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then the dead lord kneeling, received previously put to death the philosopher penance thereby; which done, Augustine Boëtius, who, according to Ribadeneira, commanded the dead lord to go again to after he was beheaded, was scoffingly his grave, there to abide until the day of asked by one of the executioners, “ who judgment; and forthwith the said lord hath put thee to death?". whereupon entered his grave, and fell to ashes. Then Boëtius answered, “wicked men," and Augustine asked the curate, how long he immediately taking up his head in his had been dead; and he said, a hundred own hands, walked away with it to the and fifty years. And Augustine offered adjoining church. to pray for him, that he might remain on
St. Bede earth to confirm men in their belief; but
The life of “ Venerable Bede" in the curate refused, because he was in the Butler, is one of the best memdirs in his place of rest. Then said Augustine, “Go biography of the saints. He was an in peace, and pray for me and for holy Englishman, in priest's orders. It is said church;" and immediately the curate re of him that he was a prodigy of learning turned to his grave. At this sight,' the in an unlearned age; that he surpassed lord who had not paid the curate his Gregory, the Great in eloquence and tythes was sore afraid, and came quaking copiousness of style, and that Europe to St. Augustine, and to his curate, and scarcely produced a greater scholar. He prayed forgiveness of his trespass, and
was a teacher of youth, and, at one time promised ever after to pay his tythes.
had six hundred pupils, yet he exercised
his clerical functions with punctuality, CHRONOLOGY.
and wrote an incredible number of works On the 26th of May, 1555, was a gay in theology, science, and the polite arts. May-game at St. Marttin's-in-the-fields, It is true he fell into the prevailing crewith giants and hobby-horses, drums and dulity of the early age wherein he guns, morrice-dances, and other min- flourished, but he enlightened it by his strels,
erudition, and improved it by his unfeigned piety and unwearied zeal.
Not to ridicule so great a man, but as Rhododendron. Rhododendrum Ponticum.
an instance of the desire to attribute Dedicated to St. Augustine. wonderful miracles to distinguished chaYellow Azalea. Azalea pontica.
racters, the following silly anecdote conDedicated to St. Philip Neri. cerning Bede is extracted from the “Golden
Legend." He was blind, and desiring to
be led forth to preach, his servant carried St. John, Pope, A. D. 526. St. Bede, A. D. him to a heap of stones, to which, the 735. St. Julius, about A. D. 302. good father, believing himself preachirg St. John, Pope.
to a sensible congregation, delivered a This pontiff was imprisoned by Theo- noble discourse, whereunto, when he had doric, king of the Goths, in Italy, and finished his sermon, the stones answered died in confinement. This sovereign had and said " Amen!"
Methinks that to some vacant hermitage
My feet would rather turn—to some dry nook
Scooped out of living rock, and near a brook
In the soft heaven of a translucent pool;
Perchance would throng my dreams. A beechen bowl,
Crisp yellow leaves my bed ; the hooting Owl
My nightwatch : nor should e'er the crested fowl
Indulging thus at will the creeping feet
* Strype's Memorials.
The hovering shade of venerable Bede,
Of toil stupendous, in a hallowed seat
Of learning, where he heard the billows beat
Perpetual industry-sublime recluse !
Thy diligence, thy unrelaxing use
in the weather, and especially the winds. Every thing of good or evil, incident These have been borne with some philoto any period of the year, is to be regarded sophy, by the individual now holding the seasonable;, the present time of the year, pen; but, alas! the effects are too appatherefore, must not be quarrelled with, if rent, he apprehends, to many who have it be not always agrecable to us. Many read what he has been scarcely abie to Jays of this month, in 1825, have been throw together. He hopes that these most oppressive to the spirits, and inju- defaults will be placed to their proper rious to the inental faculties, of persons account, and that cloudless skies and. who are unhappily susceptible of changes genial breezes will enable him to do better.
How joyous thy steeds from the ocean have sprung!
And young zephyrs laugh as they gambol along.
No angry clouds frown, and no sky darkly lowers ;
That spring is arrived with her sunshine and flowers.
While diamond dew-drops around her are spread,
To laughter is changed when its sorrows are fled.
And nature with blossoms is wreathing the trees,
Are sprinkling their sweets on the wings of each breeze.
Triumphant ride on in thy chariot of light;
L'edicated to St. John, Pope.
Dedicated to St. Bede.
CHRONOLOGY. St. Germanis, Bp. of Paris, A. D. 576. 1546. Cardinal Beaton was on this St. Curaunus, also Caranus and Caro, day assassinated in Scotland.
He was (in French, Cncron.)
priinaet of that kingdom, over which he
exercised almost sovereign sway. Just conjured them to spare him. Two of before bis death he got into his power them rushed upon him with drawn George Wishart, a gentleman by birth, swords, but a third, James Melvil, who preached against Romish supersti- stopped their career, and bade them retions, and caused him to be condemned flect that this work was the work and to the stake for heresy. The cardinal judgment of God, and ought to be exerefused the sacrament to his victim, or cuted with becoming deliberation and the ground that it was not reasonable to gravity. Then turning the point of his allow a spiritual benefit to an obstinate sword towards Beaton, he called to him, heretic, condemned by the church. Wish Repent thee, thou wicked cardinal, of art was tied to a tree in the castle-yard all thy sins and iniquities, especially of of St. Andrew's, with bags of gunpowder the murder of Wishart, that instrument of fastened about his body. The cardinal God for the conversion of these lands: it is and prelates were seated on rich cushions his death which now cries vengeance upon with tapestry hangings before them, from thee: we are sent by God to inflict the whence they viewed the execution of deserved punishment. For here, before their sentence. The gunpowder having the Almighty, I protest, thai it is neither exploded without ending Wishart's bodily, hatred of thy person, nor love of thy sufferings, the inflexible reformer ex- riches, nor fear of thy power, which claimed from the fire, “This flame hath moves me to seek 'thy death: but only scorched my body, yet hath it not daunted because thou hast been, and still remainmy spirit : but he who from yonder high est, an obstinate enemy to Christ Jesus, place beholdeth me with such pride, shall and his holy gospel.” Having spoken within a few days lie in the same as these words, without giving Beaton time ignominiously as now he is seen proudly to finish that repentance to which he ex: to rest himself.” After these words, the horted him, he thrust him through the cord that went about his neck was drawn body, and the cardinal fell dead at his by one of the executioners to stop his feet. Upon a rumour that the castle was, breath, the fire was increased, his body taken, a great tumult arose in the city; was consumed to ashes, and the cardinal and several partisans of the cardinal caused proclamation to be made that armed themselves with intent to scale the none should pray for the heretic under walls. When they were told of his death, pain of the heaviest ecclesiastical cen- they desisted, and the people insisting sures. If the church, said the priests, had upon a sight of the cardinal's body, his found such a protector in former times, corpse was exposed to their view from the she had maintained her authority ; but very same place wherein he sat to behold the cardinal's cruelty struck the people the execution of George Wishart. with horror, and John Lesly, brother to
The sanguinary spirit of these times has the earl of Kothes, with Normand Lesly, disappeared, and we look upon what rethe earl of Rothes' son, (who was dis- mains to us of the individuals who sufgusted on account of some private quar, fered, or acted under its influence, as rel,) and other persons of birth and memorials of such crimes and criminals as quality, openly vowed to avenge Wishart's we in a milder age dare not imagine out death." Early in the inorning they en- country can be again afflicted with. The. tered the cardinal's palace at St. An- sight of cardinal Beaton's house in the drews, which he had strongly fortified; Cowgate, at Edinburgh, may have inthough they were not above sixteen per- duced useful reflections on past intolersons, they thrust out a hundred trades, ance, and increased charitable dispositions men and fifty servants, whom they seized in some whose persuasions widely differ. separately, before any suspicion arose of If this be so, a representation of it in their intentions; and having shut the this sheet may not be less agreeable to the gates, they proceeded very deliberately to moralist than to the lover of antiquities. execute their purpose on the cardinal. The drawing from whence the engraving Beaton alarmed with the noise which he
on the next page is taken, was made on heard in the castle, barricadoed the door the spot in 1824. of his chamber : but finding that they had brought fire in order to force their 'way, and having obtained, as is believed, a promise of life, he opened the door; and Lurid Fleur-de-lis. Irid Lurida, reminding them that he was a priest, he
Dedicated to St. Germair.
The battle was fought on the 3d of Sep
tember, 1651; Cromwell having utterly St. Maximinus, Bp. of Friers, A. D. 349. routed his army, Charles left Worcester
St. Cyril. St. Conon and his son, of at six o'clock in the afternoon, and withIconia in Asia, about A. D. 275. Sts. out halting, travelled about twenty-six Sisinnius, Martyrius, and Alexander, miles, in company with fifty or sixty of A. D. 397.
his friends, from whom he separated, Restoration Day.
without communicating his intentions to This day is so called from its being any of them, and went to Boscobel, a the anniversary of the day whereon king lone house in the borders of Staffordshire, Charles II. entered London, in 1660, and inhabited by one Penderell, a farmer, to re-established royalty, which had been whom he intrusted himself
. This man, suspended from the death of his father. assisted by his four brothers, clothed the It is usual with the vulgar people to king in a garb like their own, led him into wear oak-leaves in their hats on this day, the neighbouring wood, put a bill into his and dress their horses' heads with them. hand, and pretended to employ themThis is in commemoration of the shelter selves in cutting faggots. Some nights afforded to Charles by an oak while he lay upon straw in the house, and fed making his escape from England, after on such homely fare as it afforded. For his defeat at Worcester, by Cromwell. better concealment, he mounted upon an
-oak, where he sheltered himself among fortunes : no one could conjecture whether the leaves and branches for twenty-four he were dead or alive; and the report of hours. He saw several soldiers pass by. his death being generally believed, reAll of them were intent in search of the laxed the vigilant search of his enemies. king; and some expressed, in his hear- Trials were made to procure a vessel for ing, their earnest wishes of seizing him. his escape; but he still met with disap This tree was afterwards denominated pointments. Having left Windham's the Royal Oak; and for many years was house, he was obliged again to return to regarded by the neighbourhood with it. He passed through many other adgreat veneration. Charles could neither ventures; assumed different disguises ; in stay, nor stir, without imminent danger. every step was exposed to imminent At length he and lord Wilmot, who perils ; and received daily proofs of unwas concealed in the neighbourhood, corrupted fidelity and attachment. The put themselves into the hands of colonel sagacity of a smith, who remarked that Lane, a zealous royalist, who lived at his horse's shoes had been made in the Bentley, not many miles distant. The north, and not in the west, as he pretendking's feet were so hurt by walking in ed, once detected him; and he narrowly heavy boots or countrymen's shoes, which escaped. At Shoreham, in Sussex, a vessel did not fit him, that he was obliged to was at last found, in which he embarked. mount on borseback; and he travelled in He had been known to so many, that if this situation to Bentley, attended by the he had not set sail in that critical moPenderells. Lane formed a scheme for ment it had been impossible for him to his journey to Bristol, where, it was escape. After one and forty days' conhoped, he would find a ship, in which he cealment, he arrived safely at Fescamp in might transport himself. He had a near Normandy. No less than forty men and kinswoinan, Mrs. Norton, who lived women had at different times been privy within three miles of that city, and he to his concealment and escape.* obtained a pass (for, during those times Charles II. himself wrote a narrative of of confusion, this precaution was requi- his remarkable “ Escape.” From this it site) for his sister Jane Lane and a ser- appears that while journeying with the vant to travel towards Bristol, under pre- Penderells, “ he wore a very greasy old tence of visiting and attending her rela- grey steeple-crowned hat, with the brims tion. The king rode before the lady, and turned up, without lining or hatband : a personated the servant. When they ar- green cloth coat, threadbare, even to the rived at Norton's, Mrs. Lane pretended threads being worn white, and breeches that she had brought along as her servant of the same, with long knees down to the a poor lad, a neighbouring farmer's son, garter; with an old leathern doublet, who was ill of an ague; and she begged a pair of white flannel stockings next to a private room for him where he might his legs, which the king said were his be quiet. Though Charles kept himself boot stockings, their tops being cut retired in this chamber, the butler, one off to prevent their being discovered, Pope, soon knew him: Charles was and upon them a pair of old green alarmed, but made the butler promise yarn stockings, all worn and darned that he would keep the secret from every at the knees, with their feet cut off; his mortal, even from his master; and he shoes were old, all slashed for the ease of was faithful to his engagement. No ship, his feet, and full of gravel; he had an it was found, would, for a month, set sail old coarse shirt, patched both at the neck from Bristol, either for France or Spain; and hands; he had no gloves, but a long and the king was obliged to go to colonel thorn stick, not very strong, but crooked Windham of Dorsetshire, a partisan of three or four several ways, in his hand; the royal family. During his journey he his hair cut short up to his ears, and often passed through the hands of catho- hands coloured; his majesty refusing to lics; the Priest': Hole, as they called it, have any gloves, when father Hodlestone the place where they were obliged to con- offered him some, as also to change his ceal their persecuted priests, was some stick.” times employed to shelter him. He con Charles's narrative is very minute in tinued several days in Windham's house; many particulars; especially as regards and all his friends in Britain, and in every part of Europe, remained in the most anxious suspense with regard to his