital ; and

that many of the petitioners were reduced [Chloe, a lady, holding an undrawn to the utmost misery and distress : they Lottery Ticket, which, from what a for- therefore prayed parliament to inquire tunc-teller told her, what she saw in a into the state of the corporation, and the coffee dish, and what she dreamt every conduct of their managers, and extend night, she is confident would come up a relief to the petitioners. On this petition orize of ten thousand pounds, desires to a secret committee was appointed, who consult Mr. Stocks as to how she should soon discovered a most iniquitous scene lay out the money.)

of fraud, perpetrated by Robinson and.

Thompson, in concert with some of the that the Parliament will never come into directors, for embezzling the capital, and another lottery. All other gaming should cheating the proprietors. Many persons be also discouraged. Who but laments of rank and quality were concerned in that unfortunate young lady at the Bath, this infamous conspiracy. Sir Robert who was ruined by gaming, and rather Sutton and sir Archibald Grant were ex. than submit to a méan dependance, thought pelled the house of commons, as having it best to resign her life ?" had a considerable share in those fraudu The tone of dissuasion from lotteries lent practices, and a bill was brought in and gambling in the year 1731, prevails to restrain them and other delinquents through the writings of the different per, from leaving the kingdom, or alienating sons who opposed such schemes and their effects.* In 1733, parliament practices. The story of the “unfortunate granted a lottery in behalf of the sufferers. young lady at the Bath, who was ruined On the 1st of August in that year, books by gaming,” referred to in the last parawere opened at the bank to receive, from graph, and already related in this work, those who had given in their names, the is exceedingly affecting. first payment of one pound per ticket in the "Lottery for the relief of the Charitable Corporation ;"+ and in 1734 “ it was WESTMINSTER BRIDGE LOTTERY. distributed among them, amounting to nine shillings and ninepence in the pound on ment passed an act for building this

bridge

In the 9th year of George II. parliaon their loss."I

by a lottery, and the following scheme

was issued to the publie:The “ London Journal” of October 30, LOTTERY 1786, for raising 1000001. for 1731, observing on the general disposition building a Bridge at Westminster, consisting to adventure says :

of 125000 Tickets, at 51. each, The natural life of man is labour or Prizes 1 of 200001. is 200001. business ; riches is an unnatural state;

2
10000

20000 5000

15000 and therefore generally a state of misery.

10

3000 - 30000 Life, which is a drug in the hands of idle

40
1000

40000 men, never hangs heavily on the hands of

60

500

30000 merchants and tradesmen, who judiciously

100

200

20000 divide their time between the city and

200

100

20000 country.

400

50

20000 This is so true, that a wise man would

1000

20

20000 never leave his children so much money 28800

10

-288000 as to put them beyond industry for that is too often putting them beyond happiness. 30616 Prizes, amounting to 523000 The heaping up riches for posterity is,

94384 Blanks. generally speaking, heaping up destruos

First Drawn

1000 tion ; and entailing of large estates, en

Last Drawn

1000 tailing vice and misery.

125000

525000 These thoughts were occasioned by the present state lottery, which plainly dis- The Prizes to be paid at the Bank in 40 Days covers that the people would run into the after Drawing, without Deduction. N.B. There excesses of the South Sea year, had they is lillle more than Three Blanks to a Prize.t the same opportunities. The spring and source of this unreasonable passion, is the Parliament granted successive lotteries buxury of the age. Tradosmen commence for the building and completion of West. gentlemen and men of pleasure, when they minster-bridge. should be men of business ; and begin where they should end. This sets them a madding after lotteries ; business is neg

AN ORGAN LOTTERY. lected, and poverty, vice, and misery In 1737, Horace Walpole (Lord Orspread among the people. It is hoped ford) says, “I am now in pursuit of

3

Smollett. * Gontleman's Magazine.

Anderson,

• Gentleman's Magazine, 1781.

Gentleman's Magazine,

getting the finest piece of music that ever lottery puts a stop to the circulation of was heard; it is a thing that will play at least 300,0001., and occasions almost eight tunes. Handel and all the great a total suppression of trade."* musicians say, that it is beyond any thing they can do; and this may be performed by the most ignorant person; and when tickets having risen from iol. to 111. 108.

In June, 1743, “ the price of lottery you are weary of those eight tunes, you may have them changed for any other that some persons, who probably wanted to you like. This I think much better than purchase, published a hint to the unwary going to an Italian opera, or an assembly. adventurers, that they gamed at 30 per This performance has been lately put into cent. loss; paying, at that price, 28. 64. to a Lottery, and all the royal family chose play for 58.; the money played for being to have a great many tickets, ratñer than only three pound, besides discount and

deductions." + to buy it, the price being I think 10001., infinitely a less sum than some bishopricks have been sold for. And a gentleman TICKET STUCK IN THE WHEEL. won it, who I am in hopes will sell it, and if he will, I will buy it, for I cannot live

On the 5th of January, 1774, at the to have another made, and I will carry it conclusion of drawing the State Lottery at into the country with me."

Guildhall, No. 11,053, as the last drawn ticket, was declared to be entitled to the

10001., and was so printed in the paper In the State Lottery of 1739, tickets, of benefits by order of the commissioners. chances, and shares were “ bought and It was besides a prize of 1001. But after sold by Richard Shergold, printer to the the wheels were carried back to Whitehonourable the commissioners of the Lot- hall and there opened, the ticket No. tery, at his office at the Union Coffee-house 72,248 was found sticking in a crevice of over and against the Royal Exchange, the wheel. And, being the next drawn Cornhill.” He advertised, that he kept ticket after all the prizes were drawn, was numerical books during the drawing, and advertised by the commissioners' order as a book wherein buyers might register entitled to the 10001., as the last drawn their numbers at sixpence each; that 15 ticket : " which affair made a great deal per cent.was to be deducted out of the prizes, of noise."I which were to be paid at the bank in fifty days after the drawing was finished; and

A Peer's SUBSTITUTE FOR LOTTERIES. that “ schemes in French and English" were given gratis."*

On the bill, for a lottery to succeed the The per centage to be deducted from preceding, being brought into the house the prizes in this lottery occasioned the of lords, a peer said, that such measures following

always were censured by those that

saw their nature and their tendency. EPIGRAM.

“They have been considered as legal This lottery can never thrive,

cheats, by which the ignorant and the Was broker heard to say,

tash are defrauded, and the subtle and For who but fools will ever give avaricious often enriched. They have Fifteen per cent to play.

been allowed to divert the people from A sage, with his accustomed gring

trade, and to alienate them from useful Replies, I'll stake my doom, industry. A man who is uneasy in his That if but half the fools come in circumstances, and idle in his disposition, The wise will find no room.t collects the remains of his fortune, and

buys tickets in a lottery, retires from

business, indulges himself in laziness, LOTTERY AT STATIONERS' HALL. and waits, in some obscure place, the On the 23d of November, 1741, “ the event of his adventure. Another, instead drawing of the Bridge Lottery began at of employing his stock in a shop or a Stationers' Hall. - The Craftsman of the warehouse, rents a garret in a private 28th says, that every 100,0001. laid out in street, and make it his business, by false

Gentleman's Magazine, 1739.
The Champion, January 10, 1740.

Gentleman's Magazine.
+ Ibid.

Maitland. Gentleman'. Magazine

intelligence, and chimerical alarms, to

CHANCES OP TICKETS. raise and sink the price of tickets alter

The State Lottery of 1751 seems to nately, and takes advantage of the lies have encountered considerable opposition. which he has himself invented. If I, my There is a discouraging notice in the dords, might presume to recommend to

« Gentleman's Magazine" on the 4th of our ministers the most probable method July in that year, that “ those inclined to of raising a large sum for the payment of become adventurers in the present lottery the troops of the electorate, I should, in.

were cautioned in the papers to wait stead of the tax and lottery now proposed, some time before they purchased tickets, advise them to establish a certain number whereby the jobbers would be disap of licensed wheel-barrows, on which the pointed of their market, and obliged to laudable trade of thimble and button might sell at a lower price. At the present rate be carried on for the support of the war, of tickets the adventurer plays at 35 per and shoe-boys might contribute to the cent. loss." defence of the house of Austria, by rafiling

In the next month, August, the “ Lonfor apples.'

don Magazine" exhibited the following

computation.
IN THE LOTTERY 1751, IT IS
69998 to 2 or 34999 to 1 against a £10000 prize.
69994 to 6 or 11665 to 1 against a 5000 or upwards.
69989 to 11 or 6363 to 1 against a 3000
69981 to 19 or

3683 to 1 against a 2000
69961 to 39 or 1794 to 1 against a 1000
69920 to 80 or 874 to 1 against a 500
69720 to 280 or 249 to 1 against a 100
69300 to 700 or 99 to 1 against a

50 60000 to 10000 or 6 to 1 against a 20 or any prize. The writer says, I would beg the favour neas, that four hundred tickets, when of all gentlemen, tradesmen, and others, drawn, did not amonnt to nine pounds to take the pains to explain to such as fifteen shillings on an average, prizes and any way depend upon their judgment, blanks; his advertisement was that one must buy no less than seven

answered. tickets to have an even chance for any These animadversions on the scheme, prize at all; that with only one ticket, it and the resistance offered to the endeavours Is six to one, and with half a ticket, twelve of the brokers and dealers to effect a rise to one against any prize; and ninety-nine in the price of tickets, appear, from the or a hundred to one that the prize, if it following lines published in October, to comes, will not be above fifty pounds; have been to a certain degree successful — and no less than thirty-five thousand to

A NEW SONG one that the owner of a single ticket will From 'Change-alley, occasioned by a stagpot obtain one of the greatest prizes. No

nation of the sale of Lottery Tickets. lottery is proper for persons of very small fortunes, to whom the loss of five or six While guineas were plenty, we thought we pounds is of great consequence, besides

might rise, the disturbance of their minds; much Nor dreamt of a magpye to pick out our eyes; less is it advisable or desirable for either 'Twas twelve would have satisfy'd all our

desire, poor or rich to contribute to the exorbi. fant tax of more than two hundred thou. Tho' perhaps without pain we might see them

mount higher. sand pounds, which the first engrossers of

Derry down, down, down derry, &c. lottery tickets, and the brokers and dealers strive to raise, out of the pockets of the How sweet were the pickings we formerly poor ohiefly, and the silly rich partly, by From whence our fine daughters their fortunes artfully enhancing the price of tickets

obtain'd! above the original cost.

In our coaches can roll, at the public can The prices of tickets in this lottery was

smile, ten pounds. On their rise a Mr. Holland Whose follies reward all our labour and toil. publicly offered to lay four hundred gui

Derry down, &c.

never

Then let them spin out their fine scheme as There were to be 100,000 tickets, at a they will,

guinea each. The lords justices of Ireland No horseshoe nor magpye shall bafile our skill; issued an order to suppress this lottery. In triumph we'll ride, and, in spite of the rout, The measure occasioned a great uproar Our point we'll obtain without wheeling about. in Dublin; for it appears, that the tickets

Derry down, &c.

bore a premium, and that though the Tho' sturdy these beggars, yet weak are their original subscribers were to have their brains;

money returned, the buyers at the adWho offer to check us, must smart for their vanced price would lose the advance.

pains; lo concert united, we'll laugh at the tribe,

Every purchaser of a single ticket in this Who play off their engines to damp all out for each offence, and the seller 5001.

, one illegal lottery incurred a penalty of 501. pride.

third of which went to the informer, a Derry down, &c.

third to the king, and the other third to Let Holland no longer appear with his brags, the poor of the parish ; besides which, the His four hundred guineas keep safe in his bags, offenders were subject to a year's close Nor think we're such fools to risque any thing imprisonment in the county gaol.*

down, By way of a wager to humour the town. Derry down, &c.*

LEHEUP'S FRAUD.

To prevent the monopoly of tickets in On the 11th of the next month, Novem- the State Lottery, it had been enacted, that ber, the drawing of the State Lottery began, persons charged with the delivery of when, notwithstanding the united efforts tickets should not sell more than twenty of several societies and public-spirited to one person. This provision was evaded gentlemen to check the exorbitancy of by. pretended lists, which defeated the the ticket-mongers, the price rose to six object of parliament and injured public teen guineas just before drawing. All credit, insomuch that, in 1754, 'more means were tried to cure this infatuation tickets were subscribed for than the holdby writing and advertising ; particularly ers of the lists had cash to purchase, and on the first day of drawing, it was publicly there was a deficiency in the first payaverred, that near eight thousand tickets ment. The mischief and notoriety of were in the South Sea House, and upwards these practices occasioned the house of of thirty thousand pawned at bankers, &c. commons to prosecute an inquiry into the that nine out of ten of the ticket-holders circumstances, which, though opposed by were not able to go into the wheel; and a scandalous cabal, who endeavoured to that not one of them durst stand the screen the delinquents, ended in a report drawing above six days. It was also by the committee, that Peter Leheup, esq. demonstrated in the clearest manner, that had privately disposed of a great number to have an even chance for any prize a of tickets before the office was opened to person must have seven tickets; that which the public were directed by an adwith only one ticket it was six to one; vertisement to apply; that he also deand ninety-nine to one that the prize, if livered great numbers to particular perit came, would not be above fifty pounds, sons, upon lists of names which he knew and no less than thirty-five thousand to to be fictitious; and that, in particular, one that the owner of a single ticket Sampson Gideon became proprietor of would not obtain one of the greatest more than six thousand, which he sold at prizes.--Yet, notwithstanding these and a premium. Upon report of these and other precautions, people still suffered other illegal acts, the house resolved that themselves to be deluded, and the mo- Leheup was guilty of a violation of the nied men arrogantly triumphed.t

act, and a breach of trust, and presented an address to his majesty, praying that

he would direct the attorney-general to A LOTTERY JOB IN IRELAND.

prosecute him in the most effectual mander In August, 1752, a lottery was set on for his offences. foot at Dublin, under the pretext of rais- An information was accordingly filed, ing 13,700l. for rebuilding Essex-bridge, and, on a trial at bar in the court of king's and other public and charitable uses. bench, Leheup, as one of the receivers of

the last lottery of 300,0001., was found • Universal Magazine. + Gentleman's Magazine.

• Gentleman's Magazine.

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