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one by one, from their temporary bond. standing in Chapel-street, near St. Niage, and trotting away towards their cholas church in this town, but which distant brethren, bleating all the while is now taken down to make room for a for their lambs, that do not know them; costly pile of warehouses since erected all this, with its ground of universal on the site. green, and finished every-where by its The sign represented (elegantly, of leafy distances, except where the village course) a man standing in a cart laden spire intervenes, forms together a living with fish, and holding in his right hand picture, pleasanter to look upon than what the artist intended to represent a words can speak, but still pleasanter to salmon. The lines are to be supposed think of, when that is the nearest ap- to be spoken by the driver :proach you can make to it.*

This salmon has got a tail

It's very like a whale,

It's a fish that's very merry,
On this day, in the year 1734, the

They say it's catch'd at Derry;

It's a fish that's got a heart, duke of Berwick, while visiting the

It's catch'd and put in Dugdale's cart. trenches at the siege of Philipsburgh, near Spire, in Germany, was killed, This truly classic production of the muse standing between his two sons by a

of Mersey continued for several years to cannon ball. He was the illegitimate adorn the host's door, until a change in son of the duke of York, afterwards the occupant of the house induced a corJames II., whom he accompanied in his responding change of the sign, and the flight from England, in 1688. His mo- following lines graced the sign of “The ther was Arabella Churchill, maid of Fishing Smack :honour to the duchess of York, and The cart and salmon has stray'd away, sister to the renowned Marlborough.

And left the fishing boat to stay. The duke of Berwick on quitting the When boisterous winds do drive you back, country, entered into the service of Come in and drink at the Fishing Smack. France, and was engaged in several Whilst I am upon the subject of battles against the English or their allies “ signs," I cannot omit mentioning a in Ireland, the Netheriands, Portugal, punning one in the adjoining county and Spain. At his death he was in the Chester) on the opposite side of the sixty-fourth year of his age. No general Mersey, by the highway-side, leading of his time excelled him in the art of from Liscard to Wallasea. The house war except his uncle, the duke of Marl- is kept by a son of Crispin, and he, borough.

zealous of his trade, exhibits the repre

sentation of a last, and under it this NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

couplet:Mean Temperature

... 58 · 40.

All day long I have sought good beer,

And at the last I have found it here.
June 13.

I do not know, sir, whether the pre

ceding nonsense may be deemed worthy SIGNS “ Of the Times,"

of a niche in your miscellany; but I have sent it at a venture, knowing that origi

nals, however trifling, are sometimes vaTo the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

luable to a pains-taking (and, perhaps, Liverpool, 6th June, 18 26.

wearied) collector. Sir,—The pages of The Every-Day

I am, Sir, your obliged,

LECTOR. Book, notwithstanding a few exceptions, have afforded me unqualified pleasure, and having observed your frequent and reiterated requests for coinmunications, By publishing the letter of my obliging I having been induced to send you the correspondent “ LECTOR,” who transmits following doggrels.

his real name, I am enabling England to I ought to promise that they formed say—he has done his duty. part of the sign of an alehouse, formerly Really if each of my readers would do

like him I should be very grateful.

While printing his belief that I am a † Butler's Chronological Exercises.

“pains-iaking" collector, I would inter


• Mirror of the Months,

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pose by observing that I am far, very on their arrival at the gaol, accosted the far, from a “wearied" one: and I would keeper with “ Sir, do you know this fain direct the attention of every one

man ?"

“ Yes, very well, it is Kilburn; who peruses these sheets to their col. I have known him many years." “We lections, whether great or small, and suppose he has broken out of your gaol, express an earnest desire to be favoured as he has a chain and padlock on with with something from their stores ; in your mark. Is not he a prisoner ?" "I truth, the best evidence of their receiving never heard any harm of him in my my sheets favourably will be their con- life." "Nor," says Kilburn," have these tributions towards them. While I am gentlemen : Sir, they have been so good getting together and arranging materials as to bring me out of Bedfordshire, and for articles that will interest the public I will not put them to further inconvequite as much as any I have laid before nience. I have got the key of the pado them, I hope for the friendly aid of well- lock, and I will not trouble them to unwishers to the work, and urgently solicit lock it. I am obliged to them for their their communications.

kind behaviour." He travelled in this
way about one hundred and seventy


This anecdote has been seen before, Mean Temperature ... 59.75.

perhaps, but it is now given on authority. June 14.

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. 1826. Trinity Term ends.

Mean Temperature

To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

June 15.
Newark, May 17, 1826.
Sir,— The following singular circum-

stance may be relied on as a fact. The To the Editor of the Every-day Book.
individual it relates to was well known
upon the turf. I recollect him myself, p. 559, an interesting account of the

Sir,-You have inserted in vol. i. and once saw the present venerable Morris Dance in the “ olden times," Earl of Fitzwilliam, on Stamford racecourse, humorously inquire of him how perusal of your extensive Index, by not

and I was rather disappointed on a he got his conveyance, in allusion to finding a “ few more words” respecting the undermentioned circumstance, and the Morris Dancers of our day, and present him with a guinea.--I am, &c.

generation. I think this custom is of Benj. JOHNSON.

Moorish origin, and might have been John Kilburn, a person well known introduced into this country in the on the turf as a list seller, &c., was at a middle ages. Bailey says, “ the Morris town in Bedfordshire, and, as the turf Dance is an antic dance performed by phrase is, “quite broke down." It was five men and a boy, dressed in girl's during harvest, and the week before clothes." The girlish part of it is, how. Richmond races (Yorkshire), whither ever, more honoured in “ the breach he was travelling, and near which place than the observance." he was born : to arrive there in time he In June, 1826, I observed a company hit on the following expedient.-He of these

bold peasantry, the country's applied to an acquaintance of his, a pride," in Rosoman-street

, Clerkenwell

, blacksmith, to stamp on a padlock the They consisted of eight young men, six words Richmond 'Gaol, with which, of whom were dancers; the seventh and a chain fixed to one of his legs, he played the pipe and tabor ; and the composedly went into a corn-field to eighth, the head of them, collected the sleep. As he expected, he was soon apprehended and taken before a magis- metal into the slit of a tin painted box,

pence in his hat, and put the precious trate, who, after some deliberation, or- under lock and key, suspended before dered two constables to guard him in a him.

The tune the little rural-noted carriage to Richmond. No time was to pipe played to the gentle pulsations of be lost, for Kilburn said he had not been the tabor, is called tried, and hoped they would not let him " Moll in the wad and I fell ont, lay till another assize. The constables, And what d'ye think it was about."

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This may be remembered as one of the not weary by its voluntary offering to once popular street songs of the late their taste, and apposition to the season. Charles Dibdin's composition. The Lubin Brown, the piper, was an arch dancers wore party-coloured ribands dark-featured person ; his ear was alive round their hats, arms, and knees, to to Doric melody; and he merrily played, which a row of small latten bells were and tickled the time to his note. When appended, somewhat like those which he stopped to take breath, his provincial are given to amuse infants in teeth- dialect scattered his wit among the gapers, cutting, that tinkled with the motion and his companions were well pleased of the wearers. These rustic adventu. with their sprightly leader. Spagnioletti,

upon the many-headed town," nor Cramer, could do no more by sound; came from a village in Hertfordshire. nor Liston, nor Yates, by grimace. I Truly natural and simple in appearance, observed his eye ever alert to the movetheir features, complexion, dress, and ment and weariness of his six choice attitude, perfectly corresponded. Here youths. He was a chivalrous fellow: he was no disguise, no blandishment, no had won the prize for “grinning through saperhuman effort. Their shape was not a horse collar at the revel, thrown his compressed by fashion, nor did their antagonist in the “wrestling ring,” and hearts Autter in an artificial prison. Na- "jumped twenty yards in a sack” to the ture represented them about twenty-five mortification of his rivals, who lay vanyears of age, as her seasoned sons, hand- quished on the green. The box-keeper, ing down to posterity, by their exercises though less dignified than Mr. Spring, of before the present race, the enjoyment Drury-lane, informed me that " he and of their forefathers, and the tradition of his companions in sport” had charmed happy tenantry“ ere power grew high, the village lasses round the maypole, and and times grew bad.” The “ set-to," as they intended sojourning in town a week they termed it, expressed a vis-à-vis ad- or two, after which the box would be dress; they then turned, retumed, clapp- opened, and an equitable division take ed their hands before and behind, and place, previously to the commencement made a jerk with the knee and foot alter- of mowing and hay-harvest. He said it nately,

was the third year of their pilgrimage ; “ Till toe and heel no longer moved." that they had never disputed on the Though the streets were dirty and the road, and were welcomed hoine by their rain fell reluctantly, yet they heeded not sweethearts and friends, to whom they the elemental warfare, but

never omit the carrying a seasonable gift Danced and smiled, and danced and smiled

in a very humble " Forget me not !” or

“ Friendship's Offering.' again;"

Mr. Editor, I subscribe myself, hence their ornaments, like themselves,

Yours, very sincerely. looked weather-beaten. Crowds collected

J. R. P. round them. At 12 o'clock at noon, this was a rare opportunity for the schoolboys let out of their seats of learning NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. and confinement. The occasional huzza, Mean Temperature ... 58 • 55. like Handel's “Occasional Overture," so pleasing to the ear of liberty, almost drowned thc * Morris.” But at intervals

June 16 the little pretty pipe drew the fancy, as it were, piping to a flock in the valley by

CHRONOLOGY. the shade of sweet trees and the bosom of the silver trook. 0! methought,

June 16, 1722, the great duke of what difference is here by comparison Marlborough died. (See vol. i., p. 708.) with the agile-limbed aèrials of St. Among the “Original Papers,” published James's and these untutored clowns! by Macpherson, is a letter of the duke's Yet something delightful comes home to to king James II., whom he “ deserted the breast, and speaks to the memory of in his utmost need” for the service of a rural-born creature, and recals at hou- king William, wherein he betrays to sand dear recollections of hours gone his old master the design of his new one down the voyage of life into eternity! against Brest in 1694. This communiTo a Londoner, too, the novelty does cation, if intercepted, might have termi

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nated the duke's career, and we should called Thorney, from its having been have heard nothing of his “ wars in covered by briars; and that the lastFlanders.” It appears, further, that the written “ History of Boston” refers to duke's intrigues were suspected by king Capgrave, as saying, “ that in the book William, and were the real grounds of of the church of St. Botolph, near Alhis imprisonment in the Tower two years dersgate, London, there is mention how before.

a part of the body of St. Botolph was,

by king Edward of happy memory, conNATURALISTS' CALENDAR. ferred on the church of St. Peter in Mean Temperature 59.12. Westminster." Father Porter, in his

“ Flowers of the Saincts,” says, “ it hath

been found written in the booke of St.
June 17.

Botolphe's church, near Aldersgate, in

London, that part of his holy bodie was

by king Edward given to the abbey of This English saint, whose festival is

Winchester.” The editor of the Everyon this day, with his brother Adulph, Day Book possessed “the register book another saint, travelled into Belgic Gaul, of the church of St. Botolph, near Alwhere Adulph became bishop, of Maes- dersgate,” when he wrote on “ Ancient tricht, and Botolph returned home with Mysteries,” in which work the manunews of the religious houses he had seen

script is described : it wanted some abroad, and recommendations from the leaves, and neither contained the entry two sisters of Ethelmund, king of the mentioned by Capgrave, nor mentioned south Saxons, who resided in France, the disposition of the relics of St. Boto their brother in England. Ethel

tolph. Besides the places already nomund gave him a piece of land near ticed, various others throughout the Lincoln, called Icanhoe, a forsaken

country are named after St. Botolph, uninhabited desert, where nothing but and particularly four parishes the devills and goblins were thought to city of London, namely, in Aldersgate dwell : but St. Botolphe, with the virtue before mentioned, Aldgate, Billingsgate, and sygne of the holy crosse, freed it and Bishopsgate. Butler says nothing from the possession of those hellish in- of his miracles, but Father Porter menhabitants, and by the means and help of tions him as having been “ famous for Ethelmund, built a monasterie therein.". miracles both in this life and after his Of this establishment of the order of

death.” St. Benedict, St. Botolph became abbot. He died on this day in June, 680, and

LADY'S DRESS IN 1550. was buried in his monastery, which is presumed by some to have been at

The gentleman whose museum furBotolph's bridge, now called Bottle- nished the Biddenden cake, obligingly bridge, in Huntingdonshire; by others, transmits an extract from some papers at Botolph's town, now corruptly called in his collection, relative to a wedding Boston in Lincolnshire; ard again, its on this day. situation is said to have been towards Sussex. Boston seems, most probably,

To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. to have been the site of his edifice.

Sir,--Perhaps the following account of St. Botolph's monastery having been the dresses of a lady in olden time may destroyed by the Danes, his relics were be interesting to your readers :in part carried to the monastery of Ely, The wedding-clothes of Miss Eliz. and part to that of Thorney. Alban Draper, 1550, a present from her husbutler, who affirms this, afterwards ob- band, John Bowyer, Esq. of Lincoln'sserves that Thorney Abbey, situated in inn :Cambridgeshire, founded in 972, in ho

Wedyn-apparrell bought for my nour of St. Mary and St. Botolph, was wyffe, Elizabeth Draper, the younone of those whose abbots sat in par- ger, of Camberwell, against 17° liament, that St. Botolph was interred die Junii, anno Domini, 1550, there, and that Thorney was anciently

with dispensalls. called Ancarig, that is, the Isle of An- First, 4 ells of tawney taffeta, at 8. d. chorets. It may bere be remarked, how. 11s. 6d. the ell, for the Veever, that Westminsitr was anciently

nyce gowne

46 0

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d. Orphan of China," enabled him to disItem, 4 yardes of silk Chamlett charge some pecuniary obligations he

crymson, at 78. 6d. the yard, had incurred, and he made several for a kyrtle

52 6. attempts to acquire reputation as an Item, one yard and a half of taw- actor; but, though he displayed judg

ney velvet, to gard the Ve- ment, he wanted powers, and was brunyce gowne, at 158. the tally attacked by Churchill, from moyard

22 6 tives of party prejudice. Mr. Murphy Item, half a yard of crymsyn sa- in a very humorous ode to the naiads tin, for the fore-slyves

6 8 of Fleet-ditch, intituled “ ExpostulaItem, 8 yards of russel's black, at tion,” vindicated his literary character.

48. 6d. the yard, for a Dutch He withdrew from the stage, studied gowne

35 0 the law, made two attempts to become Item, half a yard of tawney sattyn 5 0 a member of the Temple and of Gray'sItem, a yard and a quarter of vel- inn, and was rejected, on the illiberal

vet black, to guard the Dutch plea that he had been upon the stage. gowne

17 8 More elevated sentiments in the memItem, 6 yards of tawney damaske, bers of Lincoln's-inn admitted him to at 11s. the yard

66 0 the bar, but the dramatic muse so much Item, one yard and half a quarter engaged his attention, that the law was

of skarlett, for a pety cote a secondary consideration. He wrote with plites

20 0 twenty-two pieces for the stage, most of

which were successful, and several are Amounting to . . 271 4 stock pieces. He first started into the The wedding-ring is described literary world with a series of essays, weighing “ two angels and a duckett,"

intituled “ The Gray's-inn Journal.” At graven with these words, “ Deus nos one period he was a political writer, junxit

, J.E.B.Y.R.” The date of the though without putting his name to his marriage is inserted by Mr. B. with great productions. He produced a Latin verminuteness (at the hour of eight, the do- sion of “ The Temple of Fame," and of minical letter F. the moon being in Leo), Gray's “Elegy,” and a well-known transwith due regard to the aspects of the lation of the works of Tacitus. He heavens, which at that time regulated was the intimate of Foote and Garrick, every affair of importance.

whose life he wrote.

squabbles with contemporary wits, parJune 5, 1826.

J. I. A. F. ticularly the late George Steevens, Esq.;

but, though he never quietly received a

blow, he was never the first to give NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

one. Steevens's attack he returned with Mean Temperature ... 59 · 55.

abundant interest. His friend Mr. Jesse

Foot, whom he appointed his execuJune 18.

tor, and to whom he entrusted all his

manuscripts, says, “ He lived in the CHRONOLOGY.

closest friendship with the most polished On the 18th of June, 1805, died authors and greatest lawyers of his Arthur Murphy, Esq., barrister at time; his knowledge of the classics was law, and bencher of Lincoln's-inn; a profound; his translations of the Roman dramatic and miscellaneous writer of historians enlarged his fame; his draconsiderable celebrity. He was born at matic productions were inferior to none Cork, in 1727, and educated in the col- of the time in which he flourished. The lege of St. Omers, till his 18th year, and pen of the poet was particularly adorned was at the head of the Latin class when by the refined taste of the critic. He be quitted the school. He was likewise was author of The Orphan of China,' well acquainted with the Greek lan- "The Grecian Daughter, "All in the guage. On his return to Ireland he was Wrong,' • The Way to keep Him,' sent to London, and placed under the Know your own

Mind, · Three protection of a mercantile relation; but Weeks after Marriage,' The Apprenliterature and the stage soon drew his tice,' “The Citizen,' and

other attention, and wholly absorbed his mind. esteemed dramatic productions." "He had The success of his first tragedy, “The a pension of 2001.


a year from go

He had many

I am, &c.

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