Immagini della pagina



ā, ǎb, abs, prep. with abl. A is used only before consonants; ab, before vowels and consonants; abs, only with te. I. OF SPACE: from, away from, on the side of, in the direction of, on, in; Gallia attingit ab Sequanis Rhenum, on the side of the Sequăni, i. 1; a dextro cornu, on the right wing, i. 52; a fronte, in front, ii. 23; ab millibus passuum octo, eight miles off or away, iv. 22. II. OF TIME: from, after; ab cohortatione, after exhorting, ii. 25. III. OF OTHER RELATIONS: from, by, by means of, in respect to, among, from with an accessory idea of against; ab iis defendere, to defend against (from) them, i. 11; ortus est a tribunis, arose among or had its origin from, i. 39; ab re frumentariā laborare, to suffer in respect to provisions, vii. 10.

abditus, a, um, part. from abdo. ab-do, děre, didi, ditum, v. tr. To remove, put away; to conceal; sese in silvas, to hide away in the forests, i. 12.

ab-dūco, ĕre, xi, ctum, v. tr. To lead away, take away, withdraw.

ǎb-eo, ire, ivi or ii, itum, v. intr. To go away, depart.

ǎbesse. See Absum. abfütūrus, a, um. Sce Absum. abies, ětis, f. The fir-tree, v. 12. ǎbisse for abiisse, from abeo. abjectus, a, um, part. from abjicio. ab-jício, ère, jēci, jectum, v. tr. (jacio.) To throw away, cast from, cast off, throw down; to hurl.

abjunctus, a, um, part. from abjungo.

ab-jungo, ĕre, xi, ctum, v. tr. To loose from the yoke; to separate, remove; abjuncto Labiēno, Labienus having been detached, vii. 56.

abreptus, a, um, part. from abripio. ab-ripio, ère, ripui, reptum, v. tr. (răpio). To snatch away, take away by violence, tear off or away.

abs-cido, ĕre, cidi, cisum, v. tr. (caedo). To cut off or away.

ab-scindo, ĕre, scidi, scissum, v. tr. To tear or break off, rend.

abscīsus, a, um, part. from abscido. absens, entis, part. (absum). Absent, being away; se absente, in his absence, v. 7.

ab-sĭmīlis, e, adj. Dissimilar, unlike; formā, of a form not unlike that of, iii. 14.

ab-sisto, ĕre, stiti, v. intr. To withdraw; to keep off from, v. 17.

abs-tineo, ere, ui, tentum, v. tr. (těneo). To hold from, keep from. Intr. to refrain from, abstain from; to sparc, vii. 47.

abstractus, a, um, part. from abstrăho.

abs-trăho, ĕre, xi, ctum, v. tr. To drag away, take or carry away by force.

ab-sum, esse, fui, v. irr. n. To be absent or away from, to be distant from; longe iis abesse, to be far away from them, i. e., to be of no service to them, i. 36; to be exempt from, vi.


ǎb-undo, āre, āvi, ātum, v. intr. (unda, a wave). To flow over, abound in, be well provided with.

ac, conj. See Atque.

accedo, ère, cessi, cessum, v. intr. (ad, cédo). To go near to, approach; to be added. Accedebat, quod, it was added, that, i. e., moreover, iii. 2.

accēlĕro, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. and intr. (ad, cělěro, to quicken). To hasten; to make haste, vii. 87.

acceptus, a, um, 1), part. from accipio; 2), adj. Pleasant, welcome, agrecable; maxime plebi acceptus, very much beloved by the people, i. 3.

accido, ère, cidi, v. intr. (ad, cădo). To fall, fall upon; to befall, occur, happen. Accidit, impers. it happens.

accīḍo, ère, cidi, cisum, v. tr., (ad, caedo). To cut off, cut down, fell.

accípio, ère, ēpi, eptum, v. tr. (ad, căpio). To receive, take, accept; to attain, get; to learn; to approve of.

acclīvis, e, adj. (ad, clīvus). Ascending, rising, sloping upwards; locus, paulatim ab imo acclivis, a place rising gradually from the plain, iii. 19.

acclivitas, ātis, f. (acclīvis). An ascent, steepness, upward slope.

Acco, onis, m. A general of the Senones, vi. 4, 44.

accommodātus, a, um, 1), part. from accommodo; 2), adj. Suitable, fitted; accommodatiora, better fitted, more adapted, iii. 13.

accommodo, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (ad, commodum). To adjust, fit, put on, arrange.

accurate, accūrātius, accūrātissìme, adv. (ad, cura). With care, fully, exactly, attentively.

accurro, ĕre, curri, and cucurri, cursum, v. intr. (ad, curro). To run to, hasten to.

accūso, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (ad, causa). To accuse, blame, reproach, censure, find fault with.

ǎcerbe, acerbius, ăcerbissime, adv. (ăcerbus). Roughly, bitterly, harshly, sharply; with pain, with discontent, vii. 17.

ācer, ācris, ācre, adj. (ăcco, to be sour). Sharp, pungent; disagreeable, violent.

ăcerbitas, ātis, f. (ăcerbus). Harshness, sour or disagreeable taste. Fig., severity, rigor, unkindness, harshness of conduct; sorrow, trouble, calamity, hardship, bitter fate.

ăcerbus, a, um, adj. (ācer). Sour or disagreeable to the taste. Fig., severc, hard, disagreeable.

acerrime, adv. sup. of ācriter. ǎcervus, i, m. A heap, pile, collection.

ăcies, ei, f. (gen. ăcie, ii. 23, for ăciei, G. 120, 3). A sharp edge; sharpness of the sight, fierce expression, keen looks; a line of battle, an army in line of battle, i. 22.

acquiro, ère, sīvi, situm, v. tr. (ad, quaero). To procure, get, obtain, acquire.

acriter, acrius, acerrime, adv. (ācer). Sharply, vigorously, eagerly, violently, courageously, zealously.

actuārius, a, um, adj. (ăgo). Easily moved, swift, fleet.

actus, a, um, part. from ago. ăcūtus, a, um, adj. (ăcuo, to make sharp). Sharp, pointed.

ad, prep. with accus. I. OF SPACE: to, towards, in the direction of, in, at, near, among. II. OF TIME: towards, to, till, at; ad multam noctem, until late into the night, i. 26. III. OF OTHER RELATIONS. 1) With numerals : towards, about. 2) Of purpose: to, for; ad largiendum, i. 18. 3) In respect to, for, in, according to, after, in concare-formity with; ad hunc modum, after this manner, ii. 31; ad certum pondus, according to a fixed weight, v. 12.

ădactus, a, um, part. from ădīgo. ǎd-aequo, are, āvi, ātum, v. tr. To make equal; to equal, make level with; to keep up with, i. 48.

ăd-ămo, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. Το love greatly, covet.

ǎd-augeo, ere, auxi, auctum, v. tr. To increase, enlarge.


A brave


Adcantuannus, i. m. chief of the Sontiates, iii. 22. ad-do, děre, didi, ditum, v. tr. add, join to, annex, mingle with. ad-dūco, ère, xi, ctum, v. tr. To lead or conduct to, bring, convey to, draw towards, iii. 14. Fig., to induce, lead, influence.


[ocr errors]

ăd-eo, īre, ivi or ii, itum, v. tr. To go to, approach; to attack, en



ǎdemptus, a, um, part. from ădi- A servant, assistant, attendant.

ǎd-eo, adv. (is). To that point, so far, to such a degree, so much. ădeptus, a, um, part. from ădīpis

ăd-équito, are, āvi, ātum, v. intr. (éques). To ride towards or up to, i. 46. ǎd-haeresco, ère, haesi, haesum, v. intr. To stick to, adhere.


adjūtor, ōris, m. (adjuvo). Helper, aid, assistant.

ǎd-hibeo, ĕre, ui, itum, v. tr. (hăbeo). To bring to, summon, invite, admit, receive, bring, call in; to use, employ, iii. 20.

ǎd-hortor, āri, ātus sum, v. dep. To encourage, incite, exhort.

ǎd-huc, adv. Up to this time, hitherto, thus far, as yet, still.

ǎd-igo, ère, égi, actum, v. tr. (ăgo). To drive in, conduct; to compel, force. ǎd-imo, ère, emi, emptum, v. tr. (ěmo accipio). To take away, deprive of, remove.



ad-júvo, āre, jūvi, jūtum, v. tr. To help, assist, aid; to avail, be of use. Admagetobriga. See Magetobria. ad-mātūro, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. To bring to maturity, ripen; to hasten. administer, tri, m. (ad, mănus).

ad-ministro, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (administer). To be at hand, assist, serve; to take in hand, manage, guide, direct.

ad-mīror, āri, ātus sum, v. dep. To wonder at, admire.

ad-mitto, ère, misi, missum, v. tr. To permit, allow; to commit; to give reins to; equo admisso, at full speed, i. 22.

admodum, adv. (ad, mõdus). Very, exceedingly; with numerals : about, fully, at least.

ad-mõneo, ēre, ui, itum, v. tr. To admonish, warn, advise; to remind, suggest.

ǎdolescens, tis, m. and f. (ădõlesco). A youth, a young man or woman. ǎdolescentia, ae, f. (ădõlescens). Youthful age, youth.

ǎdolescentulus, i, m. dim. (ădolescens). A very young man, stripling.

ǎd-ŏlesco, ĕre, olēvi, ultum, v. intr. To grow up, come to maturity.

ăd-ŏrior, iri, ortus sum, v. dep. To attack, fall upon; to attempt, undertake.

ǎd-ipiscor, i, eptus sum, v. dep. (apiscor, to reach after). To obtain, get, acquire, attain by effort; nanciscor, to obtain by accident.

ăditus, us, m. (ădeo). Approach, access, admittance; permission to approach, right of access or interview.

ad-jǎceo, ere, cui, v. intr. To lie at or near, be contiguous, border upon.

adjectus, a, um, part. from adjicio. ad-jício, ère, jeci, jectum, v. tr. (jacio). To cast or throw to, hurl, send; to add, join to.

ad-jūdico, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. To vi. 32, 35. adjudge; to award, assign.

ad-jungo, ĕre, xi, ctum, v. tr. To join to, add, bind to, annex, unite.

ǎdortus, a, um, part. from ădărior. ad-scisco, ère, scīvi, scītum, v. tr. (scio). To take, receive, admit, join to.

ad-sisto, ère, stiti, v. intr. Το stand by or near, be present, appear, in publico, vi. 18.

ad-sum, esse, adfui or affui, v. irr. n. To be present or at hand; to aid, assist.

Aduǎtǎca, ae, f. A fortress in the country of the Eburones, now Tongres,

Aduătăci, ōrum, m. A people of Gallia Belgica, ii. 4, 16, 29, 31; v. 27, 38, 39, 56; vi. 2, 33.

adventus, us, m. (ad, věnio). Arri- | ity; justice, equity, impartiality; with val, approach, coming. animi, composure, calmness, contentment, vi. 22.

adversarius, a, um, adj. (adversus). Hostile, opposed. Subs. An opponent, adversary, enemy.

adversus, a, um, adj. (adverto). aequus, a, um, adj. 1) Even, level; Turned to, opposite, over against. Of favorable, suitable. 2) Equal, like; rivers: up or against the stream, aequo Marte, in an equal contest, vii. flumine adverso, vii. 61. Of winds: 19. 3) Just, right, honorable, reasonadverse, unfavorable. Of persons: able. 4) Calm, composed; aequiore hostile, unfriendly; and in general, animo, with greater composure, v.52. unfavorable, opp. to secundus; res adversae, unfavorable circumstances, calamities; adversa nox, an unfavorable, stormy night, iv. 28; in adversum os, full in the face, v. 35.

aerārius, a, um, adj. (aes). Relating to copper or brass; aerariae secturae, copper mines, iii. 21.

aes, aeris, n. 1) Brass, copper. 2) Money, as the first Roman coins were

adversus, prep. with acc. (adver- of copper. Aes alienum, debt; lit., to). Against, opposite to. the money of another, hence, the money which one owes to another. aestas, ātis, f. The summer. aestimatio, ōnis, f. (aestimo). Apprisal, valuation, esteem; worth, price, value.

ad-verto, ère, ti, sum, v. tr. To turn to or towards; with animum, to turn one's mind to, perceive, observe. Sometimes animum is understood.

ad-voco, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. To call to; to summon, call.

ad-volo, āre, āvi, ātum, v. intr. To fly to, hasten to or towards; to rush upon, v. 17.

aedificium, i, n. (aedifico). Edifice, building, residence.

[blocks in formation]

aequo, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (aequus). To make equal.

aequinoctium, i, n. (aequus, nox). The equinox; the time when the days 2nd nights are of equal length.

aequitas, ātis, f. (aequus). Equal

aestĭmo, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (aes). To estimate the value of; to esteem, regard, consider; to judge, determine, estimate; litem, v. 1.

aestivus, a, um, adj. (aestas). Relating to summer; tempus, summer time, vi. 4.

aestuārium, i, n. (aestus). An cstuary, marsh, creck, frith, inlet.

aestus, us, m. 1) Heat, burning heat. 2) The ebb and flow of the sea, the tide.

aetas, ātis, f. (for aevitas, aevum, age.) The period of life, age; old age.

aeternus, a, um, adj. (for aeviter nus, aevum, age). Everlasting, eternal, perpetual.

affĕro, ferre, attŭli, allātum, v. tr. irr. (ad, fèro). To bring to, impart, offer, present; to contribute, afford; to

Aemilius, i, m. Lucius, decuri- occasion, cause, effect, produce. on of Gallic cavalry, i. 23.

affício, ère, feci, fectum, v. tr. (ad,

aequāliter, adv. (aequus). Equal- făcio). To affect, influence, treat; ly, uniformly.

beneficio, to influence by kindness, vii. 37; poenā, supplicio, to punish.

affīgo, ère, xi, xum, v. tr. (ad, figo, to fix). To fix, fasten upon, attach to; longuriis, iii. 14.

affingo, ĕre, inxi, ictum, v. tr. (ad, | iii. 21. 5) To drive in, iv. 17. II. To fingo). To assert falsely, add falsely. pursue a course of action. 1) To ex. affīnītas, ātis, f. (affinis, near to). press, state; gratias, to give thanks, i. Connection, nearness; relationship 41; cum Caesăre, to treat with, i. 13; (by marriage), i. 18. to negotiate, v. 37. 2) To perform, manage, pursue, transact, do, i. 20; conventus, to hold the assizes, i. 54. 3) To pass, spend. Intr., to act, vii. 17.

affirmātio, ōnis, f. (ad, firmo). Affirmation, assurance; assertion, declaration, vii. 30.

affixus, a, um, part. from affigo. afflicto, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (affligo). To agitate, toss, trouble, vex, afflict, injure, damage. Of ships: in vadis, to strand, iii. 12.

agricultūra, ae, f. (ăger, còlo). Agfreq.riculture, cultivation of the soil, tillage. ălăcer, cris, cre, adj. Lively, animated, brisk, quick; cheerful, elated; eager, active, fierce.

ǎlacritas, ātis, f. (ălăcer.) Live

ness; gladness.

afflictus, a, um, part. from affligo. affligo, ère, xi, ctum, v. tr. (ad, fli-liness, ardor, zeal, eagerness, promptgo, to strike.) To strike or dash against; to cast down, prostrate. Of ships to shatter, injure, collide, v. 10. affōre,― affûtūrum esse (ad, före). See Adsum. G. 204, 2.

africus, i, m. The south-west wind.
Agendĭcum, i, n. A town in Gal-bum, tin, v. 12.

lia Celtica, the capital of the Senones,
now Sens, vi. 44; vii. 10, 57, 59, 62.

ǎger, agri, m. Land, territory, field, country, district.

agger, ĕris, m. (ad, gero). A mound, rampart; the materials for a mound.

ālārius, a, um, adj. (āla, wing). Stationed on the wings. Subs. pl. The | auxiliaries, as they occupied the wings of the army.

ǎgo, ère, ēgi, actum, v. tr. I. To put in motion, drive. 1) To drive away, carry off, convey away; praedam, vi. 43. 2) To drive before one's self, pursue, iv. 12. 3) Of war machines: to push forward, move nearer; vineas, ii. 12. 4) Of mines: to extend, conduct,

albus, a, um, adj. White; plum

alces, is, f. The elk, vi. 27. Alésia, ac, f. A fortified town of the Mandubii, in Gallia Celtica, modern Alise, vii. 68, 75, 76, 77, 79, 80, 84.

ǎlias, adv. (ălius). At another time, otherwise; alias... alias, at one time ... at another time; sometimes sometimes.

aggredior, ědi, essus sum, v. dep. (ad, gràdior, to go). To go to or against, attack; to attempt, undertake. | nus). To change; to estrange,

ǎliēno, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (ăliē

ate; to take away.

aggrego, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (ad, grěgo, to collect in a flock.) To collect, assemble; to join, unite, attach.

ǎliēnus, a, um, adj. (ălius). Belonging to another, foreign to; estranged, hostile; unfavorable, unfriendly; foreign to the subject, vi. 11.

ăgito, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (ăgo). To put in motion, drive; to revolve in mind, talk about, discuss, deliberate upon.

ǎlio, adv. In another place, elsewhere.

agmen, inis, n. (for ǎgimen, ǎgo). An army on the march, the line of march; a march; a troop, band; primum agmen, the van; novissimum, the


ǎliquamdiu, adv. For some time. ǎliquando, adv. (ăliquis). Sometimes; at length.

ăliquanto, adv. (ăliquantus). A little, somewhat.

ăliquantus, a, um, adj. (ălius, quantus). A little, some, somewhat.

ǎliquis, or ǎlíqui, qua, quod or quid, pron. indef. (ălius, quis). Some one, any one, some, any, anything.

ǎliquot, indef. num. indecl. (ălius, quot). Some, several, a few.

« IndietroContinua »