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tration of the Word and Sacraments, yet, forasmuch as they do not the same in their own name, but in Christ's, and do minister by his commission and authority, we may use their Ministry, both in hearing the Word of God, and in receiving of the Sacraments. Neither is the effect of Christ's ordinance taken away by their wickedness, nor the grace

of God's gifts diminished from such as by faith and rightly do receive the Sacraments ministered unto them; which be effectual, because of Christ's institution and promise, although they be ministered by evil

Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the discipline of the Church, that enquiry be made of evil Ministers, and that they be accused by those that have knowledge of their offences; and, finally, being found guilty, by just judgment be deposed.

XXVII. Of Baptism. B , ,

whereby Christian men are discerned from others that be not christened, but it is also a sign of Regeneration or new Birth, whereby, as by an instrument, they that receive Baptism rightly are grafted into the Church; the promises of forgiveness of sin, and of our adoption to be the sons of God by the Holy Ghost, are visibly signed and sealed; Faith is confirmed, and Grace increased, by virtue of prayer unto God. The Baptism of young children is in any wise to be retained in the Church, as most agreeable with the institution of Christ.

XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper. THE Supper of the Lord, is not only a sign of the love that Christians

ought to have among themselves one to another ; but rather is a Sacrament of our redemption by Christ's death : insomuch, that to such as rightly, worthily, and with faith, receive the same, the bread which we break is a partaking of the body of Christ; and, likewise, the cup of blessing is a partaking of the blood of Christ.

Transubstantiation (or the change of the substance of bread and wine) in the Supper of the Lord, cannot be proved by holy writ; but is repugnant to the plain words of Scripture, overthroweth the nature of a Sacrament, and hath given occasion to many superstitions.

The body of Christ is given, taken, and eaten, in the Supper, only after a heavenly and spiritual manner. And the mean whereby the body of Christ is received and eaten in the Supper, is Faith.

The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was not by Christ's ordinance reserved, carried about, lifted up, or worshipped. XXIX. Of the Wicked, which cat not the Body of Christ in the use

of the Lord's Supper THE Wicked, and such as be void of a lively faith, although they do

carnally and visibly press with their teeth (as Saint Augustinc saith) the Sacrament of the body and blood of Christ, yet, in no wise, are they partakers of Christ : but rather, to their condemnation, do eat and drink the sign, or Sacrament, of so great a thing.

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The Baptism of young children is in any wise to be retained in the Church.]--As the children of the Jews were admitted into the Jewish church by circumcision, so the children of Christians are admitted into the Christian church by baptism.

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XXX. Of both kinds. THE cup of the Lord is not to be denied to the Lay-people; for both

the parts of the Lord's Sacrament, by Christ's ordinance and commandment, ought to be ministered to all Christian men alike.

XXXI. Of the one Oblation of Christ, finished upon the Cross. THE offering of Christ once made is that perfect redemption, propitia

tion, and satisfaction, for all the sins of the whole world, both original and actual ; and there is none other satisfaction for sin, but that alone, Wherefore, the sacrifices of Masses, in the which it was commonly said, that the Priest did offer Christ for the quick and the dead, to have remission of pain or guilt, were blasphemous fables, and dangerous deceits.

XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests.
ISHOPS, Priests, and Deacons, are not commanded by God's Law,

either to vow the estate of single life, or to abstain from marriage : therefore, it is lawful for them, as for all other Christian men, to marry at their own discretion, as they shall judge the same to serve better to godliness. XXXIII. Of excommunicate Persons, how they are to be avoided. THAT

cut off from the unity of the Church, and excommunicated, ought to be taken of the whole multitude of the faithful, as a Heathen and Publican, until he be openly reconciled by penance, and received into the Church by a Judge that hath authority thereunto.

XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the Church. IT. T is not necessary that Traditions and Ceremonies be in all places

one, and utterly like; for, at all times, they have been divers, and may be changed according to the diversities of countries, times, and men’s manners, so that nothing be ordained against God's Word. Whosoever through his private judgment, willingly and purposely, doth openly break the traditions and ceremonies of the Church, which be not repugnant to the Word of God, and be ordained and approved by common authority, ought to be rebuked openly, (that others may fear to do the like,) as he that offendeth against the common order of the Church, and hurteth the authority of the Magistrate, and woundeth the consciences of the weak brethren.

Every particular, or national, Church, hath authority to ordain, change, and abolish, ceremonies or rites of the Church ordained only by man's authority, so that all things be done to edifying.

XXXV. Of the Homilies. THE second Book of Homilies, the several titles whereof we have

joined under this Article, doth contain a godly and wholesome doctrine, and necessary for these times; as doth the former Book of Homilies, which were set forth in the time of Edward the Sixth; and, therefore, we judge them to be read in Churches by the Ministers, diligently and distinctly, that they may be understanded of the people.


Lay-people.)-All those persons who are not ministers in the Church.

Of the Names of the Homilies. 1 OF the right Use of the Church. 2 Against peril of Idolatry. 3 Of repairing and keeping clean of Churches. 4 Of good Works : first of Fasting. 5 Against Gluttony and Drunkenness. 6 Against excess of Apparel. 7 Of Prayer. 8 Of the Place and Time of Prayer. 9 That Common Prayers and Sacraments ought to be ministered in

a known tongue. 10 Of the reverend estimation of God's Word. 11 Of Alms-doing. 12 Of the Nativity of Christ. 13 Of the Passion of Christ. 14 Of the Resurrection of Christ. 15 Of the worthy receiving of the Sacrament of the Body and Blood

of Christ. 16 Of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost. 17 For the Rogation-days. 18. Of the state of Matrimony. 19 Of Repentance. 20 Against Idleness. 21 Aguinst Rebellion.

XXXVI. Of Consecration of Bishops and Ministers. HE Book of Consecration of Archbishops and Bishops, and Ordering

of Priests and Deacons, lately set forth in the time of Edward the Sixth, and confirmed, at the same time, by authority of Parliament, doth contain all things necessary to such Consecration and Ordering : neither hath it any thing that, of itself, is superstitious and ungodly. And, therefore, whosoever are consecrated or ordered, according to the Rites of that Book, since the second year of the forenamed King Edward unto this time, or hereafter shall be consecrated or ordered according to the same Rites; we decree all such to be rightly, orderly, and lawfully, consecrated and ordered.

XXXVII. Of the Civil Magistrates. THE King's Majesty hath the chief power in this realm of England, T

and other his dominions, unto whom the chief government of all Estates of this Realm, whether they be ecclesiastical or civil, in all causes doth appertain ; and is not, nor ought to be, subject to any foreign jurisdiction.

Where we attribute to the King's Majesty the chief government, by which titles we understand the minds of some slanderous folks to be offended, we give not to our Princes the ministering either of God's Word, or of the Sacraments ; the which thing the Injunctions also, lately set forth by Elizabeth our Queen, do most plainly testify; but that only prerogative, which we see to have been given always to all godly Princes in holy Scriptures by God himself; that is, that they should rule all


Of the names of the Homilies.]-By Homilies is meant, “ discourses read to the Con. gregation."

states and degrees committed to their charge by God, whether they be ecclesiastical or temporal, and restrain with the civil sword the stubborn and evil-doers.

The Bishop of Rome hath no jurisdiction in this realm of England.

The Laws of the realm may punish Christian men with death, for heinous and grievous offences.

It is lawful for Christian men, at the commandment of the Magistrate, to wear weapons, and serve in the wars.

XXXVIII. Of Christian men's Goods, which are not common. THE riches and goods of Christians are not common, as touching the

right, title, and possession, of the same, as certain Anabaptists do falsely boast. Notwithstanding, every man ought, of such things as he possesseth, liberally to give alms to the poor, according to his ability.

XXXIX. Of a Christian man's Oath. S we confess that vain and rash swearing is forbidden Christian men, that Christian religion doth not prohibit, but that a man may swear when the Magistrate requireth, in a cause of faith and charity, so it be done according to the Prophet's teaching, in justice, judgment, and truth.

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THE RATIFICATION. THIS Book of Articles before rehearsed, is again approved, and

allowed to be holden and executed within the Realm, by the assent and consent of our Sovereign Lady ELIZABETH, by the grace of God, of England, France, and Ireland, Queen, Defender of the Faith, &c. Which Articles were deliberately read, and confirmed again by the subscription of the hands of the Archbishops and Bishops of the Upper-house, and by the subscription of the whole Clergy of the Nether-house in their Convocation, in the Year of our Lord 1571.


1. O

F Faith in the holy Trinity. | 22. Of Purgatory. 2. Of Christ, the Son of God. 23. Of Ministering in the Congre3. Of his going down into Hell.

gation. 4. Of his Resurrection.

24. Of Speaking in the Congrega5. Of the Holy Ghost.

tion. 6. Of the Sufficiency of the Scrip- 25. Of the Sacraments. ture.

26. Of the Unworthiness of Minis7. Of the Old Testament.

ters. 8. Of the Three Creeds.

27. Of Baptism. 9. Of Original, or Birth, Sin. 28. Of the Lord's Supper. 10. Of Free-Will.

29. Of the Wicked, which eat not 11. Of Justification.

the Body of Christ. 12. Of Good Works.

30. Of both kinds. 13. Of Works before Justification. 31. Of Christ's one Oblation. 14. Of Works of Supererogation, 32. Of the Marriage of Priests. 15. Of Christ alone without Sin. 33. Of Excommunicate Persons. 16. Of Sin after Baptism.

34. Of the Traditions of the Church. 17. Of Predestination and Election. 35. Of the Homilies. 18. Of obtaining Salvation by Christ. 36. Of Consecrating of Ministers, 19. Of the Church.

37. Of Civil Magistrates. 20. Of the Authority of the Church. 38. Of Christian men's Goods. 21. Of the Authority of General 39. Of a Christian man's Oath.


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