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but it is certain that all good Chinese us, who have white skins and a very deprecate it as an unmixed evil and free press, it is thought to prevail to pray for its extinction, But " free some extent. trade" demands that it shall be con- A few words upon the religion of this venient to the consumer, and free trade vast people—which we propose to is with some a kind of religion. Theft change—may well end this brief paper. or robbery is the most common crime, The ancient religion of the nation seems and, except in extreme cases, is punish- to have been an adoration of the powers ed by whipping. Death is the punish- of nature, and it would seem to have ment of murder, robbing graves, rob- been one inspired by a spirit of love bing the Emperor, &c. It is of three rather than of slavish fear. But its vital kinds: first, and most ignominious, is life had died out, when Confucius ap“the cutting in ten thousand pieces,”
,” peared to revive and prolong it. Conor hacking to pieces slowly; second, is fucianism may now be called the state decapitation with the sword; and third, religion, that most practised by the is strangulation. In Peking this takes emperors and the higher classes. It is place in the broad street of the Chinese a kind of mild rationalism, and is not city, in the presence of the whole peo- aggressive. No missionary of Confuple; and in the autumn, when there is a cianism has ever appeared, so far as I kind of jail-delivery, a large number know, in America, proposing to convert suffer. Mr. Secretary Brown states, that us to that faith. he saw some fifteen suffer the two last The reverence or worship of ancestors punishments, the first being very rare. can hardly be called a religion, though The executioners, who are a part of the it is like one in that it is observed with machinery of justice, and are not dis- certain rites. Tablets in honor of the reputable, were talking freely wi dead are set up in every house over a those near them. A vast concourse of sort of family altar; and at certain orderly, grave people filled the street; times flowers are offered and paperthere was no shouting, no pushing, no money is burned at these shrines. The oaths, no drunkenness. It was a sad, graves of the departed are also visited serious, dreadful time. Most of the and are carefully kept. These graves condemned, either from long confine- are everywhere, all over China, in the ment or from being drugged or drunk- middle of fields, and by the highways en, seemed but half conscious of their and byways. “China is a great gravedoom. Those to be decapitated bowed yard,” said Secretary Brown. Why do their heads, when a single blow of a you burn paper-money? I asked of Mr. sharp sword ended their lives.
The Fung. “ We believe in another life in strangulation was performed by a small a kind of Hades, where our friends now cord being placed around the neck, are; and we believe they want money which with a quick twist with a wood- there as we do here, and so we burn it, en stick ended them. It was not a sight and it ascends in smoke.” This money to witness twice.
is not the actual money of trade, but it The justices or magistrates act as ex- is prepared and sold for this especial aminers as well as judges. Lawyers purpose. have not been invented by the Chinese Two other sects prevail in Peking, mind. The magistrates are assisted by that of Taou and that of Buddha. secretaries—a kind of notary-who from The religion of Taou (supreme reason) long study and experience are versed in dates from Lao-tze, born 604 B. C. It the laws and usages, and who can give teaches, or once taught-for it seems any information needed. The magis- groatly to have degenerated—the existtrate hears both sides, he questions, he ence of a spiritual world, spirit-agency, decides; and it is said that much bri- and a migration of souls. The priests bery is practised, and but little justice of Taou have temples where they live, got. We can believe it, for even with but many of them wander about, living as they can by the sale of charms, and tianity. Marco Polo, in the thirteenth are looked upon by the Confucians as a century, mentions incidentally the pressort of cheats.
ence of Christians in Peking. But in The Buddhists prevail most largely, this century a vigorous effort was made have a distinct and defined belief or by the Romish Church to extend Christheology, a consecrated priesthood, and tianity into the East, and John, of Monmany and extensive temples. There is te-Corvino, appeared in Peking, the first no weekly day of worship, but at cer- Christian missionary. He had full libtain times and seasons great and impos- erty of preaching allowed him, and he ing festivals are held, which furnish met with such success that it seemed as times for relaxation and devotion; of if the new religion had got a firm root these the most important is in the in China. But in the fourteenth century spring, at the beginning of their year. the Mongol was driven out, and all that A Chinese map indicates forty-seven it had favored was expelled. Christemples in the Tartar city, and seventy tianity again disappeared. It had left in the Chinese city. Some of these are no seed. In the beginning of the sixlarge and highly embellished, and are teenth century the Portuguese reached surrounded with extensive grounds. the shores of China around the Cape of The most conspicuous are “ The Altar Good Hope; the Spaniards followed, of Heaven," “ The Temple of the Moon,” then the Dutch, then the English ; but “ The Temple of the Earth,” and “The none of them carried Christianity as Temple of Agriculture." Near this last part of their cargoes. is a portion of ground set apart for the St. Francis Xavier, the friend of annual ploughing of the Emperor and Loyola and the great missionary to the his highest ministers, who thus express Indies and Japan, died upon the bortheir profound admiration for the labors ders of China in the year 1552 ; and the of the farmer, and their wish to propi- Jesuit Ricci succeeded in entering the tiate the fruitful god. Among the hills, kingdom in 1580, and at last reached some fourteen miles from the city, is the Peking (1601), where he established great Buddhist temple of “The Blue missions, which, for some two hundred Cloud ;” where during the heats of years, were allowed to labor, * and with summer many strangers and citizens much success, interrupted by various resort to find cool rooms, verdure, and prohibitions and some quarrels, until shaded walks.
on the death of the Emperor Kang-hi, The priests appear not to be or to in 1722, prohibition and persecution have been politicians, and the utmost brought all to a disastrous end. The toleration of sects has seemed to prevail Catholic missionaries kept a feeble hold throughout the history of this most in Peking, sometimes meeting with ancient and wonderful people. The a little favor, until in 1820 the new persecutions of Christians will most Emperor drove out the last of the Jelikely be found to have been the result suits. A Protestant missionary, Morrison, of other than religious jealousy.
reached the shores of China i 1807, and The story of Christianity in China set to work to translate the Bible for has never been written, perhaps cannot the Chinese, and it is now to be read be. But the little we know is curious by them in their own tongue. The and interesting. It would seem that as success so far of the Christian missiopaearly as the sixth century the Nestorians, ries has not been very encouraging. The spreading out from Syria, preached the good they might have done has been "illustrious religion” in China, and annihilated by the vices and excesses made converts. But in the year 877 a of those traders and sailors who were fierce rebellion broke out, and Jews, nominally Christians. Yet it would Christians, and Mohammedans were seem the churches do not relax their slaughtered with the inhabitants, and no more was heard of Nestorian Chris
• Ricci died in Peking, in 1610.
labors, and the last advices from Peking mediocrity in its own ways, bad or are to this effect:
good; now it is about to attempt to A letter in the Paris Moniteur states that a assimilate our systems and ideas. magnificent cathedral was inaugurated at Pe. Whether its digestion is or is not king on the 1st of January, and that a solemn
strong enough remains to be seen. mass was there performed by the Bishop, Mgr.
What we beg of Mr. Minister BurlinDlouly, in the presence of the diplomatic corps, the Chinese authorities, and the pupils of the game is, that he will see to it that with schools. The metropolitan church at Canton every vice we send them shall go at is approaching completion. Mr. Medhurst, least one virtue, and that they shall Britannic Consul, laid the first stone of an accord to us the like fair treatment. Anglican church at Kin-Kiang on the 25th
Whether or not the peculiarities of the of January. Religious temples appertaining to all the different sects are being erected in
Mongol type will disappear before the close proximity to each other; Protestants,
Caucasian or higher type, as we believe Catholics, Anglicans, Greek Schismatics, Bud- it to be, or whether the two will be dhists, Mahometans, disciples of Confucius, merged into one, remains to be seen. live side by side, with a perfectly good under
The usual course of history is that the standing between them. Free worship is so thoroughly rooted in the habits and manners
stronger devours the weaker. Those, of the people, that even the Jesuits dare not therefore, who wish to see the Pekingese show themselves to be intolerant.
as they now appear, must step into Mr. For all these centuries this past Brown Brady's gallery, and see the very admiraNation has lived without us, and has ble photographs he has made of thie developed its peculiar civilization of most peculiar embassy.
WHAT MY FRIEND SAID TO ME.
TROUBLE ? dear friend, I know her not. God sent
His angel Sorrow on my heart to lay
Her hand in benediction, and to say
His blessed angel Sorrow! She has walked
For years beside me, and we two have talked
Trouble distrusteth God, and ever wears
Upon her brow the seal of many cares ;
She sits with Patience in perpetual calm,
TOO TRUE-A STORY OF TO-DAY.
THE GOOD THAT IS IX SOME HUMAN NATURE.
money on lotteries, he'd be tempted, some time, into worse things. But, to
think that he should really rob and When Miss Bayles returned from the murder, and never let on, but keep on photographic gallery, in the chill dusk that innocent face about it,-oh, Miss of that November evening which fol. Bayles, it sets me crazy to think of it!" lowed upon the arrest of Abel Bellows, As her friend lifted her child out of her already wcaried nerves were further her arms, the woman pressed her hands tried by the scene of tribulation into on her temples with a wild look, which the midst of which she was ushered; really alarmed the other. She saw that for no sooner did she set foot in the it was necessary, in some manner, to hall, than the school-teacher's wife step calm this excitement; yet, even then, ped out to relate the exciting news, and her own indignation burst forth in the to say how poor Mrs. Bellows had been question, moaning and calling for Miss Bayles, “Is it possible that you, too, accuse ever since the affair happened.
your husband ?" “We are all sorry for her, and have “ Accuse him ? What can I say? done what we could for her, but she Did not the officers come into our rooms wants you," said the speaker.
and search, and find in the back of the “I will go right up," said the artist, bureau, behind the draw, a piece of the too much surprised and bewildered to very lace that was stolen? They took care to make any comments; and up it out before my eyes, and I know they she flew, with her light step, enly stop- thought I had a hand in it, that am as ping to lay aside her bonnet in her own innocent as a babe, and that never had room before entering the apartment disgrace in the family before. They where Mrs. Bellows sat rocking herself found the tickets in the little draw, all to and fro in the Boston rocking-chair, them worthless things that he's wasted little Toddle, with frightened blue eyes good money on, and has been so foolish and uncombed curls, clasped tightly in as to save up, as if to witness against her arms, the other children sitting, him; they winked and laughed, and scared and hungry, gazing from afar said that was where the money went to. into their mother's face.
What could I say? I'm his wife, and “Dear Mrs. Bellows, if I had known I'm sorry that I am. He's disgraced me you were in trouble, I would have left and the children ;-I want nothing my work, and come home to you." more to do with him."
“I always said it! I always said it!" Miss Bayles sat down-for Toddle answered Mrs. Bellows, in that sharp, was heavy-pressing the little fellow's high-strung key betraying misery and cheeks and curls, and saying nothing excitement.
for the moment. She had liked Abel " What did yo always say? Poor Bellows extremely. Lowly as was his Toddle is tired, I know. Has he had position, she had appreciated the honhis supper? Come to auntie, and have esty and kindness, the delicacy and some supper.”
genuine refinement, the pleasant humor “ I knew, and I always said it would and good sense of the man. come to that. He can't deny that I've sideration for her, shown in so many said it a thousand times. I told him ways, had won upon her friendship. that would be the upshot of it, and he Her whole nature revolted from believe knows it. If be didn't quit wasting his ing that he was-that he could be
guilty. Yet, here was his own wife “ They ain't had the'r suppers, accusing him—the stolen goods found though I believe Mrs. Wells give thene. on his premises ! She could but recall a piece of bread and butter awhile ago. that, since that tragedy at the store, I'll start the fire, and give 'em what Abel had not appeared quite natural; there is; but, what they'll do to-morthere had been a restraint over his usual row is more'n I can say, for the barrel twinkling gayety; he often started o'flour was just out, and Abel didn't when addressed—was lost in reveries, leave me but a couple of dollars this pale, nervous. Many times he had mornin' when he went out." seemed on the point of making a com- The sharp voice had sunk into its munication to her, and then retired habitual complaining tone; but, as it from the subject in embarrassment. said the last words, it trembled, and All this she had set down to pecuniary Mrs. Bellows burst out into a passion troubles, and a conscience sore on the of crying. The picture of Abel, going question of lottery-tickets. Did it, out that morning so cheerfully from his then, mean more and worse than this ? home, which he was never again, perTerribly as appearances were against haps, to enter, arose before her, arousing him, the young lady could not consent the wife's tenderness, which had lain to such a possibility.
dormant before the storm-burst of her «« We are spirits, clad in veils;
anger and reproach. Man by man was never seen.
Miss Bayles thought it best to allow All our deep communion fails
her to “have her cry out.” Coaxing To remove the shadowy screen.''
the little boy to be good, and sit beside She murmured this over to herself; her, she busied herself with the stove, yet surely the veil which wrapped the where she soon had a fire and the tea spirit of this simply shrewd, this kindly “steeping." Giving Matthew some
" honest man, was as nearly transparent change, she sent him out for a few eatas human nature ever wore. She would ables with which to cheer and garnish not admit that she had been deceived thic table; placed Toddle in his highin him. She would not even admit that chair, turned the gas up to burn brighthe had, in a moment of temptation, ly; and when all was ready, took Mrs. done foul wrong to his own nature. Bellows' limp hand and drew her up, sayShe had more confidence in him than ing, “ Come, have a hot cup of tea. I'm his own wife.
going to take supper with you to-night," Mrs. Bellows was narrow-minded, full and she sat down in Abel's place, that of passion and prejudice, while the the loss might not be so keenly peryoung artist had that intuitive power ceived. of reading others which belongs to “Oh, where is he?
What do you genius.
think they will do with him to-night ?” “Mrs. Bellows," she said, presently, asked the wife, piteously, dropping un“ let us not judge him too hastily. resistingly into the chair placed for her. Whatever others may say, it is your “ He will not be very uncomfortable, duty to remain by him, unless he is I hope," was the cheerful answer. proven unworthy. Do not take this worst suffering will be mental. You sudden trouble too much to heart. I can go and see him to-morrow, and tell have the fullest faith that the cloud him that you will stand by him, and will pass over. In the meantime your
take good care of his children until he children have claims upon you. They is free to resume his place as their proare frightened and uncomfortable. I do tector, and that will be a great solace not believe they have even been fed : to him. I doubt not he'll bear the rest have they had any supper or dinner ? very easily, after he knows that his wife
The mother glanced at the cold stove will stand by him.” in which the fire had been allowed to "Ma, what makes you cry so much? die out.
Is pa dead ?” asked little Abbey, whose