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paternal roof; supposing he were named after his grand- | a marriage solemnized in any other than “th' owd father, the new title of the house would have been church" invalid ; this feeling is especially predominant Jack o' Bill o' Jack's. An anecdote is related of a girl among the country people, who, on occasions of chrisin this district who upon being presented with a letter tenings and marriages, flock to its sacred porch, to the at her father's door by a messenger who inquired for total disregard of the numerous new churches, although him as Mr. --, using his surname, returned it with the the latter be in their own immediate neighbourhood. answer that she knew no such person ; an act of forget- To apportion a few more minutes to Manchester. As fulness imputed to the fact of her rarely, if ever, having it gradually assumed the position of a metropolis—the heard her father spoken of otherwise than by his capital of the manufacturing district--it became the christian name appended to those of his progenitors. resort of enterprising capitalists, both foreign and This circumstance will appear the more singular when native; and thus, while its population received, as it it is known that the person referred to was a man of were, an instantancous and immense acceleration, the some property and consideration in his neighbourhood; native manners were blended with, and ameliorated by, indeed, a man of lower rank in that locality could the more refined usages of the strangers. The very scarcely have had a letter sent to him.

nature of the inducement, which was sufficient to impel In this same neighbourhood in particular, and men at remote distances to make this their common throughout the country, a barbarous mode of fighting place of abode, is also a guarantee of their being indiprevails, designated, to distinguish it from boxing, vidually of an enterprising and ambitious spirit, to say (which is rarely resorted to and but little known,) "up the least. The social habits of a particular class have and-down," a very descriptive term, as the one who is no doubt been greatly modified by Germans, who now thrown may be mutilated and bruised ad libitum by constitute a great portion of the whole community. his antagonist, whilst on the ground and powerless. Besides the circumstance of a number of moving These contests, moreover, are subject to no specific spirits, being, as it were, amalgamated into one vast rules, feet, hands, and teeth, being the ready agents of mind, there is another cause of the sudden development war; indeed, the combatants are often supplied with of the intellectual power of Manchester—the articles of strongly-made boots, well studded at the fore part with trade which it produced were not obtained except by hook-headed nails, for the purpose of using the feet with various and most elaborate processes of mechanical effect; an approved mode of doing which is, after one skill; occupations so stimulating to the energies of the of the two is thrown, and whilst he still remains pro-human mind could not fail to produce effects even on strate, for the other to retreat a few paces in order to gain those who, performing an assigned part only, might an impetus, when he will rush upon his antagonist, and almost be themselves considered components of the with his greatest possible force administer a kick, by great machine. Such being the fact, we can easily which, probably, several ribs will be broken, or more understand how the taste of the community came to serious injuries than fractured bones be inflicted. In show itself in the love of scientific pursuits, and enjoythe particular locality referred to, one favourite mode of ments which enliven the faculties of the mind rather treating the fallen is, “putting the damper in,” i. e. than please the natural propensities. Thus the instituthrottling, which sometimes ends fatally. At races and tions, which are at once the wonder of neighbours and fairs, only a very few years since, scenes of the most the admiration of strangers, came to be established, disgusting description might be witnessed; a couple of from which are promulged those enlarged principles men, sometimes bɔys, streiched on the ground, fighting and true notions which characterize not merely the like dogs, and streaming with blood from wounds | general tone in this important town and district, but inflicted by the teeth, the prostrate position of the even individual undertakings and private views. In brutes precluding the use of the more serious aids, the those localities where this new state of things is yet to feet. So frequent and fatal have been these up-and-commence, the people are still the uncivilized, the barbadown fights in former years, that the assizes at Lan- rous Saxons they have ever been. More than this, in the caster seldom passed without the trial of some man- very town spoken of there are particular neighbourslaughter case arising out of the destruction of one or hoods--whole districts--in which the native manners more parties at these savage orgies.

still prevail; their denizens exist without the influence Amongst the barbarous sports annually practised at of this precocious, and yet limited, intellectual dictawakes, the baiting of bulls, badgers, and sometimes tion. In fact, the dissimilar character of different divibears, stood prominent: this cruel pastime was not dis- sions of the community is particularly worthy of note : continued until it became illegal, by the passing, a few on the right hand, we observe knowledge, civilization, years ago, of the Act of Parliament against cruelty to refinement; on the other, not merely the absence of animals. I may relate, as characteristic of the scene these, not merely vulgarity and coarseness, but positive and the actors, a little colloquy which passed between ignorance, violence, and brutality. The transition from two friends as they were about to return home from one Athenian politeness to Gothic barbarism is often sudden of these merry-makings. One of the men addressed his and complete, and sometimes without there being any companion as follows :-“ Hast t' foughten?" (Have great disparity in the rank or station of the individual, you fought ?) and receiving the answer, “Now” (No), ex- or wealth of the class, in which this difference may be claimed, “Geh thee foughten, and let's goo whoam," (Fight, and let us go home). The advice was followed ; (1) Amongst the various chapels in this venerable edifice, formerly the man ran up to a bystander and knocked him down, appropriated to their respective founders, as peculiar places in

which to worship, and as the burying-places of themselves and for the sole purpose of affording gratification to his their descendants, is one belonging to Sir Thomas Joseph de Trafsavage love of violence, without an opportunity for the ford, of Trafford Park, near Manchester, a Roman Catholic gentle

man, whose arms are emblazoned on several windows in the indulgence of which the holiday would have been

church. Although this chapel has been incorporated with that spiritless.

portion of the church applied to the use of the parishioners geneThe parish of Manchester is of very great extent, rally, it is still the property of the Trafford family, who now, as in comprising not only the towns of Manchester and Sal. days of yore, bury their dead here. A few years ago, the second son ford, but stretching for many miles over the surrounding chapel." The funeral was conducted in rather a remarkable man

of the gentleman above named died, and was buried under this districts; the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the collegiate ner. Before the body was removed from the roof of its ancestors church is, consequently, very considerable. Nor is it a a Romish priest said over it the burial-service, as adopted by the

Church of Rome; and on the arrival of the coffin at the church vested power merely that it exercises; it possesses a

porch it was met by a clergyman, attached to the church, in his vital, a sort of traditionary, influence in church matters canonicals, who, with two Romish priests, attended it to the grave, over the people, especially those living in the more into which it was lowered in silence. remote districts within the extensive boundaries of its Madame Malibran, who suddenly expired at Manchester, during

one of the musical festivals given there, was, by the desire of the right.

owner, buried underneath the Trafford chapel: subsequently the Many of the common people would almost consider I body was exhumed, and conveyed to the continent.



observed: as certain portions of the labouring popula- colour, and who is trying to believe that the neutral tion, not yet illumed by the new light, remain almost tint of aimless indifference is better than either. in their primitive rudeness; so a sacred few of the rich I wish I could persuade you—” began Edith, with and influential, not necessarily coming, or refusing to some hesitation. be allured within the sphere of this luminary, maintain “No; do not," interrupted she quickly," do not in all their integrity their provincial manners.

persuade me, out of kindness, to believe again. It is The advanced state of society in Manchester, and the better to know the truth at once; and hope is only surrounding parts, is attributable to the peculiar cir- another name for disappointment. Good-bye, and thank cumstances attendant upon the introduction of manu- you very much.” She turned as she was leaving Edith, factures into the country. Had this never happened, and suddenly, with an averted face and much agitation the people of Lancashire, far from serving as patterns of manner, said, “ Will you forgive my asking you one to the whole kingdom, would now have been literally more favour? Mrs. Willoughby is very kind, and I barbarous, and their habits and manners would have am very grateful to her, but—" she stopped, seemingly been such as to excite the astonishment of their more unable to articulate another word. civilized countrymen. Their brutality would have been “ You don't wish to see her again," cried Edith, of that description which characterized the middle ages, cager to divine her meaning, and save her from the pain if, indeed, it would not have exceeded the rudeness of of expressing it. “I will take care that she does not the Southerns at any distinguishable epoch in the his follow you.” tory of man.

Thank you,” said the other, half smiling," but I did not mean that.”

“ What then?" inquired Edith. THE MAIDEN AUNT.-No. IV.1

Why, she may probably-I am afraid-out of mistaken kindness—she might ask to have those drawings

bought-for charity-and, will you prevent this ?" The SELF-Conceit is either intensely obstinate or servilely last words were spoken with sudden vehemence, and pliant, according to the breadth of the basis of self-con- she clasped her hands over her burning face. fidence on which it rests. Mrs. Willoughby was so

Trust it to me," said Edith earnestly and kindly. anxious to establish her claim to be considered an un

“ Don't let that idea trouble you for a moment. I will taught genius, that she was afraid to oppose Mr. take care that it shall not be done. And now, before Thornton's opinion, and chimed in with it so readily you go, have the kindness to give me your address, for that she hoped to throw her original view quite into the 1 assure you I am not inclined to let our acquaintance background. But she was really good-natured, and she end here." therefore proceeded to claim his sympathy for her un

“ Thank you, thank you,” said the poor girl, once fortunate protégée on other grounds.

more uncovering her eyes. They are so very poor,” she said, ", and such deserv-do as I ask, if you please.” She drew forth pencil and

“Don't thank me," answered Edith, playfully," but ing people. Quite gentlewomen, too."

Miss Brown rose abruptly. “I would rather go, if paper, and wrote the words which her companion you please,” she said, in a low tremulous voice, to Edith, tremulously pronounced, " Alice Brown, 5, West-street, her colour varying, and her hands shaking as she tried Beechwood, Dorsetshire.” to fasten her bonnet. “ Mamma is only waiting for me

“ Beechwood !” cried Edith," why, that is the name at the lodge. 1—” Edith cut short her distressing of Mrs. Dalton's place, and that, too, is in Dorsetshire." effort at composure by drawing her arm within hers, is four miles from the town of Beechwood.”

Yes,” replied Alice, “ that is Beechwood Park. It and leading her at once into the garden. “ The air will do you good,” said she, soothingly.

“ Then I shall see you before very long, for I am “Oh, pray excuse me I have been very foolish,” re- going to Beechwood in three weeks." And the two turned her companion, hurriedly,“ I could not help it. girls parted—with what different destinations ! Edith's Indeed I have not intended to be conceited, I never heart sank as in the fulness of her bright and proswanted to be a genius-only we are poor, you sce;” and perous beauty she stood watching the slow walk of the her cheek burned as she spoke the word with painful shabby and drooping figure which had just left her. emphasis, " and they all fancied I had talent; and I She involuntarily pictured the meeting at the lodge have been thinking for a long time that I should be the watchful, anxious mother—the agonizing disapable to save mamma from having to work for her liveli- pointment--the loving attempts at unreal consolation hood-and she --" here her assumed strength gave way

on either side-and the desolate return to the small, at once, and bursting into tears, she added, “ Oh, how dingy, un-home-like room in the sombre street of a shall I tell her ?"

third-rate country town. Tear after tear of pure comLet me come with you,” said Edith, much dis- passion did she wipe from her eyes ; but, iwo little tressed. Pray don't try to restrain your feelings-- months afterwards she would have encountered all that don't think of me as a stranger. Sit down on this gloom, and poured forth double those tears, for leave to bench—there—(taking her hand) you will be better change places with the poor, neglected, unattractive soon."

Alice Brown, if by so doing she could have undone her I am better now,” faltered she, struggling to re-experience of life as Edith Kinnaird ! She was roused press her sobs. "I will go at once. Pray excuse me.

from a reverie, in which such thoughts as this certainly I would rather go alone. You are very kind. I am ex

had no part, by her brother's voice. tremely obliged to you, but I would rather go by

Tears, Édith ? I am glad you have some sympathy myself.”

to spare for any but the fictitious, sentimental sorrows You shall do exactly as you please," replied Edith, of your German hero and heroine !" gently, and cordially shaking her young companion's

The taunt seemed peculiarly unkind and undehand, ere she dropped it. But are you sure that you are served, and Edith was turning resentfully away, but able to walk so far as the lodge without assistance ?"

Frank detained her. "Do not go, Edith, I want to “O yes, quite, thank you,” answered Miss Brown, talk to you about your friends. Even you must allow with forced cheerfulness and a painful smile. “ I am

that they did not exhibit the fairest side of their well again, I assure you. It is much better as it is. I characters this morning." shall never be so foolish again,” she added, with a

4" You seem determined to provoke me, and I don't dreary, desolate resignation, like one whose life has know what you mean,” replied Edith, indignantly. been robbed of the single hope which gave it light and but I do not see what fault could be found with any

“Mrs. Willoughby behaved with heartless vulgarity; (1) Continued from page 391,

one else.”

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You think, then,” answered Frank, “ that it is to-morrow he will be at the feet of Miss Glamis, the perfectly consistent with courtesy, and sincerity, and Scotch beauty, who is to be the grand attraction at this christian charity, to ridicule an ignorant and conceited ridiculous bazaar. Altogether, Edith, I do hope you woman to her face ; to assist in persuading her she is will be on your guard at this bazaar, and not make as clever as she believes herself to be; to act submis- yourself conspicuous." sion and obedience to her in such a manner as to make Edith had recovered her temper, though not her her absurdity more glaring for the enjoyment of the equanimity, and she answered with a laugh, bystanders.”

“ Oh, my dear foolish brother, please don't agitate “I think such self-sufficiency as Mrs. Willoughby's yourself into a virtuous fever about poor innocent me, is fair game for anybody's wit," said Edith, somewhat who never flirted in my life. I shall have to put you on embarrassed.

a turban and introduce you everywhere as my chape“ Yes, if you take a fair shot at it,” replied Frank; ron." “but this was laying a trap, which is never fair. And “ Well, Edith,” said Frank, sullenly, " a joke is not a that Mrs. Dalton - I do not like her at all; and I wish reason." with all my heart, Edith, that you wouldn't make a No, nor a solemn speech either," retorted she; " at friend of her. I don't like all this German sentimen. least I'm sure it is often the most unreasonable nonsense talism and unreal nonsense; making women discon in the world. The truth is,” added she, as if speaking tented with their homes, and teaching them to think gravely to herself," he is getting very uncomfortable themselves unappreciated angels, whom nobody can because he has got nobody to flirt with himself, and so understand, and whom nobody is worthy to sympathize he must needs try to find out flirtations in other people. with. All that is flimsy—so morbid--so thoroughly Never mind, Frank, dear, I'll take good care to occupy un-English."

Mr. Thornton tomorrow, and you shall have Miss Glamis You don't know Mrs. Dalton,” exclaimed Edith; all to yourself.” "you were only introduced to her a fortnight ago, and Frank would not smile: you have never sought her society, so that you cannot “ You are trying to provoke me, Edith,” said he, know anything of her character. Where is the chris-“ but it won't do.” tian charity, pray, in deciding against her without “Won't it really?" replied Edith. “Now, do you reason in this manner ?"

know, I thought it was doing very well.” “ But I have reason,” retorted Frank, "and I know her The colour

rushed into his face as he exclaimed with quite well enough-that is to say, I should be very sorry vehemence, to know her better. I know that she is married to a "I do believe there was never a woman in the world most excellent man, who doats upon her, and that she who was not a thorough coquette at heart, and who did does not make his home happy, and tries to make the not love teasing better than anything else.” world believe her to be an interesting victim.".

"And with that pretty sentiment, which must vindi" It is not true,” cried Edith, warmly. "I wonder, cate with every woman your claim to be judge and Frank, you can believe such stories. I wish you would adviser general of the sex--I leave you,” returned Edith, have a little more consideration, and remember that you forcing a laugh as she ran into the house. are speaking of my dear friend.”

Edith's pride was roused and her temper irritated. “ Your dear friend !" repeated Frank, with that sort She felt all the injustice of her brother's remarks too of sneer which a woman finds harder to bear than the keenly to feel the justice of them at all. If there was bitterest taunts ---a sneer which seems to imply that her a latent spark of real coquetry in her heart it was roused feelings are too worthless and unreal even to be dis. by his most unwise and taunting assertion that " Mr. cussed. "And as to the stories not being true, I will | Thornton did not care sixpence for her.” She felt, just ask you one question. Have you not heard her moreover, as she had said, that she was no longer a child, profess that she never was in love in her life ?"

and that he was treating her as though she were one. "Well," answered Edith, reluctantly, “ but you know She resolved to show her independence, and she felt that may be true"

secretly certain that Miss Glamis would not attract Mr. “A pretty speech for a married woman to make, Thornton from her side at the bazaar on the following whether true or false,” interrupted Frank, bluntly; day. She told herself that she was not flirting--that “and to make to her husband's face, too, as I know she she was only legitimately enjoying herself-that Lord does! However, my dear Edith, don't let us talk about Vaughan was not in love with her, and that Mr. Thornton her. Seriously, it annoys me excessively to see the and she were only forming a friendship. When she manner in which you are firting-it is not what I like thought of her brother's strictures on Amy Dalton, she at all : you are making poor Vaughan in love with you could not contain her indignation. " It shows clearly," again, and you are positively coquetting with Thornton thought she, “how determined he is to find fault with and Delamaine, neither of whom, I do believe, care six- everything that I do, and it would be quite weak to give pence for you in their hearts. I am quite sure, to speak way to it. But it is not like my own dear Frank-it is plainly, your behaviour is the very reverse of what Everard quite unkind. I know what I will do. I will tease him would like."

thoroughly to-morrow morning, by way of a little innoThere was a tone of authority in this anpleasant cent revenge, and then I will talk to him afterwards speech which rendered it peculiarly galling; moreover, and coax him, and make him see that he has been after the unexpected and injudicious attack which foolish, and that I don't deserve all these terrible deFrank had just made on her particular friend, Edith / nunciations." felt less than ever inclined to submission. She replied Such was the satisfactory result of Frank Kinnaird's with glowing checks and considerable temper, “I am judicious lecture; such the mood in which Edith went not a child, Frank, and I assure you, I can judge better to her stall at the fancy bazaar ! what I ought to do than any man--men are no judges And where was Philip Everard? And what was he of women. And if Captain Everard thinks ill of me, thinking? It is time to inquire. let him speak for himself-he does not seem in a hurry to do so."

These last words were spoken in a low tone of voice and with face averted. They were awkwardly true, and The fountain of content must spring up in the Frank did not quite know how to answer them; he mind; and he who has so little knowledge of human accordingly renewed his attack in another form. nature as to seek happiness by changing any thing but

"I wonder you can tolerate the attentions of such a his own disposition, will waste his life in fruitless efforts, well-known butterfly as Thornton ; he was desperately and multiply the griefs which he purposes to love with Lady Emily Rivers two months ago, and Johnson.

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Eben in g.

'Tis erening ; clear a-down the dale

The vesper bell is pealing,
While softly on the listening car

Its silvery notes are stealing.
The dying sunset's latest ray

Gilds with a parting glory
The limbs of old ancestral trees,

Shaded with lichens hoary.
The weary labourer homeward wends

While, his return to greet,
The merry laugh of childhood lends

Its joyous tones and sweet.- From an unpublished Poem by M. E.

"Tis not in mortals to command success :
But we'll do more, Sempronius,--we'll deserve it.”

Cato, Act I. Scene 2.-Sub fin. It is now two years since with timid step and down-cast eyes, we, like a bashful débutante, made our first appearance upon the stage of Literature, and appealed to the reading public for support and sympathy, animated by the hope that we should be found to have that within us which might eventually succeed in winning their approbation. Since that time we have appeared before them in many parts, which (nur bashfulness having in great measure worn off) we venture to say must, when viewed collectively, speak volumes in our favour. We have carefully studied each of these parts, read and re-read them, corrected all faults that we were able to discern in them, added such illustrations as our taste might dictate, and on all occasions endeavoured so to act, as to do full justice to the language and sentiments of the various Authors who have composed our parts for us. Nor have we been disappointed in our expectation; even in the beginning of our career, ere our ingenuous timidity had departed, in the days when a frown would have chilled the life-blood in our veins, an indulgent Public received us with smiles of approbation, and the sunshine of their favour rapidly increased our circulation. But with our success our ambition has kept pace, our desire for approbation grows by what it feeds on, and we are determined if we are to be a star to become one of the first magnitude. Addressing ourselves to none of the minor sympathies of class, we act solely with a view to improve, while we endeavour to interest and amuse, the public generally; we would fain have all the world, not a stage, but an audience.

To drop metaphor, however, and condescend plain English, we must trespass on the reader's patience while we remind him of the principles with which we commenced our undertaking, and, pointing out to him how by a steady adherence to them we have attained the high position we now hold, call his attention to the exertions we are about to make, to carry out these principles still more fully, and explain to him our reasons for believing our efforts will be rewarded by a success more brilliant and complete than any we have yet achieved. The object which we originally proposed to ourselves, and which we have hitherto kept steadily in view, was to provide a work of sufficient intrinsic merit, alike in the literary matter with which its pages were furnished, as in the illustrations which embellished them, to ensure its popularity with the upper and middle classes of society at a price which should place it within the reach of the many whose store is to be reckoned by pence instead of pounds.

The expenses attendant upon an attempt of this nature are of a magnitude scarcely to be conceived by any one not accustomed to the details of literary transactions, and our subscribers had to be counted by tens of thousands ere we could feel anything like a certainty of the success of our experiment: however, it might truly be said of us, we lisped in numbers and the numbers came;" fortune usually smiles on those who court her favours boldly, or, to adopt the style of an illustrious Mosaic-Arabian Contemporary, “ first-rate articles at reduced prices" will always meet with the patronage of an enlightened public.

At the end of two years, however, with a circulation already surpassing our most sanguine expectations, and rapidly increasing, with favourable notices appearing in the columns of most of the leading journals throughout the kingdom, and with a staff of contributors combining an amount of talent not to be exceeded by that of any periodical of the day, the success of our undertaking is no longer problematical, and we gladly avail ourselves of this opportunity of expressing our gratitude to the public for the kind patronage they have bestowed upon us.

Thus much for the past: we will now say a word or two of our arrangements for the future. In accordance with the wishies of a large majority of our subscribers we propose to discontinue the dark heading at the commencement of the weekly numbers; which will enable us to give the illustrations for the future the full size of the page, while it will add very materially to the effective appearance of the volume: moreover, in order to do thorough justice to the talents of the very eminent artists and engravers whose valuable assistance we have been fortunate enough to secure, we have determined no longer to print at the back of the engraving. Amongst these we are proud to reckon the names of,


C. KEENE, Esq.

MR. G. DALZIEL. E. Frost, Esq. A.R.A. E. DUNCAN, Esq.

KENNY MEAdows, Esq. H. K. BROWNE, Esq. A. Jounson, Esq.


MR. E. DaLziEL. G. Dodgson, Esq.



MR. JAMES COOPER, J. Mole, Esq. These improvements will enable us to present our Subscribers with illustrations of a style and character hitherto unequalled, and which will set competition at defiance. When we add that our staff of contributors has received very valuable reinforcements; that we have made arrangements with the talented Authoress of the "Maiden Aunt," to continue the interesting sketches of domestic life which, under that title, have from time to time enriched our pages, and to contribute more largely than we have hitherto been able to prevail upon her to do; that we hope to present our readers with some curious and original matter relative to our possessions in India from the pen of a well-known popular writer on that remarkable country; that a marked improvement will be perceptible in the poetical department, as well as decided alterations for the better in the printing and general getting-up of the Magazine, and that the Author of Frank Fairlegh" has consented to undertake the duties of Editor ; we trust that we shall have established a claim on the public for support and encouragement, which we cannot for a moment doubt will be met with the same kind liberality with which our efforts in their service have always hitherto been received, and which will more than recompense the heavy calls on our exchequer which our determination to secure talent wherever it could be found has occasioned. And with a modest confidence that our forth-coming volume will more than realize the promises we have held forth, we make our bow, and take a very respectful farewell of our readers till the First of NOVEMBER.


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