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cated, wished to notice in a signal way the recent publication of a monumental work by Miss Salmon, embodied in two volumes entitled “The Newspaper and the Historian’’ and “The Newspaper and Authority.” —Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y., receives a legacy of $81,357 in the will of Benna Loewy, filed for probate February 14. The will disposes of an estate valued at $215,409, of which Mrs. Loewy receives $70,874. —Francis Cummings, a blind student of the University of Delaware, ranked fourth among seventy-one successful candidates for the diploma of French civilization at the Sorbonne, March 1. For four months Cummings was assisted to the classroom by a fellow student and took no notes. But he wrote a remarkable examination paper on the typewriter. —Professor Albert Perry Brigham of Colgate University, spent the greater part of February and March meeting lecture engagements in England. He gave three lectures on the “United States, Regional and National,” at the University of London, four on “Major Features of the United States’’ at Oxford University, and also gave lectures before the Royal Geographical Society, the College at Cheltenham, and the University College at Reading. —Dr. Henry Suzzallo, president of the University of Washington, has been appointed by President Coolidge to represent the point of view of American colleges and universities on the Board of Visitors of the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis. —On March 18, at the one hundred thirty-second convocation of the University of Chicago, Dr. William Edward Dodd, professor of American history, author of “Woodrow Wilson and His Work,” gave the convocation address, on “The University of To-morrow.”

Professor Dodd took his Doctor's degree at the University of Leipzig and has received the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws from Emory University, Georgia, and the University of Alabama. He is the editor and co-author of the “Riverside History of the United States’’ in three volumes. —That there is a reawakening of interest in study of the classics was evidenced at Cornell University, where more than 400 students registered for a new three-year course in Greek. The faculty had expected no such rush, and after they had planned for a small group to take the course, now have had to provide for the 400 divided in sections of 100 each. —Professor Albert Einstein, of the University of Berlin, has been awarded by the assembly of Amsterdam University the gold medal of the Holland Society for the Progress of Natural Science. —William Fairfield Warren, president emeritus of Boston University, celebrated on March 13, at his home in . Brookline, his ninety-first birthday. Dr. Warren was born in Williamsburg, Mass. In 1866 he organized and presided over the Boston Theological Seminary, which was the nucleus of Boston University when it was chartered in 1869. He was elected first president of the university and began his term of service in 1873, continuing in this office until 1903. Upon his resignation, he was appointed dean of the school of theology, continuing in this office until 1911, when he retired from active service. —Dean E. T. Filbey of the University College of the University of Chicago, has been appointed director of the Institute of Meat Packing, conducted jointly by the University of Chicago and the Institute of American Meat Packers. Mr. Edward W. Boshart, former principal of the West Technical high

school of Cleveland, will give the courses in the administration and supervision of vocational education during the winter and spring quarters previously given by Dean Filbey. —Mr. Lewis Reed of Los Angeles, who is 99 years of age, claims to be the oldest living college graduate in the world. He graduated from New York University in the class of 1843 and recently celebrated the 80th anniversary of graduation. —Among recent resignations of college presidents are President W. H. S. Demarest of Rutgers College (N. J.); President S. E. Price of Ottawa University (Kan.); President J. P. Sewell of Abilene Christian College (Texas); President John Laird of Albion College (Mich.), and President C. K. Edmunds of Canton Christian College, China. —Ira T. Richardson has been called to the Colorado State Teachers College as acting head of the department of education for the remainder of the year. Mr. Richardson, who was formerly

president of the Missouri State Teachers College at Marysville, has been engaged in graduate study at Leland Stanford. —Increases in attendance at American colleges and universities have moderated to about pre-war rate, in contrast with the soaring increases of 1919 to 1921, according to an article in School and Society, written by Dean Raymond Walters of Swarthmore College, associate editor of the journal. Dean Walters’ figures are for enrollment in the first term and are based on reports from 151 leading universities and colleges on the approved list of the Associated American Universities. —Rev. E. L. Jones, D.D., of Des Moines, Iowa, has been elected to the presidency of Buena Vista College, Storm Lake, Iowa, to succeed Dr. A. M. Boyd, who resigned last summer, Dean Saylor having in the meantime been acting president. Dr. Jones, who is now with the General Education Board of the Presbyterian church, has already assumed the duties of his new office.

New York State Section

—In accordance with the provisions of law requiring the Commissioner of Education to designate the day to be observed as Arbor Day in this state, Dr. Frank P. Graves has named the following dates for the various sections of the state: First district—Long Island and the counties of southeastern New York, including Putnam and Dutchess, Friday, April 11th. Second district—All of the state not included in the first and third districts, Friday, April 18th. Third district—Northern New York, including the counties of Warren, Hamilton, Herkimer, Lewis, Jefferson, St. Lawrence, Franklin, Clinton and Essex, and the Catskill region in the counties of Ulster, Delaware and Greene, Friday,

April 25th. The date for the observance of Bird Day has been fixed for April 11. —The University of the State of New York recently published the eighteenth report of Dr. John M. Clarke, director of the State Museum, covering the activities in 1922. An article by Miss Winifred Goldring, of the museum staff, describes a forest at Gilboa, Schoharie county, the oldest known in the United States. Petrified stumps were exposed after a freshet in 1869, the article states. In another article, by Dr. Arthur C. Parker, state archeologist, is mentioned the flint quarries worked by the Algonquins a few miles below West Coxsackie, Greene county. It was from this quarry

the Indians obtained materials for their arrow heads.

—The New York State Teachers Welfare League, acting through Miss Edith E. Armitage, an Auburn teacher, gave notice March 14 of appealing the decision recently made by Supreme Court Justice Ernst I. Edgecomb in which he declared that the state law making mandatory increments of $75 a year in the salaries of teachers in cities of the third class and in union free school districts is not applicable in retroactive form beyond the year 1919. The teacher had sued the Auburn board of education for an increase and back pay, based upon the retroactive principle in the law, and Justice Edgecomb decided against her. The state teachers’ organization is financing the test case, and will go to the Court of Appeals.

—The Berkshire Industrial Farm, a school for the “problem boy’’, located at Canaan, N. Y., is about to begin in coöperation with the Commonwealth Fund of New York city, a study of conduct disorders. The Berkshire Industrial Farm offers facilities which comprise a perfect laboratory for such a study in a highly scientific manner. A fine trade school is part of the equipment and also a new infirmary, designed to supply observation and special facilities for treatment of “disturbed” cases. A rich recreational program is also available in applying treatment. Dr. Clinton P. McCord, consulting psychiatrist to the farm, who is director of the mental hygiene work in the public schools of Albany, and instructor in educational hygiene in the Albany Medical College, will visit the farm regularly to direct the psychiatric research work. Dr. McCord will add to his staff for the conduct of this work, a resident psychologist, a psychiatric social worker and a secretary. The aim

of the Commonwealth Fund and the Berkshire Industrial Farm in this joint. project is to make an intensive study of conduct disorders with the material under prolonged observation and control. It is hoped that the work will prove of value to the country at large in indicating sound methods of treatment in dealing with “problem’’ boys who are inmates on commitment or otherwise of private and public institutions. Work will be started as soon as the staff which is being carefully selected has been secured.

Albany County

—Miss Jennie A. Utter, a teacher and principal in the Albany schools for 58 years, died at her home in this city March 20. Alert, capable, progressive, a woman of high ideals and unusual executive ability, she rendered distinguished service for nearly three score years to the cause of public education as a teacher and principal. Miss Utter was born in Albany in 1842. She attended the public schools and later studied at the State Normal College from which she was graduated in 1861. She was appointed a teacher in 1892 but remained in this capacity for only two years, when she was made principal in schools 23, 22, 24, 7 and 9. When school 9 was completed Miss Uttef was transferred from school 7 to take charge of the new school and remained there until her retirement June 30, 1920, when she was seventy-eight, the oldest active school teacher in Albany. Soon after the opening of the Teachers Training School in Albany,

..Miss Utter was selected as its head. She was

interested in many local and civic projects and was an active member of the Mothers’ Club. She was also a member of the Dana Historical and Art Society.

—The Albany board of education has accepted the resignation of Mary A. Jones, principal of school 20. The resignation will take effect at the end of the present school year. Miss Jones’ first appointment was to school 20 in 1883. Later she was assigned as bookwork teacher in the vocational school when it was first organized. She was subsequently made principal of school 22 and since 1918 has been principal of school 20.

—Giles D. Clark, principal of the Warrens. burg school, has received an appointment as grammar school principal in the Albany public schools effective next September. Mr. Clark was born in Albany and educated in the city public schools. He was graduated from the Albany High School in 1909 and from Union College in 1913. Since that time he has served as principal at Kinderhook, Fleischmann and Warrensburg. His exceptional record at the latter place led to his election by the Albany board of education.

—Miss Helen A. Cochrane, a teacher for more than 30 years in the Albany High School, died at her home in Albany, February 28. She graduated at the State Normal College in 1867 and taught at public school 6 for a number of years. She later taught Latin at the Albany High School and retired in 1911. Her beautiful character endeared her to hosts of friends and former pupils who deeply mourn her loss.

—An excellent exhibit of the work in the vocational schools of Albany under the direction of E. A. T. Hapgood was arranged in the gymnasium of the high school and inspected by many presons Friday evening, March 14, before and after the closing exercises of the Albany Evening High School and the evening vocational schools, conducted under the direction of the department of education. Pupils received certificates for work in ten academic and commercial courses, including chemistry, English, bookkeeping and stenography and for work in the eleven vocational courses which included architectural drawing, electricity, auto mechanics, cooking and dressmaking.

Chemung County

—Orval T. Butler has been elected superin. tendent of schools for the first district of Chemung county to succeed the late C. W. Vandergrift. Mr. Butler has been principal of the Horseheads high school for 13 years. He will continue as principal until his successor is elected.

Cortland County

—The twenty-fifth annual session of the Cortland Summer School will be held in Cortland, N. Y., July 8 to August 15. Under the efficient leadership of the director, Luke J. McEvoy, this school has steadily grown in popularity and size. Last year it had the largest attendance in its history with

an enrollment of 220 students. Students. from 49 counties in New York State and from Pennsylvania and Massachusetts were represented in this enrollment. The courses of instruction cover the work required for rural school renewable, training class, limited state, and state certificates; for teachers who desire special preparation in certain subjects, and also for teachers who wish to review subjectmatter and methods to prepare for further efficient teaching. Special classes will be organized this year in first French, German and Latin, in public school music, penmanship, kindergarten and primary methods, nature study and agriculture and in the supervision of courses of study in agriculture. The school is fortunate in having an exceptional corps of competent and successful teachers who employ the most effective methods of instruction in the various courses of study offered. All students and teachers who are looking for professional advancement and self-improvement and are planning to qualify for advanced teachers’ certificates will do well to take advantage of the opportunities that this excellent school affords. Cortland is an ideal place for spending the summer months. The climate is favorable, living expenses are reasonable and the conditions for both recreation and study are all that could be desired. The examinations for state certificates are held in Cortland the week following the session. Make your plans now for attending the coming summer session. Full information may be secured by correspondence with the director, Luke J. McEvoy, Cortland, N. Y.

Erie County

—Seneca Vocational school of Buffalo is to have a new building, a request of the board of education for an appropriation of $500,000 having been approved by the common council. This institution is the second oldest vocational high school in the state.

—A copy of the Houdon statue of Washington of heroic size was presented to the Buffalo State Normal School by the class of 1923 at the institution. It was accepted by Principal Harry W. Rockwell at Washington's birthday exercises held at the school.

Greater New York —Harold G. Campbell, principal of Flushing high school, has been appointed to suc

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