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by the allied French and English troops, grudges of the Japanese and the Corein retaliation for the barbarous treat- ans ;-all these are sources of embarment of Sir Harry Parkes and his fel- rassment, and presages of future trovlow-prisoners. The poor child doesn't ble. To cope with all these, the ruling know any thing of all this, so it is said, dynasty has no resources, no reliable but is amused with excuses and defer- army, no well-ordered exchequer, no ments by his mother and the surround- popular enthusiasm ; and without these, ing courtiers.
what can a beleaguered country do ? They are taking pains, however, to True, there are the resources of finesse see that his future harem shall be well and diplomatic manœuvring, which the furnished. Close by the northern en- presence at Peking of representatives trance to the Prohibited City, spread- of five great mutually-jealous powers ing itself all around the gateway and
enables a Chinese ministry to employ across the road, I saw an encampment
with considerable effect, not to speak of Monguls, who had recently arrived of the new device of sending an am as convoy to some young girls destined bassador-general abroad to foster halluto be the future concubines of this mere cinations in unsophisticated circles. lad-now about fourteen years old.
But there is a limit to this sort of This cluster of nomad tents, in close thing, and that limit has very nearly neighborhood to the marble bridge been reached, me judice. One or two spanning some still waters, on the imbroglios, such as must needs occur, banks of which was pleasant foliage; will demonstrate the weakness of the the fantastic roofs of azure and gold- Government and the rottenness of its colored tiles shining in the sunlight;
administration. this, with the massive walls, and the astronomical castings placed there in Let us escape from the atmosphere of position by the Jesuit missionaries some officiality and stagnation, and return to two hundred years ago, was about all the scenes of healthful activity and forthat I found really impressive in what ward movement. Farewell to Peking, Sir R. A. rightly calls the “ dirtiest, city of shams and conventionalities; of dustiest, and dreariest of capitals." dirt, and dust, and dreary distances; of
But my purpose was not to give a an effete organization, and a selfish description of the city which stood so bureaucracy! Farewell to ruts and long in our geographies as the most mud-puddles; to coal-carrying camels populous in the world. It is worth a and costly curio shops, and mules and visit, perhaps, to one who does not carts, and circumvallation, as a normal chafe much under discomfort, and who state of social existence! May the wishes to see a place which will proba- “heaps ” which mark the sites of Ninebly soon disappear from the list of liv- veh and Babylon soon be seen upon ing centres, and will take its rank with your site also ! Nineveh, and Petra, and Tyre. If the We are carted out of one of the “signs of the times” mean any thing, eastward gates—that which leads to they indicate the speedy winding-up of T'hoong Chow, the town eighteen miles Manchoo affairs within the limits of off, which stands at the head of navigaChina proper, whatever may be the for- tion on the Pei-ho. tunes of the reigning family in its origi- But what is this that we see running nal domains. The Mohammedan forces parallel to our own road? A broad, on the northwest ; the European influ- smooth pathway, newly made, perfectly ences at work all along the coast and level, nicely swept, and kept from being at the central port of Hankow; the intruded on by occasional fencing, very unsatisfied rebels of the Tai-ping insur- slight, but just enough to indicate rection-scattered, it is true, but still “Keep off.” surviving; the threatening neighbor- We wonder, we conjecture, we inhood of Russia ; the old, unscttled quire. It is a roadway leading all the
way from the palace-gate at Peking to Easier said than done. A vociferous the chief wharf at T’hoong Chow, negotiation with two boat-owners; a eighteen miles; and it has been made persistent struggle of two hours' con“ for the nonce,” that the young Empe- tinuance, to get clear of the crust and ror may accompany to the boat the rec- crowd of a bundred junks or more ords of his father's reign, which have jammed up in the narrow stream; a been transcribed into Manchoorian, and final success and a joyful liberation, so are to be sent in state to Tartary. that we could seat ourselves quietly un
Well, that seems to cap the climax ! der our pent-house cabins, and feel that Such a road can be made for such a we were quietly and constantly nearing purpose; but the highways of the na- the outlet to our discomforts. And so tion, the people's roads and canals, can- we went on, float, float, floating down not be kept in moderate repair! Let the stream, with two men lazily scullus escape! “ Hire, dear friend, true ing, or two others slowly tracking our Caledonian master of the dialects, hire boat round the countless bends of this for us the first boat you can secure, and uninteresting water-course. It takes let us float away down this stream, four days to ascend the stream, but two muddy in itself, but charming in our days and nights brought us to Tieneyes because it carries us away from a tsin, and on board an American steamplace where we have been more perma- er again. Never enjoyed any thing nently provoked, and less instructed more, in all my life-time, than to reand entertained, than at any other spot embark on this symbol of a new order on earth, Aden, perhaps, excepted.” of things.
THE FOURTH OF SEPTEMBER IN PARIS.
FAMILIAR LETTER FROM A YOUNG AMERICAN.
Paris, Sept. 4th, 1870.
Nous l'avons la République." Like a MY DEAR FATHER:
man who awakes from a long nightI write the date to my letter with
mare, and, relieved from the weight that precision, for it is a great day.
pressed him down and stifled him, gives I have heard the Republic proclaimed himself up to the joy of living, of breathin Paris !
ing, though but a moment. "Enfin, Proclaimed in the face of the news of j'ai bien un jour pleinement.” I have the overwhelming defeat of the French, heard men say, "je suis prêt à mourir the destruction of MacMahon's army, demain s'il le faut." the capture of the Emperor, the threatened march of the Prussians upon Paris.
"Ich habe genossen das erdliche Glück,
Ich habo geliebt et gelebt!" France, humiliated by invasion, outraged hy Prussian barbarities, beaten, But I will relate in detail what has driven back, betrayed, almost ruined, passed. The French authorities, carry. France, or at least Paris, gives itself ing out their system of treating the up, not to panic, but to a perfect out people like a set of babies, have shroudburst of joy, to the jubilation of a fête- ed all military operations in mystery ; day. It crowns the statue of Strasbourg for at least two weeks there has been with flowers, it promenades on the no official news from the front, and all Place de la Concorde, the Rue de Rivoli, newspaper or private intelligence strictly before the Hôtel de Ville, as if to salute forbidden. They do not even publish the return of a triumphant army. It lists of the killed and wounded! So for forgets Prussia, it forgets even the Em- some time we have only known that peror, it is wild with delight, crying, the army of Bazaine was shut up in "Vive la République, à toi citoyen. Metz, completely surrounded by a great Mahon's army. being condemned, like the royalty, in on the back, declared themselves their the night.”
ellipse of the Prussian armies, while Bonapartes, had no thonght páramonnt MacMahon, with 100,000 men, was to the desire of saving himself, and surdirected to the Ardennes, intending to rendered to the Prussians, from whom he sweep round by the Belgian frontier, and expected more consideration than from effect a junction with Bazaine. Stras. the enraged Frenchmen. So perishes a bourg resists one bombardment, Toul harlequin, and all his paraphernalia of another. Alsatia and Lorraine are pil- Empire collapses as suddenly as a windlaged without resistance by the Prussian bag pricked by a pin. One thinks of soldiers and the Badois peasants, Carlyle's description of the death of Chalons evacuated, the Garde Mobile Louis XV, and all Du Barrydom packing withdrawn towards Paris, the National its trunks in the antechamber, ready to Guards armed, but everywhere hindered whisk off to the infinite nothing whence by the jealousy of the Government, who it had emerged, leaving a strong smell forbids guns, organization, every thing, of sulphur behind it. any thing. Better a thousand times lose The news was only transmitted to France to the Prussians, than save it to Paris Saturday afternoon. At the sesthe Republicans; on the other hand the sion of the Corps Législatif, Palikao people replied with the soldiers, “Chas- announced reverses, but not the whole sons les Prussians d'abord, mais nous truth : perhaps he did not know it. An réglons nos comptes après."
extraordinary session was convoked for Great confidence was felt in Mac- the night, and the House assembled at
Last Sunday, the 29th, twelve o'clock. There Palikao declared it was understood that fighting had be- the situation, and it was noticeable that gun in the Ardennes, it was impossible the captivity of the Emperor was passed to know with what result. Towards the over as an unimportant incident in the middle of the week we began to receive general disaster. He concluded his rethe Prussian telegrams, announcing a port, significantly enough, by admitting victory-in the absence of the slightest that the council of ministers had no information on their own side. (When suggestion to offer in the extreme gravity the Corps Législatif called on Palikao, of the situation. Upon that Jules Favre, the Minister of War, to explain how quite simply, as if taking up the reins of matters stood, he replied curtly that he power that the agonizing empire had did not mean to be bothered any more let fall, pronounced the famous resolowith answering questions.)
tion for the déchéance of Louis Napoleon The Paris journals interpreted these Bonaparte and his dynasty. “ His words telegrams as they best could. On Thurs- were received by a profound silence,” day the Gaulois published an elaborate said the Figaro, who, already prepared article to prove that the Prussians had to greet the rising sun, had turned its only defeated a small detachment of back on the Empire, and forgotten to MacMahon's army, left on purpose to criticize the “ mauvais esprit” of this amuse them, and cover the retreat of the resolution emanating from the Left Wing. main body across the Meuse.
Of all the Right, only one voice was On Friday, MacMahon was wounded, raised to defend the old régime. Pinard, half liis army put hors de combat, the deputy from the North, observed, “We other half, forty thousand men, surren- have not the right to proclaim the dédered with the town of Sedan, and the chéance." valiant Emperor, hastening to salute his Nobody paid any attention to this obdestiny, had given himself up prisoner to servation. Jules Favre, “out of pity the King of Prussia. Having plunged for the nakedness of the situation of the the country into the war, betrayed its Right,” says La Cloche, proposed to adcause and its resources, defeated, it is journ consideration of his proposition said, by his obstinate incapacity this very till the next morning, and the session campaign of MacMahon, the savior of closed. “This scrupule alone," continues France, true to the traditions of the La Cloche, “saved the Empire from
best friends, "honnêtes gens, bons RéAll night the wildest rumors circa- publicains.” “ Allez-vous-en, changez vos lated through Paris, wbich was over- habits, nous n'avons pas de casse-têtes, whelmed with consternation at the dig. nous autres," was the reply. The adaster, coming after such confident pre- vice was followed; by one o'clock not a dictions of victory. I went to the policeman was to be seen in Paris. hospital in the morning, and M. Ber- The soldiers of the Municipal were nutz, the chief, came to the ward in even more easily vanquished. The crowd such a state of prostration as was really put out feelers and talked with them. pitiful to see. He seemed literally over. An officer rode up on horse back. “Vous whelmed, and quite incapable of making savez," dit-il, vous n'avez rien à the visit, or examining the new patients. craindre de nous," and with that the Only one thing roused him, and showed second barrier melted away like the the ruling passion strong in death, or first, the foot-soldiers mingled with the despair. A patient remarked that she crowd, the cavalry moved from in front had been formerly treated by M. Nouat, of the bridge, and the people rushed over. an old rival of Bernutz in his own The building itself was snrrounded by specialty ; at that he brightened np to the National Guard. But they reversed retort vivaciously, “Oh, if M. Nouat their guns,“ mettaient la crosse en air,” has cured you it is a proof that you as a signal that they intended no firing, were not very ill!"-a remark which and the crowd ran up the steps, precipigreatly disgusted the patient.
tated itself into the antechambers, and Returned to the R-. I found al. awaited the arrival of the Deputies that ready another current of ideas upper- were to decide the fate of the nationmost. For them, the defeat of Mac- fate already decided. Ma hon was a fact primed by that of the Tho President, Schneider, came out captivity of the Emperor, and of the and made a speechi. His voice was proposition for the déchéance. Every drowned in the tumult. “ Allez-vousone was rushing to the Place de la Con- en, allez-vous-en, nous n'avons pas corde in front of the Corps Législatif; besoin de vous.” Deputies of the Right my little American friends and myself tried to make a stand. “Allez-voustook a carriage and rushed also.
en," was the pitiless cry. We arrived at half-past one; the af- perda la France," cried E-Rfair had already been decided. At “Laissons-nous la sauver,” and they denoon the crowd had begun to gather, camped one after another. One old and found the bridge leading from the fellow tried the heroic style; opening Place to the Corps Législatif guarded by his coat, he placed his hands on his exsergeants de ville, supported by a double panse of waistcoat, “ J'offre mon corps line of municipal guards-the regular à vos coups," he declaimed, “ vieille army. The crowd grew more and more charogne," (old carcass.) “Vous n'avons dense, and, emboldened by the conscious. pas besoin de vous. And he made ness of the National Guard behind them tracks also. (which had only just been armed), called Fioally some members of the Left upon the policemen to surrender. At tried to persuade the people to leave. this moment the crowd was unarmed, “ The House is about to deliberate on the National Guard nowhere in sight; the gravest questions; we wish to probut, on the other hand, the policemen claim the déchéance, but in order." felt the dissolution of all the powers “ Ce n'est pas assez la déchéance, il faut above them; they had no word of com- proclamer la République. Vive la Répumand, they knuckled under completely, blique! Vive la République !” and then gave way, melted into invisibility. As with solid fists they began to batter a proof of fraternization, they lighted against the solid oaken doors that shut cigars, and patting the blouses friendlily in the Chamber of Deputies. It was
" Vous avez
like the booming of distant cannon; toyen; eh bien, nous l'aurons ce soir, la it sounded the death-knell of the old République ! He lighted his cigar, régime. The majority felt that the and went off, repeating, “Merci, citoyen, cause was hopeless, and took refuge in merci, citoyen," as if he could not too the library under the protection of the often find a pretext for pronouncing the National Guard. The Republicans spent dear word. some minutes in baranguing the crowd, People climbed on the statue of the that now had begun to force its way City of Strasbourg, and covered it with into the Chamber, and then withdrew flowers, writing inscriptions on the to the Hôtel de Ville, where they pro- pedestal, “Vive la République ! ” The claimed the Republic to the expectant statue of Lyons also was decorated in masses assembled on the Place. It was honor of the army that this city is supthe repetition of the Jeu de Paume. posed to send to the relief of the Alsatian
The antechamber remained full. No capital. Men, mounted on carriages, one credited the report that the Repub- barangued the people, and especially lican deputies had withdrawn-every warned them against the excesses of '48. one was afraid of trickery. Finally, Squads of the National Guard patrolled they burst open all the doors, rushed en the Place, with reversed bayonets, and masse into the chamber-it was com- blouses of all descriptions mingled with pletely empty. The powers that were the handsome bourgeois uniform.“ Vive had abdicated; the people ruled. la Garde Nationale,” cried the citizens.
In leaving the buildings, M. R- “Vive la République, Vive la France ! ” observed to a member of the National replied the citizen-soldiers. Guard, “I recommended the deputies of We stayed two or three hours at the the Right to claim your protection if they Place de la Concorde, but during this had need of it in getting away.” “Il time many events had transpired elsey en a un pourtant, qui ferait bien de ne where. A detachment of the National pas se fier à moi, car je le fusillerais con- Guard had accompanied a mass of ontre cette mur, -c'est Granier de Cassa- armed citizens to the prison of St. gnac.” Three weeks ago this famous Pelagie. “Il nous faut Rochefort,” they blackguard had threatened to shoot down thundered at the door. “Il est à Vin. every member of the opposition. “I cennes," was the first reply.
“ Ce should bave been sorry,” said Rấto n'est pas vrai, avouaient quelques uns me, “had one of the people shot Cas- de la garde tout bas. Il est ici.” With sagnac; but should a member of the that the crowd forced its way into the National Guard, a bourgeois, undertake prison, the guard only making a feint of the affair, I had nothing to say.”
resistance. They demanded Rochefort During this time the manifestation of the governor. “ Mais, messieurs," had been lively on the Place de la Con- said the official, "je n'ai pas d'ordres corde. On the central pillar of the à vous le rendre." "Vos ordres ? Corps Législatif some one had written Les voici," said one burly fellow, showin red letters, "République Française," ing his fist. “Oh, très bien, messieurs, and cries of “Vive la République !" devant la force, je n'ai rien à dire, "-and deafened the ears. There was the most he gave up the keys. perfect order, united to the most joyful He was logical. He had supported an enthusiasm. There was no occasion for empire of force, which must necessarily fighting any one, for every one was ani- crumble before a force superior. mated by the same sentiment; and in Rochefort was borne in triumph on the general outburst of fraternity, each the shoulders of the people out of the individual seemed really enchanted to prison, as he had been carried in on the grasp the hand of his neighbor, and cry shoulders of policemen nine months be“ Vive la République!” A mau in a fore. He was carried to the Hôtel de blouso came up to our carriage and ad- Ville, Jules Favre embraced him in dressed the coachman : “Bon jour, ci public.