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Page * Sallust's error arose probably from his confounding this occasion 127 with that on which Manlius won the collar (torquis) from the Gaulish champion.” M. 6. Cetera, the rest of. Obstat, i. e. tends to mitigate. 7. Famae, reputation, character. 9. Nisi iterum, unless (now) for the second time, “referring probably to the former abortive conspiracy of Catiline.” 11. Loquar, the deliberative subjunctive. Quibus — fuisset = if they had ever had any (thing of) reflection. 13. Mehercule. See note on line 31, p. 73. 14. Peccato locus, lit. room for error on our part; but we cannot now afford to err. Ipsa re, by the event itself. 16. Faucibus urget, fustens on your throats, like a wild beast. Faucibus is ablat. denoting in what respect (specification). 18. Neque parari, etc., because, as he would intimate, members of the senate were implicated in the conspiracy. 20. Cum, whereas. 24. De confessis those that have confessed ; to be connected with sumundum (esse), ought to be inflicted. 26. More majorum, i. e. to be strangled in prison; the ancient mode of execution in use before the abolition of capital punishment by the lex Sempronia. M. 27. Consulares, consuları, ex-consuls. 29. Increpantes agrees with alii. 32. Mihi limits lubuit (=libuit) in line 34. 35. Maxume in particular. 37. Contendisse. Supply eum (=populum Romanum), that they, for subject.

1-38. Ante — fuisse = had surpassed the Romans. 2. Agitanti, 128 reflecting. 3. Eoque (and from this) factum (est). 6. Rursus, on the contrary. 7. Sicuti — parente, the parent being, as it were, exhausted :wie wenn eine Mutter durch viele Geburten geschwächt ist, so dass sie keine starken Kinder mehr zur Welt bringen kann." R. J. 8. Haud sane quisquam, certainly no one, in fact no one. 10. Moribus, characters. 11. Res, the subject. 15. Eis genus =their birth. 17. Alia alii, i. e. alia gloria alii, but to each a different kind (of renown); lit. another kind to the other. 19. Factus (erat). Severitas, austerity, an austere morality. 21. Nihil largiundo, by giving no largesses, to influence men's minds. 23. Illius facilitas, the obliging disposition of the former. 26. Quod has the force of dummodo id, provided it, and hence the subjunctive esset. A. & S. ? 264, 2; H. 513; B. 1280; A. 316. 28. Ubi = ut ibi, hence posset, subjunct. of purpose. 30. Factione, in party spirit. 32. Abstinentia, in disinterestedness. 33. Quo minus - eo magis = the less the more. 36. Discessit =

38. Triumviros, sc. capitales, magistrates elected by the people, the comitia being held by the praetor. It was their duty to inquire into all capital crimes, and to receive information



Page 128 respecting such. They enforced the payment of fines due to the

state, had the care of public prisors, and carried into effect the

sentence of the law upon criminals. Dict. Antiqq. 129 2–39. Tullianum. A dungeon added to the prison by Servius

Tullius, and named after hin. Varro tells us that the Tullianum was also named “ Lautumiæ,” from some quarries in the neighborhood (see Plan of the Forum). In later times the whole building was called the “Mamertine,” though this name is found in no classic author. In this prison tradition represents St. Peter to have been confined. Dict. Antiqq. 3. Ascenderis, i. e. within the carcer. 4. Humi, into the ground. 5. Camera — juncta, a vaulted roof composed (lit. joined) of stone arches. 6. Incultu, from want of care, neglect. 8. Vindices, the punishers, executioners acting under the orders of the triumviri. 17. Pro numero. Implying that the cohorts had not the full number of men. 18. Ex sociis, from among his accomplices. 20. Numero, with the (full) number. 21. Cum, although. Milibus is here ablat. gov. erned by amplius. 27. In - vorsus (=versus), towards Gaul. 31. Cujus, 8c. generis. An exceptional construction, but not without example among good writers. 33. Rationibus, plans, views.

Videri, sc. eum, that he shoulıl seem. 39. Illexerat, from illicio. 130 2–37. Eo consilio, with this design, purpose, view. 6. Rerum

=== of his Catiline's) situation. Eadem is the object of agitare.
8. Sub ipsis, close to the very. 11. Utpote qui, inasmuch as he.
The relative, here strengthened by utpote, introduces a clause ex-
pressing a reason : hence sequeretur, subjunct. of cause. Exer-
citu. The ablat. of accompaniment often omits cum before words
denoting military and naval forces, when limited by an adjective.
12. In fuga, (Catiline) in his flight. 19. Compertum – habeo
I have discovered. 22. Animo, dative. Cf. Cat. 20: cui virile in-
genium inest. 29. Quoque modo et quo modo. 30. Nequi.
verim, I have been unable. 31. Loco, condition. 32. Ab, in the
direction of, on the side of. 33. Maxume, in the highest degree.
34. Ferat, impelled (us). 37. Memineritis, that you shall re-

member : perf. subjunct. after ut, with the meaning of the present. 131 2–38. Metu, the earlier form of the dative, metui. 10. Po

tuistis nonnulli, some of you were able. 11. Alienas = of others 13. Haec, these things, the part which we have chosen. 14. Voltis = vultis. Pace bellum =war for peace. 16. Avorteris

=the later averteris. 23. Circumvenire, sc. nos. Queat. “Dietsch observes tha this word, rarely used by other good writers, occurs six times in Sallust,” 25. Cavete (ne). 26. Capti, (after) having

Page been taken prisoners. 29. Signa, the signals. 32. Animus am- 131 plior, greater courage. 33. Pedes, on frot: nom. sing. Pro, in accordance with. 34. Sinistros, on the left. Et — aspera, and a craggy rock on the right hand, rupe being ablat. absol. 36. Reli. quarum, 8c. cohortium. Signa, the standards, i. e. the men ranged under them. In subsidio, in reserve. Artius == arctius. 37. Evocatos. Veterans discharged or entitled to their discharge, but continuing to serve, or returning to service, with higher pay and peculiar privileges. 38. Optumum quemque=all the bravest.

1-39. Parte=wing. 2. Libertis, i. e. bis own freedmen. If 132 Sallust had been speaking of the class of men, he would have written libertinis. See note on line 14, p. 120. Colonis, i. e. the veterans of Sulla settled in colonies. Propter, near. 4. Ex, on. Parte, side. 5. Aeger, lame. 7. Tumultus is particularly applied by Latin writers to a war in Italy or to an invasion by the Gauls. 13. Amplius. Observe that this comparative does not here inAuence the case of annos. 15. Plerosque ipsos =most of them personally. Noverat, he knew. 20. Ferentariis. These light-armed troops were so named because they carried what they threw. M. however thinks the word is of doubtful origin. 25. Vorsari ( sari), was active, busied himself. 26. Laborantibus, those hard pressed. 30. Contra ac = - contrary to what. Magna – tendere, exerts himself with great power. 31. Cohortem praetoriam, i.e. a select body of troops forming the general's bodyguard. 32. Alios alibi =some here, some there. 33. Utrimque, i. e. from both sides of his own troops, who attacked the inner flanks (ex lateribus) formed by the breaking of the centre. 34. In — cadunt, may mcan either, fall fighting among the foremost, or, fighting fall among the first. The former is doubtless the sense intended here. 35. Fusas (esse). 39. Cerneres =you might have seen. Potential subjunct. A. & S. 260, II., Rem. 2; H. 486, III. 4; B. 1177–9; A. 311, a; G. 252, Rem.; 2. 527, Note 2.

1-20. Vis animi Catilinae, the power of Catiline's mind. 2. Vi-133 vus=when living. 4. Medios =placed in the centre. 5. Divorsius =more scattered. Advorsis, in front. 10. Ingenuus, freeborn, and born of free parents. 12. Pepercerant, from parco. 17. Hostilia=of the enemy. Amicum - pars, some, a friend ; others, etc. 20. Agitabantur=prevailed.

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1., an abbreviation of the praeno- head, to deny, refuse, demen Aulus.

cline. A, Ab, Abs, prep. with the abl., Aborigines, um, m. pl. (ab + ori.

from, of. Before the agent of a go), the Aborigines, the original passive verb, by. Denoting posi- inhabitants of a country; the tion, on, at, in. Denoting order first inbabitants of Italy, in Laof time, after.

tium, under Saturn and Janus, Abdico, āre, ävi, ätum, tr., to dis- the ancestors of the Romans.

own, lay down, resign, renounce, Absens, tis, adj. (abs + ens, ob80abdicate; to disinherit.

lete, pres. part. of sum), absent, Abditus, a, um, part. and adj. from abroad, in one's absence.

abdo, hidden, concealed, remote, Absolvo, ēri, vi, látum, tr. (ab retired, unknown.

+ solvo), to loose, unloose; to Abdo, ĕre, didi, stum, tr. (ab + free, release, discharge, liberate;

do), to hide, conceal, secrete, to despatch, finish, complete. remove.

Paucis absolvere to relate in a Abduco, čre, xi, ctum, tr. (ab + few words.

duco), to lead away. withdraw, Abstinentia, ae, f. (abstineo), abdraw off, remove, lead aside. stinence, self-restraint, moderaAběo, ire, ii and ivi, stum, irr. tion, temperance; freedom from intr. (ab + eo), to go away,

de- avarice. part, escape, withdraw. Prae- Abstiněo, éri, ui, entum, tr. (abs eps abire, to plunge headlong + teneo), to abstain from, to into crime. İnteger abire, to refrain from, to keep from. come off safe, unharmed.

Abstrăho, ăne, xi, ctum, tr. (abs + Abjectus, a, um, part. and adj. traho), to draw, drag, tear, or

from abjicio, downcast, dis- pull away; to withdraw, remove, heartened, desponding ; low,

separate from. mean, abject, worthless.

Absum, esse, fui, irr. intr. (ab+ Abjicio, ěru, jēci, jectum, tr. (ab sum), to be absent; to be dis

+ jacio), to throw away, cast tant; to stand aloof. Paulum down, prostrate; to degrade, abesse, to be not far from, to be humble.

on the point of. Abjüro, äre, ävi, ätum, tr. (ab + Absümo, ěre, psi, ptum, tr. (ab

juro), to deny anything on oath, + sumo), to take away; to ruin, to abjure; to forswear.

consume, destroy, cut off. Abnão, ére, ui, tr. (ab + nuo), to Absurdus, a, um, adj. (ab + surrefuse by a nod or motion of the dus), barsh, rough, rude; ab


surd, silly, senseless, stupid ; in- Accurro, ĕre, curri and cucurri, glorious.

cursum, intr. (ad + curro), to Abundaitia, ae, f. (ahandans), run, run to, hasten to.

abundance, fulness, plenty, pro- Accūso, åre, ävi, ätum, tr. (ad + fusior,

causa), to accuse, arraign; to Abunde, adv. (abundis, e, obsolete), blaine, find fault with, censure.

abunr:antly, in abundance, suffi- Acer, cris, cre, adj., sharp, fine, cient‘y, amply, enough. Some- piercing; violent, severe; vehetimes used as a subst, with

gen. ment, passionate ; subtle, acute, Abūto?, i, ūsus, dep. (ab + utor), sagacious, shrewd; active, ar

to a'use, make an improper use dent, spirited, zealous; hasty, of, misuse.

fierce. Ac, cr.oj. (in class. lang. only be- Acerbe, adv. (acerbus), roughly, fore: consonants), and also, and harshly, sharply, bitterly, seberdes, and even, and ; than or verely. as, after words expressing com- Acerbus, a, um, adj. (acer), sour, parison, such as pariter, juxta, unripe; cruel; bitter, harsh, sevus, similis, alius. Ac si, as if. rough; severe, hard, grievous; Simul ac, as soon as.

austere, morose. Accédo, ĕre, cessi, cessum, intr. Acerrime or Acerrème. See Acri

(ad + cedo), to approach, draw ter. aear, come to; to accede; to at- Aciés, ei, f., the edge, the sharp tack; to be added to. Huc acce. edge, the point of a spear, etc.;

debat, to this there was added. keen look, the sight of the eye ; Accendo, ére, endi, ensum, tr. the order of battle, battle-array ;

(ad + candeo), to set on fire, to an army drawn up in order of light up, kindle, burn; to in- battle; the line of soldiers ; pri

flame, incense, excite, rouse up. ma acies, the van-guard, van, Accensus, a, um, part, and adj. the first line ; a battle; acute

from accendo, kindled, inflamed, ness, insight, genius. stimulated, excited; exasper- Acquiro, ère, quisivi, quisītum, ated.

tr. (ad + quaero), to acquire, Acceptio, onis, f. (accipio), a tak- gain, obtain, procure.

ing, accepting or receiving. Acriter, adv., comp. acrius, sup. Acceptus, a, um, part. and adj. acerrime or acerrème (acer),

(accipio), agreeable, acceptable, sharply, keenly, vehemently, welcome, grateful.

vigorously, severely, cruelly. Accerso, ěre. See Arcesso. Acta, õrum, n. pl. (ago), acts, aoAccido, ĕre, cidi, intr. (ad + cado), tions, deeds, exploits.

to fall, fall upon, come upon; to Actio, onis, f. (ago), an action, act; befall, happen, occur.

an action at law, suit, process; an Accio, ire, ivi, itum, tr. (ad + accusation, charge, indictment.

cio), to call, summon, send for; Actus, a, um, part. from Ago. to bring on, produce.

Ad, prep. with accur., to, unto, at, Accipio, ère, õpi, eptum, tr. (ad near, towards, in, about; against;

+capio), to receive, accept, take; according to; besides, in addi. to perceive, hear, learn ; to bear, tion to, in reply to; for, next to, endure.

after; in regard to. Accurāte, adv. (accuratus), care- Adaequo, áre, āvi, ätum, tr. (ad

fully, exactly, accurately, dili- + aequo), to equal, to make gently,attentively. Accuratissime

equal, to level with. with the greatest attention. Adcurro. See Acourro.

15 Sal.

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