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could achieve, he resumed and pursued impediment, confer no dignity on the it to the fullest extent. Perceiving the work on which it is bestowed, painting utility of Albert Durer's “Treatise on the and sculpture may be considered without Proportions of the Human Body,” he deem- giving the preeminence to either : and ed it capable of improvement. Its rules since it has been so considered, no painter were in his opinion insufficient and too ought to undervalue sculpture, and in mechanical, and he contemplated a trea- like manner, no sculptor ought to make tise to exhibit the muscles in their various light of painting.' action. A friend, whom he consulted on Great' as Michael Angelo was in art, the subject, sent' him the body of a fine his intellectual character was greater. young Moor, which he dissected and “ No one,” says Mr. Duppa,
ever felt made remarks on, but they were never the dignity of human nature with its published. The result of his anatomical noblest attributes more forcibly than knowledge may be seen in the powerful Michael Angelo, and his disgust at any muscular developement of his figures : he violation of principle was acute in proleft no part undefined.
portion to his sensibility and love of truth.” He despised and shrunk from
the shadow of a meanness: hating the Several remarks occur in the course of heartlessness of unreaning profession, Michael Angelo's letters concerning his he regarded the dazzling simulation
Speaking of the rivalry between which constitutes the polish of society as sculpture and painting, he says, “ The a soul-cloud. With these commanding sculptor arrives at his end by taking views of self dignity he poured out his away what is superfluous; the painter feelings to his friend'Luigi del Ricco, in produces his, by adding the materials which embody the representation to the mind : however, after all, they are both Translated by Robert Southey Esq. produced by the same intelligence, and (From Mr. Duppa's Life of Michael Angelo.) the superiority is not worth disputing Ill hath he chosen his part who seeks to please about, since more time may be lost in the The worthless world, -iJl hath he chosen his discussion, than would produce the works
part, themselves.” At one time, however, For often must he wear the look of ease Michael Angelo regarded painting with When grief is at his heart; less favour than he expresses in this And often in his hours of happier feeling letter. It is addressed to Varchi, whɔ With sorrow must his countenance be hung, wrote a dissertation on the subject, and And ever his own better thoughts coucealing sent it to him with an inquiry, which had Must in stupid grandeur's praise be loud, divided the amateurs of Florence, as to
And to the errors of the ignorant crowd whether painting or sculpture required
Assent with lying tongue. the most talent. Varchi's treatise has Thus much would I conceal—ihat none should
know the merit of having convinced Michael
What secret cause I have for silent woe; Angelo that he was in error, and with
And taught by many a melancholy proof the truth and candour inseparable from That those whom fortune favours it pollutes such a char he confessed his mistake. I from the blind and faithless world aloof, “Of the relative importance of painting Nor fear its envy nor desire its praise, and sculpture,” says Michael Angelo, “Í But choose my path through solitary ways. think painting excellent in proportion as it approaches relievo, and relievo bad in It was one of Michael Angelo's high proportion as it partakes of the character qualities to bear about him an atmosphere of a picture, and therefore I was used to which the parasite dared not approach : be of opinion, that painting might be no heart-eater could live in it. considered as borrowing light from sculp He justly estimated whatever was inture, and the difference between them as fluential in society; and hence though he the sun and moon. Now, however, since seemed to look down upon rank as an I have read your dissertation, which treats accident of life, he was net regardless of the subject philosophically, and shows, its use. To those whom distinctions had that those things which have the same raised, he paid the deference accorded to end, are one, and the same, I have their dignities. Yet towards him who changed my opinion, and say, that, if touched his integrity, he bore a lofty cargreater judgment, labour, difficulty, and riage, and when he condescended to resent
the attack, hurled an impetuous defiance reply. “Poor fellow," said Michael, that kindled as it few, and consumed the “ thou shalt not need another master," and insulting defamer, though he were enscon- he gave him two thousand crowns. This ced behind countless quarterings, or er was a large sum in those days : Vasari mined and enthroned. To the constant says such a donation would only have calumny of jealous rivalry, and the daily been expected from popes and great emlie of envy and enmity, he was utterly perors. Michael afterwards procured him indifferent. When asked why he did not an appointment in the Vatican to take care resent the aspersions incessantly poured of the pictures, with a monthly salary of upon him by one of his assailants, he an six ducats ; and preserving his regard for swered—“He who contends with the the old man, Michael, though at that time worthless can gain nothing worth possess- eighty-two years of age, sat up with ing."
him by night in his last illness.“ “ His
death has been a heavy loss to me,” he Michael Angelo's temper wa “ sudden
wrote to Vasari," and the cause of excesand quick;” but his nature was kind and sive grief, but it has also been a most imbenevolent. Inferior artists frequently ex- pressive lesson of the grace of God : for perienced his friendly disposition. He it has shown me, that he, who in his lifesometimes made drawings and modelled time comforted me in the enjoyment of life, for them. To Minigella, a very indiffer- dying has taught me how to die; not with ent hand, he gave the model of a crucifix reluctance, but even with a desire of death. beautifully executed, from which the poor He lived with me twenty-six years, grew fellow formed a mould and made casts rich in my service, and I found hinz a of papier mache to sell to the country most rare and faithful servant; and now people. Friendship and esteem for par that I calculated upon his being the staff ticular individuals oftener induced him to and repose of my old age he is taken away, undertake works than proffers of large and has left me only the hope of seeing sums. Yet he was not indifferent or in. him again in paradise.” sensible to a just estimation of his talents when they were undervalued. For Angelo Doni, a Florentine of taste, he painted a Michael Angelo was never married. holy family, and sent it home with a note To one who lamented that he had no chilrequiring seventy ducats for it. Doni dren to inherit his property, Michael aatold the
messenger he thought forty were swered, “ My works must supply their enough; Michael replied by demanding place; and if they are good for any thing the picture or a hundred; Doni said he they will live hereafter. It would have been was willing to pay the seventy; Michael unfortunate for Lorenzo Ghiberti, had he demanded a hundred and forty, and Doni not left the doors of S. Giovanni, for his paid the sum.
sons and his nephews have long since
sold and dissipated his accumulated He honoured worthy men in every sta- will continue to record his name to future
wealth; but his sculpture rergains, and tion. His purse was open to their necessities; he condoled with them in their ages.” These “doors” were of bronze. afflictions, and lightened their oppressions
When Michael was asked his opinion of by his sympathies and influence. To them, he said they were fit to be the doors
of paradise. artists and men of talent his liberality was munificent. He neither loved money por accumulated it. His gifts were the Throughout the poetry of Michael Anfree-will offerings of his heart, and hence gelo, of which there is much in existence, its dispensations
.ccompanied by a love is a pervading sentiment, though, notoriety which sullies the purity of pri- without reference to any particular obmary obligation, by exposing the naked- ject. Condivi had often heard him disness of its object.
course upon it as a passion platonically;
and Mr. Duppa gives the following sonConversing one day with his old and net, translated from the Italian of Michael faithful servant, he said, “What will be- Angelo by Mr. Wordsworth, as exemplicome of you, Urbine, if I should die?” “I fying Michael's turn of thought : must then seek another master" was the
BY MICHAEL ANGELO.
And I be undeluded, unbetray'd;
In sight of Heaven, then wherefore hath God made
Glory to that eternal Peace is paid,
His hope is treacherons only, whose love dies
That breathes on earth the air of Paradise.
The personal beauty and intellectual As an instance, a short poetical suppliendowments of Vittoria Colonna, marchi cation, translated by Mr. Duppa into oness of Pescara, impressed Michael An prose, is remarkable for its self-knowgelo with sentiments of affectionate esteem. ledge and simplicity; it is here sube She admired his genius, and frequently joined :left her residence at Viterbo for the sole purpose of enjoying his society at Rome. “ To the Supreme Being. He addressed three sonnets and a madrigal to her. In her last moments he lendesť me virtue to make them worthy
"My prayers will be sweet if thou paid her a visit, and told Condivi he to be heard; my unfruitful soil cannot grieved he had not kissed her cheek, as produce virtue of itself. Thou knowest he had her hand, for there was little hope the seed, and how to sow it, that it may of his ever seeing her again. He penned spring up in the mind to produce just and an epitaph on her decease : the recollec- pious works: if thou showest not the tion of her death constantly dejected him. hallowed path, no one by his own know
To the purity of his thoughts, there is ledge can follow thee. Pour thou into my a high testimony by Condivi.“ In a long mind the thoughts that may conduct me intimacy, I have never heard from his in thy holy steps; and endue me with a mouth a single word that was not perfectly fervent tongue, that I may alway praise, decorous, and had not for its object to exalt, and sing thy glory." extinguish in youth every improper and lawless desire : his rature is a stranger Finally, it may be added, that in an to depravity.” He was religious, not by age of splendid vice, Michael Angelo was the show, but from feeling and conviction an illustrious example of virtue,
To MICHAEL ANGELO-IMMORTAL
Michael ! to what thou wert, if I could raise
An aspiration, or a holy light,
Thy virtne ; and would supplicate the muse
But urge one youthful artist on to choose
Where well inspiring floods, and thence would drink
No longer then controll’d by sease-I'd think
Break the dead slumber of undeeming man,
Him with thy deeds, and show him thine was Wisdom's plan.
This zodiacal sign is said to symbolize ram, Junoa cow, Mercury an ibis, Apollo a the fishery of the Nile, which usually crow, Bacchus a goat, Diana a cat, Venus commenced at this season of the year. a fish, &c. till Jupiter hurled a rock and According to an ancient fable, it repre- buried him under Ætna. The idol Dasents Venus and Cupid, who, to avoid gon, with a human head and arms, and Typhon, a dreadful giant with a hundred a fish's tail, is affirmed to be the symbol heads, transformed themselves into fish, of the sun in Pisces, and to aliegorize This fabulous monster, it seems, threw the that the earth teems with corn and fruits. whole host of heathen deities into confu The sun generally enters Pisces about sion. His story shortly is, that as soon the period of February; for instance, in as he was born, he began to avenge the 1824 on the 16th, in 1825 on the 18th of death of his brethren, the giants who had the month. The Romans imagined that warred against Olympus, by resuming the the entrance of the sun into Pisces was conflict alone. Flames of fire darted attended by bad weather, and gales of from his eyes and mouths; he uttered uncertainty to the mariner. * Thanson horrid yells, and so frightened the pagan sings, that in this month, celestials, that Jupiter himself became a
Muttering, the winds at eve, with blunted point,
February 18. sole expense, by several years' labour, and
with the assistance of some learned perSt. Simeon, Bp. of Jerusalem, A. D. 116. sous abroad and at home, made coliecSts. Leo and Paregorius, 3d Cent tions of original papers and letters re
lating to “Thuanus's History," written CHRONOLOGY.
in Latin, in order to a new and accurate On the 18th of February 1734, the edition, in 7 vols. folio, which was finishhouse of commons received a petition ed; that the act of the 8th of Q. Anne, from Mr. Samuel Buckley, a learned printer ; setting forth that he had, at his
• Dr. Forster's Parenn. Cal. No. 10.
for the encouragement of learning, ex- Hardwicke, that he so highly regarded tended only to the authors, purchasers, or “Thuanus's History,” as to have resigned proprietors of the copy-right of any book the seals for the express purpose of being in English, published after the 10th of enabled to read it in the original lanApril,1710, and allowed the importation or guage.* It has been computed that a vending of any books in foreign language person who gave his attention to this printed beyond the seas; so that any books, work for four hours every day, would not first compiled and printed in this kingdom finish the perusal in twelve months. It in any of those languages, might be re- comprehends the events of sixty-four printed abroad and sold in this kingdom, years, during the times wherein Thuanus to the great damage of the first printer or lived and flourished as an eminent French proprietor: he therefore prayed, that he author and statesman. His English might be allowed the same benefit in his biographer quotes, as a character of his copy of the “ History of Thuanus,” in writings, that, “ in a word, they are calLatin, for fourteen years.
culated to render those who attend to given to bring in the bill, and it after- them better and wiser men.”+ wards passed into an act.
The protection of this excellent work was a justice due to the spirit and liker
FLORAL DIRECTORY. ality of Mr. Buckley. He had been
Wall Speedwell. Veronica vivensis. originally a bookseller. John Dunton
Dedicated to St. Simeon of Jerusalem. says of him, “ He is an excellent linguist, understands the Latin, French, Dutch, and Italian languages, and is master of a February 19. great deal of wit: he prints the Daily
St. Barbatus, or Barbas, Bp. A. D. 682. Courant,' and · Monthly Register,' which, I hear, he translates out of the foreign par which city he was bishop. Butler relates
This saint is patron of Benevento, o* '-a great merit, it should
ne miracle of him, nor does it seem, in the eyes of old Dunton.
him that Mr. Buckley was a really learned
any other name in the calendar printer. The collections for his edition of the Romish church is affixed to this of Thuanus were made by Carte, who day. had fled to France from an accusation of
THE SEASON high reason, during the rebellion of 1715
A pretty trifle from the Greek is deand while in that country possessed him- scriptive of appearances about this peself of so many materials for the
riod: that he consulted Dr. Mead, the cele
To a Lady on her Birthday. brated physician, and patron of literary men, concerning the undertaking. By See amidst the winter's cold, the doctor's recommendation, it was in
Tender infant of the spring ; trusted to Mr. Buckley, who imported See the rose her bud unfold, the paper for it, which, with the mate Every sweet is on the wing. rials, cost him 2,3501. He edited the
Hark! the purple flow'ret cries, work with fidelity, and executed it with "Tis for thee we haste away, elegance.
'Tis for thee we brave the skies, Mr. Buckley was the publisher of the Smiling on thy natal day, Spectator," which appeared in folio Soon shalt thou the pleasure prove, from his shop at the Dolphin in Little Which awaits on virtuous love Britain, a place then filled with booksellers. At the close of the seventh vo
Place us ’midst thy flowing hair, lume this popular work was suspended,
Where each lovely grace prevails,
Happier we to deck the fair, but resumed by Buckley in Amen-corner.
Than to wait the vernal gales. He attained to opulence and respectability, was in the commission of the peace for Middlesex, and died, greatly esteemed, on the 8th of September, 1741, Field Speedwell. Veronica agrestis. in the sixty-eighth year of his age."
Dedicated to St. Barbatus. It is related of the great lord chancellor
* Bibliog. Dict.
* Mr. Nichols's Lit. Anecdotes.
† Mr. Collinson's Life of Thuanus.