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beating; this was because he lodged in a Good Friday is the Friday in Passioncardinal's palace, and it occasioned him week, and consequently the Friday next to shift his lodging. Afterwards, when at before Easter-day. prayers, he saw upon the roof of the house EASTER-DAY is always the first Sunwhole companies of these infernals. He day after the first full moon, which hapwas a bird-fancier. A bird sat singing on a pens on or next after the 21st of March ; fig-tree by the side of his cell, he called but if the full moon happens upon a Sunit to him; the bird ca ne upon his hand, day, Easter-day is the Sunday following. and he said to it—“Sing, my sister, and Octave or Utax of a Feast. praise the Lord,” and the bird sat singing The Octave or Utas of each feast is always till he gave it liberty to go away. Going the eighth day after it occurs; for examto Venice with his companions, and hear- ple, the feast of St. Hillary is the 13th ing birds singing in a wood, he proposed of January, hence the octave of St. Hilto sing the canonical hours, but the lary is the 22d of January. monks could not hear themselves for the t4+ These CORRECTIONS would have been chanters of the grove, wherefore, he made in the sheet itself, but a great number entreated the feathered choir to be silent, of copies having been printed, before the and they remained so till he gave them

error was discovered, it became necessary liberty to proceed. At another place

to postpone the rectification, See Note

below.* when he was preaching, he could not be heard for the swallows, which were mak

Caster. ing their nests; he said to them—“Sister swallows, it is time for me to speak; as

EASTER-DAY is distinguished by its you've said enough, be quiet," and so peculiar name, through our Saxon ancesthey were. It was

customary with tors, who at this season of the year held him when one of his friars had committed a great festival, in honour of the goddess a fault to take off the friar's hood, and Eastor, probably the Astarte of the eastern throw it into the fire, from whence afier nations. The French call this festival staying there a proper time, he com- Paques, derived from the Greek pascha, manded it to be restored to the friar, and which is also derived from the Hebrew the hood was then taken out of the fire pesech, meaning passover; and whence without having sustained injury. More to

we have the English word paschal, applied the like effect, and of equal credibility, is

to the lamb, which formed part of the related of this saint in the Golden Legend. evening meal, the last of which our saCHRONOLOGY.

viour partook, before his death, with his 1801. Lord Nelson's victory at Co- twelve missionaries. In Cambridgeshire penhagen, when eighteen sail of the line the word pasch is still in use, and applied were either captured or destroyed.

to a flower which appears at this time on the Gogmagog hills and its environs The

day is of importance in a civil, as well as White Violet. Viola alba. in a religious, light; for on this day deDedicated to St. Francis of Paula. pend the openings of our courts of law,

which take place after it, and the festivals Moveable Feasts.

of the church are arranged in conformity

to it. By the act of parliament on this AN ERROR under the above title having subject, and the rule given in conformity crept into the Every-Day Book, at p. 190, and also extended to the list of Moveable * Mr. Nicolas obligingly informs me, that frasts," the reader will please to correct

was printed, be that list, fc. by the following statement.

Shrore Tuesday, in that work, was not correct, Shrove Sunday is the Sunday next and that having made some alterations in the before Shrove Tuesday. It is also called

event of a second edition being demanded, and

finding I had cited the part containing the Quinquagesima Sunday.

error, he thought it right to send me a copy of Shrove Tuesday is always the seventh his corrections, from whence the preceding list Tuesday before Easter-day.

is formed. There can scarcely be a doubt that a

second edition of Mr. Nicolas's “ Notitia His. Care, or Carle Sunday is the fifth Sun toricawill be required speedily, because the day in Lent, and the second Sunday before series of Tables: Calendars, and miscellaneous

information which it contains must be eminently Easter-day.

useful, not only to the legal profession, antiMaundy Thursday, also called Chare quaries, and every historical and topograph or Shere Thursday, is the day before cal inquirer, but to general readers, many of

whom daily suffer inconvenience without such Good Friday.

WH

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

since his “ Notitia Historica
has ascertained that the rule laid down for

2 source of reference.

to it in the “Common Prayer-Book," quence was, the issuing of a new writ. which of course every body has an oppor- Thus the difference of a few minutes was tunity of seeing, “ EASTER-DAY is always considered fatal to the opening of a the first Sunday after the Full Moon, country court, though the courts of law which happens upon, or next after, the at Westminster had been opened a few twenty-first day of March; and if the months before, when a much greater Full Moon happen upon a Sunday, Easter- error had taken place with respect day is the Sunday after."

Easter-duy, on which, as before observed, One would think, that when such pre- the opening of those courts depends. cise directions had been given, and the To understand this subject we must state of the moon on any day is so clearly refer back to the origin of this festival, and easily ascertained, that there would instituted in honour of the resurrection of be no difficulty in following them ; but our saviour, which took place on the experience has proved that contrary de- third day after his execution as a maleviations from the act of parliament factor. Friday had been fixed upon as have been numerous. These have been the day of commemorating his death, and pointed out at various times, but without as that took place on the day of full any effect on the public. In the year moon, the first full moon after the twenty1735, Henry Wilson, of Tower-bill, styling first of March was fixed upon as the rehimself mathematician, denounced the gulator of the festival. The great point errors on this subject in a very ingenious had in view was to prevent the festival of work, entitled “ The regulation of Easter, Easter-day from being observed on the or the cause of the errours and differences day of a full moon, but as near to it as contracted in the calculation of it, dis- circumstances would admit, and in concovered and duly considered, showing- sequence there is a great difference in the The frequency and consequence of that times of observing this festival ; it being errour, with the cause from whence it specially provided, however, that it proceeds, and a method proposed for should happen after a full moon. The rectifying it, and reconciling the differen- Jews observe their passover by juster ces about it, and for restoring the time of rules; the day for the celebration of it celebrating that great solemnity in its taking place on different days of the primitive certainty and exactness, and week: but the Christians having fixed on that without the difficulty and confusion Friday for the celebration of the fast on which some have objected would attend the death of our saviour, the Easter-day, such a regulation.” 8vo.

on the following Sunday, was accommoWithin these few years an error in the dated to it, and both were so fixed, that observance of Easter took place, and there could not be a full moon on the on all the almanacs fixing an improper Easter-day, nor for some weeks after it. day for its observance, a memorial was In this year, 1825, the fuil moon presented to the lords in council and to occurs at twenty-three minutes past six the prince regent, humbly soliciting their in the morning of the third of April ; interference on this subject. It was consequently, according to the act of parnoticed also by Mr. Frend, in his “ Even- liament, and the rubric of the church, ing Amusements;" and a clergy man of Easter-day ought to be celebrated on the Oxford published a pamphlet on the oc tenth, and the courts of law ought to casion. There was also, we believe, one open, or Easter term begin, on the twentyclergyman, who, disregarding the alma- seventh ; but

almanac-makers dac, obeyed the rubric, and read the thought good to fix Easter-day on the services for Easter-day, and the Sundays third, and consequently Easter term is depending on it, on very different days 'placed by them on the twentieth, on from those adopted in other churches. which day it is presumed that judicial It was remarkable also, that in that very proceedings will commence. year, judge Garrow arrived at Glou Easter-day is observed all over Chris'cester a short time after twelve o'clock attendom with peculiar rites. In the night, of the day on which the assizes were catholic church high mass is celebrated, to commence, and the high-sheriff very the host is adored with the greatest reveproperly representing his scruples, on the rence, and both Catholics and Protestants legality of then commencing the assizes, might be led from it, to a more particular they were delayed till the opinion of the attention to the circumstar.ces attending judges could be taken, and the conse- its form and substance. The host, do

our

rived from the Latin word hostia, mean- Henry III who seized his temporalities, ing a victim, is a consecrated wafer, of a These he regained by replevin, and plead. circular form, composed of flour and ing his cause against the king's deputies water. Both substance and form are re- before Innocent IV. at Rome, a papal gulated by custom of very ancient date. decree confirmed his election. Among On the night before his execution, our his clergy he was a strict disciplinarian, saviour took bread, and blessing it, di- and a friend and comforter to the poor. vided it among his missionaries; but the Preaching a crusade, according to the bread he took was not ordinary bread, fashion of those times, against the Sarabut unleavened bread, such as is used by cens, he fell sick, and died in the hospital the Jews during the passover week in at Dover, called God's-house, in 1253, in the present days. This bread is com- the fifty-sixth year of his age, and

the posed of merely flour and water, no ninth of his episcopal functions. This is leaven during the festival of their passover a brief character of an exemplary prelate, being permitted to enter the house of a but the credulous Butler chooses to affirm, Jew. It is a kind of biscuit of a circular that three dead persons were restored to form, and the host thus, by its form and life, and other miraculous cures were substance, brings us back to the recollec- worked at his tomb. Father Porter gostion of the Catholics, and the rite cele- sips a story of a miraculous flow of unction brated by our saviour. It is the representa at his consecration; of a dead-born child ation of the Jewish cake, or imleavened having been brought to life by his dead bread, which is to this day eaten by that merits; and of the touch of his old nation during the passover week. clothes having cured the diseased, with

The Protestants have deviated from this other performances," which moved pope custom, and in their churches use lea- Boniface IV. to enrol him into the nu.nvened bread, without any regard to form, ber of the canonized saincts." Such wonand they cut it with a knife into small ders have never been performed in our pieces, forgetting that our saviour broke days, and hence late popes have not been the bread; but some use leavened bread, able to make saints. "If bibles could be and, as they cannot break it, they at- suppressed, and the printing-press detempt to imitate our saviour's action by stroyed, miracles and canonizations would tearing it in pieces.

“come in" again. For those who wish to have a more comprehensive view of this subject, the For particulars respecting Easter-day following works are recommended : Car- and Easter Monday, see Easter Tuesday, dinal Bona on the mass; Dean Comber 5th of April. on the liturgy; and above all, the Hebrew ritual, which is translated into English, and to which both Catholics and Pro Evergreen Alkanet. Anchusa semperoitestants are indebted for greater part of their services. *

Dedicated to St. Agnpe.
April 3.

April 4. 1825. Easter Sunday. The Resurrec- St. Isidore, Bishop of Seville, A. D. 636. tion.

St. Plato, Abbot, A. D. 813. Sts. Agape, Chionia, and Irene, Sisters,

EASTER MONDAY and their Companions, A. D. 304; St. Holiday at the Public Offices; except Exeise, Richard. St. Ulpian. St. Nicetas,

Custom, and Slamp.
Abbot, A. D. 824.

CHRONOLOGY.
St. Richard de Wiche

1774. Oliver Goldsmith died: he was Was born at Wiche, near Worcester; born in Ireland, November 29th, 1728. studied at Oxford, Paris, and Bologna; 1802. Lloyd, lord Kenyon, lord chiefbecame chancellor to the diocese of Can- justice of England, died, aged 69. terbury; and was consecrated bishop of Chichester in 1245, against the desire of

Red Crown Imperial. Fritillaria ImpeThis article on “ Easter" is communicated by

riaiis. the gentleman who favoured the editor with the drcuunt of the " Vernal Equinox," at p. 373.

Dedicated to St Isidore.

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

TUS.

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

April 5.

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

It is inquired in Dunton's K Athenian

Oracle,” “Why does the sun at his rising St. Vincent Ferrer, A.D. 1419. St. Ge- play more on Easter-day than Whit

rald, Abbou, a. D. 1095. St. Tigernach, Sunday ?" The question is answered Bishop in Ireland, A. D. 550. St. Becan, thus : “ The matter of fact is an old, Abbot.

weak, superstitious error, and the sun EASTER TUESDAY.

neither plays nor works on Easter-day Holidays at the Public Offices ; except Excise, more than any other. It is true, it may Stamp, and Custom.

sometimes happen to shine briglater that CHRONOLOGY.

morning than any other; but, if it does, it is

purely accidental. In some parts of Eng1605. John Stow, the antiquary, died, land they call it the lamb-playing, which aged 80. He was a tailor.

they look for, as soon as the sun rises, in 1800. The rev. William Mason died.

some clear or spring water, and is nothing He was born at Hull, in Yorkshire, in 1725. but the pretty reflection it makes from

1804. The rev. William Gilpin, author the water, which they may find at any of “ Picturesque Tours,” “Remarks on time, if the sun rises clear, and they Forest Scenery,” an “ Essay on Prints,” themselves early, and unprejudiced with &c. died aged 80.

fancy." The folly is kept up by the fact, 1811. Robert Raikes, of Gloucester, that no one can view the sun steadily at died, aged 76. He was the originator of any hour, and those who choose to look sunday-schools, and spent his life in acts at it, or at its reflection in water, see it of kindness and compassion; promoting apparently move, as they would on any education as a source of happiness to his other day. Brand points out an allusion fellow beings, and bestowing his exertions to this vulgar notion in an old ballad: and bounty to benefit the helpless.

But, Dick, she dances such away!
No sun upon an Easter-day

Is half so fine a sight.
Yellow Crown Imperial. Fritillaria Impe-
rialis Lutea.

Again, from the “ British Apollo,” a Dedicated St. Vincent Ferrer.

presumed question to the sun himself

upon the subject, elicits a suitable anEaster Customs.

Q. Old wives, Phæbus, say
Dancing of the Sun.

That on Easter-day
The day before Easter-day is in some

To the music o'th' spheres you do caper ;

k the fact, sir, be true, Holy Saturday.” On the

Pray let's the cause know, evening of this day, in the middle dis

When

you have any room in your paper. tricts of Ireland, great preparations are made for the finishing of Lent. Many

A. The old wives get merry a fat hen and dainty piece of bacon is put

With spic'd ale or sherry,

On Easter, which makes them romance ; in the pot by the cotter's wife about eight

And whilst in a rout or nine o'clock, and woe be

Their brains whirl about, who should taste it before the cock

They fancy we caper and dance. crows. At twelve is heard the clapping of hands, and the joyous laugh, mixed

A bit of smoked glass, such as boys with “ Shidth or mogh or corries," i. e.

use to view an eclipse with, would put out with the Lent : all is merriment for this matter steady to every eye but that a few hours, when they retire, and rise of wilful self-deception, which, after all, about four o'clock to see the sun dance in superstition always chooses to see through. honour of the resurrection. This ignorant

Lifting. custom is not confined to the humble

Mr. Ellis inserts, in his edition of Mr. labourer and his fainily, but is scrupu- Brand's “ Popular Antiquities,” a letter lously observed by many highly respect- from Mr. Thomas Loggan of Basinghallable and wealthy families, different mem

street, from whence the following extract bers of whom I have heard assert posi- is made: M1. Loggan says, “ I was sitting tively that they had seen the sun dance alone last Easter Tuesday, at breakfast, on Easter morning. *

at the Talbot in Shrewsbury, when I was

surprised by the entrance of all the female * Comniudicated to the Every Day Book by Mr. T. A-

servants of the house handing in an arm

swer:

parts called

the person

chair, lined with white, and decorated ground, turned the chair about, and I had with ribbons and favours of different the felicity of a salute from each. I told colours. I asked them what they wanted, then, I supposed there was a fee due their answer was, they came to heave me; upon the occasion, and was answered in it was the custom of the place on that the affirmative; and, having satisfied the morning, and they hoped I would take a damsels in this respect, they withdrew to seat in their chair. It was impossible heave others. At this time I had never not to comply with a request very mo- heard of such a custom; but, on inquiry, destly made, and to a set of nymphs in I found that on Easter Monday, between their best apparel, and several of them nine and twelve, the men heave the wounder twenty. I wished to see all the men in the same manner as on the Tuesceremony, and seated myself accordingly. day, between the same hours, the women The group then lifted me from the heave the men.”

[graphic][merged small]

In Lancashire, Staffordshire, Warwick- late Mr. Lysons read to the Society of shire,and some other parts of England there Antiquaries an extract from a roli in prevails this custom of heaving or lifting his custody, as keeper of the records in at Faster-tide. This is performed mostly the tower of London, which contains a in the open street, though sometimes it is payment to certain ladies and maids of insisted on and submitted to within honour for taking king Edward I. in his the house. People form into parties bed at Easter; from whence it has been of eight or a dozen or even more for the presumed that he was lifted on the purpose, and from every one lifted or authority of that custom, which is said to heaved they extort a contribution The have prevailed among all ranks through

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